List of cities and towns in Finland

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The following is a list of towns in Finland. In the year 1977, the legal difference between towns and municipalities was removed. Today they are all classified as municipalities, some of which are commonly referred to as towns (kaupunki in Finnish, 'stad' in Swedish). A municipality can itself decide whether it calls itself a municipality or a town. To date, many decide to use the latter.

There is no direct Finnish equivalent to "city", but "suurkaupunki", which literally means "large town", is used for only a few cities in Finland. This nicely fits the EU's definition of a city, which has the criteria of a minimum population of 50hi myhkts 000 and a minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is sufficient to call a rural "municipality" (kunta) a "town" (kaupunki). For towns founded before the 1960s, the list includes the year the town was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been carried out in Finland (and more are yet to come, due to a countrywide municipal reform). Mergers also make it difficult to define what towns are cities because mergers make the population increase a bit but make the population density decrease. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due to the municipal mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti, and Teisko, which decreased its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, as of 1 July 2012. In Finland, the whole area inside a municipality's borders is officially considered the city or town area.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, except when there is a commonly used English name.

Towns (founded)[edit]

Map of Finland
Finnish Name Swedish Name District Year of foundation Population[1]
Akaa Ackas 2007 16892
Alajärvi 1986 9890
Alavus Alavo 1977 11746
Espoo Esbo Helsinki 1972 277375
Forssa 1964 17201
Haapajärvi Aspsjö 1977 7291
Haapavesi 1996 7012
Hamina Fredrikshamn 1653 20554
Hanko Hangö 1874 8578
Harjavalta 1977 7189
Haukipudas 1866 [1]
Heinola 1839 19172
Helsinki Helsingfors 1550 642045
Huittinen Vittis 1977 10305
Hyvinkää Hyvinge 1960 46600
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus 1639 67601
Iisalmi Idensalmi 1891 21675
Ikaalinen Ikalis 1977 7140
Imatra 1971 27357
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 1652 19394
Joensuu 1848 75652
Juankoski Strömsdal 1998 [1]
Jyväskylä 1837 139260
Jämsä 1977 21055
Järvenpää Träskända Helsinki 1967 42344
Kaarina Sankt Karins Turku 1993 32987
Kajaani Kajana 1651 37304
Kalajoki 1865 12533
Kankaanpää 1972 11640
Kannus 1986 5584
Karkkila Högfors 1977 8945
Kaskinen Kaskö 1785 1276
Kauhajoki 2001 13678
Kauhava 1986 16374
Kauniainen Grankulla Helsinki 1972 9482
Kemi 1869 21297
Kemijärvi Kemiträsk 1973 7612
Kerava Kervo Helsinki 1970 35457
Keuruu Keuru 1986 9953
Kitee Kides 1992 10579
Kiuruvesi 1993 8342
Kokemäki Kumo 1977 7433
Kokkola Karleby 1620 47722
Kotka 1878 53730
Kouvola 1960 84548
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 1649 6671
Kuhmo 1986 8563
Kuopio 1775 117842
Kurikka 1977 21294
Kuusamo 2000 15391
Lahti Lahtis 1905 119395
Laitila Letala 1986 8611
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand 1649 72685
Lapua Lappo 1977 14522
Lieksa 1973 11414
Lohja Lojo 1969 46931
Loimaa 1969 16207
Loviisa Lovisa 1745 15140
Maarianhamina Mariehamn 1861 11658
Mikkeli Sankt Michel 1838 54390
Mänttä-Vilppula Mänttä-Filpula 2009 10330
Naantali Nådendal Turku 1443 19124
Nilsiä 1998 [1]
Nivala 1992 10860
Nokia Tampere 1977 33288
Nurmes 1974 7790
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 1620 7497
Närpiö Närpes 1993 9502
Orimattila 1992 16276
Orivesi 1986 9313
Oulainen Oulais 1977 7429
Oulu Uleåborg 1605 201124
Outokumpu 1977 7030
Paimio Pemar Turku 1997 10695
Parainen Pargas Turku 1977 15357
Parkano 1977 6630
Pieksämäki 1962 18353
Pori Björneborg 1558 84779
Porvoo Borgå Helsinki 1346 50203
Pudasjärvi 2004 8124
Pyhäjärvi 1993 5358
Raahe Brahestad 1649 25068
Raasepori Raseborg 2009 28053
Raisio Reso Turku 1974 24340
Rauma Raumo 1442 39612
Riihimäki 1960 29058
Rovaniemi 1960 62037
Saarijärvi 1986 9646
Salo 1960 53188
Sastamala 2009 24823
Savonlinna Nyslott 1639 34829
Seinäjoki Östermyra 1960 62457
Siuntio Sjundeå Helsinki 1382 6181
Somero 1993 9001
Suonenjoki 1977 7304
Tampere Tammerfors Tampere 1779 230537
Tornio Torneå 1621 21939
Turku Åbo Turku 1200–1300 188584
Ulvila Ulvsby 1365 to 1558, later 2000 13236
Uusikaupunki Nystad 1617 15777
Vaasa Vasa 1606 66876
Valkeakoski 1963 21215
Vantaa Vanda Helsinki 1974 221821
Varkaus 1962 21258
Viitasaari 1996 6467
Virrat Virdois 1977 6879
Ylivieska 1971 15216
Ylöjärvi Tampere 2004 32851
Ähtäri Etseri 1986 5968
Äänekoski 1973 19186

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cities in Finland at Wikimedia Commons