List of hyperboloid structures

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This page is a list of hyperboloid structures. These were first applied in architecture by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (1853–1939). Shukhov built his first example as a water tower (hyperbolic shell) for the 1896 All-Russian Exposition. Subsequently, more have been designed by other architects, including Le Corbusier, Antoni Gaudí, Eduardo Torroja, Oscar Niemeyer and Ieoh Ming Pei.

The shapes are doubly ruled surfaces, which can be classed as:

Notable projects[edit]

Structure Date built Location Country Notes
Shukhov Tower in Polibino 1896 Polibino  Russia
Adziogol Lighthouse 1911 Kherson  Ukraine
Stanislav Range Front Light 1911 Kherson  Ukraine
Church of Colònia Güell 1915 Santa Coloma de Cervelló  Spain Hyperbolic paraboloid vaults
Shukhov Tower 1922 Moscow  Russia Under threat of demolition
Shukhov tower on the Oka River 1929 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia
Dorton Arena 1952 Raleigh, North Carolina  United States designed by Maciej Nowicki
Fedala Reservoir 1957 Mohammedia  Morocco designed by Eduardo Torroja
Ochsenkopf TV Tower 1958 Ochsenkopf  Germany
Warszawa Ochota railway station 1962 Warsaw  Poland Hyperboloid roof
Kobe Port Tower 1963 Kobe  Japan
Saint Louis Science Center 1963 St. Louis, Missouri  United States
Święty Krzyż TV Tower 1966 Łysa Góra  Poland
Ještěd Tower 1968 Liberec  Czech Republic
Wrexham Waterworld 1969 Wrexham  United Kingdom
Cathedral of Brasília 1970 Brasilia  Brazil Designed by Oscar Niemeyer
Water tower in Ciechanów 1972 Ciechanów  Poland Commons image
Gettysburg National Tower 1974 Gettysburg, Pennsylvania  United States Demolished in 2000
Sydney Tower 1981 Sydney  Australia
Scotiabank Saddledome 1983 Calgary  Canada
Air control tower of El Prat International Airport 1992 Barcelona  Spain Designed by Ricardo Bofill[1]
Le Volcan 1995 Le Havre  France [1]
Corporation Street Bridge 1999 Manchester  United Kingdom Designed by Hodder + Partners
Aussichtsturm Schlossberg 2002 Freiburg im Breisgau  Germany
Boruvka Tower 2005 Chrudim  Czech Republic [2][3]
Aspire Tower 2007 Doha  Qatar
Tornado Tower 2008 Doha  Qatar
Canton Tower 2010 Guangzhou  China [4]
Mae West 2011 Munich  Germany
Vortex Tower 2012 London  United Kingdom Designed by Ken Shuttleworth
Tachov Tower 2014 Tachov  Czech Republic [5]
Warsaw Spire 2016 Warsaw  Poland Hyperboloid glass facade
Sagrada Família N/A Barcelona  Spain Hyperbolic vaults and windows
Crystal Island N/A Moscow  Russia Designed by Norman Foster
Sampsel ? Husnes  Norway Sculpture[6]
Tractricious ? Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois  United States Sculpture[7]

Hyperboloid ship masts[edit]



  1. ^ "Air Traffic control tower Barcelona Airport". Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  2. ^ "Rozhledna Borůvka | Sdružení obcí Toulovcovy Maštale". Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  3. ^[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "ArchitectureWeek DesignCommunity • View topic - 610m - Hyperboloid Tower in Guangzhou". Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  5. ^ "Rozhledna Vysoká u Tachova". Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  6. ^ "Panoramio - Photo of Samspel". Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  7. ^ "Image: tractricious_02_08_2007.jpg, (800 × 1200 px)". 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2015-09-05.