Liga 1 (Indonesia)

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Liga 1
GOJEK Liga 1 logo.png
Organising bodyPT Liga Indonesia Baru
Founded2008; 11 years ago (2008) (as Indonesia Super League)
2017; 2 years ago (2017) (as Liga 1)
First season2008–09
CountryIndonesia
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toLiga 2
Domestic cup(s)Piala Indonesia
International cup(s)AFC Champions League
AFC Cup
Current championsPersija (1st title)
(2018)
Most championshipsPersipura (3 titles)
TV partnersIndosiar, O Channel, tvOne, and INTV
Matrix Garuda, Nexmedia, and UseeTV (Pay TV)
Vidio (Streaming Platform)
WebsiteOfficial website
2019 Liga 1

Liga 1 (English: League One), also called Go-Jek Liga 1 for sponsorship reasons with Go-Jek,[1] is the men's top professional football division of the Indonesian football league system. Administered by the PT Liga Indonesia Baru (English: New Indonesian League, LLC), Liga 1 is contested by 18 clubs and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Liga 2.

In its current format, the Indonesian league was revised from having tournament format, to a single-tier league from the 2008–09 season onwards.

Thirty-six teams have competed in Liga 1 since its inception. Six teams have been crowned champions, with Persipura winning the title a record three times. Persipura also won the inaugural Liga 1 (formerly known as Indonesia Super League) in 2009.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

In 1994, PSSI merged Perserikatan and Galatama to formed Liga Indonesia, integrating the fanaticism in the Perserikatan and the professionalism of Galatama with the aim of improving the quality of Indonesian football. And also marks a tiered system in Indonesian football league in the level of competition.[2]

The format of group stage like Perserikatan, combined with a full competition system followed by the semifinal and final like Galatama, became a combination of Liga Indonesia competition formats.[3]

Foundation[edit]

Modern competition era started. In 2008, PSSI organize Indonesia Super League as the new professional football league in Indonesia, replacing Indonesia Premier Division as top-tier competition in Indonesia.[2] Indonesia Super League which puts full competition format, became a new thing for Indonesian football. If previously Indonesian football was identical to the tournament competition format, now the competition champion was generated from the points obtained in the competition.[3]

The league held its first season in 2008–09. It was composed of 18 clubs for that season. The first Indonesia Super League goal was scored by Ernest Jeremiah of Persipura in a 2–2 draw against Sriwijaya.[4] The 18 inaugural members of the new Indonesia Super League were Persipura, Persiwa, Persib, Persik, Sriwijaya, Persela, Persija, PSM, Pelita Jaya, Arema, Persijap, Persiba, PKT Bontang, Persitara, PSMS, Deltras, Persita, and PSIS. Originally, Persiter and Persmin were qualified as top nine in east region 2007–08 Liga Indonesia Premier Division. But they failed the verification to be inaugural members of the Indonesia Super League.[5]

Dualism[edit]

Liga Primer Indonesia emerged in 2011 as a breakaway league managed by Konsorsium Liga Premier Indonesia and PT Liga Primer Indonesia that was not recognized (initially) by the PSSI. PSM, Persema, and Persibo joined as defectors of Indonesia Super League. That competition was then stopped during the half-season break.

After the inauguration of the new PSSI board, member of Executive Committee and Chairman of the Competition Committee of PSSI, Sihar Sitorus, appointed PT Liga Prima Indonesia Sportindo as new league operator replacing PT Liga Indonesia because they didn't provide an accountability report to the PSSI and announced Indonesia Premier League as the new top level competition in Indonesia.[6]

But the problem arose when Sihar Sitorus said the competition would be divided into two regions and there would be an addition of six clubs in the top division which caused many members to be dissatisfied with it. Therefore, there were defections of 14 Indonesia Premier League contestants to Indonesia Super League. Indonesia Super League keep rolling as illegal competition that is not recognized by FIFA and AFC. Indonesia Premier League became the top-tier league from 2011 to 2013.[6]

In PSSI Extraordinary Congress on 17 March 2013, it was decided that Indonesia Super League would once again emerge as the top level competition as an unification league following the disbandment of the Indonesian Premier League. Best seven teams of the 2013 Indonesian Premier League followed the verification to be in that unified league. But only Semen Padang, Persiba Bantul, Persijap, and PSM that passed the verification while Perseman, Persepar, and Pro Duta failed, making 2014 season followed by 22 teams.[7]

Government intervention and FIFA suspension[edit]

Minister of Youth and Sports Affairs (Menpora), Imam Nahrawi, officially banned PSSI on 18 April 2015. This decision was taken because PSSI did not recognize the results of BOPI's recommendations not to pass verification of Arema Cronus and Persebaya. Previously, Menpora had sent three letters of reprimand. But up to a predetermined deadline, PSSI does not provide an answer.[8] It made PSSI officially stopped all competitions in 2015 season after PSSI Executive Committee meeting on 2 May 2015.[9]

FIFA also suspend PSSI on 30 May 2015 because the Indonesian government has committed a violation through intervention.[10] During suspension, some tournaments were made to replace the competition, starting with the Indonesia President's Cup 2015 where Persib came out as champions, until Bhayangkara Cup closed the tournament games. And then a long-term tournament with full competition format, Indonesia Soccer Championship was held in 2016 season where Persipura won that tournament.[11]

On 13 May 2016, FIFA officially revoked the suspension PSSI, following revocation by Menpora on 10 May 2016.[12]

Name changes[edit]

In 2017, the competition starts again using the new official name Liga 1. The name changes also applied to Premier Division (became Liga 2) and Liga Nusantara (became Liga 3).[2] The competition operator was also changed from PT Liga Indonesia (LI) to PT Liga Indonesia Baru (LIB).[13] Bhayangkara was the first winner to be produced from the competition with this new name, beating Bali United with a head-to-head advantage because both teams had the same points.[14]

Competition format[edit]

Competition[edit]

There are 18 clubs in Liga 1. During the course of a season each club plays the others twice (a double round-robin system), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents', for 34 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head records, then goal difference, and then goals scored. If still equal, a drawing held to determine which clubs is above the other.[15] The three lowest placed teams are relegated into Liga 2, and the top two teams from Liga 2, together with the winner of third place play-off involving the loser of Liga 2 semifinals, are promoted in their place.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

A system of promotion and relegation exists between Liga 1 and Liga 2. The three lowest placed teams in Liga 1 are relegated to Liga 2, and the top two teams from Liga 2 promoted to the Liga 1, with an additional team promoted after a third place play-off involving the loser of Liga 2 semifinals. Liga 1 had 22 teams in 2014 for the merging of the two professional leagues in Indonesia – Indonesia Premier League and Indonesia Super League, but originally until present time, it is 18-team format.

Clubs[edit]

For more details see List of football clubs in Indonesia

Thirty-six clubs have played in the Liga 1 from its inception in 2008 as Indonesia Super League, up to and including the 2019 season.

Champions[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up
2008–09 Persipura Persiwa
2009–10 Arema Persipura
2010–11 Persipura Arema
2011–12 Sriwijaya Persipura
2013 Persipura Arema
2014 Persib Persipura
2015 Did not finish
2017 Bhayangkara Bali United
2018 Persija PSM

Most successful clubs[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning seasons Runner-up seasons
Persipura 3 3 2008–09, 2010–11, 2013 2009–10, 2011–12, 2014
Arema 1 2 2009–10 2010–11, 2013
Sriwijaya 1 0 2011–12
Persib 1 0 2014
Bhayangkara 1 0 2017
Persija 1 0 2018
Persiwa 0 1 2008–09
Bali United 0 1 2017
PSM 0 1 2018

2019 season[edit]

The following 18 clubs will compete in the Liga 1 during the 2019 season.

Club Position
in 2018
First season in
top division
First season in
ISL/Liga 1
Seasons
in top
division
Seasons
in ISL/Liga 1
First season of
current spell in
top division
Top
division
titles
Last top
division title
Aremaa, b 6th 1994–95 2008–09 22 10 2008–09 1 2009–10
Bali Unitedb 11th 1994–95 2009–10 16 9 2009–10 0 N/A
Barito Puterab 9th 1994–95 2013 15 6 2013 0 N/A
Bhayangkarab 3rd 2014 2014 5 5 2014 1 2017
Borneob 7th 2015 2015 4 4 2015 0 N/A
Kalteng Putra 3rd in the Liga 2 2019 2019 1 1 2019 0 N/A
Madura Uniteda, b 8th 1994–95 2008–09 22 10 2008–09 0 N/A
Persebaya 5th 1994–95 2009–10 14 3 2018 2 2004
Perselaa, b 13th 2004 2008–09 14 10 2008–09 0 N/A
Perserub 14th 2014 2014 5 5 2014 0 N/A
Persiba, b 4th 1994–95 2008–09 23 10 2008–09 2 2014
Persijaa, b 1st 1994–95 2008–09 23 10 2008–09 2 2018
Persipuraa, b 12th 1994–95 2008–09 23 10 2008–09 4 2013
PS TIRAb 15th 2011–12 2011–12 7 7 2011–12 0 N/A
PSISa 10th 1994–95 2008–09 15 3 2018 1 1998–99
PSMa 2nd 1994–95 2008–09 20 8 2014 1 1999–2000
PSS 1st in the Liga 2 2001 2019 8 1 2019 0 N/A
Semen Padang 2nd in the Liga 2 1994–95 2010–11 18 5 2019 0 N/A

a: Founding member of the Indonesia Super League/Liga 1
b: Never been relegated from Indonesia Super League/Liga 1

Maps[edit]

Other clubs[edit]

The following clubs are not competing in the Liga 1 during the 2019 season, but competed in the Indonesia Super League/Liga 1 for at least one season.

Club Current
League
Position
in 2018
First season
in
top division
First season
in
ISL/Liga 1
Most recent
season in
Liga 1
Seasons
in top
division
Seasons
in
ISL/Liga 1
Top
division
titles
Last top
division
title
Bontanga Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
1994–95 2008–09 2010–11 16 3 0 N/A
Deltrasa Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Regional round)
1994–95 2008–09 2011–12 16 3 0 N/A
Mitra Kukar Liga 2 16th in Liga 1 1994–95 2011–12 2018 10 6 0 N/A
Persegres Liga 3 10th in Liga 2 East region 1994–95 2011–12 2017 15 5 1 2002
Persema Liga 3 Eliminated in first round 1994–95 2009–10 2009–10 12 1 0 N/A
Persepam Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(National zone route)
2013 2013 2014 2 2 0 N/A
Persibaa Liga 2 8th in East region 1994–95 2008–09 2017 16 8 0 N/A
Persiba Bantul Liga 3 Eliminated in third round 2014 2014 2014 1 1 0 N/A
Persidafon Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
2011–12 2011–12 2013 2 2 0 N/A
Persijapa Liga 3 Eliminated in second round 2005 2008–09 2014 7 4 0 N/A
Persika Liga 2 1st in Liga 3 2003 2008–09 2014 8 3 2 2006
Persitaa Liga 2 4th 1994–95 2008–09 2014 15 3 0 N/A
Persitaraa Liga 3 Eliminated in qualifying round
(Province round)
2006 2008–09 2009–10 4 2 0 N/A
Persiwaa Liga 3 12th in Liga 2 East region 2006 2008–09 2013 7 5 0 N/A
PSAP Liga 3 Not participated 2011–12 2011–12 2011–12 1 1 0 N/A
PSMSa Liga 2 18th in Liga 1 1994–95 2008–09 2018 15 3 0 N/A
PSPS Riau Liga 2 6th in West region 2001 2009–10 2013 9 4 0 N/A
Sriwijayaa Liga 2 17th in Liga 1 1994–95 2008–09 2018 19 9 2 2011–12

a: Founding member of the Indonesia Super League/Liga 1

All-time Liga 1 table[edit]

The All-time Liga 1 table is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Liga 1/Indonesia Super League since its inception in 2008. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2018 season. Because the 2014 season used a two-region format, as per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws. This all-time table also include the abandoned 2015 season.

Pos Team Seasons Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts 1st 2nd
1 Persipura 9 262 151 69 42 515 241 +274 522 3 3
2 Arema[a] 9 261 127 58 76 429 286 +143 436[i] 1 2
3 Persib 9 262 121 64 77 428 318 +110 427 1 0
4 Persija 9 254 114 67 73 385 273 +112 409 1 0
5 Sriwijaya 9 255 112 55 88 404 359 +45 391 1 0
6 Madura United[b] 9 261 96 66 99 361 351 +10 351[ii] 0 0
7 Persela 9 260 95 60 105 367 370 −3 345 0 0
8 Bali United[c] 8 220 90 47 83 332 294 +38 317 0 1
9 Persiba 8 219 75 52 92 289 314 −25 277 0 0
10 PSM 6 158 69 42 47 226 199 +27 249 0 1
11 Persiwa 5 164 74 23 67 250 242 +8 245 0 1
12 Mitra Kukar 6 164 70 26 68 255 262 −7 236 0 0
13 PS TIRA[d] 6 158 51 38 69 198 239 −41 191 0 0
14 Barito Putera 5 125 49 32 44 180 172 +8 179 0 0
15 Bhayangkara[e] 4 96 52 20 24 158 102 +56 173[iii] 1 0
16 PSPS Riau 4 130 39 20 71 147 245 −98 134[iv] 0 0
17 Semen Padang 4 90 35 27 28 117 106 +11 132 0 0
18 Persijap 4 116 34 26 56 121 190 −69 128 0 0
19 Persegres 5 125 32 27 66 129 253 −124 120[v] 0 0
20 Persik 3 88 32 19 37 123 137 −14 115 0 0
21 Perseru 4 90 28 22 40 93 117 −24 106 0 0
22 PSMS 3 102 26 26 50 134 186 −52 104 0 0
23 Borneo[f] 3 70 29 14 27 102 91 +11 101 0 0
24 Bontang[g] 3 96 24 24 48 129 185 −56 96 0 0
25 Deltras 3 96 25 18 53 98 155 −57 93 0 0
26 Persebaya 2 68 24 14 30 102 106 −4 86 0 0
27 Persita 3 88 19 21 48 81 152 −71 78 0 0
28 Persidafon 2 68 21 13 34 96 126 −30 76 0 0
29 PSIS 2 68 17 16 35 56 104 −48 67 0 0
30 Persepam 2 54 18 12 24 70 86 −16 66 0 0
31 Persitara 2 68 16 16 36 77 107 −30 64 0 0
32 Persema 1 34 13 6 15 43 52 −9 45 0 0
33 PSAP 1 34 6 9 19 33 66 −33 27 0 0
34 Persiba Bantul 1 20 2 3 15 17 53 −36 9 0 0
35 Kalteng Putra 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
36 PSS 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Notes:
  1. ^ Include stats as Arema Indonesia and Arema Cronus.
  2. ^ Include stats as Pelita Jaya, Pelita Bandung Raya, and Persipasi Bandung Raya.
  3. ^ Include stats as Persisam, Persisam Putra Samarinda, and Putra Samarinda.
  4. ^ Include stats as Persiram and PS TNI.
  5. ^ Include stats as Persebaya ISL.
  6. ^ Include stats as Pusamania Borneo.
  7. ^ Include stats as PKT Bontang.
Point deductions:
  1. ^ Arema were deducted 3 points in 2013 season.
  2. ^ Madura United were deducted 3 points in 2017 season.
  3. ^ Bhayangkara were deducted 3 points in 2014 season.
  4. ^ PSPS Riau were deducted 3 points in 2010−11 season.
  5. ^ Persegres were deducted 3 points in 2017 season.

League or status at 2019:

2019 Liga 1 teams
2019 Liga 2 teams
2019 Liga 3 teams
Defunct teams

Players[edit]

Foreign players[edit]

Foreign players policy has changed multiple times since the league inception.

  • 2008–2013: 5 foreign players including 2 Asian quota.[16]
  • 2014: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota and only 3 can be on the field at a time.[17]
  • 2015: 3 foreign players. All 3 players can be on the field.[18]
  • 2017: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota and 1 marquee player quota. All 4 players can be on the field.[19]
  • 2018–: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota. All 4 players can be on the field.[20]

Awards[edit]

Best coaches[edit]

Season Name Club Standings Nationality
2013 Jacksen F. Tiago Persipura Indonesia Super League champions  Brazil
2018 Stefano Cugurra Persija Liga 1 champions  Brazil

Sponsorship[edit]

Period Sponsor(s) Name
2008–2012 Djarum Djarum Indonesia Super League[21]
2013–2014 No sponsor Indonesia Super League
2015 QNB Group QNB League[22]
2017 Go-Jek and Traveloka Go-Jek Traveloka Liga 1[23]
2018– Go-Jek Go-Jek Liga 1[1]

Media coverage[edit]

Television broadcasters
Year Television Pay TV Streaming
2008–2013[24] ANTV N/A N/A
2014[25] Kompas TV, RCTI, MNCTV, and Global TV K-Vision Domikado (Second Round to Final)
2015[26][27] NET., RCTI, MNCTV, and Global TV First Media, Big TV, Matrix Garuda Domikado
2017[28][29] tvOne Matrix Garuda, Orange TV iflix
2018[30] Indosiar, O Channel, tvOne, and INTV Matrix Garuda, Nexmedia, UseeTV Vidio

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ini Penyebab Berubahnya Titel Sponsor Liga 1 2018". liga-indonesia.id. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Go-Jek Traveloka Liga 1". PSSI - Football Association of Indonesia (in Indonesian).
  3. ^ a b "Sejarah Kompetisi Sepakbola di Indonesia: Dari Masa Pra-Kemerdekaan Hingga (Menuju) Liga Profesional". FourFourTwo (in Indonesian). 29 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Mengejutkan, Boaz Selalu Cetak Gol Pertama Kompetisi Sejak Era ISL". superball.bolasport.com (in Indonesian).
  5. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (10 July 2008). "ISL, Premier League Rasa Indonesia - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com.
  6. ^ a b "IPL, ISL dan Dampak Dualisme Sepakbola Nasional oleh Mugiwara Anamisme - Kompasiana.com". www.kompasiana.com (in Indonesian).
  7. ^ "ISL dan IPL Akhirnya Bersatu" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  8. ^ Kardi, Dika Dania. "Kronologi Keputusan Final Pembekuan PSSI". olahraga.
  9. ^ "Force Majeur, PSSI Hentikan Semua Kompetisi". PSSI - Football Association of Indonesia (in Indonesian).
  10. ^ Salusi, Novitasari Dewi. "PSSI Disanksi FIFA". sepakbola.
  11. ^ "PT Liga Indonesia & Klub Sepakat Lepas Nama Indonesia Super League | Goal.com". www.goal.com (in Indonesian).
  12. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (13 May 2016). "FIFA Resmi Cabut Sanksi terhadap Indonesia - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com.
  13. ^ "PSSI Tunjuk PT Liga Indonesia Baru Jadi Operator Kompetisi 2017". bola.com.
  14. ^ "Akhir Drama Liga 1, Bhayangkara FC Juara". liputan6.com (in Indonesian).
  15. ^ "Situs Web Resmi Liga Gojek 2018 - Ofisial dari PT Liga Indonesia Baru" (pdf). liga-indonesia.id.
  16. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (8 November 2013). "Resmi, Kuota Pemain Asing di ISL Berkurang - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com.
  17. ^ "Klub LSI maksimal turunkan tiga pemain asing". bolanews.com. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  18. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (3 November 2014). "Musim Depan, Klub ISL Hanya Boleh Pakai 3 Pemain Asing". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian).
  19. ^ "PT LIB Pastikan Klub Hanya Boleh Pakai Satu Marquee Player" (in Indonesian). bola.net. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  20. ^ Feb 2018, Ario Yosia15; Wib, Ario Yosia15. "Ini Regulasi Pemain Asing Liga 1 2018". liputan6.com.
  21. ^ "ISL 2014 Kemungkinan Tanpa Sponsor Rokok" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  22. ^ "Liga & BVSport Gandeng QNB Group" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  23. ^ "Jadi Sponsor Liga 1, Gojek-Traveloka Sumbang Rp 180 Miliar". liputan6.com.
  24. ^ "PT. LI (ISL)" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  25. ^ "MNC Group Siarkan ISL bersama VIVA Group" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  26. ^ "Inilah Saluran Yang Menyiarkan Langsung ISL 2015" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  27. ^ "MNC Group dan NET TV Pegang Hak Siar ISL 2015" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  28. ^ "PSSI Resmi Tunjuk Pemegang Hak Siar Liga 1". Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  29. ^ "IFLIX LAUNCHES LIVE FOOTBALL STREAMING IN INDONESIA WITH TVONE" (PDF).
  30. ^ "Live di Tiga Stasiun TV, Ini Pemegang Hak Siar Liga 1 2018". Retrieved 8 March 2018.

External links[edit]