Hòutǔ (Chinese: 后土; literally: "Queen of the Earth") or Hòutǔshén (后土神; "Goddess Queen of the Earth"), also Hòutǔ Niángniáng (in Chinese either 厚土娘娘; "Deep Earth Lady" or 后土娘娘; "Earth Queen Lady"), otherwise called Demǔ (地母; "Mother Earth") or Demǔ Niángniáng (地母娘娘; "Lady Mother Earth"), is the deity of deep earth and soil in Chinese religion and mythology. Houtu is of ambiguous gender. She is the consort or female form of Tudigong ("Lord of Local Land").
Yellow River Map
Houtu is featured in some versions of the myth of the Great Flood of China: Yu did not do such a great job of channeling the Yellow River into the sea, dredging the wrong way. Sacred Mother Houtu then made the Yellow River Map, and sent one of her divine messenger birds to tell Yu what to do; specifically, that he should open a channel to the east, to allow the right drainage.
- Yang, Lihui, et al. (2005). Handbook of Chinese Mythology. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-533263-6
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