Idris I of Morocco

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Idris I
إدريس الأول
Dris Amezwaru
Reign 788–791
Coronation Emir of Morocco
Successor Idris II
Born 745
Died 791
Burial Moulay Idriss Zerhoun
Spouse Kenza al-Awrabiya
Full name
Idris ibn Abdullah
Dynasty Idrisid
Father Abdullah al-Kamil
Mother 'Atika bint Abdulmalik

Idris I (Arabic: إدريس الأول‎, Berber: Dris Amezwaru), also known as Idris ibn Abdillah, was the founder of the Idrisid dynasty in part of northern Morocco in alliance with the Berber tribe of Awerba. He ruled between from 788 to 791. He is credited with founding the dynasty that was instrumental in the early Islamization of Morocco.[1] He was the great-great-great grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.

History[edit]

Idris was the great grandchild of Hasan, who was the son of Fatimah and grandson of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. His brothers Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya and Ibrahim had been killed by the Abbasids during an abortive rebellion, and Idris himself escaped after the defeat of another Alid uprising at the Battle of Fakhkh in 786 and took refuge in the western Maghreb (nowadays Morocco). There he established the Arabian Idrisid dynasty.

The Tomb of Idris I (green roofed structure, bottom left)

In 789 arrived in Walīla, the site of the Roman Volubilis where he founded the town of Moulay Idriss near the hill of Zerhoun surrounding the native Berber tribes. It was then occupied by the Berber tribe of the Awraba, under Ishaq ibn Mohammed. He married Kenza, daughter of Ishaq ben Mohammed the king of the tribe, fathering a son, Idris II. This event is considered a consolidation and the birth of the Idrisid dynasty, the fourth Muslim State in Morocco after Nekor (710 - 1019), Barghawata (744 - 1058), and Midrar (757 - 976).

Idris I conquered large parts of northern Morocco, his son Idris II made Fez the capital city of the Idrisid dynasty. In 789 AD, he captured Tlemcen[citation needed] (modern day Algeria) which became part of the kingdom. This succession of events prompted vengeance from the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid, who sent emissaries to kill him. Idris I was poisoned and died in 791. His son, Idris II, was brought up by the Awraba, and left Walīla for Fes in 808. Idris is buried in Moulay Idriss.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period, Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, 1987, p. 52

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Julien, Charles-André, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, original edition in 1931, new edition by Payot, Paris, 1994
  • Abum-Nasr, Jamil M. (1987). A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period.
Preceded by
New creation
Idrisid dynasty
788–791
Succeeded by
Idris II