Khoshut Khanate

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Khoshut Khanate

和硕特汗国
1642–1717
Location of the Khoshut Khanate
Location of the Khoshut Khanate
StatusNomadic empire
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism
GovernmentMonarchy
History 
• Established
1642
• Disestablished
1717
Area
1,400,000 km2 (540,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tsangpa
Dzungar Khanate
Today part ofChina
Part of a series on the
History of Tibet
Potala Palace
See also
Asia (orthographic projection).svg Asia portalFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg China portal

The Khoshut Khanate was an Oirat khanate based in the Tibetan Plateau from 1642-1717.

Name[edit]

It is also referred to as Heshuote Khanate (和硕特汗国), State of Khoshut, or Quoshote Khanate. In Cyrillic it is spelled Хошууд.

History[edit]

Tibet was conquered by Mongols during the Yuan dynasty. During the transition between the Ming and Qing dynasties, in 1642, the Khoshut local government was established by Güshi Khan, a Khoshut prince and leader of the Upper Mongols. He was enthroned by the Dalai Lama as Khan and leader of Tibet. With Güshi Khan as a largely uninvolved overlord, the 5th Dalai Lama and his intimates established a civil administration which is referred to as the Lhasa state or Ganden Phodrang.

The Khoshut Khanate was conquered by the troops of the Dzungar Khanate in 1717, who deposed Yeshe Gyatso, a pretender to the position of the Dalai Lama promoted by Lha-bzang Khan, the last ruler of the Khoshut Khanate. The Dzungars were in turn expelled by the expedition forces of the Qing dynasty from Tibet in 1720, and Tibet was unified with Qing China. (See Qing conquest of Tibet.)

Khans of the Khoshut Khanate[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]