List of BMW engines

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BMW IIIa, the first engine produced by BMW
BMW B58, the most recent six-cylinder petrol engine produced by BMW

BMW has been producing engines for automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft since 1917, when production began on a straight-six aircraft engine.

Motorcycle engines[edit]

Automotive petrol engines[edit]

As per many other manufacturers, BMW has produced automotive petrol/gasoline engines in the following layouts: inline-four (straight four) and V8.

BMW is also well known for its history of straight-six (inline-six) engines (instead of the V6 layout, which has replaced the straight-six layout for most other manufacturers). It has also produced engines in the following layouts: inline/straight three, V10 and V12.

P code engines are typically low production race engines such as the six cylinder P54B20 and P54B32, and 8 cylinder P60B32 found in the race variants of the E46 M3 which typically housed the S54B32 six cylinder for the general public.

Prototype V16 engines have been made, however they have not reached production. These prototypes were the 1987 Goldfish 6.7 L engine (based on the M70 V12 engine) and the 2004 Rolls-Royce 100EX 9.0 L engine.

Straight-three[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
B38 2013–present 1.2–1.5 L

Inline-four[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
M10 1960–1988 1.5–2.0 L
S14 1986–1990 2.0–2.5 L
M40 1987–1995 1.6–1.8 L
M42 1989–1996 1.8 L
M43 1991–2002 1.6–1.9 L
M44 1996–2001 1.9 L
N40 2001–2004 1.6 L
N42 2001–2004 1.8–2.0 L
N46 2004–2007 1.8–2.0 L
N45 2004–2011 1.6–2.0 L
N43 2007–2011 1.6–2.0 L
N20 2011–present 1.6–2.0 L
N13 2011–present 1.6 L
N26 2012–2016 2.0 L
B48 2013–present 2.0 L

Straight-six[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement Induction System
M78 1933–1950 1.2-1.9 L TBD
M328 1936–1940 2.0-2.1 L TBD
M335 1939–1941 3.5 L TBD
M337 1952–1958 2.0-2.1 L TBD
M30 1968–1994 2.5-3.5 L TBD
M20 1977–1993 2.0-2.7 L Naturally Aspirated
M88/S38 1978–1989 3.5-3.8 L TBD
M102 1980–1982 3.2 L Turbocharged
M106 1982–1986 3.4 L Turbocharged
M50 1989–1996 2.0-2.5 L Naturally Aspirated
S50 1992–1999 3.0-3.2 L Naturally Aspirated
M52 1994–2000 2.0-2.8 L Naturally Aspirated
S52 1996–2000 3.2 L Naturally Aspirated
M54 2000–2006 2.2-3.0 L Naturally Aspirated
S54 2000–2008 3.2 L Naturally Aspirated
P54 2003-2005 2.0 L TBD
M56 2002–2005 2.5 L Naturally Aspirated
N52 2005–2015 2.5-3.0 L Naturally Aspirated
N54 2006–2016 3.0 L Twin Turbocharged
N53 2007–2014 2.5-3.0 L Naturally Aspirated
N55 2009–present 3.0 L Single Twin Scroll Turbocharged
S55 2014–present 3.0 L Twin Turbocharged
B58 2015–present 3.0 L Single Twin Scroll Turbocharged
S58 2019–present 3.0 L Twin Turbocharged

V8[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
OHV V8 1951–1965 2.6-3.2 L
M60 1992–1996 3.0-4.0 L
M62 1996–2005 3.5-4.8 L
S62 1998–2006 4.9 L
P60B40 2000–2005 4.0 L
N62 2001–2010* 3.6-4.8 L
S65 2007–2013 4.0-4.4 L
N63 2008–present 4.4 L
S63 2009–present 4.4 L

* still used in Morgan Aero 8 as of 2017[1]

V10[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
S85 2005–2010 5.0 L

V12[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
M70 1987–1996 5.0 L
S70 1992–2000 5.6-6.1 L
P75 1999–2000 6.0 L
M73 1993–2002 5.4 L
N73 2003–2016 6.0-6.75 L
N74 2009–2023 6.0-6.75 L

Timelines[edit]


Automotive diesel engines[edit]

Straight-three[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
B37 2012–present 1.5 L

Inline-four[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
M41 1994-2000 1.7 L
M47 1998-2006 2.0 L
N47 2006-2014 2.0 L
B47 2013-present 2.0 L

Straight-six[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
M21 1983-1993 2.4 L
M51 1991-2000 2.5 L
M57 1998-2011 2.5-3.0 L
N57 2008-2015 3.0 L
B57 2015-present 3.0 L

V8[edit]

Engine code Years Displacement
M67 1998–2009 3.9-4.4 L

Timelines[edit]


Aircraft engines[edit]

Straight-six[edit]

  • 1917–1919 – IIIa, 19.1 L straight-six — first BMW corporate product of any kind
  • 1919, 1925–? – IV, 23.5 L straight-six

V12[edit]

  • VI, 38.2 L V12
  • 1926–1937 – VI, 45.8 L V12
  • VIIa supercharged V12
  • 116 (initially XII), 20.7 L V12, never manufactured
  • 116 (initially XV), 36.0 L V12, never manufactured

Radial[edit]

  • X, 2.2 L 5-cylinder
    • Xa, 2.9 L 5-cylinder
  • 1933–? – 132, 27.7 L 9-cylinder, development of Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet built under licence
    • 1935 – 114, prototype development of 132
    • 1935 – BMW-Lanova 114 V-4, supercharged liquid-cooled diesel prototype development of 114
  • 1939–1945 – 801, 41.8 L supercharged 14-cylinder double row
  • 1942 – 802, 53.7 L supercharged 18-cylinder double row, never manufactured
  • 803, 83.5 L supercharged 28-cylinder 4-row liquid-cooled, never manufactured
  • 1936–1944 – Bramo 323, 26.8 L supercharged 9-cylinder, inherited when BMW bought Bramo in 1939

Jet[edit]

  • 1944–1945 – 003 axial flow turbojet
  • 1997–2000 – BMW Rolls-Royce BR700 family of turbofans; Rolls-Royce plc bought out the venture in 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Press release: Morgan announces 5th generation Aero 8" (PDF). Morgan. 2015. Retrieved 2017-01-27.