Location of the Khoshut Khanate
|1,400,000 km2 (540,000 sq mi)|
|Today part of||China|
|History of the Mongols|
|Culture · Language · Proto-Mongols|
|History of Tibet|
|Asia portal • China portal|
It is also referred to as Heshuote Khanate (和硕特汗国), State of Khoshut, or Quoshote Khanate. In Cyrillic it is spelled Хошууд.
Tibet was invaded by Mongols during the Yuan dynasty. In 1642, the Khoshut local government was established by Güshi Khan, a Khoshut prince and leader of the Upper Mongols. He reunified Tibet under the political and spiritual authority of the 5th Dalai Lama as leader of Tibet. With Güshi Khan as a largely uninvolved overlord, the Dalai Lama and his colleagues established a civil governmental body referred to as the Ganden Phodrang.
The Khoshut Khanate was conquered by the troops of the Dzungar Khanate in 1717, who deposed Yeshe Gyatso, a pretender to the position of the Dalai Lama promoted by Lha-bzang Khan, the last ruler of the Khoshut Khanate. The Dzungars were in turn expelled by the expedition forces of the Qing dynasty from Tibet in 1720, and Tibet was unified with Qing China. (See Qing conquest of Tibet.)
Khans of the Khoshut Khanate
- Güshi Khan: 1642–1655
- Dayan Khan: 1655–1668 (son)
- Tenzin Dalai Khan: 1668–1696 (son)
- Tenzin Wangchuk Khan: 1696–1697 (son)
- Lha-bzang Khan: 1697–1717 (brother)
- Хойт С.К. Этническая история ойратских групп. Элиста, 2015. 199 с.
- Хойт С.К. Данные фольклора для изучения путей этногенеза ойратских групп // Международная научная конференция «Сетевое востоковедение: образование, наука, культура», 7-10 декабря 2017 г.: материалы. Элиста: Изд-во Калм. ун-та, 2017. с. 286–289.