Historical urban community sizes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

These are estimated populations of historical cities over time. Note that there are several problems with estimating the sizes of individual cities, and the highest estimates for a given city, in a given period, may be several times the lowest.

Neolithic settlements[edit]

Further information: Neolithic architecture
Town 7000 BCE 6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3800 BCE 3700 BCE
'Ain Ghazal 2,500[1]
Beidha 1,000[2]
Çatalhöyük 1,650 - 10,000[3]
2,500[1]
1,000[2]
3,000[2]
Choirokoitia[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] 300-600 2,000
Jericho 400 - 2,000[3]
Lepenski Vir 150 - 1,000[11][12][13][14][15][16]
Nea Nikomedeia 500 - 700[17]
Vinča-Belo Brdo 2,000 - 2,500[18][19]
Sesklo 1,000 - 5000[20][21][22][23]
Dobrovody 16,000[24] 10,000-16,000[25][26][27]
Fedorovka 6,000[24]
Mehrgarh 1,000- 10,000[28]
Maydanets 10,000[24] 10,000[29]
Nebelivka 17,000[24]
Talianki 15,000-25,000-30,000[24][30][31] 10-15,000[32][33][unreliable source?]
Tell Brak 4,000[2] 5,000[2]
Uruk 5,000[2]

Bronze Age[edit]

Further information: Cities of the Ancient Near East
Table 1: 3700-2600 BCE
City 3700 BCE 3400 BCE 3100 BCE 2800 BCE 2600 BCE
Adab 11,000 [34]
Anshan 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Bad-tibira 16,000 [34]
Eridu 6,000-10,000 [34]
Habuba Kabira 6,000-8,000 [34]
Harappa 35,000 [35]
Kish 40,000 [34]
Lagash 40,000 [36]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Manika, Greece[37][38][39][40][41][42][43] 6,000-13,500 6,000-13,500
Memphis 30,000 [44]
Mohenjo-daro 41,250 [35]
Nekhen 5,000-10,000 [34]
Nippur 13,000 [34]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [1]
Shuruppak 20,000 [34]
Suheri 13,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Susa 8,000[2]
Tell Brak 8,000[2] 22,000 [34] 20,000 [34]
Thebes, Greece 4,000

6,000[43]

Umma 26,000 [34]
Ur 6,000 [34]
Uruk 8,000[2]
14,000 [34]
20,000 [34] 40,000 [36]

50,000 [34]

80,000 [34] 80,000 [36]
Table 2: 2500-1200 BCE
City 2500 BCE 2300 BCE 2000 BCE 1800 BCE 1600 BCE 1360 BCE 1200 BCE
Athens[45][46][47] 10,000 10,000-15,000
Akrotiri (Santorini)[48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][56] 8,000-15,000-30,000
Adab 13,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Akkad 36,000 [34]
Amarna
Anshan 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Avaris/Pi-Ramses 100,000 [36] 160,000 [36]
Babylon 65,000[2] 80,000[2]
Dur-Kurigalzu
Ebla 30,000 [34]
Erlitou 24,000[2]
35,000 [34]
Harappa 10,000 [34]
Hattushash
Hazor
Heliopolis
Heracleopolis
Isin 40,000 [34] 20,000 [34]
Kerma
Kesh 11,000 [34]
Kish 25,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 40,000 [36]
Knossos[57][58][59]

[60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68]

1,300

2,000

18,000 20,000-40,000-100,000 30,000
Lagash 40,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 30,000 [34][36] 10,000 [34]
Larak/Larsa 10,000 [34] 40,000 [34] 20,000 [34]
Manika, Greece[43] 6,000

13,500

6,000

13,500

Malia 5,000-10,000-12,500[66][67]
Mari
Memphis 30,000 [34]
35,000[2]
60,000 [2][34][36] 30,000 [34]
Mohenjo-daro 20,000 [34] 20,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Mozah 15,000 [34] 15,000 [34]
Mycenae 30,000[63][69]
Namazga-Tepe 14,000 [34] 14,000 [34]
Nekhen 21,000 [70]
Niniveh
Nippur 20,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Palaikastro 18,000[48][66]
Shahr-i Sokhta 20,000 [34] 20,000 [34]
Shuruppak 17,000 [34]
Suheri 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Susa 25,000 [34] 25,000 [34]
Taosi 10,000[2] 14,000[2]
Tell Brak 15,000 [34] 15,000 [34]
Tell Churra 20,000 [34]
Tell Leilan 20,000 [34] 20,000 [34]
Thebes 40,000 [34] 40,000 [34] 80,000 [2] 80,000[2]
Thebes, Greece[43][71][72] 4,000

6,000

8,000
Tiryns[43][45][46][47] 1,200

1,800

10,000 10,000-15,000
Umma 34,000 [34] 20,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 20,000 [34]
Ur 60,000[2]
65,000 [70]
Uruk 50,000 [2][34] 75,000[2]
Yin (Anyang) 50,000[2]
120,000 [36]
Zabala 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34] 10,000 [34]
Zhengzhou 35,000[2]

Iron Age[edit]

Table 1: 1000-400 BCE
City 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 650 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 430 BCE 400 BCE
Anuradhapura 100,000 [70][73]
Anyi 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36]
Athens 168,000 [74]
160,000[75]
Ayodhya
Babylon 100,000[76]

45,000 [73]

47,000 [73] 125,000[2] 150,000[2] 200,000 [70] 150,000[2]
Benares
Calah / Nimrud
Cerveteri 25,000

40,000[77][78][79][80][81]

Chicheng
Cuicuilco
Ecbatana
Haojing 100,000 [76] 125,000 [36] 125,000 [36] 33,000 [70][73]
Hastinapur
Jerusalem 40,000 [70][73]
Kerch 40,000 [70][73]
Kingchow
Kalḫu (Nimrud) 75,000[2]
Kosambi 55,000 [73]
Kweiteh / Shangqiu
Linzi 55,000[2]
100,000 [36]
80,000 [73]
100,000 [36]
65,000[2]
100,000 [36]
80,000[2]
100,000 [36]
60,000 [73]
200,000 [36]
100,000[2]
200,000 [36]
Luoyang 35,000[2]
55,000 [73]
100,000 [82][83]
40,000[2] 45,000[2]
50,000 [73]
55,000[2]
100,000 [36]
70,000 [73]
100,000 [36]
65,000[2]
100,000 [36]
200,000 [36] 200,000 [36] 100,000[2]
240,000[36]
Marib 45,000 [73]
Memphis 100,000[76]
Miletus
Niniveh 100,000[2]
Pataliputra / Patna 400,000[2]
Populonia 25,000

40,000[79][80][84][85]

Pyongyang
Tarquinia 20,000

25,000

40,000[79][80][84][86]

Qufu 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36]
Sais
Shangqiu 100,000 [36] 130,000 [36]
Sravasti 70,000 [70][73] 900,000 [70][73]
Susa 40,000 [70][73] 200,000 [70][73]
Suzhou 100,000 [36]
Syracuse 300,000 [73]
Thebes 120,000 [76]

50,000[2]

50,000[2]
Vaisali
Veii 25,000

40,000

100,000[79][80][84][87][88][89][90]

Volsinii 13,000

25,000

40,000[79][80][84][87]

Vulci 15,000

25,000

40,000[79][80][87]

Xiadu 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36] 320,000 [36] 300,000 [36]
Xintian 100,000 [36]
Xinzheng 100,000 [36]
Xue
Yong 100,000 [36]
Table 2: 300 BCE-400 CE
City 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE CE 1 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 361 CE 400
Alexandria 150,000[2] 300,000 [2][70]

600,000 [36]

400,000[2] 250,000 [73] 125,000 [73]
Antioch 120,000 [70] 400,000[91] 150,000 [73] 150,000 [73]
Anuradhapura 68,000 [70][73] 130,000 [70] 72,000 [73]
Anyi 100,000 [36]
Athens 258,000 [74]
431,000[92]
84,000[75]
10,000[91] 10,000[91]
250,000 [70]
Ayodhya 63,000 [73]
Balkh 200,000[70] 1,000,000 [73] 200,000 [73]
Carthage 700,000[70] 150,000[70] 100,000[70]
Chang'an / Xi'an 100,000 [36]
250,000[2]
400,000 [70]
375,000[2]
400,000 [36]
246,000 (CE 2) [93]
400,000 [36]
500,000[2]
81,000 [70][73]
100,000 [36]
120,000[2] 140,000[2] 80,000 [73] 100,000 [36]
Chengdu 100,000 [36] 70,000 [73]
Byzantium 300,000 [73]
Ctesiphon 250,000 [73]
Cuicuilco 36,000 [73]
Datong 100,000 [36]
El Mirador 200,000 [94]
Ephesus 250,000 [95]
400,000 [96]
Izapa 35,000 [73]
Kaveri 59,000 [73]
Linzi 125,000[2]
350,000 [36]
100,000 [36] 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36]
Luoyang 125,000[2]
240,000 [36]
60,000 [73] 200,000 [36] 420,000 [36][73] 140,000[2]
250,000 [36]
200,000 [36]
Nanjing 56,000 [73] 78,000 [73] 100,000 [36] 150,000 [73] 300,000 [36]
Paithan 60,000 [73] 84,000 [73]
Patala 73,000 [73]
Pataliputra 350,000 [70] 69,000 [70][73] 150,000 [73]
Peshawar 120,000[70]
Pingcheng 88,000 [73] 200,000[2]
Pyay 69,000 [73]
Qufu 100,000 [36]
125,000[2]
Rhodes (city)[97][98][99] 100,000

200,000

100,000
Rome 150,000 [73]
160,000 [70]
400,000[2] 800,000 (CE 2) [36]
1,000,000[2]
450,000 [70]
1,000,000 [2][36]
1,000,000[2] 800,000[2] 750,000 [73] 800,000[2]
Salona 60,000
Seleucia 200,000 [73] 400,000[91] 250,000 (CE 2) [70] 150,000 [70]

250,000 [73]

Shangqiu 100,000 [36]
Suzhou 100,000 [36] 66,000 [73] 95,000 [73] 58,000 [73]
Syracuse 300,000 [73] 80,000 [73] 10,000 [73]
Taxila 60,000 [73]
Teotihuacán 60,000-

80,000 [100]

90,000 [73]
Tikal 100,000[101][102][103]
Tres Zapotes 30,000 [73]
Ujjain 94,000 [73] 80,000 [73]
Wanxian 100,000 [36]
Xiadu 300,000 [36]
Xianyang 100,000 [36] 300,000 [70]

100,000 [36]

Xinzheng 120,000 [36]
125,000[2]
Xuchang 140,000[2]
Ye 140,000[2] 120,000 [73] 100,000 [36]

Middle Ages[edit]

Early Middle Ages: 500-999 CE
City 500 600 622 700 775 800 900
Aleppo 72,000 [73]
Alexandria 94,000 [73] 175,000 [73]
Angkor 90,000 [73]
Anhilpur 80,000 [73]
Antioch 150,000 [73]
Anuradhapura 70,000 [73]
Ayodhya 75,000 [73]
Badami 70,000 [73]
Baghdad 700,000 [44] 175,000[2]
700,000 [73]
2,000,000 [104]
900,000 [36][70]
2,000,000 [104]
Bakhalal 45,000 [73]
Basra 100,000 [73]
Benares 49,000 [73] 59,000 [73]
Carthage 100,000 [73]
Chang'an / Xi'an 95,000 [73]
100,000 [36]
400,000[70]
400,000 [36]
600,000[2]
400,000 [73] 1,000,000 [36] 1,000,000 [36][70][105] 600,000 [73]
800,000 [36]
1,000,000[2]
100,000 [36]
500,000 [73]
750,000[2]
800,000 [70]
Chengdu 94,000 [73] 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36]
Chenla 70,000 [73]
Chunar 72,000 [73]
Constantinople 450,000[2]
400,000 [70]
150,000[2] 350,000 [73] 125,000[2] 225,000 [70] 250,000 [73] 300,000 [70]
Copán 63,000 [73]
Córdoba 160,000 [73] 175,000[2]
200,000 [70]
Ctesiphon 400,000 [73] 500,000 [73]
Dali 100,000 [36]

90,000 [73]

Datong 200,000 [36]
El Tajín 40,000 [73] 40,000 [73] 50,000 [73]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [36]
Fustat 100,000 [73] 150,000 [73]
Gao 72,000 [73]
Guangzhou 200,000 [36] 200,000 [36]
Gwalior 65,000 [73]
Jiankang 500,000 [36]
Jinyang (Taiyuan) 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36]
Kannauj 120,000 [73] 80,000 [73] 80,000 [73]
Kanchi 56,000 [73] 70,000 [73] 51,000 [73]
Kyoto 200,000 [70] 200,000 [73]

100,000 [36]

200,000 [36][70]
Lhasa 100,000 [36][73]
Luoyang 200,000 [73]

500,000 [36]

500,000 [36] 200,000 [73] 500,000 [36] 400,000 [36]

300,000 [73]

200,000 [36]

150,000 [73]

Madurai 70,000 [73] 70,000 [73]
Mandsaur 63,000 [73]
Manyakheta 100,000 [73]
Nanjing 500,000 [36]

150,000 [73]

Nara 100,000 [36]
Patna / Pataliputra 74,000 [73]
Prambanan 60,000 [73] 62,000 [73]
Pyay 73,000 [73] 100,000 [73]
Ray 68,000 [73]
Rome 500[106]
0[107]
50,000[108]
Sialkot 85,000 [73]
Suzhou 70,000 [73] 120,000 [36] 100,000 [36] 100,000 [36]

84,000 [73]

100,000 [36]

81,000 [73]

Teotihuacán 125,000 [73][100] 60,000 [73]
Tikal 45,000 [73] 40,000 [73]
Tula 41,000 [73] 50,000 [73]
Wuchang 100,000 [36] 84,000 [73]
Ye 200,000 [36]
Later Middle Ages: 1000-1399
City 1000 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350
Angkor 200,000 [73] 125,000 [73] 140,000 [73]
1,000,000[109]
150,000 [73]
Ani 100,000 [110]
200,000 [111]
Anhilpur 100,000 [73] 100,000 [73] 135,000 [73]
Bagan 100,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 180,000 [73] 180,000 [73]
Baghdad 125,000 [70]
1,200,000 [36]
150,000 [73] 250,000[2] 150,000 [70]

1,000,000 [36]

Beijing 130,000 [73] 140,000 [73] 401,000 [73] 400,000 [73]
Cairo 135,000 [70] 150,000 [73] 175,000 [73] 200,000 [73]
250,000[2]
300,000 [73] 400,000 [2][73] 350,000 [73]
Chang'an / Xi'an 118,000 [73] 114,000 [73]
Chunar 66,000 [73]
Constantinople 300,000 [70] 200,000 [73]
250,000[2]
200,000 [73] 150,000 [73]
250,000[2]
100,000 [70]
Córdoba 200,000[2]
450,000 [70]
Cuttack 100,000 [73] 90,000 [73] 90,000 [73]
Dali 100,000 [36]

90,000 [73]

100,000 [73]
Delhi 80,000 [73] 100,000 [73] 125,000 [73]
Dhar 80,000 [73]
Fanyang (Youzhou) 100,000 [36]
Fes 125,000 [73] 160,000 [73] 200,000 [73] 200,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 125,000 [73]
Florence 110,000 [112]
Gaur 60,000 [73] 90,000 [73] 100,000 [73]
Genoa 80,000 [112] 100,000 [113]
Guangzhou 140,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 150,000 [73]
Hangzhou 80,000 [73] 90,000 [73] 145,000 [73]
800,000[2]
255,000 [73]
1,000,000[2]
320,000 [73]
1,000,000[36]
432,000 [73]
800,000[2]
432,000 [73]
Jinzhou 85,000 [73]
Kaifeng 400,000 [36][73]
432,000[70]
1,000,000[2]
442,000 [73]
1,000,000[2]
150,000 [73] 1,000,000 [36]
Kalburgi 70,000 [73]
Kalyan 150,000 [73] 125,000 [73]
Kannauj 72,000 [73] 80,000 [73] 92,000 [73]
Khajuraho (Kalinjar) 50,000 [73]
Khambhat 50,000 [73] 60,000 [73]
Kollam 60,000 [73]
Kyoto 300,000 [70]

175,000 [36]

London [114] 5,000-10,000 10,000-20,000 50,000-100,000 25,000-50,000
Madurai 60,000 [73]
Manyakheta 71,000 [73]
Marrakech 150,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 125,000 [73]
Merv 200,000 [73] 500,000 [73]
Milan 150,000 [112]
Nabadwip 85,000 [73]
Nanjing 130,000 [73] 130,000 [73] 130,000 [73] 95,000 [73]
Nishapur 125,000 [73]
Palermo 150,000 [73]
Paris 80,000 [115]

160,000 [73]

228,000 [73] 215,000 [73]
Polonnaruwa 75,000 [73]
Puri 78,000 [73] 72,000 [73]
Ramavati 75,000 [73]
Rome 20,000[116] 17,000[117] 15,000[118]
Sarai 600,000 [73] 120,000 [73]
Shangjing 140,000 [36]
Suzhou 100,000 [36] 96,000 [73]
Tabriz 125,000 [73] 100,000 [73]
Thanjavur 88,000 [73]
Venice 45,000 [113] 110,000 [73]
Vijayanagar 100,000 [73]
Warangal 63,000 [73] 80,000 [73]
Renaissance: 1400-1599
City 1400 1450 1500 1550 1575
Agra 200,000 [73]
Ahmedabad 100,000 [73] 140,000 [73]
Ahmednagar 70,000 [73]
Antwerp 100,000 [73]
Bago 150,000 [73] 175,000 [73]
Beijing 150,000 [73] 600,000 [73] 672,000 [44][73]

1,000,000 [36]

690,000 [73] 706,000 [73]
Bursa 130,000 [73]
Bruges 40,000 [73] 40,000 [73] 40,000 [73] 40,000 [73] 40,000 [73]
Cairo 125,000[2]
360,000 [73]
380,000 [73] 400,000 [2][70] 360,000 [73] 275,000 [73]
Chan Chan 60,000 - 100,000[119] 5,000 - 10,000[120]
Chang'an / Xi'an 127,000 [73]
Constantinople / Istanbul 200,000 [70] 660,000 [73] 680,000 [73]
Cuttack 75,000 [73] 100,000 [73] 140,000 [73] 90,000 [73]
Cusco 300,000[121][122][123][124]
Delhi 80,000 [73]
Fes 125,000 [73] 130,000 [73]
Florence 45,000 [112] 60,000 [112]
Gao 60,000 [73]
Gaur 150,000 [73] 200,000 [73]
Genoa 80,000 [112] 150,000 [112]
Granada 165,000 [73]
Guangzhou 150,000 [73] 175,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 160,000 [73] 170,000 [73]
Gwalior 80,000 [73]
Hangzhou 1,500,000[36]

235,000 [73]

250,000 [73] 250,000[70] 260,000 [73] 260,000 [73]
Jaunpur 100,000 [73]
Kalburgi 90,000 [73]
Kano 50,000 [73]
Khambhat 60,000 [73]
Kollam 60,000 [73]
London [114] 50,000-100,000
Mandu 70,000 [73]
Milan 125,000 [113] 80,000 [112]
Nanjing 487,000 [73] 150,000 [73] 157,000 [73] 182,000 [73] 188,000 [73]
Naples 209,000 [73] 215,000 [73]
Oyo-Ile 60,000 [73]
Paris 275,000 [113]

280,000 [73]

150,000 [73] 185,000 [70] 210,000 [73] 220,000 [73]
Samarkand 130,000 [73]
Seoul 125,000 [73]
Seville 15.000[125] 60.000[125] 129.400 [125]
Suzhou 129,000 [73]
Tabriz 150,000 [73] 200,000 [73] 250,000 [73]
Tenochtitlan 1,000,000 [126][127][128][129]
Texcoco 60,000 [73]
Venice 120,000 [112] 110,000 [113] 171,000 [73]
Vijayanagar 400,000 [73] 455,000 [73] 500,000 [70] 480,000 [73]

Early Modern era[edit]

City 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1825 1850 1875
Agra 500,000 [73]
Ahmedabad 380,000 [73]
Amsterdam 60,000[130] 140.000[130] 219,000 [73]
Ayutthaya 1,000,000[36]
Beijing 706,000 [70]

1,000,000 [36]

470,000 [73] 650,000 [70] 900,000 [73] 1,100,000 [36][70] 1,350,000 [73] 1,648,000 [73]
Berlin 6,500[131] 90,000[131] 172,000[131] 419,000[131] 1,122,330 [73]
966,900[131]
Cairo 200,000 [73]
Copenhagen 29,000 65,000 80,000 100,000 150,000 260,000
Edo (Tokyo) 60,000 [73]
500.000 (1609)[132]
688,000 [73]
1,000,000 (1721)[133]
1,100,000[70]
685,000 [73]
Esfahān 600,000 [73] 350,000 [73]
Glasgow[134] 7,000 14,000 14,000 23,500 77,000 170,000 329,000 494,000
Guangzhou 180,000 [73] 200,000 [73] 200,000 [73] 400,000 [73] 1,000,000 [36]

800,000 [73]

900,000 [73] 875,000 [73]
Hangzhou 270,000 [73] 281,000 [73] 303,000 [73] 340,000 [73] 387,000 [73] 410,000 [73]
Constantinople/Istanbul 400,000[2]
700,000 [73]
700,000 [73] 600,000[2]
700,000 [73]
625,000 [73] 570,000 [73] 675,000 [73] 785,000 [73]
Kagoshima 67,000 [73]
Kanazawa 67,000 [73]
Kyoto 300,000 [73] 350,000[135] 400,000+[132][136]

350,000 [73]

526,225[135] 377,000 [70]
Lahore 360,000 [73]
Liverpool 375.955 (1851) [137]
London

200,000 [114]

410,000 [73]
350,000 [114]
550,000 [73][114]
600,000[2]
676,000 [73]
700,000 [114]
861,000 [73]
959,300 (1801) [114]
1,335,000 [73] 2,320,000 [73]
2,363,000 (1851) [114]
4,241,000 [73]
Madrid 400.000[132]
Manchester 303.385 (1851) [137]
Mexico City 170.000[137]
Milan [113] 150,000 125,000 160,000
Moscow 300,000[73] 100,000[73] 248,000[73] 373.800[137]
Nagoya 65,000 [73] 92,000 [73]
Nanjing 194,000 [73] 178,000 [73]
Naples 224,000 [73] 400,000 [138][139] 207,000 [113] 310,000 [73] 430,000 [73] 350,000 [73] 413.000 [137]
New York City 5,000 13,000 61,000 202.000 (1830) [140] 515.594 [141] 1,900,000 [73]
Osaka 360,000 [73] 350,000+[136]
380,000 [73]
400.000 (1749) [132] 383,000 [70]
500.000 (1783) [132]
Paris 245,000[73] 455,000[73] 530,000[73] 556,000[73] 547,756[73][142] 855,000 [73] 1,314,000 [73] 2,250,000 [73]
Philadelphia 161.000 (1830) [140] 409.353[141]
Rome 150,000[113]
Saint Petersburg 74.273 [132] 217.948 [132] 438,000 [73] 532.241 (1852) [137] 1,035,000
Seoul 150,000 [73] 158,000 [73] 187,000 [73]
Sunpu 100,000 [73]
Suzhou 243,000 [73] 302,000 [73]
Venice [113] 180,000 145,000 160,000
Vienna[143][144] 50,000 113,000 175,400 235,098 401,200 551,300 1,162,591
Xi'an 138,000 [73] 167,000 [73] 195,000 [73] 224,000 [73] 259,000 [73]
Yamaguchi 80,000 [73]

Current[edit]

See List of cities by population for current data.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci Ian Morris. "Social Development" (PDF). Ianmorris.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  3. ^ a b "Jericho and Catal Huyuk". Bruceowen.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  4. ^ Choirokoitia http://www.worldheritagesite.org/sites/choirokoitia.html
  5. ^ Cyprus, p. 25, at Google Books
  6. ^ Travel Cyprus: Illustrated Guide, Greek and Turkish Phrasebooks & Maps, p. 137, at Google Books
  7. ^ Frommer's Cyprus With Your Family: From the Best Family Beaches to Mountain Villages, p. 161, at Google Books
  8. ^ Cyprus, p. 23, at Google Books
  9. ^ The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean, p. 8, at Google Books
  10. ^ The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia at Google Books
  11. ^ Historisk-filosofiske Skrifter, Bind 21, p. 27, at Google Books
  12. ^ Anthropology for Archaeologists: An Introduction, p. 163, at Google Books
  13. ^ The Oneness Revealed, p. 63, at Google Books
  14. ^ The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, p. 523, at Google Books
  15. ^ Europe Before Rome: A Site-by-Site Tour of the Stone, Bronze, and Iron Ages, p. 123, at Google Books
  16. ^ Elder Gods of Antiquity: First Journal of the Ancient Ones, p. 177, at Google Books
  17. ^ European Prehistory: A Survey, p. 182, at Google Books
  18. ^ "Rise of Metallurgy in Eurasia". Ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  19. ^ "Archaeological Exhibitions". Duncancaldwell.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  20. ^ The Complete Archaeology of Greece: From Hunter-Gatherers to the 20th Century A.D., p. 58, at Google Books
  21. ^ Greece Before History: An Archaeological Companion and Guide, p. 146, at Google Books
  22. ^ Early Aegean Warrior 5000–1450 BC, p. 90, at Google Books
  23. ^ [2][dead link]
  24. ^ a b c d e Thomas K Harper. "The effect of climatic variability on population dynamics of the CucuteniTripolye cultural complex and the rise of the Western Tripolye giant-settlements" (PDF). IChronikajournal.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  25. ^ Л.Панченко. Паланка (історико-краєзнавчий нарис). Умань. 2003 ISBN 966-7659-30-5
  26. ^ Шмаглій М. М., Дудкін В. П. Зіньковський К. В. Про комплексне вивчення трипільських поселень. Археологія № 10. Київ. 1973
  27. ^ А.І.Кузьмінський, Г. В. Суховершко, В. Я. Чудновський. Наш рідний край. Хрестоматія з історії Черкащини. Київ. 1993
  28. ^ The Search of the Cradle of Civilization: New Light on Ancient India - Georg Feuerstein, Subhash Kak, David Frawley. Books.google.com.pk. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  29. ^ Dobrovody and Maydanets Suggested to be housing up to 10,000 people in Modelski'w text (pp. 24–25), The estimate is based on the author's personal communication with Mikhail Videiko, Institute of Archaeology, Kiev, October 2002 (p. 75). The previous estimates by S. I. Kruts for Maydanets and Talianki are 8,000 (1,575 housed within 270 ha) and 14,000 (2,700 houses within 450 ha), respectively (Pitskhelauri, K. N., and Chernykh, E. N. Eds., Kavkaz v sisteme paleometallicheskikh kultur Evrazii, Metsniereba, Tbilisi, 1989, pp. 146–156.).
  30. ^ The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia - Philip L. Kohl. Books.google.com. 2007-01-22. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  31. ^ The History of Central Asia: The Age of the Steppe Warriors - Christoph Baumer. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  32. ^ [3][dead link]
  33. ^ [4][dead link]
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd [5][dead link]
  35. ^ a b Alam, Muzaffar. "India | history - geography". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn [6][dead link]
  37. ^ "THE EARL Y HELLADIC GRAVES OF MANIKA : CONTRmUTION TO THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE EARLY BRONZE AGE" (PDF). 2.ulg.ac.be. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  38. ^ Old World Archaeology Newsletter - Google Břger. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  39. ^ Anthropologie - Google Břger. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  40. ^ Erika Weiberg. "Thinknig the Bronze Age" (PDF). Diva-portal.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  41. ^ The Complete Archaeology of Greece: From Hunter-Gatherers to the 20th ... - John Bintliff. Books.google.com. 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  42. ^ "Archaeological Site of Manika - GTP". Gtp.gr. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  43. ^ a b c d e "Social Complexity and Population: A Study in the Early Bronze Age Aegean". Pia-journal.co.uk. 2004-11-15. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  44. ^ a b c "Largest Cities Through History". Geography.about.com. 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  45. ^ a b Citadel to City-State: The Transformation of Greece, 1200-700 B.C.E. - Carol G. Thomas, Craig Conant. Books.google.com. 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  46. ^ a b The Philistines and Aegean Migration at the End of the Late Bronze Age - Assaf Yasur-Landau. Books.google.com. 2010-04-26. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  47. ^ a b International Dictionary of Historic Places: Southern Europe - Trudy Ring, Robert M. Salkin, Sharon La Boda. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  48. ^ a b Atlantis Destroyed - Rodney Castleden. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  49. ^ Egypt, Greece, and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean - Charles Freeman. Books.google.com. 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  50. ^ Island Colonization: The Origin and Development of Island Communities - Ian Thornton. Books.google.com. 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  51. ^ A Nuclear Engineer in the Twentieth Century - Robert Kupp. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  52. ^ New York Magazine. Books.google.com. 1990-03-05. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  53. ^ "Civilization.ca - Greece: Secrets of the Past" (in French). Historymuseum.ca. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  54. ^ Volcanoes: a planetary perspective - Peter Francis -. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  55. ^ The Truth of the Life of this World - Hârun Yahya. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  56. ^ a b Journeys From The Centre Of The Earth - Iain Stewart. Books.google.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  57. ^ The Knossos Labyrinth: A New View of the `Palace of Minos' at Knossos - Rodney Castleden. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  58. ^ "Unicity Europe". Unicityeuro.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  59. ^ Minoan Life in Bronze Age Crete - Rodney Castleden -. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  60. ^ Southern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places - Trudy Ring, Noelle Watson, Paul Schellinger. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  61. ^ Thirst: For Water and Power in the Ancient World - Steven Mithen. Books.google.com. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  62. ^ Ancient Technology - John William Humphrey. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  63. ^ a b World System History: The Social Science of Long-Term Change. Books.google.com. 2002-09-26. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  64. ^ Urbanism in the Preindustrial World: Cross-Cultural Approaches - Glenn Storey. Books.google.com. 2006-04-30. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  65. ^ Ian Morris (December 2005). "The collapse and regeneration of complex society in Greece, 1500-500 BC" (PDF). Princeton.edu. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  66. ^ a b c "Minoans : Life in bronze Age Crete" (PDF). S3.amazonaws.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  67. ^ a b Atlantis Destroyed - Rodney Castleden. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  68. ^ "Concepts in Urbanization and Early State Formation: The Case of Minoan Crete, v8 | Donald Jones". Academia.edu. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  69. ^ "11. NEGLECTING NATURE WORLD ACCUMULATION AND CORE-PERIPHERY RELATIONS, 2500 BC TO AD 1990 Sing C. Chew". Abuss.narod.ru. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  70. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg Tertius Chandler (1987). Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. St. David's University Press. ISBN 0-88946-207-0. Archived from the original on 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  71. ^ "Greece during the Late Bronze Age | Jorrit Kelder". Academia.edu. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  72. ^ Jaarbericht. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  73. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn mo mp mq mr ms mt mu mv mw mx my mz na nb nc nd ne nf ng nh ni nj nk nl nm nn no np nq nr ns nt nu nv nw nx ny nz oa "Populations of Largest Cities in PMNs from 2000BC to 1988AD" (TXT). Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  74. ^ a b A. W. Gomme, The population of ancient Athens in the fifth and fourth centuries (Blackwell, 1933 and reprints)
  75. ^ a b Garnsey, Peter. Famine and Food Supply in the Graeco-Roman World. (Cambridge, 1988:90)
  76. ^ a b c d Modelski’s list of the world’s largest cities treats Thebes and Haojing as the top cities with 100,000 inhabitants (p. 218), though the same list on the next page (p. 219) as well as Table 2 (c) place the population of Thebes at 120,000, while that for Haojing as well as Memphis and Babylon at 100,000 (pp. 33-34).
  77. ^ Pounds, N.J.G. (1976). An Historical Geography of Europe 450 B.C.-A.D. 1330 (del 1330). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521291262. 
  78. ^ Museo nazionale di Villa Giulia; Moretti, A.M.S.; Italy. Soprintendenza archeologica per l'Etruria meridionale (2001). The Villa Giulia National Etruscan Museum: Short Guide. L'Erma di Bretschneider. ISBN 9788882650124. 
  79. ^ a b c d e f The Etruscan World, p. 1774, at Google Books
  80. ^ a b c d e f An Historical Geography of Europe 450 B.C.-A.D. 1330, Del 1330, p. 54, at Google Books
  81. ^ A Short History of the World, p. 110, at Google Books
  82. ^ Chandler listed Thebes, Haoqing, and Chengzhou (Luoyang) as the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd largest cities (p. 460), though Luoyang is supposed to pass 100,000 in 1000 B.C. (p. 541).
  83. ^ When the city first passed 100,000, suggested by Richard Forstall (pp. 541-542).
  84. ^ a b c d "Etruscan Studies" (PDF). Journal of the Etruscan Foundation 8. Scholarworks.mass.edu. 2008. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  85. ^ Production, consumption and society in north Etruria during the archaic and classical periods, p. 224, at Google Books by Hilary Wills Becker.
  86. ^ Production, consumption and society in north Etruria during the archaic and classical periods, p. 224, at Google Books by Hilary Wills Becker
  87. ^ a b c Production, consumption and society in north Etruria during the archaic and classical periods, p. 224, at Google Books by Hilary Wills Becker.
  88. ^ The New People's Cyclopedia of Universal Knowledge at Google Books
  89. ^ A Global History of Architecture, p. 96, at Google Books
  90. ^ Chambers's encyclopaedia, p. 151, at Google Books
  91. ^ a b c d "The growth of Greek cities in the first millennium BC" (PDF). Princeton.edu. December 2005. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  92. ^ Raphael Sealey, The Athenian Republic: Democracy or Rule of Law? (University Park and London: Penn State U Press, 1987), p. 6
  93. ^ zh:汉书
  94. ^ [7]
  95. ^ [8][dead link]
  96. ^ [Strabo . Geography (volume 1-7) 14.1.24. Cambridge: Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press]
  97. ^ Rhodes in the Hellenistic Age - Richard M. Berthold. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  98. ^ A Companion to Ancient Greek Government. Books.google.com. 2013-01-31. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  99. ^ The Origins of Business, Money and Markets - Keith Roberts. Books.google.com. 2013-08-13. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  100. ^ a b [9][dead link]
  101. ^ "Tikal, Mayan City". HistoryWiz.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  102. ^ [10][dead link]
  103. ^ [11][dead link]
  104. ^ a b Trudy Ring, Robert M. Salkin, K. A. Berney, Paul E. Schellinger (1996). International dictionary of historic places, Volume 4: Middle East and Africa. Taylor and Francis. p. 116. 
  105. ^ Haoqing, the capital of Western Zhou, was located 15 km SW of Chang'an, the capital of Sung and Tang dynasties as well as the present center of Xi'an. Han capital was located 5 km NW of the center of modern Xi'an. All these sites are now within the sub-provincial city of Xi'an.
  106. ^ Procopius, Gothic War, III.xx
  107. ^ Procopius, Gothic War, III.xxii. "In Rome he suffered nothing human to remain, leaving it altogether, in every part, a perfect desert." Theodor Mommsen (trans.), The Chronicle of Marcellinus. p. 49. "After this destruction Rome [ in 546 ] was so desolated that for forty days or more neither man nor beast stayed there,"
  108. ^ Meneghini and Santangeli Valenzani Roma nell'altomedioevo. Topografia e urbanistica della citta dal V al X seolo. Rome, 2004. pp. 22-3
  109. ^ Lorraine Aragon. "Angkor Wat". Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  110. ^ "SACRED SITE". Ani, Turkey. Landmarks Foundation. Retrieved 22 January 2007. 
  111. ^ (Armenian) Ghafadaryan, Karo. «Անի» [Ani]. Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia. Yerevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1974, vol. i, pp. 407–412.
  112. ^ a b c d e f g h i M. Ginatempo L. Sandri “L’Italia delle Città. Sec XIII XVI” Le Lettere 1990
  113. ^ a b c d e f g h i P.M. Hoenberg L.Hollen Lees : “The Making of Urban Europe 1000-1950” Harvard University Press 1985
  114. ^ a b c d e f g h History of London#Population
  115. ^ "Cadre histoire". Parisbalades.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  116. ^ Paul Hetherington. Medieval Rome: a portrait of the city and its life. Rubicon Press, 1994. p. 37
  117. ^ Imperial City: Rome under Napoleon - Susan Vandiver Nicassio. Books.google.co.jp. 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  118. ^ Norman John Greville Pounds. An Historical Geography of Europe 450 B.C.-A.D. 1330, p. 350
  119. ^ Middendorf, 1898
  120. ^ Michael Moseley and Kent Day, eds. Chan Chan: Andean Desert City University of New Mexico Press, 1982
  121. ^ "Political Division, Population, Language, Religion, Orography - Cusco - Peru - Cuzco". Cusco-peru.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  122. ^ "Cusco Culture - ISA". Studiesabroad.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  123. ^ "Qosqo, Inkas' Sacred Capital - Inca, Cusco, Cuzco". Qosqo.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  124. ^ [12][dead link]
  125. ^ a b c "Demografía de Sevilla en el siglo XVI". Seville University. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  126. ^ "John Pohl's Mesoamerica - Tenochtitlan". FAMSI.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  127. ^ Alex Whitaker. "Tenochtitlan, Mexcio". Ancient-wisdom.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  128. ^ Searle, Rick (2012-08-24). "Tenochtitlan, Dürer, Civilization « Utopia or Dystopia". Utopiaordystopia.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  129. ^ [13][dead link]
  130. ^ a b The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness and Fall, 1477-1806. 1995.
  131. ^ a b c d e "Population statistics: historical demography". Populstat.info. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  132. ^ a b c d e f g F. Braudel, Capitalism and Material Life, 1400-1800, I vol. 1979
  133. ^ Gordon, Andrew: "A Modern History of Japan from Tokugawa Times to the Present". Oxford University Press, 2003. p23. (As of 1721).
  134. ^ Cunnison&Gilfinnan (1958). Third Statistical Account of Scotland GLASGOW. 
  135. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. p. 424.  (quoting the Meiji publication 平安通志)
  136. ^ a b Sansom, George (1963). "A History of Japan: 1615-1867." Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. p113. Note: These figures exclude military (samurai) population, which could account for a considerable portion of the population.
  137. ^ a b c d e f Almanach de Gotha pour l'an 1858
  138. ^ before the big plague of the 1656)
  139. ^ Storia dell'Europa moderna: secoli XVI-XIX - Brigitte Basdevant-Gaudemet. Books.google.it. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  140. ^ a b A. de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, chap. IX, 1835
  141. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha pour l'an 1855
  142. ^ "Paris - Notice Communale". Cassini.ehess.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 
  143. ^ Steidl, Annemarie (2003). Auf nach Wien! Die Mobilität des mitteleuropäischen Handwerks im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert am Beispiel der Haupt- und Residenzstadt Wien. ISBN 3-7028-0403-X. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  144. ^ "Statistiken". Statistik.at. Retrieved 2015-06-20. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]