|Dieri Sign Language|
dif – Diyari
dit – Dirari
bxi – Pirlatapa
Dirari (extinct late 20th century) was a dialect. Pirlatapa (extinct by the 1960s) may have been as well; data is poor. The information below is from Diyari proper.
|Nasal||m||ŋ||ɲ||n̪ ~ d̪n̪||n ~ dn||ɳ|
|Lateral||ʎ||l̪ ~ d̪l̪||l ~ dl||ɭ|
The voiced retroflex stop /ɖ/ often becomes a tap [ɽ] between vowels.
The stop [d]~[dʳ] is in complementary distribution with both the trill [r] and the flap [ɾ]. Austin (1981) analysed the trill [r] as being the intervocalic allophone of /d/~/dʳ/, with the flap /ɾ/ being a separate phoneme. R. M. W. Dixon (2002) suggests that [ɾ] could be considered the intervocalic allophone of /d/~/dʳ/, so then /r/ would be a separate phoneme. Having /d/ realized as [ɾ] would parallel the realization of /ɖ/ as [ɽ], and having /r/ rather than /ɾ/ as a phoneme matches most other Australian languages.
Diyari has three different morphosyntactic alignments:
- Singular common nouns and male personal names follow an absolutive–ergative system.
- Plural first and second person pronouns follow a nominative–accusative system.
- Plural common nouns, female personal names and other pronouns follow a tripartite system.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Pirlatapa–Dieric". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Diyari at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (see the info box for additional links)
- Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
- Jeff Mielke, 2008. The emergence of distinctive features, p 135
- Kendon, A. (1988) Sign Languages of Aboriginal Australia: Cultural, Semiotic and Communicative Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Austin, Peter K. (1981). A grammar of Diyari, South Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-22849-2.
- Austin, Peter K. (1988). "Trill-released stops and language change in Central Australian languages". Australian Journal of Linguistics. 8 (2): 218–245. doi:10.1080/07268608808599398.
- Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47378-0.
- Trefry, David (1970). "The phonological word in Dieri". In Laycock, D. C. Linguistic trends in Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute for Aboriginal Studies. pp. 65–73.
- Bibliographies of published, rare or special materials on Diyari language and people, at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
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