Hyundai Ioniq

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Hyundai Ioniq (AE)
Hyundai IONIQ electric Premium – Frontansicht, 7. Mai 2017, Düsseldorf.jpg
Model years2017–2021
AssemblySouth Korea: Ulsan
Malaysia: Kulim (Hyundai-Sime Darby Motors, hybrid only)
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car (C)
Body style5-door liftback
LayoutFront-engine or motor, front-wheel-drive
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.3 in)[1]
Length4,470 mm (176.0 in)
Width1,820 mm (71.7 in)
Height1,450 mm (57.1 in)

The Hyundai Ioniq is a compact five door liftback manufactured and marketed by Hyundai.[2][3] The nameplate Ioniq is a portmanteau of ion and unique.[4] It is the first automobile to be offered in hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and all-electric variants with no "standard" internal combustion engine only version.[5]

The Ioniq Hybrid debuted in South Korea in January 2016, with all three variants debuting at 2016 Geneva and New York auto shows.[6][3] The hybrid variant launched in its home market in February 2016, followed by the electric model in July 2016.[6][7] The plug-in hybrid version followed in February 2017.[8]

From its first model year (2017) through the 2019 model year, the Ioniq Electric had been the EPA's most efficient vehicle with a rated fuel economy of 136 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (25.3 kWh/100 mi; 15.7 kWh/100 km).[9][10] The Ioniq Blue hybrid version has been rated at 58 miles per gallon, making it the most fuel-efficient hybrid vehicle to be mass-produced.[11]

Ioniq Hybrid[edit]

Ioniq Hybrid
2018 Hyundai Ioniq SE HEV S-A 1.6 Front.jpg
Engine1.6 L Kappa II GDI HEV I4
Electric motor32 kW (43 hp)[12]
Power output78 kW (105 hp) (petrol engine)[12]
Transmission6-speed DCT
Hybrid drivetrainSeries hybrid
Battery1.56 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery[12]
Curb weight1,359–1,469 kg (2,996–3,239 lb)

The Ioniq is Hyundai's first automobile built from the ground up and specifically available as a hybrid or electric powered.

The hybrid version competes with, and surpasses in fuel economy, the previous mileage leader in the Toyota Prius.[11] Sharing the same powertrain with the Kia Niro hybrid crossover, the Ioniq is powered by a 1.6-litre Kappa four cylinder Atkinson-cycle engine with 40% thermal efficiency capable of delivering 104 hp (78 kW) and an estimated 109 lb⋅ft (148 N⋅m) of torque alone.

The Ioniq Hybrid's electric motor additionally delivers an estimated 43 hp (32 kW) with an estimated maximum torque of 125 lb⋅ft (169 N⋅m), powered by a 1.56 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery.

The battery is positioned beneath the rear passenger seats.[12] In combination with the 1.6-litre direct injection engine, the Ioniq Hybrid offers an estimated total system output of 139 hp (104 kW) and 195 lb⋅ft (264 N⋅m).[13] This engine is combined with a shifting six speed dual-clutch transmission.[12] Like many hybrids and electric cars, neither the Ioniq Hybrid nor Electric are suitable for towing a trailer.[14]

The Ioniq uses aluminium in the hood and tailgate, reducing weight by 27 lb (12 kg) compared with conventional steel, with no measurable disadvantages in noise or vibration.[12] With a higher usage of lightweight components and a more compact build, the cargo screen cover is about 25% lighter than the types used in other Hyundai models.

Ioniq Hybrid (rear)

Its aerodynamic design helped lower the drag coefficient of the Ioniq down to 0.24.[13] Excessive weight is reduced by utilization of high strength steel for the structure and aluminium for non structural components.[6]

Hyundai expects the model with 15-inch wheels to obtain an EPA rated combined fuel economy between 57 mpg‑US (4.1 L/100 km; 68 mpg‑imp) and 58 mpg‑US (4.1 L/100 km; 70 mpg‑imp), just ahead of the 2016 Toyota Prius Eco at 56 mpg‑US (4.2 L/100 km; 67 mpg‑imp).[15] The Ioniq is also available with a 17-inch alloy rim option. Trims that include the alloy rims produce approximately 5 MPG lower overall fuel economy on the highway.

The Ioniq Hybrid was released in South Korea in February 2016.[6] The hybrid was launched in Malaysia in November 2016. Two Ioniq Hybrid trims were available, HEV and HEV Plus.[16] Many parked Ioniqs appeared in the early scenes in Johnny English Strikes Again, starring Johnny English, played by Rowan Atkinson.

Ioniq Electric[edit]

Ioniq Electric
Hyundai Ioniq Electric (12).JPG
Electric motorFront-engine rear-battery Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
Power output89 kW (120 hp); 295 N⋅m (218 lb⋅ft) (2016–2019)
100 kW (134 hp); 295 N⋅m (218 lb⋅ft) (2020–present)
Transmission1-speed automatic
Battery28 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery[2] (2016–2019)
38.3 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery (2020–present)
Electric range2016–2019:
200 km (124 mi) (EPA)[17]
280 km (170 mi) (NEDC)[2]
169 km (105 mi) (South Korea)[2]

270 km (170 mi) (EPA)
310 km (190 mi) (WLTP)
200 km (120 mi) (South Korea)
Plug-in charging6.6 kW (2016–2019)
7.2 kW (2020–present)
Curb weight1,420–1,575 kg (3,131–3,472 lb)

The Hyundai Ioniq Electric is a mid-2010s limited-production all-electric version of the Ioniq that is sold only in select countries and US states. It features a 28 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery that delivers an EPA-rated range of 124 mi (200 km).[2][17] Hyundai originally expected the Ioniq to deliver a range of 110 mi (180 km).[18]

An integrated In-Cable Control Box (ICCB) also allows drivers to charge their Ioniq at a regular household outlet, but this is recommended only for use in emergencies in countries with 120 V standard outlets.[19] In most countries, with 220–240 V standard household outlets, 100% range can be added with an overnight charge.[20]

The charging plug of the car is located in a position where gas fillers are normally located.[2] The Ioniq features paddle shifters to allow drivers to choose from one of four levels of regenerative braking.[18] As of 2019, Hyundai USA sells the Ioniq Electric only[why?] in select states.[which?][21] It is sold by Hyundai in other countries as well, which as of December 2018 included Canada,[22] Norway,[23] Netherlands, Portugal[citation needed] or Switzerland.[24] As of 2020, the car remains listed on the Hyundai website.[25]

Range and efficiency[edit]

Ioniq Electric power control unit on top of the electric motor

Under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) four cycle test, the 2017 Ioniq Electric combined fuel economy rating is 136 mpg‑e (25.3 kWh/100 mi; 15.7 kWh/100 km).

For city driving, it is rated at 150 mpg‑e (23 kWh/100 mi; 14 kWh/100 km), and for highway it is rated at 122 mpg‑e (28 kWh/100 mi; 17.5 kWh/100 km)[17]

With these ratings, the Ioniq Electric became in November 2016 the most efficient EPA certified vehicle considering all fuels and of all years, surpassing the 2014–2016 model year BMW i3, and also the 2017 Toyota Prius Prime, the most energy efficient plug in hybrid in EV mode.[9][10] Similarly electric Ioniq was praised by the Green NCAP for high energy efficiency, even under high-load highway test.

Green NCAP test results
Hyundai Ioniq (2019)[26]
4x2 electric automatic
Test Points
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Clean Air Index: 10/10
good Laboratory Tests HC CO NOx PN
9.0/9 Cold test good good good good
3.0/3 Warm test good good good good
3.0/3 Eco Mode good good good good
3.0/3 Sport Mode good good good good
9.0/9 Highway good good good good
good Road Test HC CO NOx PN
7.0/7 On-Road Drive n.a. good good good
good Robustness
Energy Efficiency Index: 8.5/10
good Laboratory Tests Energy Efficiency
10.0/10 Cold test good
3.0/3 Warm test good
3.0/3 Eco Mode good
3.0/3 Sport Mode good
10.0/10 Highway good

The 2017 Ioniq Electric had a combined EPA rated range of 124 mi (200 km).[17] Charging time is rated at 4 hours on a 6.6 kW AC charger.[27] The range under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) standard is 280 km (170 mi),[28] and 169 km (105 mi) under the South Korean cycle.[2]

Comparison of EPA-rated range for electric cars rated up until July 2017 and priced under US$50,000 in the U.S. Only model year 2016 and 2017 cars are included.[29][30]

Ioniq Plug-in[edit]

Ioniq Plug-in
Hyundai Ioniq Plug-in (16).JPG
Engine1.6 L Kappa II GDI HEV I4
Electric motor44.5 kW (59.7 hp)[2]
Power output78 kW (105 hp) (petrol engine)[12]
Transmission6-speed DCT
Hybrid drivetrainPlug-in hybrid
Battery8.9 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery[2]
Electric range29 mi (47 km) (EPA)[2]
Curb weight1,495–1,551 kg (3,296–3,419 lb)

The plug-in hybrid variant was released in February 2017.[31] It has an 8.9 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery capable of delivering an EPA-rated electric-only range of 29 mi (47 km), and an additional 601 mi (967 km) of range in hybrid mode once the electric range has been depleted.[32] The Ioniq Plug-in combines a 45 kW (60 hp) electric motor and 1.6-L GDI four-cylinder Kappa engine with 40% thermal efficiency capable of delivering 78 kW (105 hp).[2][12] The EPA efficiency rating for the Ioniq Plug-in hybrid in electric mode is 119 mpg‑e (29 kWh/100 mi; 18.0 kWh/100 km).[32]

Hyundai Ioniq Plug-in (Facelift)
The Ioniq plug-in charging port is located in the driver's left side.

The Ioniq Plug-in has the same dual-clutch transmission as the hybrid variant. This is an important differentiator for Hyundai from the majority of other hybrid and plug-in hybrid cars that use a continuously variable transmission.

Enhancing the Ioniq Plug-in fuel efficiency and dynamic driving characteristics, the driver can select either SPORT or ECO modes. The SPORT function holds lower gears longer and combines power from the engine and electric motor for maximum performance.

In ECO mode, the dual clutch transmission optimizes gear selection for efficiency, upshifting earlier to achieve better fuel economy.[12]



By January 2021, from the Ioniq series around 325,500 units were sold worldwide, including 211,755 conventional hybrids and 77,972 purely electric cars, as well as 35,757 plug-in hybrid variants. From all units, 118,575 were sold to Europe and 60,354 to the USA. From the IONIQ electric model 36,772 units were sold to Europe, these are 47% or almost the half of the worldwide electric production.[33]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hyundai IONIQ (facelift 2019) 1.6 GDI (141 Hp) Plug-in Hybrid DCT Specifications from".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Kane, Mark (2016-03-02). "Hyundai IONIQ Electric & IONIQ Plug-in At The Geneva Motor Show (Gallery, New Stats)". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2016-03-02. See more details in the official press release.
  3. ^ a b Park Jin-hai (2016-01-14). "Hyundai launches Ioniq hybrid compact". Korea Times. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-03-02.
  4. ^ Cobb, Jeff (2016-02-01). "Who Else Besides Toyota Will The Hyundai Ioniq Threaten?". Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  5. ^ 2017 Hyundai Ioniq first drive review: hybrid, EV, plug-in, no gas-only engines, accessed January 9, 2019
  6. ^ a b c d Joseph, Noah (2016-01-14). "Hyundai Ioniq launches in Korea before challenging Prius in US [w/video]". Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  7. ^ "Hyundai's Ioniq EV sales top 1,000 units". Yonhap News Agency. 2016-09-12. Retrieved 2016-09-22.
  8. ^ Szostech, Michael. "Hyundai IONIQ Availability". My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  9. ^ a b U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2019-11-15). "Extreme MPG: Most Efficient EPA Certified Vehicles". Retrieved 2019-11-23. The 2014–15 BMW i3 BEV was the most efficient EPA certified vehicles considering all fuels and of all years until November 2016, when it was surpassed by the Hyundai Ioniq Electric.
  10. ^ a b Edelstein, Stephen (2016-11-21). "Hyundai Ioniq Electric beats Prius Prime, BMW i3 on energy efficiency". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
  11. ^ a b Fuel Economy: 2019 Ioniq vs. 2019 Insight vs. 2019 Prius c, accessed January 9, 2019
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mike Millikin (2016-03-24). "Hyundai unveils Ioniq HEV, PHEV and EV for US market at New York show". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  13. ^ a b Cobb, Jeff (2016-01-14). "Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid Gets Better Fuel Economy Than A 2015 Toyota Prius – In Korea". Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  14. ^ "Review: Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid". Car Buyer UK. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  15. ^ Cobb, Jeff (2016-03-23). "Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid Projected To Achieve 57 or 58 mpg". Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  16. ^ "Hyundai Ioniq Hybrid in Malaysia: CKD, 7 airbags, from RM100k; RM111k with AEB and Smart Cruise Control". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  17. ^ a b c d United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2016-11-16). "Compare Side-by-Side: 2017 Hyundai Ioniq Electric". Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  18. ^ a b Voelcker, John (2016-03-21). "2017 Hyundai Ioniq Electric to offer 110 miles of range: company". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  19. ^ "Hyundai Ioniq and Kia Niro review: Korean tanks parked on Japan's lawn".
  20. ^ "Hyundai IONIQ Electric Charger - Pod Point".
  21. ^ "2019 Ioniq Electric". Hyundai USA. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  22. ^ "Ioniq Electric". Hyundai Canada. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
  23. ^ "Ioniq Electric". Hyundai Norway. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  24. ^ "Ioniq Electric". Hyundai Switzerland. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  25. ^ . Hyundai Retrieved 4 March 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ "Green NCAP assessment of the Hyundai Ioniq". 2019.
  27. ^ United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2016-11-16). "Model Year 2017 Fuel Economy Guide - Electric vehicles & Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-11-19. pp. 32–36.
  28. ^ "Hyundai Prices IONIQ Electric". 2016-06-22. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  29. ^ Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2016-09-14). "Find a car - Years: 2016–2017 - Vehicle Type: Electric". Retrieved 2017-03-26.
  30. ^ Krok, Andrew (2017-07-29). "By the numbers: Tesla Model 3 vs. Chevrolet Bolt EV". CNET. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
  31. ^ "Hyundai's Ioniq surpasses 30,000 in global sales". Yonhap News Agency. 2017-03-05. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
  32. ^ a b "2019 Hyundai Ioniq Plug-in Hybrid Fuel Economy". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  33. ^ HMC Sales Performance, accessed February 11, 2021

External links[edit]