Jean Paul Gaultier

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Jean Paul Gaultier
Jean-Paul Gaultier.jpg
Gaultier in 2006
Born (1952-04-24) 24 April 1952 (age 68)[1]
NationalityFrench
Label(s)
  • Jean Paul Gaultier
  • Hermès (2003–2010)
Partner(s)
  • Francis Menuge
  • (1975–1990, his death)[2]
Relatives
  • Richard Bernard Gauthier
  • Craig Hatton
Websitejeanpaulgaultier.com

Jean Paul Gaultier[a] (French: [ʒɑ̃ pɔl ɡotje]; born 24 April 1952)[1] is a French haute couture and prêt-à-porter fashion designer. He is described as an "enfant terrible" of the fashion industry, and is known for his unconventional designs with motifs including corsets, marinières, and tin cans. Gaultier founded his eponymous fashion label in 1982, and expanded with a line of fragrances in 1993. Gaultier was the creative director for French luxury house Hermès from 2003–2010. He retired following his 50th-anniversary haute couture show during Paris Fashion Week in January 2020.[3]

Aside from his work in the fashion industry, Gaultier co-presented the first seven series of the television series Eurotrash with Antoine de Caunes from 1993–1997.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Gaultier grew up in a suburb of Paris. His mother was a clerk and his father an accountant. It was his maternal grandmother, Marie Garage, who introduced him to the world of fashion.[4]

He never received formal training as a designer. Instead, he began to send sketches to famous couture stylists at an early age. Pierre Cardin was impressed by his talent and hired him as an assistant in 1970.[5] Then he worked with Jacques Esterel in 1971 and Jean Patou later that year again worked for Cardin managing the Pierre Cardin boutique in Manila for a year until 1974.[4] Despite Gaultier's youth, Cardin sent him to Manilla to manage the local office. Imelda Marco was one of his clients. He found himself on a "no leave" list and had to pretend to have a family emergency in order to leave. He never returned. [6]

Fashion career[edit]

Gaultier's first individual collection was released in 1976.[5] Although most people found his designs decadent at the time, fashion editors, notably Melka Tréanton of Elle, Claude Brouet and Catherine Lardeur of French Marie Claire, were impressed by his creativity and mastery of tailoring, and later launched his career.[7][8][9][10][11] Gaultier founded his eponymous fashion label in 1982. His garments were on sale at Bergdorf Goodman in New York as soon as 1984, and already lauded by Dawn Mello and Polly Allen Mellen. The term "Gaultiered" was coined to describe the classic pieces that were reinterpreted by the designer. [12] During the 1984 Fall London and Paris shows, Jean Paul Gaultier introduced his line of skirts for men (actually kilts), a breakthrough in men's fashion that stirred a bit of controversy.[13] Gaultier has also worked in close collaboration with Wolford Hosiery.[14][15]

By 1985, his company made $50 million in sales worldwide.[16] Besides his ready-to-wear collection, in 1988 Gaultier expanded his brand to include the label Junior Gaultier, a lower-priced line designed for the youth market with a heavy nautical influence that he began to carry throughout all of his collections.[17] The Junior Gaultier outfit was selected by Jeff Banks as the Dress of the Year.[18]

Gaultier caused shock by using unconventional models for his exhibitions, like older men and full-figured women, pierced and heavily tattooed models, and by playing with traditional gender roles in the shows. This earned him both criticism and enormous popularity.[5]

At the end of the 1980s, Gaultier suffered some personal losses, and in 1990 his boyfriend and business partner, Francis Menuge, died of AIDS-related causes.[19]

Gaultier launched a line of fragrances in 1993. The Junior Gaultier label was replaced in 1994 with JPG by Gaultier, a unisex collection that followed the designer's idea of fluidity of the sexes. Gaultier Jean's, a similar line consisting mainly of denim and more simply styled garments with a heavy street influence, followed in 1992, which was then replaced with Jean's Paul Gaultier from 2004 to 2008. Junior Gaultier's name was reused in 2009 for the launching of the child's wear, to be completed with a Baby Line in 2011.

Gaultier was the creative director of Hermès from 2003 to 2010,[20] where he succeeded Martin Margiela.[21] Hermès took a 30% stake in the company Jean Paul Gaultier in 2003 and later increased their stake to 45%.[20]

He sponsored the 2003–04 exhibit in the Costume Institute of New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art entitled "Braveheart: Men in Skirts," which showed designs by Dries van Noten, Vivienne Westwood, and Rudi Gernreich in addition to Gaultier's in order to examine "designers and individuals who have appropriated the skirt as a means of injecting novelty into male fashion, as a means of transgressing moral and social codes, and as a means of redefining an ideal masculinity."[22][23] He also designed some furniture for the French furniture brand Roche Bobois.[24] Gaultier's spring 2009 couture was influenced by the visual style of singer Klaus Nomi,[25] and he used Nomi's recording of "Cold Song" in his runway show.[26]

In 2011, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in collaboration with the Maison Jean Paul Gaultier organized a retrospective exhibit, "The Fashion World of Jean Paul Gaultier: From the Sidewalk to the Catwalk."[27] That exhibit is on tour with venues at the Swedish Centre for Architecture and Design (Arkitektur- och designcentrum, ArkDes) in Stockholm,[5] the Brooklyn Museum in New York City,[28] the Barbican Centre in London,[29] the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne,[30] and the Grand Palais in Paris. The exhibition in Paris, which took place from April to August 2015, was the subject of a documentary called Jean Paul Gaultier at the Grand Palais aired exclusively on Eurochannel.[31] In 2012, he participated in the Cali ExpoShow in Cali (Colombia), showing his extensive collection of perfumes and all classic clothes.[32]

Up until 2014, he designed for three collections: his own couture and ready-to-wear lines, for both men and women. At the spring/summer 2015 show he announced that he was closing the ready-to-wear labels to focus on haute couture.[33] In 2016, he designed more than 500 costumes for the revue THE ONE Grand Show at Friedrichstadt-Palast Berlin.

In 2018, he staged a cabaret show that was loosely based on his life called "Fashion Freak Show" which took place at the Folies Bergere theater in Paris.[34] In 2019, Gaultier collaborated with the New York streetwear brand Supreme.

He announced on January 17, 2020 that his next Paris haute couture fashion show would be his last and that he was retiring from the runway.[34]

Music and TV career[edit]

Gaultier with Conchita Wurst, 2014

In 1988, Gaultier released a dance single titled "How To Do That" on Fontana Records, from which came one of the first ever "single title" remix albums, Aow Tou Dou Zat, on Mercury Records.[35] The album includes mixes by Norman Cook, J. J. Jeczalik, George Shilling, Mark Saunders, Latin Rascals, David Dorrell, Tim Atkins, Carl Atkins, and Kurtis Mantronik. It was co-written and produced by Tony Mansfield, and video directed by Jean-Baptiste Mondino.[36] The album also featured a collaboration with accordion player Yvette Horner.

Gaultier is known as Eurovision enthusiast, and since 1991, he's dressed several of France's entrants. In Eurovision Song Contest 2006, he dressed Greek entrant Anna Vissi, where she performed in homesoil. He commented the final of Eurovision Song Contest 2008 with Julien Lepers on France Télévisions.[37] He designed the dress that Anggun wore as she represented France during the grand-finals of the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 held in Baku, Azerbaijan.[38] In Eurovision Song Contest 2013 he dressed the host Petra Mede.[39]

Starting in 1993, he co-hosted the Channel 4 programme Eurotrash with Antoine de Caunes. Gaultier hosted the show until 1997.[40]

In 2012, he was named as a member of the Jury for the Main Competition at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival.[41] This was the first time a fashion designer was called to sit on a jury at the festival.[42]

Products[edit]

  • Fashion labels:
    • Jean Paul Gaultier
    • Gaultier PARIS (couture collection)
    • former JEAN'S Paul Gaultier
    • former Eyewear Jean Paul Gaultier
    • former Jean Paul Gaultier Argent.
Classique fragrance
Ultra Male fragrance
A bottle of the women's fragrance Classique (left) and a bottle of the men's fragrance Ultra Male (right)
  • Women's fragrance lines:
    • Classique (1993): List of flanker fragrances
    • Fragile (2000): Fragile Eau de Toilette (2001)
    • Ma Dame (2008): Ma Dame Eau Fraiche (2009); Ma Dame Rose 'n Roll (2009); Ma Dame Eau de Parfum (2010); Ma Dame Eau Fraiche Summer 2010; Ma Dame It (2011)
    • Scandal (2017): Scandal by Night (2018); Scandal a Paris (2019); So Scandal! (2020)
  • Unisex fragrance lines:
    • Gaultier² (2005): Gaultier² Eau d'Amour (2008)

The fragrance house includes women's, men's, and unisex fragrances; a number of flanker fragrances have been released for each line.[43] Jean Paul Gaultier fragrances have been licensed by Puig since 1 January 2016, and were previously licensed by Shiseido subsidiary Beauté Prestige International from 1991 through 31 December 2015. The BPI license was originally negotiated through 30 June 2016;[44] however, Puig acquired the license for $79.2 million and paid $22.6 million for the early termination of the license.[45] With this purchase, Puig now holds control of both the fashion and fragrance divisions of the Jean Paul Gaultier brand.[46] The 1993 women's oriental floral Classique and the 1995 men's oriental fougere Le Male have been described by the brand as "flagship" products that "represent all the Jean Paul Gaultier values".[47] Le Male was the top-selling men's fragrance in the European Union in 2012, and holds a strong market position in Australia and the United States.[48]

As of May 2020, the Classique,[49] Le Male,[50] and Scandal lines are in production.[51]

Style[edit]

Description[edit]

Jean Paul Gaultier's characteristic irreverent style dating from 1981 has led to his being known as the enfant terrible of French fashion.

Many of Gaultier's subsequent collections have been based on street wear, focusing on popular culture, whereas others, particularly his haute couture collections, are very formal, yet at the same time unusual and playful.[52] Jean Paul Gaultier says he is inspired by the baby boomers' TV culture,[16] and the street culture where audacity sometimes triggers new trends.[13] The advent of his haute couture line brought him massive success in 1997. Through this collection, he was able to freely express the scope and range of his aesthetic, drawing inspiration from radically divergent cultures, from Imperial India to Hasidic Judaism.

The "granny grey" hair colour trend is attributed to Gaultier, whose autumn/winter 2011 show featured models in grey beehives. In the spring of 2015, his catwalk show at Paris Fashion Week featured silver-haired models again, as did the shows of other fashion designers, Chanel and Gareth Pugh. The trend soon took off among celebrities and the general public.[53]

Notable designs[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1993 Eurotrash_(TV_series) Presenter
2001 Absolument fabuleux Le créateur
2016 Absolutely Fabulous: The Movie Himself
2019 Huge in France (episode 7) Himself Netflix TV series

Gaultier designed the wardrobe for many motion pictures, including:[64]

Personal life[edit]

Gaultier had always had an interest in fashion, and found himself at odds with the children at school, who while though he didn't fit in, wanted him to do drawings for them. At unease with his sexuality, he was reassured when he learnt that some of the iconic fashion designers were also gay or Bisexual, as he wanted to wok in fashion himself. He met his partner Francis, who helped him to get established and start running shows. Gaultier and Francis both learn of the advent of AIDS at its advent, and both were tested. Frances was HIV positive, and eventually died as a result, with Gaultier and Francis's parents both looking after him until his death. In recent years, Gaultier has focused less on fashion to wear, and more on haute Couture and putting on shows. [65]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His first name is sometimes punctuated with a hyphen as Jean-Paul Gaultier.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Price Alford, Holly; Stegemeyer, Anne (25 September 2014). Who's Who in Fashion. London: Bloomsbury Academic. p. 151. ISBN 9781609019693.
  2. ^ Walden, Celia (8 December 2010). "Jean-Paul Gaultier interview". www.telegraph.co.uk. The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  3. ^ Davis, Dominic-Madori (1 February 2020). "Jean-Paul Gaultier is leaving the fashion industry after 50 years. Here's a look back at the legendary designer's career, from dressing Madonna to starting his own haute-couture house". Business Insider. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b Orlean, Susan (26 September 2011). "Fantasyland". www.newyorker.com. The New Yorker. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d Skovmand, Ida (9 June 2013). "Ränderna går aldrig ur Jean Paul Gaultier" [Jean Paul Gaultier, the striped never fade]. www.svd.se. Svenska Dagbladet. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Jean-Paul-Gaultiers-glittering-career " Stuff http://www.stuff.co.nz/business/luxury/10567404/Jean-Paul-Gaultiers-glittering-career
  7. ^ "L'officiel de la mode – n°832 de 1999 – page 1 – Dremiers succès pendant ce temps c té presse". Patrimoine.jalougallery.com. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  8. ^ "Jean Paul Gaultier: Le bon génie de la mode – L'Express". L'Express. France. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  9. ^ Histoires de la mode, by Didier Grumbach, published by Regards in 2008
  10. ^ "Lardeur". Thecrowdmagazine.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  11. ^ Crowd Magazine. "The Crowd blog". Thecrowdblog.blogspot.com. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
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  13. ^ a b Duka, John (27 October 1984). "Skirts for Men? Yes and No". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
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  38. ^ "Anggun echoes the Baku Crystal Hall". 19 May 2012. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  39. ^ "Jean Paul Gaultier Explains the Eurovision Song Contest". The Cut. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
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  48. ^ Verb eke, Alain (2013). International Business Strategy (2 ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-1107355279.
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  50. ^ "Les Males range". Jean Paul Gaultier. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  51. ^ "Scandal range". Jean Paul Gaultier. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  52. ^ Reuters. "Jean-Paul Gaultier exhibit in Paris showcases designer's avant-garde creations, inspirations". www.nydailynews.com. NY Daily News. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  53. ^ "#GrannyHair: Why is everyone dyeing their hair grey?". Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  54. ^ "Jean Paul Gaultier retrospective". www.elle.com. Elle. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  55. ^ [2] Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  56. ^ "For The Record: Quick News On Marilyn Manson And Jean Paul Gaultier, Bone Crusher, Cam'ron, Pearl Jam, Jimi Hendrix & More". MTV. 28 April 2003. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  57. ^ Goncalves, Julien (1 April 2015). "Exposition Jean-Paul Gaultier : Madonna et Mylène Farmer à l'honneur". www.chartsinfrance.net. Chartsinfrance.net. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  58. ^ "Marion Cotillard in Jean Paul Gaultier – 10 Best Oscar Dresses". InStyle. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  59. ^ "Marion Cotillard's Oscar Dress, From Runway to Red Carpet". fabsugar.com. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  60. ^ a b c d "Jean-Paul Gaultier, from the sidewalk to the catwalk".
  61. ^ "Jean-Paul Gaultier's greatest celebrity moments". Wonderland.
  62. ^ Rapp, Linda. "Cheung, Leslie (1956-2003)". www.glbtq.com. glbtq.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  63. ^ "Nik Thakkar for Jean Paul Gaultier". Wonderland.
  64. ^ "Metropolis". www.ngv.vic.gov.au. National Gallery of Victoria. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  65. ^ Jean Paul Gaultier: Freak and Chic (2018) Dircetor Yann L'Hénoret

External links[edit]