List of BMW engines

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1917—1919 BMW IIIa inline-six aircraft engine- the first engine produced by BMW
2015—present BMW B58 inline-six automotive engine

BMW has been producing engines for automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft since 1917, when the company began production of an inline-six aircraft engine. They have been producing automobile engines since 1933.

Motorcycle engines[edit]

Automotive petrol engines[edit]

BMW is well known for its history of inline-six (straight-six) engines, a layout it continues to use to this day despite most other manufacturers switching to a V6 layout. The more common inline-four and V8 layouts are also produced by BMW, and at times the company has produced inline-three, V10 and V12 engines.

Prototype V16 engines have been made, however they have not reached production. These prototypes were the 1987 BMW Goldfisch V16 6.7 litre engine and the 2004 Rolls-Royce 100EX 9.0 litre engine.

Automotive petrol engines
Engine code Configuration Years Displacement
B38 Inline-three turbo 2013–present 1.2–1.5 L
M10 Inline-four N.A. 1960–1988 1.5–2.0 L
S14 Inline-four N.A. 1986–1990 2.0–2.5 L
M40 Inline-four N.A. 1987–1995 1.6–1.8 L
M42 Inline-four N.A. 1989–1996 1.8 L
M43 Inline-four N.A. 1991–2002 1.6–1.9 L
M44 Inline-four N.A. 1996–2001 1.9 L
N40 Inline-four N.A. 2001–2004 1.6 L
N42 Inline-four N.A. 2001–2004 1.8–2.0 L
N46 Inline-four N.A. 2004–2007 1.8–2.0 L
N43 Inline-four N.A. 2007–2011 1.6–2.0 L
N13 Inline-four turbo 2011–2015 1.6 L
N20 Inline-four turbo 2011–2017 1.6–2.0 L
B48 Inline-four turbo 2015–present 2.0 L
M78 Straight-six N.A. 1933–1950 1.2-1.9 L
M328 Straight-six N.A. 1936–1940 2.0-2.1 L
M335 Straight-six N.A. 1939–1941 3.5 L
M337 Straight-six N.A. 1952–1958 2.0-2.1 L
M30 Straight-six N.A. 1968–1994 2.5-3.5 L
M20 Straight-six N.A. 1977–1993 2.0-2.7 L
M88/S38 Straight-six N.A. 1978–1989 3.5-3.8 L
M102 Straight-six turbo 1980–1982 3.2 L
M106 Straight-six turbo 1982–1986 3.4 L
M50 Straight-six N.A. 1989–1996 2.0-2.5 L
S50 Straight-six N.A. 1992–1999 3.0-3.2 L
M52 Straight-six N.A. 1994–2000 2.0-2.8 L
S52 Straight-six N.A. 1996–2000 3.2 L
M54 Straight-six N.A. 2000–2006 2.2-3.0 L
S54 Straight-six N.A. 2000–2008 3.2 L
N52 Straight-six N.A. 2005–2015 2.5-3.0 L
N54 Straight-six turbo 2006–2016 3.0 L
N53 Straight-six N.A. 2007–2014 2.5-3.0 L
N55 Straight-six turbo 2009–present 3.0 L
S55 Straight-six turbo 2014–present 3.0 L
B58 Straight-six turbo 2015–present 3.0 L
S58 Straight-six turbo 2019–present 3.0 L
OHV V8 V8 N.A. 1951–1965 2.6-3.2 L
M60 V8 N.A. 1992–1996 3.0-4.0 L
M62 V8 N.A. 1996–2005 3.5-4.8 L
S62 V8 N.A. 1998–2006 4.9 L
N62 V8 N.A. 2001–2010 3.6-4.8 L
S65 V8 N.A. 2007–2013 4.0-4.4 L
N63 V8 turbo 2008–present 4.4 L
S63 V8 turbo 2009–present 4.4 L
S85 V10 N.A 2005–2010 5.0 L
M70 V12 N.A. 1987–1996 5.0 L
S70 V12 N.A. 1992–2000 5.6-6.1 L
M73 V12 N.A. 1993–2002 5.4 L
N73 V12 N.A. 2003–2016 6.0-6.75 L
N74 V12 turbo 2009–present 6.0-6.70 L

Timelines[edit]


Automotive diesel engines[edit]

Automotive diesel engines
Engine code Configuration Years Displacement
B37 Inline-three turbo 2012–present 1.5 L
M41 Inline-four turbo 1994-2000 1.7 L
M47 Inline-four turbo 1998-2006 2.0 L
N47 Inline-four turbo 2006-2014 2.0 L
B47 Inline-four turbo 2013-present 2.0 L
M21 Inline-six turbo* 1983-1993 2.4 L
M51 Inline-six turbo 1991-2000 2.5 L
M57 Inline-six turbo 1998-2011 2.5-3.0 L
N57 Inline-six turbo 2008-2015 3.0 L
B57 Inline-six turbo 2015-present 3.0 L
M67 V8 turbo 1998–2009 3.9-4.4 L

* Also produced in a naturally aspirated configuration.

Timelines[edit]


Aircraft engines[edit]

Straight-six[edit]

  • 1917–1919 – IIIa, 19.1 L straight-six — first BMW corporate product of any kind
  • 1919, 1925–? – IV, 23.5 L straight-six

V12[edit]

  • VI, 38.2 L V12
  • 1926–1937 – VI, 45.8 L V12
  • VIIa supercharged V12
  • 116 (initially XII), 20.7 L V12, never manufactured
  • 116 (initially XV), 36.0 L V12, never manufactured

Radial[edit]

  • X, 2.2 L 5-cylinder
    • Xa, 2.9 L 5-cylinder
  • 1933–? – 132, 27.7 L 9-cylinder, development of Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet built under licence
    • 1935 – 114, prototype development of 132
    • 1935 – BMW-Lanova 114 V-4, supercharged liquid-cooled diesel prototype development of 114
  • 1939–1945 – 801, 41.8 L supercharged 14-cylinder double row
  • 1942 – 802, 53.7 L supercharged 18-cylinder double row, never manufactured
  • 803, 83.5 L supercharged 28-cylinder 4-row liquid-cooled, never manufactured
  • 1936–1944 – Bramo 323, 26.8 L supercharged 9-cylinder, inherited when BMW bought Bramo in 1939

Jet[edit]

  • 1944–1945 – 003 axial flow turbojet
  • 1997–2000 – BMW Rolls-Royce BR700 family of turbofans; Rolls-Royce plc bought out the venture in 2000.

References[edit]