Historical urban community sizes

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These are estimated populations of historical cities over time. Note that there are several problems with estimating the sizes of individual cities, and the highest estimates for a given city, in a given period, may be several times the lowest.

Neolithic settlements[edit]

Further information: Neolithic architecture
Town 7000 BC 6000 BC 5000 BC 4000 BC 3800 BC 3700 BC
'Ain Ghazal 2,500[1]
Beidha 1,000[2]
Çatalhöyük 1,650 - 10,000[3]
2,500[1]
1,000[2]
3,000[2]
Choirokoitia[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] 300-600 2,000
Jericho 400 - 2,000[3]
Lepenski Vir 150 - 1,000[11][12][13][14][15][16]
Nea Nikomedeia 500 - 700[17]
Okoliste 1,000-3,000[18]
Vinča-Belo Brdo 2,000 - 2,500[19][20]
Sesklo 1,000 - 5000[21][22][23][24]
Dobrovody 16,000[25] 10,000-16,000[26][27][28]
Fedorovka 6,000[25]
Mehrgarh 1,000- 10,000[29]
Maydanets 10,000[25] 10,000-29,000-46,000[30][31]
Nebelivka 17,000[25]
Talianki 15,000-25,000-30,000[25][32][33] 10,000-15,000[34][35][unreliable source?]
Tell Brak 4,000[2] 5,000[2]
Uruk 5,000[2]

Bronze Age[edit]

Further information: Cities of the Ancient Near East
Table 1: 3700-2600 BC
City 3700 BC 3400 BC 3100 BC 2800 BC 2600 BC
Adab 11,000 [36]
Anshan 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Bad-tibira 16,000 [36]
Eridu 6,000-10,000 [36]
Habuba Kabira 6,000-8,000 [36]
Harappa 35,000 [37]
Kish 40,000 [36]
Lagash 40,000 [38]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Manika, Greece[39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46] 6,000-15,000 6,000-15,000
Memphis 30,000 [47]
Mohenjo-daro 41,250 [37]
Nekhen 5,000-10,000 [36]
Nippur 13,000 [36]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [1]
Shuruppak 20,000 [36]
Suheri 13,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Susa 8,000[2]
Tell Brak 8,000[2] 22,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Thebes, Greece 4,000

6,000[45]

Umma 26,000 [36]
Ur 6,000 [36]
Uruk 8,000[2]
14,000 [36]
20,000 [36] 40,000 [38]

50,000 [36]

80,000 [36] 80,000 [38]
Table 2: 2500-1200 BC
City 2500 BC 2300 BC 2000 BC 1800 BC 1600 BC 1360 BC 1200 BC
Athens[48][49][50] 10,000 10,000-15,000
Akrotiri (Santorini)[51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][59] 8,000-15,000-30,000
Adab 13,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Akkad 36,000 [36]
Amarna
Anshan 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Avaris/Pi-Ramses 100,000 [38] 160,000 [38]
Babylon 65,000[2] 80,000[2]
Dur-Kurigalzu
Ebla 30,000 [36]
Erlitou 24,000[2]
35,000 [36]
Harappa 10,000 [36]
Hattushash
Hazor
Heliopolis
Heracleopolis
Isin 40,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Kerma
Kesh 11,000 [36]
Kish 25,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 40,000 [38]
Knossos[60][61][62]

[63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71]

1,300

2,000

18,000 20,000-40,000-100,000 30,000
Lagash 40,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 30,000 [36][38] 10,000 [36]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [36] 40,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Manika, Greece[45] 6,000

15,000

6,000

15,000

Malia 5,000-10,000-12,500[69][70]
Mari
Memphis 30,000 [36]
35,000[2]
60,000 [2][36][38] 30,000 [36]
Mohenjo-daro 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Mozah 15,000 [36] 15,000 [36]
Mycenae 20,000[72] 30,000

35,000[66][73]

Namazga-Tepe 14,000 [36] 14,000 [36]
Nekhen 21,000 [74]
Niniveh
Nippur 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Palaikastro 18,000[51][69]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Shuruppak 17,000 [36]
Suheri 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Susa 25,000 [36] 25,000 [36]
Taosi 10,000[2] 14,000[2]
Tell Brak 15,000 [36] 15,000 [36]
Tell Churra 20,000 [36]
Tell Leilan 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Thebes 40,000 [36] 40,000 [36] 80,000 [2] 80,000[2]
Thebes, Greece[45][75][76] 4,000

6,000

8,000
Tiryns[45][48][49][50] 1,200

1,800

10,000 10,000-15,000
Umma 34,000 [36] 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Ur 60,000[2]
65,000 [74]
Uruk 50,000 [2][36] 75,000[2]
Yin (Anyang) 50,000[2]
120,000 [38]
Zabala 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Zhengzhou 35,000[2]

Iron Age[edit]

Table 1: 1000-400 BC
City 1000 BC 900 BC 800 BC 700 BC 650 BC 600 BC 500 BC 430 BC 400 BC
Aegina 20,000

40,000[77]

20,000

40,000

Anuradhapura 100,000 [74][78]
Anyi 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Athens[49][50][51][59][66][70][79][80][81][82][83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][92][93] 2,500 - 5,000 5,000 - 10,000 70,000 - 100,000 - 130,000 150,000 - 350,000 - 610,000 150,000 - 168,000 [94]
160,000[95]- 610,000
150,000 - 350,000 - 610,000
Agrigento 200,000 - 800,000[96][97][98][99][100] 200,000 - 800,000 200,000 - 800,000
Argos 30,000

60,000[49][86][101][102][103][104]

30,000

60,000

Ayodhya
Babylon 100,000[105]

45,000 [78]

47,000 [78] 125,000[2] 150,000[2] 200,000 [74] 150,000[2]
Benares
Capua 100,000[106][107][108][109][110][111] 100,000
Calah / Nimrud
Cerveteri 25,000

40,000[112][113][114][115][116]

Chicheng
Cuicuilco
Corinth 50,000-90,000-100,000[117][118][119] 50,000-90,000-100,000 50,000-90,000-100,000
Crotone 50,000

80,000[120]

Ecbatana
Haojing 100,000 [105] 125,000 [38] 125,000 [38] 33,000 [74][78]
Hastinapur
Jerusalem 40,000 [74][78]
Kerch 40,000 [74][78]
Kingchow
Kalḫu (Nimrud) 75,000[2]
Kosambi 55,000 [78]
Kweiteh / Shangqiu
Linzi 55,000[2]
100,000 [38]
80,000 [78]
100,000 [38]
65,000[2]
100,000 [38]
80,000[2]
100,000 [38]
60,000 [78]
200,000 [38]
100,000[2]
200,000 [38]
Luoyang 35,000[2]
55,000 [78]
100,000 [121][122]
40,000[2] 45,000[2]
50,000 [78]
55,000[2]
100,000 [38]
70,000 [78]
100,000 [38]
65,000[2]
100,000 [38]
200,000 [38] 200,000 [38] 100,000[2]
240,000[38]
Marib 45,000 [78]
Memphis 100,000[105]
Miletus
Niniveh 100,000[2]
Pataliputra / Patna 400,000[2]
Populonia 25,000

40,000[114][115][123][124]

Pyongyang
Tarquinia 20,000

25,000

40,000[114][115][123][125]

Thebes, Greece 30,000

60,000[126][127] [128][129][130][131]

30,000

60,000

Qufu 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Rome 4,440

11,100[132]

10,920

34,200

24,240

60,600

24,240

60,600

80,000[133] 115,000

130,000

134,000 152,000[134]
Sais
Shangqiu 100,000 [38] 130,000 [38]
Sravasti 70,000 [74][78] 900,000 [74][78]
Sparta 40,000

50,000[135]

Susa 40,000 [74][78] 200,000 [74][78]
Suzhou 100,000 [38]
Syracuse 200,000 - 800,000- 1,200,000[100][136][137][137][138][139][140][141][142] 200,000 - 800,000 - 1,200,000 300,000 [78]
Sybaris 100,000

300,000[143]

Taranto 300,000[144][145]
Thebes 120,000 [105]

50,000[2]

50,000[2]
Vaisali
Veii 25,000

40,000

100,000[114][115][123][146][147][148][149]

Volsinii 13,000

25,000

40,000[114][115][123][146]

Vulci 15,000

25,000

40,000[114][115][146]

Xiadu 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 320,000 [38] 300,000 [38]
Xintian 100,000 [38]
Xinzheng 100,000 [38]
Xue
Yong 100,000 [38]
Table 2: 300 BC-400 AD
City 300 BC 200 BC 100 BC AD 1 AD 100 AD 200 AD 300 AD 361 AD 400
Alexandria 150,000[2] 300,000 [2][74]

600,000 [38]

400,000[2] 250,000 [78] 125,000 [78]
Augsburg 25,000

50,000

25,000

50,000

25,000

50,000[150][151][152][153][154][155][156]

Antioch 120,000 [74] 400,000[157] 150,000 [78] 150,000 [78]
Anuradhapura 68,000 [74][78] 130,000 [74] 72,000 [78]
Anyi 100,000 [38]
Athens 258,000 [94]
431,000[158]
84,000[95]
10,000[157] 10,000[157]
250,000 [74]
Autun 40,000

100,000[159][160][161]

40,000

100,000

Arles 75,000

100,000[162][163][164]

Ayodhya 63,000 [78]
Aquileia 100,000 100,000 100,000[165]
Balkh 200,000[74] 1,000,000 [78] 200,000 [78]
Carnuntum 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000[166][167]
Capua 300,000 100,000[106][107][108][109][110][111]
Cádiz 100,000 100,000[161][168]
Carthage 700,000[74] 150,000[74] 100,000[74]
Chang'an / Xi'an 100,000 [38]
250,000[2]
400,000 [74]
375,000[2]
400,000 [38]
246,000 (CE 2) [169]
400,000 [38]
500,000[2]
81,000 [74][78]
100,000 [38]
120,000[2] 140,000[2] 80,000 [78] 100,000 [38]
Chengdu 100,000 [38] 70,000 [78]
Corinth 100,000

200,000 700,000

100,000

200,000

700,000[117][170][171][172][173]

Cologne 40,000 40,000 40,000[174][175][176][177][178][179]
Byzantium 300,000 [78]
Ctesiphon 250,000 [78]
Cuicuilco 36,000 [78]
Datong 100,000 [38]
El Mirador 200,000 [180]
Ephesus 250,000 [181]
400,000 [182]
Izapa 35,000 [78]
Kaveri 59,000 [78]
Linzi 125,000[2]
350,000 [38]
100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
London 30,000 45,000

60,000[183][184][185][186][187][188][189][190][191]

Lugdunum 50,000

100,000

200,000

50,000

100,000

200,000

50,000

100,000

200,000[192][193][174][194][195][195][196][197]

Luoyang 125,000[2]
240,000 [38]
60,000 [78] 200,000 [38] 420,000 [38][78] 140,000[2]
250,000 [38]
200,000 [38]
Milan 40,000 40,000 100,000[108][198][189][161][168][199][200][201][202][203][204]
Nanjing 56,000 [78] 78,000 [78] 100,000 [38] 150,000 [78] 300,000 [38]
Nimes 40,000

60,000[193][205][206][207][208]

Ostia Antica 20,000

50,000

100,000

20,000

50,000

100,000

50,000

100,000[209][210][211][212][213][214]

Paithan 60,000 [78] 84,000 [78]
Patala 73,000 [78]
Pataliputra 350,000 [74] 69,000 [74][78] 150,000 [78]
Peshawar 120,000[74]
Philippi 100,000[215]
Pingcheng 88,000 [78] 200,000[2]
Pozzuoli 50,000

100,000

50,000

100,000[108][216][217]

Pyay 69,000 [78]
Qufu 100,000 [38]
125,000[2]
Rhodes (city)[218][219][220] 100,000

200,000

100,000
Rome 250,000

290,000[221]

150,000 [78]
160,000 [74]

300,000[222]

400,000[2] 800,000 (CE 2) [38]
1,000,000[2]
450,000 [74]
1,000,000 [2][38]
1,000,000[2] 800,000[2] 750,000 [78] 800,000[2]
Salona 60,000
Seleucia 200,000 [78] 400,000[157] 250,000 (CE 2) [74] 150,000 [74]

250,000 [78]

Shangqiu 100,000 [38]
Suzhou 100,000 [38] 66,000 [78] 95,000 [78] 58,000 [78]
Syracuse 300,000 [78] 80,000 [78] 10,000 [78]
Taxila 60,000 [78]
Teotihuacán 60,000-

80,000 [223]

90,000 [78]
Thessaloniki 200,000 200,000[224][225][226][227][228][229]
Tikal 100,000[230][231][232]
Tres Zapotes 30,000 [78]
Trier 75,000

100,000

75,000

100,000[174][196][233][234][235][236]

Ujjain 94,000 [78] 80,000 [78]
Wanxian 100,000 [38]
Xiadu 300,000 [38]
Xianyang 100,000 [38] 300,000 [74]

100,000 [38]

Xinzheng 120,000 [38]
125,000[2]
Xuchang 140,000[2]
Ye 140,000[2] 120,000 [78] 100,000 [38]

Middle Ages[edit]

Early Middle Ages: 500-999 AD
City 500 600 622 700 775 800 900
Aleppo 72,000 [78]
Athens 110,000[237]
Alexandria 94,000 [78] 175,000 [78]
Angkor 90,000 [78]
Anhilpur 80,000 [78]
Antioch 150,000 [78]
Anuradhapura 70,000 [78]
Ayodhya 75,000 [78]
Badami 70,000 [78]
Baghdad 700,000 [47] 175,000[2]
700,000 [78]
2,000,000 [238]
900,000 [38][74]
2,000,000 [238]
Bakhalal 45,000 [78]
Basra 100,000 [78]
Benares 49,000 [78] 59,000 [78]
Carthage 100,000 [78]
Chang'an / Xi'an 95,000 [78]
100,000 [38]
400,000[74]
400,000 [38]
600,000[2]
400,000 [78] 1,000,000 [38] 1,000,000 [38][74][239] 600,000 [78]
800,000 [38]
1,000,000[2]
100,000 [38]
500,000 [78]
750,000[2]
800,000 [74]
Chengdu 94,000 [78] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Chenla 70,000 [78]
Chunar 72,000 [78]
Constantinople 450,000[2]
400,000

1,000,000 [74][240]

150,000[2] 350,000 [78]

700,000[241]

125,000[2] 225,000 [74] 250,000 [78] 300,000 [74]

1,000,000[242]

Copán 63,000 [78]
Cologne 15,000

20,000

21,000[243]
Córdoba 135,000[244] 160,000 [78] 175,000[2]
200,000 [74]

500,000[245]

Ctesiphon 400,000 [78] 500,000 [78]
Dali 100,000 [38]

90,000 [78]

Datong 200,000 [38]
El Tajín 40,000 [78] 40,000 [78] 50,000 [78]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [38]
Fustat 100,000 [78] 150,000 [78]
Gao 72,000 [78]
Guangzhou 200,000 [38] 200,000 [38]
Gwalior 65,000 [78]
Jiankang 500,000 [38]
Jinyang (Taiyuan) 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Kannauj 120,000 [78] 80,000 [78] 80,000 [78]
Kanchi 56,000 [78] 70,000 [78] 51,000 [78]
Kyoto 200,000 [74] 200,000 [78]

100,000 [38]

200,000 [38][74]
Lhasa 100,000 [38][78]
Luoyang 200,000 [78]

500,000 [38]

500,000 [38] 200,000 [78] 500,000 [38] 400,000 [38]

300,000 [78]

200,000 [38]

150,000 [78]

Madurai 70,000 [78] 70,000 [78]
Mainz 20,000[246]
Mandsaur 63,000 [78]
Manyakheta 100,000 [78]
Naples 50,000
Nanjing 500,000 [38]

150,000 [78]

Nara 100,000 [38]
Patna / Pataliputra 74,000 [78]
Preslav 60,000[247]
Prambanan 60,000 [78] 62,000 [78]
Pyay 73,000 [78] 100,000 [78]
Pliska 34,000[248]
Ray 68,000 [78]
Regensburg 25,000[249]
Rome 100,000[250]
[251][252]
90,000[253] 50,000[254]
Seville 20,000 40,000 35,000 35,000 40,000[255]
Sialkot 85,000 [78]
Suzhou 70,000 [78] 120,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]

84,000 [78]

100,000 [38]

81,000 [78]

Teotihuacán 125,000 [78][223] 60,000 [78]
Thessaloniki 100,000 40,000 40,000 50,000 50,000[256]
Tikal 45,000 [78] 40,000 [78]
Tula 41,000 [78] 50,000 [78]
Wuchang 100,000 [38] 84,000 [78]
Ye 200,000 [38]
Later Middle Ages: 1000-1399
City 1000 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350
Angkor 200,000 [78] 125,000 [78] 140,000 [78]
1,000,000[257]
150,000 [78]
Amalfi 80,000[258]
Ani 100,000 [259]
200,000 [260]
Anhilpur 100,000 [78] 100,000 [78] 135,000 [78]
Bagan 100,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 180,000 [78] 180,000 [78]
Baghdad 125,000 [74]
1,200,000 [38]
150,000 [78] 250,000[2] 150,000 [74]

1,000,000 [38]

Beijing 130,000 [78] 140,000 [78] 401,000 [78] 400,000 [78]
Cairo 135,000 [74] 150,000 [78] 175,000 [78] 200,000 [78]
250,000[2]
300,000 [78] 400,000 [2][78] 350,000 [78]
Chang'an / Xi'an 118,000 [78] 114,000 [78]
Chunar 66,000 [78]
Cologne 21,000

50,000

50,000

60,000

50,000

60,000[174][175][176][177][178][179]

Constantinople 300,000 [74] 200,000 [78]
250,000[2]
200,000 [78] 150,000 [78]
250,000[2]
100,000 [74]
Córdoba 200,000[2]
450,000 [74]
Cuttack 100,000 [78] 90,000 [78] 90,000 [78]
Dali 100,000 [38]

90,000 [78]

100,000 [78]
Delhi 80,000 [78] 100,000 [78] 125,000 [78]
Dhar 80,000 [78]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [38]
Fes 125,000 [78] 160,000 [78] 200,000 [78] 200,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 125,000 [78]
Florence 100,000[261] 110,000 [262]
Gaur 60,000 [78] 90,000 [78] 100,000 [78]
Genoa 80,000 [262] 100,000 [263]
Ghent 65,000[264] 65,000
Guangzhou 140,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 150,000 [78]
Hangzhou 80,000 [78] 90,000 [78] 145,000 [78]
800,000[2]
255,000 [78]
1,000,000[2]
320,000 [78]
1,000,000[38]
432,000 [78]
800,000[2]
432,000 [78]
Jinzhou 85,000 [78]
Kaifeng 400,000 [38][78]
432,000[74]
1,000,000[2]
442,000 [78]
1,000,000[2]
150,000 [78] 1,000,000 [38]
Kalburgi 70,000 [78]
Kalyan 150,000 [78] 125,000 [78]
Kannauj 72,000 [78] 80,000 [78] 92,000 [78]
Kiev 45,000 100,000[224][265]
Khajuraho (Kalinjar) 50,000 [78]
Khambhat 50,000 [78] 60,000 [78]
Kollam 60,000 [78]
Kyoto 300,000 [74]

175,000 [38]

London [266] 5,000-10,000 10,000-20,000 50,000-100,000 25,000-50,000
Madurai 60,000 [78]
Manyakheta 71,000 [78]
Marrakech 150,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 125,000 [78]
Merv 200,000 [78] 500,000 [78]
Milan 90,000 150,000 200,000 200,000[262][108][198][189][161][168][199][200][201][202][267][268]
Nabadwip 85,000 [78]
Nanjing 130,000 [78] 130,000 [78] 130,000 [78] 95,000 [78]
Nishapur 125,000 [78]
Palermo 350,000[192][168][269][270] 150,000 150,000 [78]
Paris 50,000[174][183][271][272][273][193][274][275] 110,000 - 160,000 80,000 [276]

160,000 [78]

228,000 - 300,000[78] 215,000 - 300,000 [78]
Polonnaruwa 75,000 [78]
Puri 78,000 [78] 72,000 [78]
Ramavati 75,000 [78]
Rome 20,000[277] 17,000[278] 15,000[279]
Sarai 600,000 [78] 120,000 [78]
Shangjing 140,000 [38]
Suzhou 100,000 [38] 96,000 [78]
Tabriz 125,000 [78] 100,000 [78]
Thanjavur 88,000 [78]
Thessaloniki 40,000 150,000 150,000 150,000 100,000

150,000

100,000

150,000

100,000

150,000[224][225][226][227][228][229]

Venice 60,000[198][189][280][281][282] 80,000 45,000 [263] 110,000 [78]
Veliky Novgorod 10,000

18,000

20,000

40,000

50,000

60,000

400,000[283][284][285][286]

Vijayanagar 100,000 [78]
Warangal 63,000 [78] 80,000 [78]
Ypres 40,000

200,000[287]

Renaissance: 1400-1599
City 1400 1450 1500 1550 1575
Agra 200,000 [78]
Ahmedabad 100,000 [78] 140,000 [78]
Ahmednagar 70,000 [78]
Antwerp 200,000[288] 100,000 [78]
Bago 150,000 [78] 175,000 [78]
Beijing 150,000 [78] 600,000 [78] 672,000 [47][78]

1,000,000 [38]

690,000 [78] 706,000 [78]
Bursa 130,000 [78]
Bruges 40,000

125,000

200,000[78][289]

40,000

125,000

200,000[78]

40,000 [78] 40,000 [78] 40,000 [78]
Cairo 125,000[2]
360,000 [78]
380,000 [78] 400,000 [2][74] 360,000 [78] 275,000 [78]
Chan Chan 60,000 - 100,000[290] 5,000 - 10,000[291]
Chang'an / Xi'an 127,000 [78]
Constantinople / Istanbul 200,000 [74] 660,000 [78] 680,000 [78]
Cuttack 75,000 [78] 100,000 [78] 140,000 [78] 90,000 [78]
Cusco 300,000[292][293][294][295]
Delhi 80,000 [78]
Fes 125,000 [78] 130,000 [78]
Florence 45,000

60,000[262][296]

60,000

70,000[262][297]

Gao 60,000 [78]
Gaur 150,000 [78] 200,000 [78]
Genoa 80,000

100,000[262][298]

150,000 [262]
Granada 165,000 [78]
Guangzhou 150,000 [78] 175,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 160,000 [78] 170,000 [78]
Gwalior 80,000 [78]
Hangzhou 1,500,000[38]

235,000 [78]

250,000 [78] 250,000[74] 260,000 [78] 260,000 [78]
Jaunpur 100,000 [78]
Kalburgi 90,000 [78]
Kano 50,000 [78]
Khambhat 60,000 [78]
Kollam 60,000 [78]
London [266] 50,000-100,000
Mandu 70,000 [78]
Milan 125,000 [263] 80,000 [262]
Nanjing 487,000 [78] 150,000 [78] 157,000 [78] 182,000 [78] 188,000 [78]
Naples 100,000[299] 209,000 [78] 215,000 [78]
Oyo-Ile 60,000 [78]
Paris 275,000 [263]

280,000 [78]

150,000 [78] 185,000

225,000[74][300]

210,000 [78] 220,000

350,000 [78][301]

Samarkand 130,000 [78]
Seoul 125,000 [78]
Seville 15,000[302] 60,000[302] 129,400 [302]
Suzhou 129,000 [78]
Tabriz 150,000 [78] 200,000 [78] 250,000 [78]
Tenochtitlan 250,000 [303][not in citation given] [304][not in citation given][305][306]
Texcoco 60,000 [78]
Venice 120,000

200,000[262][307]

110,000 [263] 171,000 [78]
Vijayanagar 400,000 [78] 455,000 [78] 500,000 [74] 480,000 [78]

Early Modern era[edit]

City 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1825 1850 1875
Agra 500,000 [78]
Ahmedabad 380,000 [78]
Amsterdam 60,000[308] 140,000[308] 219,000 [78]
Ayutthaya 1,000,000[38]
Beijing 706,000 [74]

1,000,000 [38]

470,000 [78] 650,000 [74] 900,000 [78] 1,100,000 [38][74] 1,350,000 [78] 1,648,000 [78]
Berlin 6,500[309] 90,000[309] 172,000[309] 419,000[309] 1,122,330 [78]
966,900[309]
Cairo 200,000 [78]
Copenhagen 29,000 65,000 80,000 100,000 150,000 260,000
Edo (Tokyo) 60,000 [78]
500,000 (1609)[310]
688,000 [78]
1,000,000 (1721)[311]
1,100,000[74]
685,000 [78]
Esfahān 600,000 [78] 350,000 [78]
Glasgow[312] 7,000 14,000 14,000 23,500 77,000 170,000 329,000 494,000
Guangzhou 180,000 [78] 200,000 [78] 200,000 [78] 400,000 [78] 1,000,000 [38]

800,000 [78]

900,000 [78] 875,000 [78]
Hangzhou 270,000 [78] 281,000 [78] 303,000 [78] 340,000 [78] 387,000 [78] 410,000 [78]
Constantinople/Istanbul 400,000[2]
700,000 [78]
700,000 [78] 600,000[2]
700,000 [78]
625,000 [78] 570,000 [78] 675,000 [78] 785,000 [78]
Kagoshima 67,000 [78]
Kanazawa 67,000 [78]
Kyoto 300,000 [78] 350,000[313] 400,000+[310][314]

350,000 [78]

526,225[313] 377,000 [74]
Lahore 360,000 [78]
Liverpool 375.955 (1851) [315]
London

200,000 [266]

410,000 [78]
350,000 [266]
550,000 [78][266]
600,000[2]
676,000 [78]
700,000 [266]
861,000 [78]
959,300 (1801) [266]
1,335,000 [78] 2,320,000 [78]
2,363,000 (1851) [266]
4,241,000 [78]
Madrid 400,000[310]
Manchester 303.385 (1851) [315]
Mexico City 170,000[315]
Milan [263] 150,000 125,000 160,000
Moscow 300,000[78] 100,000[78] 248,000[78] 373.800[315]
Nagoya 65,000 [78] 92,000 [78]
Nanjing 194,000 [78] 178,000 [78]
Naples 224,000 [78] 400,000 [316][317] 207,000 [263] 310,000 [78] 430,000 [78] 350,000 [78] 413,000 [315]
New York City 5,000 13,000 61,000 202,000 (1830) [318] 515.594 [319] 1,900,000 [78]
Osaka 360,000 [78] 350,000+[314]
380,000 [78]
400,000 (1749) [310] 383,000 [74]
500,000 (1783) [310]
Paris 245,000[78] 455,000[78] 530,000[78] 556,000[78] 547,756[78][320] 855,000 [78] 1,314,000 [78] 2,250,000 [78]
Philadelphia 161,000 (1830) [318] 409,353[319]
Rome 150,000[263]
Saint Petersburg 74.273 [310] 217.948 [310] 438,000 [78] 532.241 (1852) [315] 1,035,000
Seoul 150,000 [78] 158,000 [78] 187,000 [78]
Sunpu 100,000 [78]
Suzhou 243,000 [78] 302,000 [78]
Venice [263] 180,000 145,000 160,000
Vienna[321][322] 50,000 113,000 175,400 235,098 401,200 551,300 1,162,591
Xi'an 138,000 [78] 167,000 [78] 195,000 [78] 224,000 [78] 259,000 [78]
Yamaguchi 80,000 [78]

Current[edit]

See List of cities by population for current data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  239. ^ Haoqing, the capital of Western Zhou, was located 15 km SW of Chang'an, the capital of Sung and Tang dynasties as well as the present center of Xi'an. Han capital was located 5 km NW of the center of modern Xi'an. All these sites are now within the sub-provincial city of Xi'an.
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