Ice Hockey Australia

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Australia
Association crest
Association name Ice Hockey Australia
IIHF Code AUS
IIHF membership 11 February 1938
President Clive Connelly
IIHF men's ranking 36
IIHF women's ranking 29
http://www.iha.org.au

The Australian Ice Hockey Federation, currently trading as Ice Hockey Australia (IHA), is the official national governing body of ice hockey in Australia and is a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. It was first established in 1908, making it one of the oldest national ice hockey associations in the world.

The purpose of Ice Hockey Australia is to encourage, promote, control and administer all forms of ice hockey in and throughout Australia through and by various Member States for the mutual and collective benefit of the members and sport itself.[1]

IHA also governs an eight-team, semi-professional league, known as the Australian Ice Hockey League.

History[edit]

Ice Polo: Before Ice Hockey[edit]

The beginnings of ice sports in Australia are traced back to the evening of Wednesday October 12, 1904[2] during a carnival held at the Adelaide Glaciarium, the first ice rink built in Australia.

This important location for Australian ice sports began as a Cyclorama, which opened on Friday 28 November 1890 at 89 Hindley Street, Adelaide. On the evening of Tuesday September 6, 1904, the building was reopened after being remodeled by a new group called the Ice Palace Skating Company, owned by H. Newman Reid and referred to as the Glaciarium or Ice Palace Skating Rink.[3]

On the evening of Wednesday October 12, 1904 a match for what was called "hockey on the ice" was held during the carnival at the Adelaide Glaciarium. This game was not ice hockey, it was an adaption of roller polo to the ice using ice skates instead of roller skates.[4]

At the time this version of roller polo adapted to the ice was being played in Adelaide, ice hockey was already a well established sport and had been codified for almost 30 years. Though what was played in Adelaide was being called "hockey on the ice", it was not ice hockey.

1906: Ice Hockey Begins[edit]

Both teams from the first Ice Hockey game in Australia, 17 July 1906.
National Library of Australia[5]

The birthplace of ice hockey in Australia was in the Melbourne Glaciarium in Melbourne, Victoria and was the first time and place that ice hockey had been played in the country. An exhibition of ice hockey was held at the end of the opening night of the Melbourne Glaciarium on the afternoon of June 9, 1906,[6] at 16 City Road, South Melbourne Victoria.[7]

The first recorded game of ice hockey in Australia was on Tuesday July 17, 1906 and was between a Victorian representative team and the American sailors from the visiting American Warship the USS Baltimore. This game was held in the Melbourne Glaciarium and at 9:00pm a whistle blew to clear the public skaters from the ice surface so that the surface could be cleaned with scoops and brooms to remove the snowy covering generated by the public skating session before.

The American team was made up of Warrant Machinist F. G. Randell (team captain), Seaman F. Brooks, First-class Fireman T. H. Miller, Seaman J. Benditti, First Class fireman D. F. Kelly (goaltender) and Third Class Gunner's mate J. T. Connolly.

The Australian team were dressed in all white and the team from USS Baltimore wore white shirts with a large upper case black B on the front and center of the chest and grey trousers with red socks.

The game was played in two 15 minutes halves, using a red ball made from gutta-percha and curved heavy-headed sticks as used in English field hockey at the time. The skill level of the Australians was not seen to be up to the level of the Americans but the game was hard fought and result of the game was a 1-1 tie.[8] The USS Baltimore team were first to score when Mr. T.H. Miller scored goal but Mr. Dunbar Poole scored off a hard shot to tie up the game.[9][10]


This was the first of a few times where members of a visiting American Navy would play ice hockey against an Australian team, such as on 1 September 1908 when a Victorian team defeated an assembled team 9-2 at the Melbourne Glaciarium.[11]

1908: The First Women's Ice Hockey Game[edit]

The first recorded game of ice hockey for female players in Australia was on the evening of 31 August 1908 in the Melbourne Glaciarium during Fleet Week when American sailors visited Melbourne.[12] Though ladies hockey matches were held previously during sports carnivals at the Melbourne Glaciarium from 1906 and the Sydney Glaciarium from 1907 during sports nights, the first game on record is from the opening evening of 31 August 1908.

1908: VAIHA Club Hockey Begins[edit]

The first Australian ice hockey association was formed on 12 September 1908 after the close of the season in the Melbourne Glaciarium. The name of the association was the Victorian Amateur Ice Hockey Association (VAIHA). The association consisted of 4 ice hockey clubs:[13]

  • Beavers
  • Brighton
  • Glaciarium
  • Melburnians

The first state championship series in Australia was held in the Melbourne Glaciarium between 14 September 1909 - 27 September 1909. The grand final was held on the evening of 27 September 1909 and was between the Glaciarium and Melburnians. The Glaciarium won the championship final by a score of 3-0 and were awarded gold medals.[13]

1909: The Beginning of the Goodall Cup[edit]

The first ice hockey team representing Victoria 1909
The first ice hockey team representing New South Wales 1909
Victoria - Goodall Cup Champions 1913

The first inter-state ice hockey championship was held between a state representative team from Victoria and from New South Wales between 31 August-4 September 1909. This tournament was a best-of-3 format and saw Victoria win the series 2 games to 1.[14] New South Wales was represented by a newly formed team in 1909 and traveled to Melbourne on 29 August 1909 which marked the first national interstate competition for senior men's hockey in Australia.[15] This was the year that 16-year-old John Edwin Goodall donated the J. E. Goodall Cup to the interstate series ,[16] the Victoria state team won the inaugural tournament to become the first Goodall Cup Champions, with Robert Jackson as the captain who scored 3 goals in the second half of the final game.

The first game of the series had a final score of 2-1 with New South Wales defeating Victoria.[17] Friday 3 September 1909 the Victorian team defeated the New South Wales team 1-0, giving Victorian goaltender Charles Watt the first recorded shutout in Goodall Cup history.[18] In the third game of the series both teams had won a game each. Victoria defeated New South Wales 6-1 and became the first team to win the interstate championship in Australia and the first to be awarded the Goodall Cup.[19]

The Great War[edit]

The first ice sports to be held at the Sydney Glaciarium for the 1914 season were scheduled for 4 August 1914 which involved skating for men and women as well as a women's hockey game. The Goodall Cup interstate series was scheduled to be played in the Sydney Glaciarium in the last 2 weeks of August 2014.[20]

Efforts were made to continue the ice hockey season in 1915 and there was the promise of ice hockey games being scheduled. The Melbourne Glaciarium remained open and ladies skating events were held during this time.[21]

31 July 1918 a hockey game between a blue team and white team was held at the Melbourne Glaciarium in which Ferrera's Blue team scored in the second half of the game to defeat the White team.[22]

1923 saw a big step forward on the national level. While the Victorian team was visiting Sydney for the Goodall Cup series, a central body was formed to control the game on an Australia wide basis. Players were now receiving equipment from Canada and some were beginning to wear production and homemade protective padding and gloves. The twenties drew to a close with New South Wales still dominating the interstate scene. The tragic economic depression was sweeping the world and entertainment was something people listed very low on their budgets.

The early thirties were remarkable for the development in the strength and character of Australian Ice Hockey. Inter state growth was on the rise and new faces joined the sport, whose names are still known to this day. With the outbreak of war in the later part of the decade, as was the case in the First World War, hockey players were quick to join up and several were decorated for their devoted and heroic service to their country.[23]

1922: The First National Women's Tournament[edit]

The first women's ice hockey team representing New South Wales 1922

The first inter-state women's ice hockey championship tournament was held in the first week in August 1922 between New South Wales and Victoria, New South Wales won the first game of the series 3-0.[24]

1923-1931 AIHA: The First National Ice Hockey Association[edit]

In 1923 the first national federation for ice hockey in Australia formed and was named the Australian Ice Hockey Association. John Edwin Goodall became the first elected president and A. De Long became the first elected Secretary/ Treasurer. The Goodall Cup would remain as the trophy awarded to the inter state championship for men and the Gower Cup would continue to be awarded to the inter state championship for women until at least 1928.[25]

1926: The First Junior Ice Hockey Competition[edit]

During the annual meeting of the Ice Hockey Association on the evening of 17 May 1926 at the Melbourne Glaciarium,[26] the plans for a junior ice hockey competition were made. The officers elected during this meeting were Mr. Sutherland (President), Mr. G. Bannerman, (Secretary), Mr. A. de Long (Treasurer).[27]

1938: AAIAA the Breakaway Association[edit]

On the evening of 20 September 1938 a private meeting was held at the Sydney Ice Palais between players, speed skaters and other interested people regarding the attitude the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association had adopted with regard to allegations of illegal and rough play during recent ice hockey games. The meeting was held to discuss the refusal by the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association (NSWIHA) to give guarantees that their referees would be instructed to enforce the ice hockey rules set out by the NSWIHA and eliminate the widely criticised illegal play made by the media, players and general public. The meeting was also there to discuss the NSWIHA decision to cancel all of its games at the Sydney Ice Palais. A notion was passed which strongly condemned the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association for not providing the guarantee that they would instruct their referees to enforce the rules during the games and a unanimous decision was made that the 40 attendees that represented NSWIHA would submit their resignation from the NSWIHA immediately. In addition to this, all attendees of this meeting would unite to form a breakaway national association called the Australian Amateur Ice Athletics Association (AAIAA) to control all ice sports including ice hockey and promote ice sports in Australia. New South Wales Ice Hockey Association was still affiliated with the Australian Ice Hockey Council (AIHC).[28]

The presence of the breakaway association addressed the need to recognise the Sydney Ice Palais as it was not recognised by the Australian Ice Hockey Council nor were undefeated Canadian Bears ice hockey club that were scheduled to play against a team representing Australia. It also created conflict. The games were for 15, 19, 21 October 1938 against the undefeated Canadian Bears team that played there. In a meeting on the evening of 30 September 1938 the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association, still affiliated with the Australian Ice Hockey Council threatened to ban any players that partook in the game against the Bears. Four Victorian players (Ellis Kelly, C. Mitchell, H. Lloyd and Johnny White) were selected to join the Australian team to play against the Canadian Bears and were determined to play in the games but for that to happen The Victorian Ice Hockey Association needed to break away from the Australian Ice Hockey Council and join the Australian Amateur Ice Athletics Association for them to be eligible. If the Victorian Ice Hockey Association remained with the Australian Ice Hockey Council and the 4 players participated in the games against the Canadian Bears thoe 4 players would be banned from playing under the Australian Ice Hockey Council.[29]

threatened . were . for In a meeting on the evening of 30 September 1938 the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association, still affiliated with the Australian threatened to ban

Middle years[edit]

When Ice Hockey was ready to be resumed after World War II, the position regarding players was the best it had ever been. A ready made pool of youngsters was waiting to join the returning servicemen in what were to become the boom years of the game. In 1947, Victoria won the Goodall Cup after 25 years of being in the wilderness. The next year 1951, the association became the strongest it has ever been. The association took steps to have only four teams in each rink brought about ability to concentrate the quality of the teams, and have a better quality of game.[23]

National teams[edit]

Each year Ice Hockey Australia participates in a number of international championships that are held by the International Ice Hockey Federation.

Affiliated organizations[edit]

Ice Hockey Australia has many state branches across the country:[30]

Australian Capital Territory Ice Hockey Association[edit]

New South Wales Ice Hockey Association[edit]

Ice Hockey Queensland[edit]

South Australia Ice Hockey Association[edit]

Ice Hockey Tasmania[edit]

Victorian Ice Hockey Association[edit]

Western Australian Ice Hockey Association[edit]

In addition to the above, there are three organisations affiliated to IHA, with responsibility for the control of ice hockey within their own organisations but remaining under the rules and regulations of IHA. The affiliated bodies are:[30]

Australian Ice Hockey League[edit]

Australian Women's Ice Hockey League[edit]

Australian Junior Ice Hockey League[edit]

Old-timers Ice Hockey Australia Network[edit]

National Championship Awards and Trophy's[edit]

Goodall Cup[edit]

The Goodall Cup is an annually awarded trophy presented to the winning team of the playoffs in the Australian Ice Hockey League. The cup is named after John Edwin Goodall who donated the original pewter cup when he was 16 years old, in 1909, for the inter state series, making it the 5th oldest ice hockey trophy in the world and the oldest ice hockey trophy still contested outside of North America. [16] The cup was originally used to present to the winners of the inter-state ice hockey series where a senior men's team represented each state in a best-of-three annual tournament. The Goodall Cup was contested by a team representing Victoria and New South Wales only until the first expansion in 1952 which saw Tasmania represented by a team.[31]

Joan McKowen Memorial Trophy[edit]

The Joan McKowen Memorial Trophy is awarded to the winners of the playoffs for the national senior women's competition, the Australian Women's Ice Hockey League. The trophy is named in memory of Joan Moreen McKowen and was established in 1994.

AJIHL Champions Trophy[edit]

The AJIHL Champions Trophy is awarded to the winners of the playoffs for the national junior men's ice hockey competition, the Australian Junior Ice Hockey League. The cup was donated by the Old-timers Ice Hockey Australia Network in 2012 for the inaugural season for the AJIHL.

Brown Trophy[edit]

The Brown Trophy is awarded to the winner of the interstate tournament for men aged 17 years and older (AIHL players 24 years old and older must have played less than 6 AIHL games) . The trophy is a shield named after James Archibald Brown, a Scottish born migrant who was an ice hockey champion and speed skating champion record holder. In 1964 the president of the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association, Harry Curtis, donated the Jim Brown Shield for the interstate junior ice hockey tournament aged 18 years and under in the name of James Archibald "Jimmy" Brown who had passed away 5 years before.[32]

Syd Tange Trophy[edit]

The Syd Tange Trophy is awarded to the winning state team of the under 18 national tournament.

Kurt DeFris Trophy[edit]

The Kurt DeFris Trophy is awarded to the winning state team of the under 15 national tournament.

Phillip Ginsberg Memorial Trophy[edit]

The Phillip Ginsberg Memorial Trophy is awarded to the winning state team of the under 13 national tournament.

John McCrae - Williamson Memorial Trophy[edit]

The John McCrae - Williamson Memorial Trophy is awarded to the winning state team of the under 11 national tournament.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iha.org.au/organisation.asp
  2. ^ "The History of Australian Ice Hockey" (PDF). Australian Ice Hockey Federation - the official website. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "The Cyclorama". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Glacerarium Articles - 12 October 1904 page 9". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "International Hockey Match at the Glaciarium - America vs. Australia". Punch (Melbourne). 19 June 1906. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "The "Glaciarium"". The Argus - The "Glaciarium". Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "The Glaciarium, 16 City Road, South Melbourne". Harold Paynting Collection, State Library of Victoria. - The Glaciarium, 16 City Road, South Melbourne. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "International Hockey Match at the Glaciarium - America vs. Australia". Punch Melbourne. 19 June 1906. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Hockey On The Ice - Australia V. America". The Argus. 19 June 1906. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Hockey On The Ice". Table Talk. 18 June 1906. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ice Hockey - Americans Play Victoria". The Argus (Melbourne). 2 September 1908. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Special Fleet Week Programme". The Argus (Melbourne). 31 August 1908. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "Ice Hockey Championship - Won By the Glaciarium". The Argus (Melbourne). 28 September 1909. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "First Interstate Hockey Matches Played At Melbourne Glaciarium". Table Talk. 30 September 1909. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Glaciarium Ice Hockey". Sydney Morning Herald. 30 August 1909. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "Ice Hockey - Contests at the Glaciarium". The Argus (Melbourne). 4 August 1924. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Ice Hockey - Victoria V New South Wales". The Argus (Melbourne). 1 September 1909. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "Ice Hockey - Victoria Defeats New South Wales". The Argus (Melbourne). 4 September 1909. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  19. ^ "Ice Hockey - Victoria V New South Wales". The Argus (Melbourne). 6 September 1909. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  20. ^ "The Glaciarium". The Sydney Morning Herald. 25 July 1914. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Ice Hockey - War Circumstances Hinder Association - Game Should Be Reinstated Now". Winner. 7 July 1915. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  22. ^ "Glaciarium Sports Night". Table Talk. 1 August 1918. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  23. ^ a b http://www.iha.org.au/history.asp
  24. ^ "Ice Hockey". The Muswellbrook Chronicle. 11 August 1922. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "History - 5. The 1930's". New South Wales Ice Hockey Association. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "Glaciarium Popular Nights". The Argus. 17 May 1926. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  27. ^ "Ice Hockey". The Age. 24 May 1926. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  28. ^ "Meeting of Enthusiasts - New Association To Be Formed". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 September 1938. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  29. ^ "Suspension Threat". The Argus (Melbourne). 5 Octoberber 1938. Retrieved 21 October 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  30. ^ a b http://www.iha.org.au/structure.asp
  31. ^ "Interstate Ice Hockey At Glaciarium". The Mercury (Hobart). 1 July 1952. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  32. ^ "The J.E. Goodall Cup Centenary Souvenir Publication (1909-2009)" (PDF). Ice Hockey Australia. Retrieved 29 August 2015. 

External links[edit]