|Affiliation||International Cricket Council (ICC)|
|Headquarters||Jolimont, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Other key staff||James Sutherland (CEO)|
|Operating income||$99 million (2015 profit)|
Cricket Australia (CA), formerly known as the Australian Cricket Board (ACB), is the governing body for professional and amateur cricket in Australia. It was originally formed in 1905 as the "Australian Board of Control for International Cricket". It is incorporated as an Australian Public Company, limited by guarantee.
Cricket Australia operates all of the Australian national representative cricket sides, including the Australian cricket team, the Australia national women's cricket team and youth sides as well. CA is also responsible for organising and hosting Test tours and one day internationals with other nations, and scheduling the home international fixtures.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Domestic teams, playing national tournaments
- 3 History
- 4 Finances
- 5 Competitions
- 6 Honours
- 7 Principals of Cricket Australia
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Bibliography
- 11 External links
Cricket Australia is an administrative organisation responsible for cricket in Australia. Cricket Australia has six member organisations that represent each of the Australian states. These organisations are:
- New South Wales – Cricket NSW
- Queensland – Queensland Cricket
- South Australia – South Australian Cricket Association
- Tasmania – Tasmanian Cricket Association
- Victoria – Cricket Victoria
- Western Australia – Western Australian Cricket Association
Cricket ACT and Northern Territory Cricket are non-member associations, although the ACT participates in Cricket Australia tournaments such as the Women's National Cricket League and the Futures League, and previously briefly also competed in the domestic limited-overs competition.
Each of the member organisations elects representatives to the 14-man Cricket Australia board of directors, and to the senior management team, which consists of about 60 members of staff. For historical reasons, the states are not represented equally on the board. The membership of the 14-man board is New South Wales (three directors), Queensland (two directors), South Australia (three directors), Tasmania (one director), Victoria (three directors), and Western Australia (two directors). The board develops Cricket Australia's strategic plan, but the plan is implemented by the senior management team and the chief executive officer.
Each of the state cricket associations that are members of Cricket Australia also selects a representative side to participate in Australia's major domestic cricket tournaments.
Domestic teams, playing national tournaments
Cricket Australia's organisational structure is designed to efficiently operate the game, and is divided into separate components focused on specific responsibilities, such as: Cricket Marketing Services, Cricket Operations, Finance and Business Services, Game Development, Legal and Business Affairs, and Public Affairs.
Cricket Australia also maintains a healthy but independent association with the Australian Cricketers' Association to provide proper player's rights and welfare requirements.
The first centralised authority for the administration of cricket in Australia was established in 1892 when representatives from the state associations of New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria came together to establish the Australasian Cricket Council, with the Sheffield Shield also established in that year. However the Australasian Cricket Council was disbanded in 1898.
What is now known as Cricket Australia was established in 1905 as the "Australian Board of Control for International Cricket". Before its establishment, tours by Australian teams to England were organised and funded by private groups or by the players themselves. Similarly invitations to English teams were made by private promoters or by individual clubs, such as the Melbourne Cricket Club. The predecessor organisation, the Australasian Cricket Council, had existed from 1892 to 1898 but was ineffective due to a lack of funding. Its one lasting action was to establish the Sheffield Shield, the major cricket competition between the Australian colonies.
These early tours were lucrative for the players and promoters and cricket administrators looked to find ways to channel some of this money to the destitute clubs, through the state associations. Formal discussions began in January 1905 in Sydney for the formation of a body to take control of tours from the players. A draft constitution was discussed by members of the New South Wales, Victoria, South Australian and Queensland associations. The first meeting of the new board was held at Wesley College in Melbourne on 6 May 1905.
The foundation members were the New South Wales Cricket Association and the Victorian Cricket Association. South Australia's delegates refused to join the Board because the Board structure denied the players any representation. The Queensland Cricket Association was represented as an observer only.
Queensland did decide to formally join the association with one delegate member the following year, and the constitution was amended in 1906, so that New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria would each have three permanent representatives, and Queensland one representative. In 1907 Tasmania was also permitted to send a single representative, and Western Australia did likewise in 1913. Changes to this structure were made in 1914 and 1974 respectively, when Queensland and Western Australia formally increased their representation to two each.
Cricket Australia has had three different names since its foundation. They are:
- Australian Board of Control for International Cricket (1905–1973)
- Australian Cricket Board (1973–2003)
- Cricket Australia (2003 – present)
The organisation's revenue was A$146.4 million in the year ended 30 June 2008 ($120.6 million to 30 June 2007). In its annual report, Cricket Australia attributes this increase to additional revenue from media rights.
As well as responsibility for Australian international sides, Cricket Australia organises domestic inter-state cricket in Australia, including the three premier competitions in each of the major forms of the game. These are the Sheffield Shield in first-class cricket, the Ryobi One Day Cup, which is the domestic one-day competition, and the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash, which is the domestic Twenty20 competition.
Cricket Australia's competitions:
- Sheffield Shield
- Ryobi One Day Cup
- KFC Twenty20 Big Bash
- Big Bash League (Commencing 2011/2012 season)
- Futures League (Second XI)
- Women's National Cricket League
- CA Under-19 Cup
- CA Under-17 Cup
Cricket Australia also provides awards for various categories of players, including Test Players of the Year, One Day Players of the Year, Bradman Young Players of the Year, State Cricket Players of the Year, Women International Cricket Players of the Year and the Allan Border Medal for the overall best Australian cricketer of the year.
Cricket Australia also honours players for exceptional service to the game of cricket in Australia by annually adding former players of great distinction to the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame.
Cricket Australia also run the Under 19 Male and Female National Championships and the Under 17 Male and Female National Championships.
Principals of Cricket Australia
- Richard Teece: 1892–1893
- Richard Best: 1893–1895
- Mostyn Evan: 1895–1896; 1910–1911
- John Gibson: 1896–1897
- Will Whitridge: 1897–1900
- Lawrence Adamson: 1905–1906
- Ernie Bean: 1906–1907; 1912–1913
- George Barbour: 1907–1908
- George Foxton: 1908–1910
- Charles Eady: 1911
- William McElhone: 1911–1912
- James Allen: 1913–1914
- Harry Blinman: 1914–1919
- Harold Bushby: 1919; 1925–1926
- Harry Gregory: 1919–1920; 1922–1923; 1926–1927
- Harry Rush: 1920–1922
- John Hutcheon: 1923–1924
- Bernard Scrymgour: 1924–1925
- Aubrey Oxlade: 1927–1930; 1933–1936; 1945–1948; 1951–1952
- Dr Allen Robertson: 1930–1933; 1936–1945; 1948–1951
- Roy Middleton: 1952–1955
- Frank Cush: 1955–1957
- Bill Dowling: 1957–1960
- Sir Donald Bradman: 1960–1963; 1969–1972
- Ewart Macmillan: 1963–1966
- Bob Parish: 1966–1969; 1975–1978
- Tim Caldwell: 1972–1975
- Phil Ridings: 1980–1983
- Fred Bennett: 1983–1986
- Malcolm Gray: 1986–1989
- Colin Egar: 1989–1992
- Alan Crompton: 1992–1995
- Denis Rogers: 1995–2001
- Robert Merriman: 2001–2005
- Creagh O'Connor: 2005 – 2008
- Jack Clarke: 2008 – 2011
- Wally Edwards: 2011 – 2015
- David Peever: 2015 – present
Secretaries/ chief executive Officers
- John Portus: 1892–1896
- John Creswell: 1896–1900
- William McElhone: 1905–1910
- Colin Sinclair: 1910–1911
- Sydney Smith: 1911–1927
- William Jeanes: 1927–1954
- Jack Ledward: 1954–1960
- Alan Barnes: 1960–1980
- David Richards: 1980–1993
- Graham Halbish: 1993–1997
- Malcolm Speed: 1997–2001
- James Sutherland: 2001–present
National Selection Panel
The National Selection Panel is the part of Cricket Australia responsible for team selections for each of the Australian national sides in every form of cricket.
Board of Directors
Cricket Australia is governed by 14 directors appointed by each of the state member associations as follows:
- South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria: 3 directors each
- Queensland and Western Australia: 2 directors each
- Tasmania: 1 director
The chief executive officer reports to the board of directors. The current board members are:
- Jack Clarke (Chairman)
- Hon Dr John Bannon AO
- Earl Eddings
- Wally Edwards
- Dr Harry Harinath OAM
- Tony Harrison
- Matthew Hayden
- The Hon Ian McLachlan AO
- Trevor O'Hoy
- Bryan Phelan
- Michael Silver
- Geoff Tamblyn
- Mark Taylor AO
- David Williams
Last update: 28 December 2009
- Barrett, Chris; Hogan, Jesse (14 December 2015). "Big Bash League prizemoney tripled but players miss out". Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Pollard, p. 57.
- Pollard, pp. 49–50.
- Pollard, p. 56.
- Annual Report 2007–08: Cricket Australia.
- "Rod Marsh replaces John Inverarity as Australian cricket's chairman of selectors". ABC. 2 May 2014.
- Wisden Cricketers Almanack
- Pollard, Jack (1988). Australian Cricket: The game and the players. Sydney: Angus & Robertson. ISBN 0-207-15269-1.