Gurdjar language

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Gurdjar
Kurtjar
Native to Australia
Region Cape York Peninsula, Queensland
Native speakers
1 (2007)[1]
Dialects
  • Kurtjar (Gunggara)
  • Rip (Ngarap, Areba)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
gdj – Gurdjar
aea – Areba
Glottolog ribg1235[2]
AIATSIS[3] G33 Kurtjar, Y107 Areba

Gurdjar (Kurtjar) is a Paman language of the Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, Australia. There are two dialects, Gurdjar proper (Gunggara), and Rip (Ngarap, Areba).[4] Kunggara is another name for one or the other.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar
Stop p t c k
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Fricative β ð ɣ
Trill r
Flap ɾ ɻ~ɽ
Approximant w l j

Vowels[edit]

Front Front rounded Central Back
Non-low i iː ø øː ɨ ɨː u uː
Low a aː

Kurtjar also has a diphthong /ua/.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gurdjar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Areba at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rib–Gurdjar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ a b Kurtjar at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  4. ^ RMW Dixon (2002), Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development, p xxxii