Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna

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Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna 2018 stamp of India.jpg
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna on a 2018 stamp of India
9th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
8 November 1973 – 29 November 1975
GovernorAkbar Ali Khan
Marri Chenna Reddy
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's Rule
Minister of Finance
In office
28 July 1979 – 14 January 1980
Preceded byCharan Singh
Succeeded byR. Venkataraman
Personal details
Born25 April 1919
Pauri Garhwal, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India
Died17 March 1989(1989-03-17) (aged 69)
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Alma materAllahabad University

Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna (also Hemanti or Hemvati; 25 April 1919 – 17 March 1989) was a Congress Party leader and former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh; he later joined Bharatiya Lok Dal and worked with Charan Singh.

Personal life[edit]

He was born on 25 April 1919 in Bughani, Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand. The family later moved to Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.[1]

Little is known about his first marriage. His first wife always lived in his native village Bughani as a simple village woman. His 2nd wife, Kamala Bahuguna, lived with him in Allahabad and was mother of their 3 children:

Politics[edit]

Pre independence[edit]

Students Parliament[edit]

He studied in D.A.V. School and Messmore Inter College of Pauri Town. He passed 10th from Pauri and went to the Government Intermediate College in Allahabad in 1937 in the Bachelor or Science programme. He received an Arts degree in 1946.[1]

In jail[edit]

He was jailed as a part of Quit India movement from 1942 to 1946.[citation needed]

Post independence[edit]

Union Cabinet[edit]

In 1971, he was made State Minister for Communication in the Union Cabinet.

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh[edit]

In 1973, he was appointed as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India. However, his tenure was short and he was forced to resign by Prime minister Indira Gandhi in 1975.

Parting of ways with the Congress[edit]

In early 1977, when Indira Gandhi lifted the state emergency and called for new elections to the Lok Sabha, Bahuguna left the ruling Congress party of Indira and formed a new group called Congress for Democracy (CFD) with Jagjivan Ram and Nandini Satpathy.The CFD joined the Janata alliance to contest the elections.After the victory of the Janata alliance, Bahuguna joined the cabinet of Janata Prime Minister Morarji Desai as the minister of chemicals and fertilizers. In 1979, he became the Finance Minister under the short lived ( August - December 1979) Charan Singh administration. During his term, Indian economy went into the last recession of the 20th century. Real GDP growth fell by massive 5.2% in 1979 due to the global energy crisis.Bahuguna withdrew from the government and joined hands with Indira Gandhi in October 1979

In the January 1980 Parliamentary elections he won from Garhwal as Indira Gandhi's Congress(I) party candidate. But, he soon left the party and resigned his seat subsequently. He won the by-election for the seat in 1982.

1984 Lok Sabha Elections[edit]

He contested against the congress candidate, Amitabh Bachchan, in 1984 Parliamentary elections from Allahabad constituency. Bachhan won the election by approximately 1,87,000 votes. Later his wife Kamla Bahuguna also stood for by-elections from Allahabad.

Death[edit]

Bahuguna fell ill in 1988 and flew to the United States for coronary bypass surgery. The surgery was unsuccessful and he died 17 March 1989 in a Cleveland Hospital.

Legacy[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hemanti Nandan Bahuguna". Pauri Garhwal Group. Retrieved 15 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
-
Parliamentary Secretary for labour and industry of Uttar Pradesh
10 April 1957 – 17 November 1958
Succeeded by
-
Political offices
Preceded by
-
Deputy Minister for labour and industry of Uttar Pradesh
17 November 1958 – 6 December 1960
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
-
Deputy Minister for labour and industry of Uttar Pradesh
22 March 1962 – 26 August 1963
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
-
Cabinet Minister for Finance of Uttar Pradesh
14 March 1967 – 2 April 1967
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
-
State Minister for Communication of India
1971
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
President's Rule
Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Akbar Ali Khan
title/post previously held by-
Kamalapati Tripathi
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
8 November 1973 – 30 November 1975
Succeeded by
President's Rule
Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Dr M C Reddy
title/post subsequently held by-
Narayan Dutt Tiwari
Preceded by
-
Cabinet Minister in the Department of Petroleum and Chemicals of India
1977
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
-
Finance Minister of India
1979
Succeeded by
-