List of lakes of Australia

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Natural freshwater lakes in Australia are rare due to the general absence of glacial and tectonic activity in Australia.[citation needed]

Types[edit]

Most lakes in Australia fall within one of five categories. Excluding lakes created by man-made dams for water storage and other purposes, one can identify the following:

List of lakes by state and territory[edit]

Australian Antarctic Territory[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in the Australian Antarctic Territory:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Braunsteffer Lake Glacial Princess Elizabeth Land [2]
2 Club Lake Glacial [3]
3 Collerson Lake Glacial [4]
4 Dingle Lake Glacial [5]
5 Krok Lake Glacial [6]
6 Station Tarn Glacial
7 Stinear Lake Glacial
8 Lake Vereteno Glacial
9 Lake Zvezda Glacial

Australian Capital Territory[edit]

In the Australian Capital Territory there are no prominent naturally-formed lakes and lagoons.

New South Wales[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in New South Wales:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Lake Albina Glacial Snowy Mountains World Heritage Area
2 Avoca Lake Coastal Central Coast
3 Lake Bathurst Freshwater ephemeral
4 Blue Lake Freshwater ephemeral;
Glacial
Snowy Mountains World Heritage Area
5 Budgewoi Lake Coastal
6 Lake Cathie Coastal
7 Chipping Norton Lake Freshwater ephemeral
8 Lake Cootapatamba Glacial Snowy Mountains World Heritage Area Kosciuszko03.JPG
9 Lake Cowal Freshwater ephemeral
10 Dee Why Lagoon Coastal lagoon Northern Beaches
11 Lake George Freshwater ephemeral
12 Glenbrook Lagoon Freshwater ephemeral
13 Glenrock Lagoon Coastal lagoon
14 Headley Tarn Glacial
15 Lake Illawarra Coastal Illawarra
16 Lake Macquarie Coastal Mid North Coast Lake Macquarie (Swansea - Pulbah).jpg
17 Menindee Lakes Freshwater ephemeral Menindee Lakes in NSW from 16,000ft.jpg
18 Lake Moore Freshwater ephemeral
19 Lake Mungo Saline Far West LakeMungo.jpg
20 Lake Munmorah Coastal Hunter
21 Myall Lakes Coastal Mid North Coast
22 Narrabeen Lagoon Coastal Northern Beaches 220 544 Narrabeen overview.jpg [7]
23 Narran Lakes Freshwater ephemeral
24 Smiths Lake Coastal Mid North Coast
25 St Georges Basin Coastal South Coast /
Jervis Bay Territory
26 Tabourie Lake Coastal Mid North Coast
27 Terrigal Lagoon Coastal lagoon Central Coast
28 Tuggerah Lake Coastal Central Coast Craigie park view.jpg
29 Lake Urana Saline Far West
30 Wallaga Lake Freshwater ephemeral
31 Wallis Lake Coastal Mid North Coast
32 Wamberal Lagoon Coastal lagoon Central Coast
33 Wattle Grove Lake Freshwater ephemeral
34 Willandra Lakes Saline Far West
35 Lake Wollumboola Coastal Mid North Coast
36 Wonboyn Lake Coastal Mid North Coast
37 Lake Woytchugga Freshwater ephemeral

Northern Territory[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in the Northern Territory:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Lake Amadeus Saline South-west 103,200 255,013 Lake amadeus.jpg [8]
2 Corella Lake Freshwater ephemeral
3 Lake Mackay Saline Great Sandy Desert;
Gibson Desert;
Tanami Desert
349,400 863,386 Lake mackay.jpg
4 Lake Neale Saline South-west 30,000 74,132 [9]
5 Numby Numby Sinkhole Gulf of Carpentaria Numby Numby sinkhole.jpg
6 Lake Sylvester Freshwater ephemeral Barkly Tableland 200,000 494,211
7 Tarrabool Lake Freshwater ephemeral Barkly Tableland Tarrabool Lake - Eva Downs Swamp System
Important Bird Area;
Register of the National Estate;
DIWA
118,600 293,067 Tarrabool lake.jpg
8 Lake Woods Freshwater ephemeral Barkly Tableland Important Bird Area;
Longreach Waterhole Protected Area (part)
118,600 293,067 Tarrabool lake.jpg

Queensland[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in Queensland:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Lake Awoonga Freshwater ephemeral
2 Lake Barrine Volcanic
3 Blue Lake Coastal
4 Boobera Lagoon Freshwater ephemeral
5 Brown Lake Coastal
6 Lake Broadwater Coastal South East
7 Lake Buchanan Saline Lake Buchanan (Queensland) satellite image.png
8 Lake Como Coastal
9 Lake Cooloola Coastal
10 Lake Cooroibah Coastal
11 Lake Cootharaba Coastal
12 Lake Dunn Freshwater ephemeral
13 Lake Eacham Volcanic
14 Lake Elphinstone Freshwater ephemeral
15 Lake Euramoo Volcanic
16 Lake Galilee Saline
17 Lake McKenzie Perched Fraser Island a05 lake mckenzie.jpg
18 Lake Nuga Nuga Freshwater ephemeral
19 Lake Weyba Coastal
20 Lake Wobby Perched
21 Lake Yamma Yamma Saline

South Australia[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in South Australia:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Lake Albert Freshwater Murray Mallee Coorong and Lakes Alexandrina and Albert Wetland Ramsar site;
Lakes Alexandrina and Albert Important Bird Area
MeningieLakeAlbert.JPG
2 Lake Alexandrina 64,900 160,371 LowerLakes2004.jpg [10][11]
3 Lake Blanche Saline Central Strzelecki Desert Lakes Important Bird Area
4 Blue Lake Volcanic Limestone Coast 70 173 Blue Lake Water Colour.JPG [12]
5 Lake Bonney (Limestone Coast) Coastal Limestone Coast Canunda National Park 505,600 1,249,365
6 Lake Bonney (Riverland) Freshwater Riverland BarmeraLakeBonney.JPG
7 Lake Bumbunga Saline Mid North 1,388 3,430 Iaj-1-.jpg
8 Lake Cadibarrawirracanna Saline Mid North Woomera Prohibited Area 6,000 14,826 [13]
9 Lake Callabonna Saline Mid North Strzelecki Desert Lakes Important Bird Area 16,000 39,537 NASA-Lake-Callabonna.jpg [14]
10 Coongie Lakes Wetlands Far North Ramsar Site;
Innamincka Regional Reserve;
Malkumba-Coongie Lakes National Park;
Strzelecki Regional Reserve
2,179,000 5,384,426 AustralianPelicansMcArthurRiverMouth.jpg [15]
11 Lake Dey Dey Saline Far North
12 Lake Dutton Saline Central
13 Kati Thanda–Lake Eyre Saline endorheic Far North Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre National Park;
Elliot Price Conservation Park
950,000 2,347,501 Lake Eyre.jpg [16]
14 Lake Frome Saline endorheic Flinders Ranges Lake Frome Regional Reserve 259,615 641,523 LakeFrome.jpg
15 Lake Gairdner Saline endorheic Eyre Peninsula Lake Gairdner National Park Lake Gairdner.jpg
16 Goyder Lagoon Ephemeral swamp Far North
17 Lake Gregory Saline Mid North
18 Lake Hart Saline
19 Lake Hope Saline ephemeral Far North Coongie Lakes wetland Ramsar Site 3,600 8,896
20 Lake Miranda Freshwater ephemeral
21 Seagull Lake Saline ephemeral Eyre Peninsula Sceale Bay Conservation Park 88 217
22 Serpentine Lakes Saline Great Victoria Desert Mamungari Conservation Park 9,700 23,969
23 Sleaford Mere Saline endorheic Eyre Peninsula Sleaford Mere Conservation Park 707 1,747
24 Lake Torrens Saline ephemeral Flinders Ranges Lake Torrens National Park 574,500 1,419,620 Stuart creek.jpg [17]
25 Valley Lake Volcanic
26 Watervalley Wetlands Contiguous wetlands Murray Mallee 13,100 32,371

Tasmania[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in Tasmania:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Lake Beatrice Freshwater ephemeral Western
2 Lake Dora Freshwater ephemeral Western
3 Dove Lake Cirque freshwater ephemeral Central Highlands Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park 150 371 Dove-Lake from South-2008.jpg
4 Lake Dulverton Freshwater ephemeral Southern Midlands 428 1,058
5 Lake Edgar Fault scarp pond South West Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area 147 363 [18]
6 Lake Fidler Meromictic South West Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area
7 Great Lake Freshwater ephemeral Central Highlands 17,600 43,491 Great Lake, Tasmania.jpg
8 Little Waterhouse Lake Freshwater coastal North East Ramsar Site 10 25 Tomahawk aerial.jpg [19]
9 Orielton Lagoon Dystrophic coastal South East Coast Ramsar Site 3,334 8,240 Limosa lapponica flock - Orielton Lagoon.jpg [20]
10 Lake Selina Glacial West Coast
11 Lake St Clair Freshwater ephemeral Central Highlands Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park 4,500 11,120 Lake St Clair sunset.jpg
12 Lake Westwood Glacial West Coast

Victoria[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in Victoria.

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Lake Batyo Catyo Freshwater ephemeral
2 Lake Corangamite Saline
3 Gippsland Lakes Coastal Gippsland Lakes.png
4 Lake Hindmarsh Freshwater ephemeral
5 Mallacoota Inlet Coastal
6 Murtnaghurt Lagoon Saline
7 Lake Victoria Coastal lake

Western Australia[edit]

The following is a list of prominent natural lakes and lagoons in Western Australia:

Order Name Type Region Designation Area Image Notes
ha acre
1 Angove Lake Freshwater Great Southern Two Peoples Bay Nature Reserve 33 82
2 Lake Anneen Saline Mid West 12,000 29,653
3 Lake Baghdad Saline Rottnest Island
4 Lake Ballard Saline ephemeral Goldfields-Esperance 4,900 12,108 Lake Ballard WA.jpg [21]
5 Lake Barlee Saline Mid West 198,000 489,269 Lake Barlee.jpg [22]
6 Bibra Lake Freshwater Perth Beeliar Regional Park
7 Lake Boonderoo Freshwater Goldfields-Esperance 2,500 6,178
8 Booragoon Lake Freshwater Perth Beeliar Regional Park [23]
9 Boyd Lagoon Saline lagoon Gibson Desert 870 2,150 [24]
10 Lake Breaden Saline Gibson Desert 2,600 6,425 [25][26]
11 Lake Bryde-East Lake Bryde Freshwater wetland Great Southern Lake Bryde Nature Reserve 1,900 4,695 [27]
12 Lake Burnside Saline Gibson Desert 42,000 103,784 [28]
13 Lake Carey Saline Goldfields-Esperance
14 Lake Carnegie Ephemeral Goldfields-Esperance 571,400 1,411,960 Lake carnegie.jpg [29][30]
15 Lake Disappointment Saline endorheic Pilbara 33,000 81,545 Lake Disappointment Western Australia.jpg [31]
16 Lake Dora Saline Pilbara Lake Dora, Western Australia satellite image.png
17 Dumbleyung Lake Saline Great Southern Dumbleyung Lake Nature Reserve 5,200 12,849 Dumbleyung Lake.jpg
18 Lake Dundas Saline
19 Forrestdale Lake Brackish seasonal groundwater Perth Forrestdale Lake Nature Reserve;
Forrestdale and Thomsons Lakes Ramsar Site
245 605 Forrestdale Lake.jpg [32]
20 Lake Gore Seasonal freshwater Goldfields-Esperance Lake Gore Nature Reserve;
Lake Gore Ramsar Site
740 1,829 [33]
21 Lake Gregory Seasonal freshwater Kimberley Paraku Indigenous Protected Area
22 Herdsman Lake Freshwater Perth Herdsman Lake Regional Park 3 7 Herdsman lake gnangarra.jpg [34]
23 Lake Hillier Saline Goldfields-Esperance Recherche Archipelago Nature Reserve 1.5 4 Lake Hillier 2 Middle Island Recherche Archipelago NR IV-2011.JPG [35]
24 Hutt Lagoon Saline Mid West Hutt Lagoon, Western Australia.jpg
25 Lake Jasper Freshwater South West 4,500 11,120 [36]
26 Lake Joondalup Freshwater Perth Yellagonga Regional Park Lake joondalup westward.JPG
27 Jualbup Lake Freshwater Perth Shenton Park Jualbup photo vegtiation1.JPG
28 Lake Lefroy Saline ephemeral Goldfields-Esperance
29 Lake Mackay Saline Great Sandy Desert 349,400 863,386 Lake mackay.jpg [37]
30 Lake Macleod Freshwater Gascoyne 150,000 370,658 Lake macleod.jpg
31 Loch McNess Freshwater Perth Yanchep National Park Yanchep sunset.jpg [38]
32 Lake Magenta Saline ephemeral Wheatbelt Lake Magenta Nature Reserve 11,000 27,182 [39]
33 Lake Maitland Dry saline Mid West
34 Lake Monginup Freshwater Goldfields-Esperance Lake Monginup Nature Reserve 32 79 Lake Monginup.jpg [40]
35 Lake Muir Freshwater South West Muir-Byenup System Ramsar Site 4 10 Lakemuir.JPG [41][42]
33 Thomsons Lake Brackish seasonal groundwater Perth Thomsons Lake Nature Reserve;
Forrestdale and Thomsons Lakes Ramsar Site
538 1,329

Salt lake (nec)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Powell, Greg (1990). The Snowy Mountains: A bushwalker's diary. Hampton, Victoria: Macstyle. p. 10. ISBN 1-875293-08-6. 
  2. ^ "Braunsteffer Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Club Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Collerson Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Dingle Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Krok Lake". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Narrabeen Lakes". Manly Northern Beaches. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Largest Waterbodies". Geoscience Australia. Commonwealth of Australia. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  9. ^ "Lake Amadeus and Lake Neale" (PDF). Sites of conservation significance. Government of the Northern Territory, Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts and Sport. p. 175. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  10. ^ http://www.rfcssa.org.au/cms_documents/the-facts-the-lower-murray-lakes-and-coorong.pdf
  11. ^ Walker, Keith. "Alexandrina always was a freshwater lake" (transcript). Media Watch (Australia: ABC TV). Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Harris, Richard (July–September 2008). "The big blue". Australian Geographic 91: 34. 
  13. ^ "Map of Lake Cadibarrawirracanna, SA". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Map of Lake Callabonna, SA". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands: Coongie Lakes" (PDF). Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (DEWNR). April 2013. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  16. ^ Rafferty, John P. (2007). Lakes and Wetland. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 186. ISBN 1615303200. Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  17. ^ John K. Warren (12 June 2006). Evaporites:Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons: Sediments, Resources, and Hydrocarbons. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 201. ISBN 9-783-5403-2344-0. 
  18. ^ Kevin McCue et al.: "The Lake Edgar Fault: an active fault in Southwestern Tasmania, Australia, with repeated displacement in the Quaternary" in Annals of Geophysics, Volume 46, No 5, October 2003
  19. ^ "Little Waterhouse Lake Ramsar Site Ecological Character Description" (PDF). Lloyd Environmental Project No: LE0907b. NRM North. 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2013-08-02. 
  20. ^ "Australia's Ramsar Sites" (PDF). Department of the Environment. Australian Government. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Lake Ballard". 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  22. ^ "Interesting facts about Western Australia". Landgate. Western Australian Land Information Authority. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  23. ^ "Booragoon Lake Reserve Management Plan" (PDF). 2004. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  24. ^ "Boyd Lagoon". Bonzle.com. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  25. ^ "Lake Breaden". Bonzle.com. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  26. ^ "Lake Breaden". GeoNames. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  27. ^ Beecham, Brett and Alan Danks. "Mallee 2 (MAL2 - Western Mallee subregion)" (PDF). A Biodiversity Audit of Western Australia's 54 Biogeographical Subregions in 2002. Department of Conservation and Land Management. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  28. ^ "Lake Burnside". Bonzle.com. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "Largest Lake in Australia". Travel Australia. 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  30. ^ "Lake Carnegie". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  31. ^ Monroe, M. H. "Lake Disappointment". Australia: The Land Where Time Began. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  32. ^ Forrestdale Lake Nature Reserve: Management Plan 2005. Perth: Conservation Commission of Western Australia. 2005. 
  33. ^ "LakeNet Lake Profile - Lake Gore". 2004. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  34. ^ www.wagouldleague.com.au About Herdsman Lake Regional Park. Accessed 21 February 2005.
  35. ^ "Guide to Asia - Lake Hillier - Australia". 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  36. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Lake Jasper". 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  37. ^ "Australian Geoscience - Largest Waterbodies". 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  38. ^ Predicting wetland water storage
  39. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Lake Magenta". 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  40. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Lake Mortijinup". 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  41. ^ "Map of Lake Muir, WA". Bonzle Digital Atlas. 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2009. 
  42. ^ "Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands - Muir – Byenup System, Western Australia". 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Lakes of Australia at Wikimedia Commons