List of cities and towns in Finland

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The following is a 'list of towns in Finland'. In the year 1977 the juridical difference between cities, towns and municipalities were removed. Today only municipalities are recognized, some of which are commonly referred to as towns (kaupunki in Finnish, 'stad' in Swedish). Municipality can decide themself, whether it uses municipality or city / town designation. To date, many decide to use the latter, even though often the places do not even meet the definition of city, made by EU, which is minimum population of 50 000, and minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. Also, even the centre or conurbation of the "city" itself may not be so urban itself. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is required to change the name of a rural "municipality" (kunta) into a "city" (kaupunki). For towns founded before the 1960s the list includes the year the town was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been made in Finland (and more is yet to come, due a countrywide municipal reform), which also makes it difficult to define "city", because in merger, while population increases a bit, population density decreases. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due completed municipality mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti and Teisko, decreasing its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, dated in 1. July 2012. In Finland, the whole municipality area along its borders is officially considered the city or town area. From there on, villages, possible conurbation areas, and administrative center area (which consists the city center and districts of the city) are distinguished quite accurately in official concepts.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, which is common practice where there is no independent English name.

Towns (founded)[edit]

Map of Finland
Finnish Name Swedish Name District Year of foundation Population[1]
Akaa Ackas 2007 17058
Alajärvi 1986 10125
Alavus Alavo 1977 12113
Espoo Esbo 1972 267906
Forssa 1964 17438
Haapajärvi Aspsjö 1977 7472
Haapavesi 1996 7199
Hamina Fredrikshamn 1653 21016
Hanko Hangö 1874 9017
Harjavalta 1977 7345
Haukipudas 1866 [1]
Heinola 1839 19633
Helsinki Helsingfors 1550 626305
Huittinen Vittis 1977 10541
Hyvinkää Hyvinge 1960 46512
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus 1639 68066
Iisalmi Idensalmi 1891 22063
Ikaalinen Ikalis 1977 7206
Imatra 1971 27991
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 1652 19562
Joensuu 1848 74941
Juankoski Strömsdal 1998 4851
Jyväskylä 1837 135591
Jämsä 1977 21758
Järvenpää Träskända 1967 40837
Kaarina Sankt Karins 1993 32376
Kajaani Kajana 1651 37643
Kalajoki 1865 12690
Kankaanpää 1972 11831
Kannus 1986 5615
Karkkila Högfors 1977 9007
Kaskinen Kaskö 1785 1304
Kauhajoki 2001 13970
Kauhava 1986 16943
Kauniainen Grankulla 1972 9258
Kemi 1869 21807
Kemijärvi Kemiträsk 1973 7869
Kerava Kervo 1970 35362
Keuruu Keuru 1986 10161
Kitee Kides 1992 10962
Kiuruvesi 1993 8729
Kokemäki Kumo 1977 7653
Kokkola Karleby 1620 47430
Kotka 1878 54441
Kouvola 1960 86302
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 1649 6828
Kuhmo 1986 8934
Kuopio 1775 110999
Kurikka 1977 14085
Kuusamo 2000 15740
Lahti Lahtis 1905 103725
Laitila Letala 1986 8547
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand 1649 72495
Lapua Lappo 1977 14723
Lieksa 1973 12012
Lohja Lojo 1969 47590
Loimaa 1969 16562
Loviisa Lovisa 1745 15424
Maarianhamina Mariehamn 1861 11459
Mikkeli Sankt Michel 1838 54486
Mänttä-Vilppula Mänttä-Filpula 2009 10706
Naantali Nådendal 1443 18946
Nilsiä 1998 [1]
Nivala 1992 10927
Nokia 1977 33121
Nurmes 1974 8046
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 1620 7537
Närpiö Närpes 1993 9422
Orimattila 1992 16304
Orivesi 1986 9510
Oulainen Oulais 1977 7687
Oulu Uleåborg 1605 196828
Outokumpu 1977 7152
Paimio Pemar 1997 10642
Parainen Pargas 1977 15497
Parkano 1977 6837
Pieksämäki 1962 18999
Pori Björneborg 1558 85331
Porvoo Borgå 1346 49964
Pudasjärvi 2004 8343
Pyhäjärvi 1993 5542
Raahe Brahestad 1649 25342
Raasepori Raseborg 2009 28683
Raisio Reso 1974 24409
Rauma Raumo 1442 39872
Riihimäki 1960 29340
Rovaniemi 1960 61329
Saarijärvi 1986 10015
Salo 1960 54243
Sastamala 2009 25313
Savonlinna Nyslott 1639 35760
Seinäjoki Östermyra 1960 61163
Siuntio Sjundeå 1382 6268
Somero 1993 9147
Suonenjoki 1977 7438
Tampere Tammerfors 1779 223238
Tornio Torneå 1621 22306
Turku Åbo 1200–1300 184190
Ulvila Ulvsby 1365 to 1558, later 2000 13415
Uusikaupunki Nystad 1617 15604
Vaasa Vasa 1606 66581
Valkeakoski 1963 21200
Vantaa Vanda 1974 212473
Varkaus 1962 21754
Viitasaari 1996 6722
Virrat Virdois 1977 7111
Ylivieska 1971 14986
Ylöjärvi 2004 32606
Ähtäri Etseri 1986 6155
Äänekoski 1973 19879

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.06.2015" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cities in Finland at Wikimedia Commons