Japan–Sri Lanka relations

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Japan-Sri Lankan relations
Map indicating locations of Japan and Sri Lanka

Japan

Sri Lanka
Embassy of Sri Lanka, Tokyo

Japan–Sri Lanka relations refers to the bilateral relations between the Sri Lanka and Japan.

Japan has an embassy in Colombo.[1] Sri Lanka has an embassy in Tokyo.[2] Diplomatic relations with Japan were established in 1952, four years after Sri Lanka gained independence from the United Kingdom. In 2012, the 60th anniversary was celebrated with the issuance of a commemorative coin.[3]

According to a 2005 BBC World Service Poll, 50% of Sri Lankans view Japan's influence positively, with 4% expressing a negative view.[4] Japan is involved various development projects in Sri Lanka and is a major source of low interest concessionary loans for Sri Lanka[5][6][7]

Second World War[edit]

Main article: Indian Ocean raid

The Easter Sunday Raid was the air raid carried out by Japan on Easter Sunday (5 April) 1942 on Colombo; a few days later Trincomalee was also attacked. These were undertaken as a part of commerce raiding and the harassment of the British Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean. Increasing resentment amongst the Sinhalese towards the Europeans led to more defections and popular support growing for a German or Japanese victory.[8] Two young members of the Governing Party, Junius Richard Jayawardene (who later became President) and Dudley Senanayake (later th 3rd Prime Minister), held discussions with the Japanese with a view to collaboration to oust the British. Jayawardene later played a major role in re-admitting Japan to the world community at the San Francisco Conference (see Treaty of San Francisco#Ceylon's defense of Japan).

State visits[edit]

  • Prime Minister Sir John Kotalawela visited Japan in 1954 and has been honoured with the Order of the Rising Sun, First Class.[5][9][10]
  • Prince Mikasa came to Ceylon in 1956 to attend the Buddha Jayanthi Celebrations.
  • Prime Minister Kishi Shinsuke visited Ceylon in 1957.
  • Prime Minister Dudley Senanayake in 1967[5]
  • M.D.H. Jayawardena was decorated with the Order of the Sacred Lotus by the Emperor of Japan in the 1970s
  • Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike undertook a State Visit to Japan in 1976.
  • President J.R Jayewardene visited Japan in 1979.
  • Crown Prince Akihito and Crown Princess visited Sri Lanka in 1981 on behalf of Emperor Hirohitho.
  • Prime Minister R. Premadasa went to Japan twice in 1980 and 1985
  • Foreign Minister of Japan Kuranari Tadashi arrived in Sri Lanka in 1987
  • President J. R. Jayewardene in 1989 visited Japan for Emperor Hirohito’s funeral.[5]
  • Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu Of Japan visited Sri Lanka in 1990.
  • Prince and Princess Akishino visited Sri Lanka in November 1992.
  • President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga visited Japan in 1996
  • In 2013 President Mahinda Rajapaksa completed a four-day visit to Japan. During the visit, President Rajapaksa met Prime Minister Shinzō Abe and had an audience with the Emperor and Empress of Japan at the Imperial Palace.[11]
  • In August 2013, Princess Tsuguko of Takamado visited Sri Lanka at the invitation of President Mahinda Rajapaksa.
  • Prime Minister Shinzō Abe came to Sri Lanka for a two-day state visit in 2014 September 7.[12]
  • In 2015 October Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe visited Japan. During the visit, Wickremasinghe met Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe and had an audience with the Emperor and Empress of Japan at the Imperial Palace. Mr. Wickremasinge also addressed the Japanese Parliament, becoming only the third world leader to do so, after US President Barack Obama and Indian PM Narendra Modi.
  • Dr. Hiroto Izumi, Special Advisor to the Prime Minister of Japan, visited Sri Lanka between October 8-16, 2016
  • Speaker Karu Jayasuriya lead a Parliamentary delegation to Japan and was awarded with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun in 2016.

Economic links[edit]

In 1997, Sri Lanka became a member of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) which also includes Bhutan, India, Nepal, Thailand and Myanmar. BIMSTEC is looking into a free trade agreement with Japan to boost trade, which has been declining since 2000. By 2007, only 2.4% of Sri Lanka’s total exports were to Japan, mostly tea, rubber, fish and precious stones.[13] Sri Lanka became an aid recipient from Japan from the 1950s.Since then trade and investment linkages between the two countries developed and Japan was the largest aid donor to Sri Lanka until 2007, and is a major contributor to Sri Lanka’s infrastructure development[5]

Infrastructure development and Technical assistance[edit]

Japan mostly supports Sri lanka through its major foreign aid institutions JICA and JBIC who are engaged in various development projects in Sri Lanka and has funded and aided various development projects such as developing power generation through projects such as Upper Kotmale Hydro Electric Project, parts of Mahaweli Development, Samanalaweva, Kukuleganga Projects as well as the Kelanitissa Power Station,and developing transmission lines and improving the efficiency of the national grid reducing transmission losses, expansion and modernization of the Bandaranaike International Airport ,developing urban transport infrastructure, telecom network expansion and the railway and road development projects including major expressway projects as well as the development and expansion of Colombo Port. Japan is also providing assistance for a master plan for the city of Kandy.[6][14][15][16][17]

Japan also gifted the Sri Jayawardenapura General Hospital, Peradeniya Teaching Hospital , Laboratory Complex of the Medical Research Institute ,Institute of Computer Technology at the University of Colombo, Airport Quarantine Centre and Rupavahini Corporation .[18][5][19]

Defense ties[edit]

Defense ties with Japan has been limited but Japan and Sri Lanka have started to develop defense relations with Japan planning to give the Sri Lankan navy patrol ships to boost maritime security.[6]

Sri Lanka and Japan also maintain direct military to military ties and have held joint military excersices.[20][21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Embassy of Japan in Sri Lanka". Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  2. ^ "Embassy of Sri Lanka in Japan". Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  3. ^ "Sri Lanka and Japan Celebrate 60 Years of Diplomatic Relations". Retrieved 2012-09-14. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Precious Sri Lanka Japan relations". www.dailymirror.lk. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  6. ^ a b c "Japan to provide 45 bn Yen loan under comprehensive partnership-Updated". Lanka Business Online. Retrieved 2015-10-08. 
  7. ^ Fernando, Lahiru. "Japanese financial assistance under concessionary interests". www.news.lk. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  8. ^ G. R. Rubin. Durban 1942: A British Troopship Revolt.
  9. ^ "Sri Lanka News | Online edition of Daily News - Lakehouse Newspapers". archives.dailynews.lk. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  10. ^ "Sir John Bio". www.ceylonmedals.com. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  11. ^ http://www.presidentsoffice.gov.lk/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=14:president-arrives-in-japan
  12. ^ http://www.livemint.com/Politics/tbNLskxu2rctX0jnJEmn7O/Shinzo-Abe-becomes-first-Japanese-PM-to-visit-Sri-Lanka-in-2.html
  13. ^ "Sri Lanka should make better use of existing trade deals: experts". Bilaterals.org. 11 September 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  14. ^ "Sri Lanka : Construction work on Matara-Hambantota segment of Sri Lanka\'s Southern Expressway commenced". www.colombopage.com. Retrieved 2015-10-08. 
  15. ^ "Sri Lanka | Countries & Regions | JICA". www.jica.go.jp. Retrieved 2015-10-08. 
  16. ^ Dhanushika. "JICA assists Sri Lanka to upgrade Power Transmission Network". lankainformation.lk. Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  17. ^ "Japan extends Yen 38 billion ODA assistance to Sri Lanka - The official website of the President of Sri Lanka". www.president.gov.lk. Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  18. ^ "Lankan tryst with Japan | Daily News". www.dailynews.lk. Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  19. ^ "History". Medical Research Institute Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  20. ^ "Visiting Japanese naval ships holds passing exercise". 
  21. ^ "Sri Lanka, Japan to hold joint naval exercise".