Historical urban community sizes

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These are estimated populations of historical cities over time. Note that there are several problems with estimating the sizes of individual cities, and the highest estimates for a given city, in a given period, may be several times the lowest.

Neolithic settlements[edit]

Further information: Neolithic architecture
Town 7000 BC 6000 BC 5000 BC 4000 BC 3800 BC 3700 BC
'Ain Ghazal 2,500[1]
Beidha 1,000[2]
Çatalhöyük 1,650 – 10,000[3]
2,500[1]
1,000[2]
3,000[2]
Choirokoitia[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] 300-600 2,000
Jericho 400 – 2,000[3]
Lepenski Vir 150 – 1,000[11][12][13][14][15][16]
Nea Nikomedeia 500 – 700[17]
Okoliste 1,000-3,000[18]
Vinča-Belo Brdo 2,000 – 2,500[19][20]
Sesklo 1,000 – 5000[21][22][23][24]
Dobrovody 16,000[25] 10,000-16,000[26][27][28]
Fedorovka 6,000[25]
Mehrgarh 1,000- 10,000[29]
Maydanets 10,000[25] 10,000-29,000-46,000[30][31]
Nebelivka 17,000[25]
Talianki 15,000-25,000-30,000[25][32][33] 10,000-15,000[34][35][unreliable source?]
Tell Brak 4,000[2] 5,000[2]
Uruk 5,000[2]

Bronze Age[edit]

Further information: Cities of the Ancient Near East
Table 1: 3700-2600 BC
City 3700 BC 3400 BC 3100 BC 2800 BC 2600 BC
Adab 11,000 [36]
Anshan 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Bad-tibira 16,000 [36]
Eridu 6,000-10,000 [36]
Habuba Kabira 6,000-8,000 [36]
Harappa 35,000 [37]
Kish 40,000 [36]
Lagash 40,000 [38]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Manika, Greece[39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46] 6,000-15,000 6,000-15,000
Memphis 30,000 [47]
Mohenjo-daro 41,250 [37]
Nekhen 5,000-10,000 [36]
Nippur 13,000 [36]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [1]
Shuruppak 20,000 [36]
Suheri 13,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Susa 8,000[2]
Tell Brak 8,000[2] 22,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Thebes, Greece 4,000

6,000[45]

Umma 26,000 [36]
Ur 6,000 [36]
Uruk 8,000[2]
14,000 [36]
20,000 [36] 40,000 [38]

50,000 [36]

80,000 [36] 80,000 [38]
Table 2: 2500-1200 BC
City 2500 BC 2300 BC 2000 BC 1800 BC 1600 BC 1360 BC 1200 BC
Athens[48][49][50] 10,000 10,000-15,000
Akrotiri (Santorini)[51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60] 8,000-15,000-30,000
Adab 13,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Akkad 36,000 [36]
Amarna
Anshan 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Avaris/Pi-Ramses 100,000 [38] 160,000 [38]
Babylon 65,000[2] 80,000[2]
Dur-Kurigalzu
Ebla 30,000 [36]
Erlitou 24,000[2]
35,000 [36]
Harappa 10,000 [36]
Hattushash
Hazor
Heliopolis
Heracleopolis
Isin 40,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Kerma
Kesh 11,000 [36]
Kish 25,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 40,000 [38]
Knossos[61][62][63]

[64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72]

1,300

2,000

18,000 20,000-40,000-100,000 30,000
Lagash 40,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 30,000 [36][38] 10,000 [36]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [36] 40,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Manika, Greece[45] 6,000

15,000

6,000

15,000

Malia 5,000-10,000-12,500[70][71]
Mari
Memphis 30,000 [36]
35,000[2]
60,000 [2][36][38] 30,000 [36]
Mohenjo-daro 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Mozah 15,000 [36] 15,000 [36]
Mycenae 20,000[73] 30,000

35,000[67][74]

Namazga-Tepe 14,000 [36] 14,000 [36]
Nekhen 21,000 [75]
Niniveh
Nippur 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Palaikastro 18,000[51][70]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Shuruppak 17,000 [36]
Suheri 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Susa 25,000 [36] 25,000 [36]
Taosi 10,000[2] 14,000[2]
Tell Brak 15,000 [36] 15,000 [36]
Tell Churra 20,000 [36]
Tell Leilan 20,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Thebes 40,000 [36] 40,000 [36] 80,000 [2] 80,000[2]
Thebes, Greece[45][76][77] 4,000

6,000

8,000
Tiryns[45][48][49][50] 1,200

1,800

10,000 10,000-15,000
Umma 34,000 [36] 20,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 20,000 [36]
Ur 60,000[2]
65,000 [75]
Uruk 50,000 [2][36] 75,000[2]
Yin (Anyang) 50,000[2]
120,000 [38]
Zabala 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36] 10,000 [36]
Zhengzhou 35,000[2]

Iron Age[edit]

Table 1: 1000-400 BC
City 1000 BC 900 BC 800 BC 700 BC 650 BC 600 BC 500 BC 430 BC 400 BC
Aegina 20,000

40,000[78]

20,000

40,000

Anuradhapura 100,000 [75][79]
Anyi 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Athens[80][81][82][60][83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][92][93][94][95][96][97][98][99] 2,500 – 5,000 5,000 – 10,000 70,000 – 100,000 – 130,000 150,000 – 350,000 – 610,000 150,000 – 168,000 [100]
160,000[101]- 610,000
150,000 – 350,000 – 610,000
Agrigento 200,000 – 800,000[102][103][104][105][106] 200,000 – 800,000 200,000 – 800,000
Argos 30,000

60,000[107][92][108][109][110][111]

30,000

60,000

Ayodhya
Babylon 100,000[112]

45,000 [79]

47,000 [79] 125,000[2] 150,000[2] 200,000 [75] 150,000[2]
Benares
Capua 100,000[113][114][115][116][117][118] 100,000
Calah / Nimrud
Cerveteri 25,000

40,000[119][120][121][122][123]

Chicheng
Cuicuilco
Corinth 50,000-90,000-100,000[124][125][126] 50,000-90,000-100,000 50,000-90,000-100,000
Crotone 50,000

80,000[127]

Ecbatana
Haojing 100,000 [112] 125,000 [38] 125,000 [38] 33,000 [75][79]
Hastinapur
Jerusalem 40,000 [75][79]
Kerch 40,000 [75][79]
Kingchow
Kalḫu (Nimrud) 75,000[2]
Kosambi 55,000 [79]
Kweiteh / Shangqiu
Linzi 55,000[2]
100,000 [38]
80,000 [79]
100,000 [38]
65,000[2]
100,000 [38]
80,000[2]
100,000 [38]
60,000 [79]
200,000 [38]
100,000[2]
200,000 [38]
Luoyang 35,000[2]
55,000 [79]
100,000 [128][129]
40,000[2] 45,000[2]
50,000 [79]
55,000[2]
100,000 [38]
70,000 [79]
100,000 [38]
65,000[2]
100,000 [38]
200,000 [38] 200,000 [38] 100,000[2]
240,000[38]
Marib 45,000 [79]
Memphis 100,000[112]
Miletus
Niniveh 100,000[2]
Pataliputra / Patna 400,000[2]
Populonia 25,000

40,000[121][122][130][131]

Pyongyang
Tarquinia 20,000

25,000

40,000[121][122][130][132]

Thebes, Greece 30,000

60,000[133][134] [135][136][137][138]

30,000

60,000

Qufu 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Rome 4,440

11,100[139]

10,920

34,200

24,240

60,600

24,240

60,600

80,000[139] 115,000

130,000

134,000 152,000[140]
Sais
Shangqiu 100,000 [38] 130,000 [38]
Sravasti 70,000 [75][79] 900,000 [75][79]
Sparta 40,000

50,000[141]

Susa 40,000 [75][79] 200,000 [75][79]
Suzhou 100,000 [38]
Syracuse 200,000 – 800,000- 1,200,000[106][142][143][143][144][145][146][147][148] 200,000 – 800,000 – 1,200,000 300,000 [79]
Sybaris 100,000

300,000[149]

Taranto 300,000[150][151]
Thebes 120,000 [112]

50,000[2]

50,000[2]
Vaisali
Veii 25,000

40,000

100,000[121][122][130][152][153][154][155]

Volsinii 13,000

25,000

40,000[121][122][130][152]

Vulci 15,000

25,000

40,000[121][122][152]

Xiadu 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 320,000 [38] 300,000 [38]
Xintian 100,000 [38]
Xinzheng 100,000 [38]
Xue
Yong 100,000 [38]
Table 2: 300 BC-400 AD
City 300 BC 200 BC 100 BC AD 1 AD 100 AD 200 AD 300 AD 361 AD 400
Alexandria 150,000[2] 300,000 [2][75]

600,000 [38]

400,000[2] 250,000 [79] 125,000 [79]
Augsburg 25,000

50,000

25,000

50,000

25,000

50,000[156][157][158][159][160][161][162]

Antioch 120,000 [75] 400,000[163] 150,000 [79] 150,000 [79]
Anuradhapura 68,000 [75][79] 130,000 [75] 72,000 [79]
Anyi 100,000 [38]
Athens 258,000 [164]
431,000[165]
84,000[101]
10,000[163] 10,000[163]
250,000 [75]
Autun 40,000

100,000[166][167][168]

40,000

100,000

Arles 75,000

100,000[169][170][171]

Ayodhya 63,000 [79]
Aquileia 100,000 100,000 100,000[172]
Balkh 200,000[75] 1,000,000 [79] 200,000 [79]
Carnuntum 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000[173][174]
Capua 300,000 100,000[113][114][115][116][117][118]
Cádiz 100,000 100,000[168][175]
Carthage 700,000[75] 150,000[75] 100,000[75]
Chang'an / Xi'an 100,000 [38]
250,000[2]
400,000 [75]
375,000[2]
400,000 [38]
246,000 (CE 2) [176]
400,000 [38]
500,000[2]
81,000 [75][79]
100,000 [38]
120,000[2] 140,000[2] 80,000 [79] 100,000 [38]
Chengdu 100,000 [38] 70,000 [79]
Corinth 100,000

200,000 700,000

100,000

200,000

700,000[124][177][178][179][180]

Cologne 40,000 40,000 40,000[181][182][183][184][185][186]
Byzantium 300,000 [79]
Ctesiphon 250,000 [79]
Cuicuilco 36,000 [79]
Datong 100,000 [38]
El Mirador 200,000 [187]
Ephesus 250,000 [188]
400,000 [189]
Izapa 35,000 [79]
Kaveri 59,000 [79]
Linzi 125,000[2]
350,000 [38]
100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
London 30,000 45,000

60,000[190][191][192][193][194][195][196][197][198]

Lugdunum 50,000

100,000

200,000

50,000

100,000

200,000

50,000

100,000

200,000[199][200][181][201][202][203][204][205]

Luoyang 125,000[2]
240,000 [38]
60,000 [79] 200,000 [38] 420,000 [38][79] 140,000[2]
250,000 [38]
200,000 [38]
Milan 40,000 40,000 100,000[206][207][208][168][209][210][211][212][213][214][215]
Nanjing 56,000 [79] 78,000 [79] 100,000 [38] 150,000 [79] 300,000 [38]
Nimes 40,000

60,000[200][216][217][218][219]

Ostia Antica 20,000

50,000

100,000

20,000

50,000

100,000

50,000

100,000[220][221][222][223][224][225]

Paithan 60,000 [79] 84,000 [79]
Patala 73,000 [79]
Pataliputra 350,000 [75] 69,000 [75][79] 150,000 [79]
Peshawar 120,000[75]
Philippi 100,000[226]
Pingcheng 88,000 [79] 200,000[2]
Pozzuoli 50,000

100,000

50,000

100,000[206][227][228]

Pyay 69,000 [79]
Qufu 100,000 [38]
125,000[2]
Rhodes (city)[229][230][231] 100,000

200,000

100,000
Rome 250,000

290,000[140]

150,000 [79]
160,000 [75]

300,000[140]

400,000[2] 800,000 (CE 2) [38]
1,000,000[2]
450,000 [75]
1,000,000 [2][38]
1,000,000[2] 800,000[2] 750,000 [79] 800,000[2]
Salona 60,000
Seleucia 200,000 [79] 400,000[163] 250,000 (CE 2) [75] 150,000 [75]

250,000 [79]

Shangqiu 100,000 [38]
Suzhou 100,000 [38] 66,000 [79] 95,000 [79] 58,000 [79]
Syracuse 300,000 [79] 80,000 [79] 10,000 [79]
Taxila 60,000 [79]
Teotihuacán 60,000-

80,000 [232]

90,000 [79]
Thessaloniki 200,000 200,000[233][234][235][236][237][238]
Tikal 100,000[239][240][241]
Tres Zapotes 30,000 [79]
Trier 75,000

100,000

75,000

100,000[181][204][242][243][244][245]

Ujjain 94,000 [79] 80,000 [79]
Wanxian 100,000 [38]
Xiadu 300,000 [38]
Xianyang 100,000 [38] 300,000 [75]

100,000 [38]

Xinzheng 120,000 [38]
125,000[2]
Xuchang 140,000[2]
Ye 140,000[2] 120,000 [79] 100,000 [38]

Middle Ages[edit]

Early Middle Ages: 500-999 AD
City 500 600 622 700 775 800 900
Aleppo 72,000 [79]
Athens 110,000[246]
Alexandria 94,000 [79] 175,000 [79]
Angkor 90,000 [79]
Anhilpur 80,000 [79]
Antioch 150,000 [79]
Anuradhapura 70,000 [79]
Ayodhya 75,000 [79]
Badami 70,000 [79]
Baghdad 700,000 [47] 175,000[2]
700,000 [79]
2,000,000 [247]
900,000 [38][75]
2,000,000 [247]
Bakhalal 45,000 [79]
Basra 100,000 [79]
Benares 49,000 [79] 59,000 [79]
Carthage 100,000 [79]
Chang'an / Xi'an 95,000 [79]
100,000 [38]
400,000[75]
400,000 [38]
600,000[2]
400,000 [79] 1,000,000 [38] 1,000,000 [38][75][248] 600,000 [79]
800,000 [38]
1,000,000[2]
100,000 [38]
500,000 [79]
750,000[2]
800,000 [75]
Chengdu 94,000 [79] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Chenla 70,000 [79]
Chunar 72,000 [79]
Constantinople 450,000[2]
400,000

1,000,000 [75][249]

150,000[2] 350,000 [79]

700,000[250]

125,000[2] 225,000 [75] 250,000 [79] 300,000 [75]

1,000,000[251]

Copán 63,000 [79]
Cologne 15,000

20,000

21,000[252]
Córdoba 135,000[73] 160,000 [79] 175,000[2]
200,000 [75]

500,000[251]

Ctesiphon 400,000 [79] 500,000 [79]
Dali 100,000 [38]

90,000 [79]

Datong 200,000 [38]
El Tajín 40,000 [79] 40,000 [79] 50,000 [79]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [38]
Fustat 100,000 [79] 150,000 [79]
Gao 72,000 [79]
Guangzhou 200,000 [38] 200,000 [38]
Gwalior 65,000 [79]
Jiankang 500,000 [38]
Jinyang (Taiyuan) 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]
Kannauj 120,000 [79] 80,000 [79] 80,000 [79]
Kanchi 56,000 [79] 70,000 [79] 51,000 [79]
Kyoto 200,000 [75] 200,000 [79]

100,000 [38]

200,000 [38][75]
Lhasa 100,000 [38][79]
Luoyang 200,000 [79]

500,000 [38]

500,000 [38] 200,000 [79] 500,000 [38] 400,000 [38]

300,000 [79]

200,000 [38]

150,000 [79]

Madurai 70,000 [79] 70,000 [79]
Mainz 20,000[252]
Mandsaur 63,000 [79]
Manyakheta 100,000 [79]
Naples 50,000
Nanjing 500,000 [38]

150,000 [79]

Nara 100,000 [38]
Patna / Pataliputra 74,000 [79]
Preslav 60,000[73]
Prambanan 60,000 [79] 62,000 [79]
Pyay 73,000 [79] 100,000 [79]
Pliska 34,000[253]
Ray 68,000 [79]
Regensburg 25,000[252]
Rome 100,000[254]
[255][256]
90,000[257] 50,000[258]
Seville 20,000 40,000 35,000 35,000 40,000[73]
Sialkot 85,000 [79]
Suzhou 70,000 [79] 120,000 [38] 100,000 [38] 100,000 [38]

84,000 [79]

100,000 [38]

81,000 [79]

Teotihuacán 125,000 [79][232] 60,000 [79]
Thessaloniki 100,000 40,000 40,000 50,000 50,000[73]
Tikal 45,000 [79] 40,000 [79]
Tula 41,000 [79] 50,000 [79]
Wuchang 100,000 [38] 84,000 [79]
Ye 200,000 [38]
Later Middle Ages: 1000–1399
City 1000 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350
Angkor 200,000 [79] 125,000 [79] 140,000 [79]
1,000,000[259]
150,000 [79]
Amalfi 80,000[73]
Ani 100,000 [260]
200,000 [261]
Anhilpur 100,000 [79] 100,000 [79] 135,000 [79]
Bagan 100,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 180,000 [79] 180,000 [79]
Baghdad 125,000 [75]
1,200,000 [38]
150,000 [79] 250,000[2] 150,000 [75]

1,000,000 [38]

Beijing 130,000 [79] 140,000 [79] 401,000 [79] 400,000 [79]
Cairo 135,000 [75] 150,000 [79] 175,000 [79] 200,000 [79]
250,000[2]
300,000 [79] 400,000 [2][79] 350,000 [79]
Chang'an / Xi'an 118,000 [79] 114,000 [79]
Chunar 66,000 [79]
Cologne 21,000

50,000

50,000

60,000

50,000

60,000[181][182][183][184][185][186]

Constantinople 300,000 [75] 200,000 [79]
250,000[2]
200,000 [79] 150,000 [79]
250,000[2]
100,000 [75]
Córdoba 200,000[2]
450,000 [75]
Cuttack 100,000 [79] 90,000 [79] 90,000 [79]
Dali 100,000 [38]

90,000 [79]

100,000 [79]
Delhi 80,000 [79] 100,000 [79] 125,000 [79]
Dhar 80,000 [79]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [38]
Fes 125,000 [79] 160,000 [79] 200,000 [79] 200,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 125,000 [79]
Florence 100,000[262] 110,000 [263]
Gaur 60,000 [79] 90,000 [79] 100,000 [79]
Genoa 80,000 [263] 100,000 [264]
Ghent 65,000[265] 65,000
Guangzhou 140,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 150,000 [79]
Hangzhou 80,000 [79] 90,000 [79] 145,000 [79]
800,000[2]
255,000 [79]
1,000,000[2]
320,000 [79]
1,000,000[38]
432,000 [79]
800,000[2]
432,000 [79]
Jinzhou 85,000 [79]
Kaifeng 400,000 [38][79]
432,000[75]
1,000,000[2]
442,000 [79]
1,000,000[2]
150,000 [79] 1,000,000 [38]
Kalburgi 70,000 [79]
Kalyan 150,000 [79] 125,000 [79]
Kannauj 72,000 [79] 80,000 [79] 92,000 [79]
Kiev 45,000 100,000[233][266]
Khajuraho (Kalinjar) 50,000 [79]
Khambhat 50,000 [79] 60,000 [79]
Kollam 60,000 [79]
Kyoto 300,000 [75]

175,000 [38]

London [267] 5,000-10,000 10,000-20,000 50,000-100,000 25,000-50,000
Madurai 60,000 [79]
Manyakheta 71,000 [79]
Marrakech 150,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 125,000 [79]
Merv 200,000 [79] 500,000 [79]
Milan 90,000 150,000 200,000 200,000[263][206][207][208][168][209][210][211][212][213][214][215]
Nabadwip 85,000 [79]
Nanjing 130,000 [79] 130,000 [79] 130,000 [79] 95,000 [79]
Nishapur 125,000 [79]
Palermo 350,000[268][269][270][271] 150,000 150,000 [79]
Paris 50,000[181][190][272][273][274][275][276][277] 110,000 – 160,000 80,000 [278]

160,000 [79]

228,000 – 300,000[79] 215,000 – 300,000 [79]
Polonnaruwa 75,000 [79]
Puri 78,000 [79] 72,000 [79]
Ramavati 75,000 [79]
Rome 20,000[279] 17,000[280] 15,000[281]
Sarai 600,000 [79] 120,000 [79]
Shangjing 140,000 [38]
Suzhou 100,000 [38] 96,000 [79]
Tabriz 125,000 [79] 100,000 [79]
Thanjavur 88,000 [79]
Thessaloniki 40,000 150,000 150,000 150,000 100,000

150,000

100,000

150,000

100,000

150,000[233][234][235][236][237][238]

Venice 60,000[207][208][282][283][284] 80,000 45,000 [264] 110,000 [79]
Veliky Novgorod 10,000

18,000

20,000

40,000

50,000

60,000

400,000[285][286][287][288]

Vijayanagar 100,000 [79]
Warangal 63,000 [79] 80,000 [79]
Ypres 40,000

200,000[289]

Renaissance: 1400–1599
City 1400 1450 1500 1550 1575
Agra 200,000 [79]
Ahmedabad 100,000 [79] 140,000 [79]
Ahmednagar 70,000 [79]
Antwerp 200,000[290] 100,000 [79]
Bago 150,000 [79] 175,000 [79]
Beijing 150,000 [79] 600,000 [79] 672,000 [47][79]

1,000,000 [38]

690,000 [79] 706,000 [79]
Bursa 130,000 [79]
Bruges 40,000

125,000

200,000[79][291]

40,000

125,000

200,000[79]

40,000 [79] 40,000 [79] 40,000 [79]
Cairo 125,000[2]
360,000 [79]
380,000 [79] 400,000 [2][75] 360,000 [79] 275,000 [79]
Chan Chan 60,000 – 100,000[292] 5,000 – 10,000[293]
Chang'an / Xi'an 127,000 [79]
Constantinople / Istanbul 200,000 [75] 660,000 [79] 680,000 [79]
Cuttack 75,000 [79] 100,000 [79] 140,000 [79] 90,000 [79]
Cusco 300,000[294][295][296][297]
Delhi 80,000 [79]
Fes 125,000 [79] 130,000 [79]
Florence 45,000

60,000[263][298]

60,000

70,000[263][299]

Gao 60,000 [79]
Gaur 150,000 [79] 200,000 [79]
Genoa 80,000

100,000[263][262]

150,000 [263]
Granada 165,000 [79]
Guangzhou 150,000 [79] 175,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 160,000 [79] 170,000 [79]
Gwalior 80,000 [79]
Hangzhou 1,500,000[38]

235,000 [79]

250,000 [79] 250,000[75] 260,000 [79] 260,000 [79]
Jaunpur 100,000 [79]
Kalburgi 90,000 [79]
Kano 50,000 [79]
Khambhat 60,000 [79]
Kollam 60,000 [79]
London [267] 50,000-100,000
Mandu 70,000 [79]
Milan 125,000 [264] 80,000 [263]
Nanjing 487,000 [79] 150,000 [79] 157,000 [79] 182,000 [79] 188,000 [79]
Naples 100,000[262] 209,000 [79] 215,000 [79]
Oyo-Ile 60,000 [79]
Paris 275,000 [264]

280,000 [79]

150,000 [79] 185,000

225,000[75][300]

210,000 [79] 220,000

350,000 [79][301]

Samarkand 130,000 [79]
Seoul 125,000 [79]
Seville 15,000[302] 60,000[302] 129,400 [302]
Suzhou 129,000 [79]
Tabriz 150,000 [79] 200,000 [79] 250,000 [79]
Tenochtitlan 250,000 [303][not in citation given] [304][not in citation given][305][306]
Texcoco 60,000 [79]
Venice 120,000

200,000[263][262]

110,000 [264] 171,000 [79]
Vijayanagar 400,000 [79] 455,000 [79] 500,000 [75] 480,000 [79]

Early Modern era[edit]

City 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1825 1850 1875
Agra 500,000 [79]
Ahmedabad 380,000 [79]
Amsterdam 60,000[307] 140,000[307] 219,000 [79]
Ayutthaya 1,000,000[38]
Beijing 706,000 [75]

1,000,000 [38]

470,000 [79] 650,000 [75] 900,000 [79] 1,100,000 [38][75] 1,350,000 [79] 1,648,000 [79]
Berlin 6,500[308] 90,000[308] 172,000[308] 419,000[308] 1,122,330 [79]
966,900[308]
Cairo 200,000 [79]
Copenhagen 29,000 65,000 80,000 100,000 150,000 260,000
Edo (Tokyo) 60,000 [79]
500,000 (1609)[309]
688,000 [79]
1,000,000 (1721)[310]
1,100,000[75]
685,000 [79]
Esfahān 600,000 [79] 350,000 [79]
Glasgow[311] 7,000 14,000 14,000 23,500 77,000 170,000 329,000 494,000
Guangzhou 180,000 [79] 200,000 [79] 200,000 [79] 400,000 [79] 1,000,000 [38]

800,000 [79]

900,000 [79] 875,000 [79]
Hangzhou 270,000 [79] 281,000 [79] 303,000 [79] 340,000 [79] 387,000 [79] 410,000 [79]
Constantinople/Istanbul 400,000[2]
700,000 [79]
700,000 [79] 600,000[2]
700,000 [79]
625,000 [79] 570,000 [79] 675,000 [79] 785,000 [79]
Kagoshima 67,000 [79]
Kanazawa 67,000 [79]
Kyoto 300,000 [79] 350,000[312] 400,000+[309][313]

350,000 [79]

526,225[312] 377,000 [75]
Lahore 360,000 [79]
Liverpool 375.955 (1851) [314]
London

200,000 [267]

410,000 [79]
350,000 [267]
550,000 [79][267]
600,000[2]
676,000 [79]
700,000 [267]
861,000 [79]
959,300 (1801) [267]
1,335,000 [79] 2,320,000 [79]
2,363,000 (1851) [267]
4,241,000 [79]
Madrid 400,000[309]
Manchester 303.385 (1851) [314]
Mexico City 170,000[314]
Milan [264] 150,000 125,000 160,000
Moscow 300,000[79] 100,000[79] 248,000[79] 373.800[314]
Nagoya 65,000 [79] 92,000 [79]
Nanjing 194,000 [79] 178,000 [79]
Naples 224,000 [79] 400,000 [315][316] 207,000 [264] 310,000 [79] 430,000 [79] 350,000 [79] 413,000 [314]
New York City 5,000 13,000 61,000 202,000 (1830) [317] 515.594 [318] 1,900,000 [79]
Osaka 360,000 [79] 350,000+[313]
380,000 [79]
400,000 (1749) [309] 383,000 [75]
500,000 (1783) [309]
Paris 245,000[79] 455,000[79] 530,000[79] 556,000[79] 547,756[79][319] 855,000 [79] 1,314,000 [79] 2,250,000 [79]
Philadelphia 161,000 (1830) [317] 409,353[318]
Rome 150,000[264]
Saint Petersburg 74.273 [309] 217.948 [309] 438,000 [79] 532.241 (1852) [314] 1,035,000
Seoul 150,000 [79] 158,000 [79] 187,000 [79]
Sunpu 100,000 [79]
Suzhou 243,000 [79] 302,000 [79]
Venice [264] 180,000 145,000 160,000
Vienna[320][321] 50,000 113,000 175,400 235,098 401,200 551,300 1,162,591
Xi'an 138,000 [79] 167,000 [79] 195,000 [79] 224,000 [79] 259,000 [79]
Yamaguchi 80,000 [79]

Current[edit]

See List of cities by population for current data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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