Kendall, Florida

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Kendall
Dadeland forms the business area of Kendall
Dadeland forms the business area of Kendall
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map of Kendall showing boundaries
U.S. Census Bureau map of Kendall showing boundaries
Coordinates: 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667Coordinates: 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667
CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
CountyMiami-Dade
Government
 • Governing bodyMiami-Dade County
 • MayorCarlos A. Giménez
Area
 • Census-designated place16.3 sq mi (42 km2)
 • Land16.1 sq mi (42 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 • Metro
6,137 sq mi (15,890 km2)
Elevation
13 ft (4 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Census-designated place75,371
 • Density4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)
 • Metro
5,413,212
 • Metro density880/sq mi (340/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)305, 786
FIPS code12-36100[1]
GNIS feature ID0285050[2]

Kendall is a census-designated place in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. At the 2010 census, the area had a population of 75,371.

While the US Census Bureau has defined the boundaries of Kendall, many locals have their own definitions. Some believe the communities of West Kendall, Glenvar Heights, Sunset, Olympia Heights, Westwood Lakes and Tamiami to all be sub-communities of Kendall, Miami while some people also believe the neighborhood of The Falls to be a separate entity.

Kendall is served by the Miami Metrorail at Dadeland North and Dadeland South stations in its northeastern end. Both stations provide metro service from Dadeland to nearby commercial centers like the City of Coral Gables, Downtown Miami, and Miami International Airport. Dadeland South station is a major transit depot in the area, connecting the southernmost cities of Homestead and Florida City to Metrorail via limited-stop bus rapid transit along the South Miami-Dade Busway.

Media[edit]

West Kendall is served by the Miami market for local radio and television. Kendall has its own newspaper, The Kendall Gazette, which is published twice monthly and is part of Miami Community Newspapers.

History[edit]

Much of what is now Kendall was purchased from the State of Florida in 1883 by the Florida Land and Mortgage Company. It was named for Henry John Broughton Kendall, a director of Florida Land and Mortgage who moved to the area in the 1900s to manage the company's land. As the land was not open to homesteading, development was slow well into the 20th century. A post office opened in 1914, and the first school opened in 1929. After the end of the land boom in 1926, some residents left. Two Seminole camps were in the Kendall area, and Seminoles continued to live there into the 1940s.[3]

Dadeland Mobile Home Park neighborhood near Kendall destroyed by Hurricane Andrew in 1992.

In August 1992, Kendall and the surrounding South Dade area were severely damaged by Hurricane Andrew. Many of the homes and businesses in the area were destroyed. In the subsequent years, the area was slowly rebuilt.[4]

Geography[edit]

Kendall is located at 25°40′0″N 80°21′24″W / 25.66667°N 80.35667°W / 25.66667; -80.35667 (25.666781, −80.356533).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Kendall region has an approximate total area of 16.3 sq mi (42.3 km2); 16.1 sq mi (41.8 km2) of it is land and 0.23 sq mi (0.6 km2) of it (1.35%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate in Kendall is naturally similar to the remainder of Miami-Dade County, although its location and elevation inland along the Miami Rock Ridge does make it slightly cooler at night during the winter and slightly warmer during the day in the summer.

Climate data for Kendall Tamiami Executive Airport (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
88
(31)
90
(32)
96
(36)
97
(36)
99
(37)
98
(37)
99
(37)
96
(36)
94
(34)
91
(33)
84
(29)
99
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 76.2
(24.6)
78.4
(25.8)
80.2
(26.8)
83.2
(28.4)
86.6
(30.3)
89.2
(31.8)
90.3
(32.4)
90.6
(32.6)
89.0
(31.7)
85.9
(29.9)
81.3
(27.4)
77.8
(25.4)
84.1
(28.9)
Average low °F (°C) 54.2
(12.3)
58.2
(14.6)
59.6
(15.3)
62.2
(16.8)
67.7
(19.8)
72.6
(22.6)
73.8
(23.2)
74.4
(23.6)
73.2
(22.9)
70.3
(21.3)
63.2
(17.3)
58.3
(14.6)
65.6
(18.7)
Record low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
34
(1)
39
(4)
43
(6)
48
(9)
58
(14)
64
(18)
63
(17)
66
(19)
46
(8)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
26
(−3)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.12
(54)
2.50
(64)
2.87
(73)
2.88
(73)
5.16
(131)
9.15
(232)
7.58
(193)
8.86
(225)
9.29
(236)
6.39
(162)
2.70
(69)
1.79
(45)
68.28
(1,734)
Source: National Weather Service[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
197035,497
198073,758107.8%
199087,27118.3%
200075,226−13.8%
201075,3710.2%
source:[7]
Kendall Demographics
2010 Census Kendall Miami-Dade County Florida
Total population 75,371 2,496,435 18,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010 +0.2% +10.8% +17.6%
Population density 4,687.2/sq mi 1,315.5/sq mi 350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic) 87.9% 73.8% 75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian) 28.4% 15.4% 57.9%
Black or African-American 4.4% 18.9% 16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 63.7% 65.0% 22.5%
Asian 3.0% 1.5% 2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan 0.1% 0.2% 0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial) 2.2% 2.4% 2.5%
Some Other Race 2.4% 3.2% 3.6%

In 2010, there were 31,899 households and 8.7% were vacant. In 2000, 33.4% households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.

In 2000, 23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

In 2000, the median household income was $51,330 and the median family income was $61,241. Males had a median income of $42,875 and females $31,416. The per capita income was $27,914. About 5.7% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, 52.46% of residents spoke Spanish at home, while those who spoke only English comprised 40.38%,. Speakers of Portuguese were 1.49% of the population, French 1.12%, and French Creole 0.95%.[8]

In 2000, Kendall had the twenty-first highest percentage of Cuban-American residents in the United States, at 21.3%.[9] It had the twenty-fifth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 4.56%,[10] and the sixteenth highest percentage of Nicaraguan residents in the US, at 2.48%.[11] It also had the twenty-fifth most Peruvians in the US, at 2.01% (tied with Carteret, New Jersey,)[12] and the tenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.47%.[13] As a result of the city's large French community, the French American School of Miami is located in Kendall. Kendall is also the home of Sofigi.

Transportation[edit]

Kendall is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Metrorail at:

Economy[edit]

Pollo Tropical has its headquarters in Dadeland,[14] Kendall.[15][16][17] The headquarters moved to Dadeland in 1994.[14]

Kendall is the site of Dadeland Mall, an upscale indoor shopping mall in East Kendall with Macy's, Nordstrom, Saks Fifth Avenue and JCPenney as anchor stores. In South Kendall, Directly south of Dadeland Mall on US-1 is The Falls, an open-air shopping mall with Macy's and Bloomingdales as anchor stores as well as a Regal Cinema.

Prior to its dissolution, Air Florida was headquartered in the Dade Towers in what is now the Kendall CDP.[16][18]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Miami-Dade Police Department operates the Kendall District Station in the CDP.[16][19]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary, middle and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The first public school in Kendall was Kendall School, now renamed Kenwood K-8 Center. Kenwood is the site of the Kenwoods Hammock, a native forest planting which has become a world-renowned stop for bird watchers.

Miami-Dade County Public Schools serves Kendall.

Kindergarten - 12th grade[edit]
  • Instructional Center System Wide[22]
  • Ruth Owen Kruse Education Center[22]
High schools[edit]
Middle schools[edit]
  • Archimedean Middle Conservatory (charter)[22]
  • Miami MacArthur South[22]
  • Pinecrest Academy (North Campus) (charter)[22]
Elementary schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

  • Atlantis Academy (K–12)[22]
  • Calusa Preparatory School
  • Cattoira Montessori School (PK–5)[22]
  • Children's Resources (PK–2)[22]
  • Florida Christian School
  • Gateway Christian School
  • Greenfield Day School (K–8)[22]
  • Islamic School of Miami
  • Kendall Christian School (PK–5)[22]
  • Killian Oaks Academy[22]
  • La Scuola (PK–3)[22]
  • Learning Links Schoolhouse (K–5)[22]
  • St. Catherine of Siena Catholic School
  • St. John Newman School (PK–8)[22]
  • Westminster Christian School
  • Westwood Christian School

Colleges and universities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Taylor, Jean (1985). Villages of South Dade. St. Petersburg, Fla: B. Kennedy. pp. 39–49. LCCN 88132899. OCLC 18906834.
  4. ^ [1]
    - "Remembering the fury of Hurricane Andrew in South Florida". miamiherald.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". NOAA. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
    - Kendall lost census territory when Pinecrest incorporated in 1996.
  8. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of Kendall, FL". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  9. ^ "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  10. ^ "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  11. ^ "Ancestry Map of Nicaraguan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  12. ^ "Ancestry Map of Peruvian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  13. ^ "Ancestry Map of Venezuelan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-06.
  14. ^ a b "About Us." Pollo Tropical. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "Brothers Larry and Stuart Harris open first Pollo Tropical® in Miami at 741 NW 37th Avenue."
  15. ^ "Carrols Restaurant Group, Inc. 2010 Annual Report Archived 2012-09-17 at the Wayback Machine." Carrols Restaurant Group. 38. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "We also lease approximately 13,500 square feet at 7300 North Kendall Drive, 8th Floor, Miami, Florida, which houses most of our administrative operations for our Pollo Tropical restaurants."
  16. ^ a b c "Kendall CDP, Florida[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 17, 2009.
  17. ^ "SOMERSET ACADEMY SHARKS TAKE A BITE AT FUNDRAISING, BENEFIT AT POLLO TROPICAL® ON APRIL 14 Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Pollo Tropical. April 6, 2010. Retrieved on February 2, 2012. "7300 NORTH KENDALL DRIVE, EIGHTH FLOOR MIAMI, FLORIDA 33176"
  18. ^ 466 World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975.
  19. ^ "Kendall District Station." Miami-Dade Police Department. Retrieved September 8, 2012. "7707 SW 117th Avenue Miami, FL 33183-3899 USA"
  20. ^ Malcolm, Andrew. "Janet Reno to be named for Alonzo Mourning or something like that", Los Angeles Times, June 17, 2009. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
  21. ^ "OJ Simpson cleared of 'road rage'", BBC News, October 21, 2001. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "School Reviews for Kendall". Zillow. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  23. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Kendall CDP, FL" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 26, 2015.
  24. ^ Home. Miami Killian High School. Retrieved on January 8, 2017. "Miami Killian Senior High School | 10655 SW 97TH AVENUE MIAMI, FL 33176" - Put the whole address in a map program and you will see it is in Kendall CDP.
  25. ^ " Furthermore, in West Kendall Miami Sunset High Schoolserves the community. Boundaries". Miami Palmetto High School. Accessed October 30, 2008.
  26. ^ "About CBT - Technology Degree and HVAC Technician degrees Miami".