Chinese woodcut, Famous medical figures; Huangfu Mi Wellcome L0039322
Huangfu Mi (215–282) was a Chinese scholar and physician during the late Eastern Han, Three Kingdoms, and Western Jin periods of Chinese history. He was born in a poor farming family in present-day Gansu province. Between 256 and 260, toward the end of the state of Cao Wei, he compiled the Canon of Acupuncture and Moxibustion (simplified Chinese: 针灸甲乙经; traditional Chinese: 針灸甲乙經; pinyin: Zhēnjiŭ jiăyĭ jīng; Wade–Giles: Chen1-chiu3 chia3-i3 ching1), a collection of various texts on acupuncture written in earlier periods. This book in 12 volumes further divided into 128 chapters was one of the earliest systematic works on acupuncture and moxibustion, and it proved to be one of the most influential. Huangfu Mi also compiled ten books in a series called Records of Emperors and Kings (Chinese: 帝王世紀; pinyin: Dìwáng shìjì).