Man Chong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Man Chong
Official of Cao Wei
Born (Unknown)
Died 242[1]
Names
Traditional Chinese 滿寵
Simplified Chinese 满宠
Pinyin Mǎn Chǒng
Wade–Giles Man3 Ch'ung3
Courtesy name Boning (Chinese: 伯寧; pinyin: Bóníng; Wade–Giles: Po2-ning2)
Posthumous name Marquis Jing (Chinese: 景侯; pinyin: Jǐng Hóu; Wade–Giles: Ching Hou)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Man.

Man Chong (died 242),[1] courtesy name Boning, was an official of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period.

Life[edit]

A native of Changyi, Shanyang (present-day Juye County, Shandong), Man Chong became a strategist under the warlord Cao Cao. In Luo Guanzhong's historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Man Chong was an old friend of Xu Huang, and when Cao Cao battled with Yang Feng (whom Xu Huang served), he was sent to convince Xu to defect to Cao Cao's side. Later, Man Chong became governor of Runan, and helped Cao Ren defend Fancheng (present-day Fancheng District, Xiangyang, Hubei) against Guan Yu at the Battle of Fancheng in 219, acting as an advisor to Cao Ren.

Historically, Man Chong convinced Cao Ren to not withdraw by indicating that the flood was only temporary and would not last long. Man Chong also noted that Guan Yu's vanguard had already advanced to Jia (郏), yet his main force dared not follow, because he was afraid of being cut off from the behind and attacked from both sides. In 228, Man Chong participated in an unsuccessful three-way invasion on the state of Eastern Wu. Man Chong was also credited with the suggestion to build a new castle at a strategic location far away from the sea on Hefei, as to minimize the advantage of the Wu navy. In 231, Sun Quan leaked word that he was going to attack Hefei. In order to defend it, Man Chong summoned reinforcements from Yu and Yan, gathering a large army. Sun Quan’s army arrived but retreated before attacking, supposedly intimidated by the large defending army. The reinforcements were going to be dismissed, but one Xu Xuan suggested that Sun Quan’s first attack had just been a feint and that he would return once the reinforcements were gone. On his advice, Man Chong did not dismiss his reinforcements. Sun Quan did indeed return 10 days later and assault the city, but because he still had a very large army, Man Chong easily repelled the attack.

Later that year, Sun Quan tried to set a trap for Wang Ling. He had a subordinate named Sun Bu offer to defect if Wang Ling would bring an army to take over his position. Wang Ling believed him, but Man Chong saw through this ploy and refused to give Wang Ling any soldiers for it. Wang Ling then slandered Man Chong, memorializing to Cao Rui that he was too old to fulfill his duties and a drunk besides. Because of this, Man Chong was summoned to Luoyang for an interview. However, he left strict orders that Wang Ling was not to be given any soldiers, so Man Chong’s subordinates refused to help Wang Ling. As a result, Wang Ling could only send a handful of soldiers to Sun Bu. Though these were ambushed and defeated by Sun Quan, thanks to Man Chong’s foresight, it was not a major loss. Meanwhile, Man Chong met with Cao Rui and the two discussed affairs. Cao Rui determined that Man Chong was fully qualified to hold his position and sent him back to Yang.

Sun Quan invaded Hefei again in 233, but he was so hesitant to land that he just stayed on the boat for 20 days. When he did land, he was ambushed by Man Chong, and lost a few hundred men before getting back on boat and retreating. During the 4th battle on Hefei in 234, Man Chong was responsible of the defense of the grand castle of Hefei (although he was not physically there). His suggestion to reinforce general Zhang Ying (who was commanding troops inside Hefei Castle) was rejected by Cao Rui, but he managed to burn down the rams Wu forces assembled to seize the city. As a result, the Wu forces retreated before Cao Rui brought the main army to Hefei. In his later years, Man Chong was involved in the power struggle with Wang Ling, and eventually lost favour in court.

Appointments and titles held[edit]

  • Investigator (督郵) - performs checks on counties
  • Prefect of Gaoping (高平令)
  • Assistant Officer (從事) to Cao Cao
  • Official in the West Bureau (西曹屬)
  • Prefect of Xuchang (許昌令)
  • Administrator of Runan (汝南太守)
  • General Who Inspires Might (奮威將軍)
  • Secondary Marquis (關內侯)
  • Marquis of Anchang Village (安昌亭侯)
  • General Who Spreads Martial Might (揚武將軍)
  • General Who Pacifies Waves (伏波將軍)
  • Marquis of Nan District (南鄉侯)
  • General of the Vanguard (前將軍)
  • Marquis of Chang Estate (昌邑侯)
  • Inspector of Yu Province (豫州刺史)
  • General Who Attacks the East (征東將軍)
  • Grand Commandant (太尉)
  • Marquis Jing (景侯) - granted to Man Chong posthumously

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Man Chong's biography in Records of the Three Kingdoms stated that he died in the 3rd year of the Zhengshi era (240-249) in Cao Fang's reign. (正始三年薨,謚曰景侯。)