This article or section appears to contradict itself, about Lyrics written in 1955 according to the infobox but in 1956 according to #History..Please see the talk page for more information.(April 2016)
The lyrics were written by Mufdi Zakariah in 1956 while imprisoned by French colonial forces. He wrote the verses using his blood on the walls of the prison's 69th cell. The composer of the music is the Egyptian MusicianMohamed Fawzi. The lyrics of Kassaman make direct reference to another state, France, the former colonial power in Algeria.