Barcelona–El Prat Josep Tarradellas Airport

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Barcelona–El Prat
Josep Tarradellas Airport

Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas
Barcelona–El Prat
[1]
Aeroport Josep Tarradellas
Barcelona–El Prat
Aena Barcelona logo.svg
BCN AIRPORT FROM FLIGHT BCN-ORY A320 EC-MLE (43952944862).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesBarcelona, Spain
LocationEl Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833Coordinates: 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833
Websiteaena.es
Map
BCN is located in Spain
BCN
BCN
Location within Spain
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,743 12,281 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2,660 8,727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2,528 8,293 Asphalt concrete
Statistics
Passengers52,686,314
Passenger change 18–19Increase 5.0%
Aircraft movements344,558
Movements change 18–19Increase 2.7%
Cargo (t)177,271,406
Cargo change 18–19Increase 2.5%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[2]
Spanish AIP, AENA,[3][4]

Barcelona–El Prat Josep Tarradellas Airport[1][5] (IATA: BCN, ICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat), previously named Barcelona-El Prat and also known as El Prat Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[6] of the centre of Barcelona, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi, in Catalonia, Spain, Europe. It has been named after a former President of the Generalitat of Catalonia, Josep Tarradellas, since 27 February 2019.[1]

It is the second largest and busiest airport in Spain, and the sixth busiest in Europe. In 2019, Barcelona Airport handled a record 52,686,314 million passengers, up 5.0% from 2018. It is a hub for Level and Vueling, and a focus city for Air Europa, Iberia, EasyJet, Norwegian and Ryanair.

The Barcelona–Madrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[7] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.[8]

History[edit]

Airport Layout

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[9]

In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[10]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747.[citation needed] On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid–Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.[citation needed]

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[10] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.[citation needed]

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006.[citation needed]

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 m2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

On 1 February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, also operated by the A380-800.

International Airlines Group (IAG) announced in December 2016 flights from Barcelona to the US, Latin America and Asia for the summer of 2017. IAG, formed by British Airways, Iberia, Vueling and Aer Lingus, created Level, the second airline, after Norwegian, launching low-cost long haul flights from the Catalan city.[11] They announced flights from June 2017 to Los Angeles, Oakland, Punta Cana and Buenos Aires.[relevant? ]

Operations[edit]

Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[12] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.[by whom?]

Terminals[edit]

The new control tower is a hyperboloid structure.
Terminal 1
Terminal 2

Terminal 1[edit]

A new Terminal 1, designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking spaces and 45 new gates expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable of handling large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.

The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
  • 15 baggage carousels (one new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 12,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually —as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction— and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the future[when?] will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal had a budget of €1 billion.

It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal —T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan— considering that the airport is on the verge of overcrowding because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city.[10] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

This terminal is mostly occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some full-service airlines which also use this terminal.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled flights to and from Barcelona:[13]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Thessaloniki (begins 1 April 2020)[14]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork, Shannon (begins 2 May 2020)[15]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aeroméxico Mexico City[16]
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Fez, Nador, Tangier
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Rouge Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong[17]
Aircompany Armenia Seasonal: Yerevan
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv[18]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle[19]
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Senegal Dakar–Diass[20]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau
Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare,[21] Philadelphia
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen (begins 29 March 2020)[22]
Arkia Tel Aviv
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon[23]
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Austrian Airlines Vienna[24]
Avianca Bogotá
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Azur Air[25] Charter: Moscow–Vnukovo[26]
Seasonal charter: Kazan, Krasnodar, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
Bluebird Airways Tel Aviv[27]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong[28]
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Geneva, Glasgow (begins 29 March 2020),[29] Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon, Manchester,[30] Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Belfast–International
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International, Mexico City
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[31]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Georgian Airways Seasonal: Tbilisi[32]
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius[33]
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional Badajoz, Burgos, León, Valencia
Seasonal: Funchal (begins 21 July 2020)[34]
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík (resumes 23 May 2020)[35]
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv[36]
Jet2.com Birmingham (begins 3 April 2020),[37] Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Perú Lima
Lauda Vienna
Level Amsterdam,[38] Boston, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, New York–JFK, San Francisco, Santiago de Chile, Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[39]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, New York–JFK,[40] Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavík–Keflavík, San Francisco, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Bergen, Chicago–O'Hare, Fort Lauderdale,[41] Stavanger
Pakistan International Airlines[42] Islamabad, Sialkot
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Flight Seasonal charter: Ufa
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Athens,[43] Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, Edinburgh, Fez, Frankfurt,[44] Fuerteventura, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kiev–Boryspil, Krakow, Liverpool, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Nador, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Podgorica, Porto, Prague, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tenerife–North, Turin, Valladolid, Venice, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin
Seasonal: Cardiff, East Midlands, Glasgow–Prestwick, Menorca
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg[45]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SkyUp Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal: Kharkiv, Lviv (begins 29 May 2020),[46] Odessa, Zaporizhia
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Sun D'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam
Transavia France Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Casablanca (begins 10 April 2020)[47]
TUI fly Deutschland Cologne/Bonn,[48] Frankfurt[48]
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul,[49] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen (ends 28 March 2020)[22]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal: Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Volotea Nantes (begins 10 April 2020), Strasbourg (begins 10 April 2020)[50]
Vueling Aalborg, A Coruña, Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beirut, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brussels, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Dakar–Diass, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Florence, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gothenburg, Granada, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hannover, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, La Palma, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Menorca, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Murcia (begins 30 March 2020),[51] Nantes, Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Olbia, Oran, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rennes, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Alghero, Belgrade, Bergamo, Brest, Bucharest, Corfu, Faro, Fez, Genoa, Heraklion, Kiev–Zhuliany, Lille, Moscow–Domodedovo, Mykonos, Nador, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Santorini, Split, Tunis, Zagreb
WestJet Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil[52]
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Debrecen, Iași (begins 1 August 2020),[53] Katowice, Kraków (begins 1 July 2020),[54] Kutaisi,[55] Skopje,[56] Sofia, Timişoara, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Gdańsk, Riga

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Cargolux Hong Kong, Baku, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al-Maktoum
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
MNG Airlines Charter: Istanbul–Atatürk
Swiftair Madrid, Palma de Mallorca
ULS Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Valencia

Statistics[edit]

Main Airlines[edit]

Main airlines in 2019[57]
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Vueling 20,381,235
2 Ryanair 7,828,218
3 Iberia 1,761,680
4 EasyJet Europe 1,724,336
5 EasyJet UK 1,607,272
6 Lufthansa 1,492,483
7 Air Europa 1,095,636
8 Norwegian Air International 1,058,699
9 Wizz Air 1,041,784
10 British Airways 784,889
11 Air France 748,886
12 Eurowings 719,031
13 TAP Air Portugal 692,205
14 Norwegian Air Shuttle 685,020
15 KLM 573,103


Main Routes[edit]

Busiest Routes to and from Barcelona - El Prat Airport (2019)
Rank Country Airport Passengers Airlines
1  Spain Madrid-Barajas 2,569,295 Air Europa, Vueling, Iberia
2  Spain Palma de Mallorca Airport 2,172,796 Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling
3  United Kingdom London-Gatwick 1,587,255 EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, Vueling
4  Italy Rome Fiumicino 1,402,095 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
5  Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 1,384,598 KLM, LEVEL, Transavia, Vueling
6  France Paris Charles De Gaulle 1,372,239 Air France, EasyJet, Vueling
7  Spain Ibiza Airport 1,206,563 Ryanair, Vueling
8  France Paris-Orly 1,148,503 Transavia France, Vueling
9  Spain Seville Airport 1,041,850 Ryanair, Vueling
10  Germany Frankfurt Airport 1,036,557 Lufthansa, Ryanair
11  Portugal Lisbon Airport 1,007,238 TAP Air Portugal, Vueling
12  Belgium Brussels Airport 951,031 Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
13  Italy Milan Malpensa Airport 890,908 EasyJet, Vueling
14  Germany Munich Airport 881,728 Lufthansa, Vueling
15  Spain Málaga Airport 846,105 Ryanair, Vueling
16  Spain Menorca Airport 838,177 Vueling
17  United Kingdom London Heathrow 785,338 British Airways
18  Portugal Porto Airport 692,050 Ryanair, Vueling
19   Switzerland Zurich Airport 659,733 Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
20   Switzerland Geneva Cointrin Airport 643,204 EasyJet Switzerland, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
21  Austria Vienna International Airport 640,779 Austrian Airlines, LaudaMotion, LEVEL, Vueling
22  Spain Bilbao Airport 619,794 Vueling
23  Ireland Dublin Airport 601,195 Aer Lingus, Ryanair, Vueling
24  Spain Tenerife North Airport 567,111 Ryanair, Vueling
25  United Arab Emirates Dubai International Airport 526,466 Emirates
26  United Kingdom London Stansted Airport 519,372 Ryanair
27  Italy Venice Marco Polo Airport 513,839 Ryanair, Vueling
28  Spain Gran Canaria Airport 510,538 Ryanair, Vueling
29  United Kingdom Manchester Airport 500,953 EasyJet, Jet2.com, Ryanair, Vueling
30  Spain Granada Airport 491,388 Vueling
31  Germany Berlin Schönefeld Airport 485,024 EasyJet, Ryanair
32  United Kingdom London Luton 469,116 EasyJet, Ryanair
33  Qatar Doha International Airport 449,681 Qatar Airways
34  Spain Alicante–Elche Airport 449,380 Vueling
35  Denmark Copenhagen Airport 444,364 Norwegian Air International, Scandinavian Airlines, Vueling
36  Russia Moscow-Sheremetyevo 439,486 Aeroflot
37  Czech Republic Václav Havel Airport Prague 437,647 Czech Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
38  Spain Santiago de Compostela Airport 421,762 Ryanair, Vueling
39  United States New York - JFK 412,380 American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Norwegian Long Haul, LEVEL
40  Italy Orio al Serio International Airport 409,297 Ryanair
41  Italy Naples International Airport 408,092 EasyJet, Ryanair, Vueling
42  Israel Tel Aviv Airport 390,646 Arkia Israel Airlines, Bluebird Airways, El Al, Israir Airlines, Norwegian Air International, Vueling
43  Italy Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport 389,768 Ryanair, Vueling
44  Hungary Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport 379,201 Ryanair, Vueling, Wizz Air
45   Switzerland EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg 357,624 EasyJet
46  Greece Athens International Airport 356,491 Aegean Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
47  Germany Düsseldorf Airport 335,333 Eurowings, Vueling
48  Romania Bucharest Airport 333,886 Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
49  Finland Helsinki Airport 331,833 Finnair, Norwegian Air International
50  United States New York Newark Airport 330,896 United Airlines
51  Spain A Coruña Airport 326,060 Vueling
52  Turkey Istanbul Airport 322,043 Turkish Airlines
53  France Nice Côte d'Azur Airport 307,870 EasyJet, Vueling
54  France Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport 301,887 EasyJet, Vueling
55  Sweden Stockholm Arlanda Airport 296,213 Norwegian Air International, Scandinavian Airlines, Vueling
56  Ukraine Boryspil International Airport 294,380 Ryanair, SkyUp, Ukraine International Airlines
57  Spain Asturias Airport 290,972 Vueling
58  Germany Hamburg Airport 283,314 Eurowings, Ryanair, Vueling
59  Germany Stuttgart Airport 276,974 Eurowings, Vueling
60  Germany Cologne Bonn Airport 273,951 Eurowings, Ryanair
61  Norway Oslo Airport, Gardermoen 257,529 Norwegian Air International, Scandinavian Airlines, Vueling
62  United Kingdom Birmingham Airport 242,114 Ryanair, Vueling
63  Russia Moscow Domodedovo Airport 233,432 Red Wings Airlines, S7 Airlines, Ural Airlines
64  United Kingdom Liverpool John Lennon Airport 230,602 EasyJet, Ryanair
65  France Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport 218,860 EasyJet, Vueling
66  South Korea Seoul Incheon Airport 206,179 Asiana Airlines, Korean Air
67  Italy Turin Caselle Airport 205,696 Ryanair, Vueling
68  Poland Warsaw Chopin Airport 205,190 LOT Polish Airlines, Wizz Air
69  United Kingdom Bristol Airport 204,886 EasyJet
70  Turkey Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen International Airport 202,696 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
71  Argentina Ministro Pistarini International Airport 200,815 LEVEL
72  Morocco Marrakesh Menara Airport 192,821 Ryanair, Vueling
73  Algeria Houari Boumediene Airport 192,623 Air Algérie, Vueling
74  Morocco Tangier Ibn Battouta Airport 192,269 Air Arabia Maroc, Vueling
75  Canada Toronto Pearson International Airport 191,256 Air Canada Rouge, Air Transat, WestJet
76  Italy Florence-Peretola Airport 187,345 Vueling
77  Morocco Casablanca Airport 186,461 Air Arabia Maroc, Royal Air Maroc
78  France Beauvais–Tillé Airport 183,978 Ryanair
79  Colombia Bogota Airport 180,859 Avianca
80  United States Miami International Airport 180,089 American Airlines
81  Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport 177,278 LATAM Brasil
82  Bulgaria Sofia Airport 175,160 Ryanair, Wizz Air
83  United Kingdom Edinburgh Airport 171,569 Ryanair
84  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi International Airport 162,832 Etihad Airways
85  France Nantes Atlantique Airport 156,231 Vueling
86  Germany Berlin Tegel Airport 153,745 Vueling
87  Canada Montréal–Trudeau International Airport 147,765 Air Canada Rouge, Air Transat
88  Netherlands Eindhoven Airport 144,289 Transavia
89  United States Los Angeles International Airport 142,082 Norwegian Long Haul
90  Malta Malta International Airport 138,981 Ryanair, Vueling
91  United States O'Hare International Airport 123,873 American Airlines, Norwegian Long Haul
92  Sweden Göteborg Landvetter Airport 123,746 Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
93  Belgium Brussels South Charleroi Airport 122,333 Ryanair
94  Russia Pulkovo Airport 121,197 Aeroflot
95  Luxembourg Luxembourg Airport 114,748 Luxair, Ryanair
96  France Marseille Provence Airport 113,829 Vueling
97  Hong Kong Hong Kong International Airport 110,018 Cathay Pacific
98  Latvia Riga International Airport 103,302 AirBaltic, Ryanair, Wizz Air
99  Morocco Nador International Airport 101,725 Air Arabia Maroc, Ryanair
100  Romania Cluj International Airport 99,690 Wizz Air
Barcelona Airport Passenger volume progression (1963-2017)
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers %
1963 1,000,000
1977 5,000,000
1990 9,205,000
1991 9,145,000 -0.7
1992 10,196,000 +11.5
1993 9,999,000 -2.0
1994 10,647,285 +6.5
1995 11,727,814 +10.1
1996 13,434,679 +14.6
1997 15,065,724 +12.1
1998 16,194,805 +7.3
1999 17,421,938 +7.6
2000 19,809,567 +13.8
2001 20,745,536 +4.7
2002 21,348,211 +2.9
2003 22,752,667 +6.6
2004 24,558,138 +7.9
2005 27,152,745 +10.6
2006 30,008,152 +10.5
2007 32,898,249 +9.6
2008 30,208,134 -8.2
2009 27,311,765 -9.4
2010 29,209,595 +6.5
2011 34,398,226 +17.8
2012 35,144,503 +2.2
2013 35,216,828 +0.2
2014 37,559,044 +6.7
2015 39,711,276 +5.7
2016 44,154,693 +11.2
2017 47,284,500 +7.1
2018 50,172,457 +6.1
2019 52,686,314 +5.0

Source: Airport of Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233,609 -
2000 255,913 +9.5
2001 273,119 +6.3
2002 271,023 -0.8
2003 282,021 +4.1
2004 291,369 +3.3
2005 307,798 +5.6
2006 327,636 +6.4
2007 352,501 +7.6
2008 321,491 -8.8
2009 278,965 -13.3
2010 277,832 -0.4
2011 303,054 +9.1
2012 290,004 -4.3
2013 276,497 -4,7
2014 283,850 +2,7
2015 288,878 +1,8
2016 307,864 +6,6
2017 323,539 +5,1
2018 335,651 +3.7
2019 344,558 +2.7
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88,217 -
2000 88,269 +2.4
2001 81,882 -7.8
2002 75,905 -7.3
2003 70,118 -7.6
2004 84,985 +21.2
2005 90,446 +6.4
2006 93,404 +3.3
2007 96,770 +3.6
2008 104,329 +7.7
2009 89,813 -13.6
2010 104,279 +16.1
2011 96,572 -7.4
2012 96,522 -0.1
2013 100,288 +3.9
2014 102,692 +2.4
2015 117,219 +14.1
2016 132,754 +13.3
2017 156,105 +14.9
2018 172,939 +10.8
2019 177,271 +2.5

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Train

Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by the end of 2020.

Metro

Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since 12 February 2016[58][59] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.

Road[edit]

The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.

Bus[edit]

The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Paral·lel Avenue. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona–Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "BOE.es - Documento BOE-A-2019-2943". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 April 2019. Modificar la denominación oficial del aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat, que en adelante pasa a denominarse «Aeropuerto Josep Tarradellas Barcelona-El Prat».
  2. ^ "Tráfico de pasajeros, operaciones y carga en los aeropuertos españoles" (PDF) (in Spanish). AENA. 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Spanish AIP (AENA)". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Presentación - Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat - Aena.es". aena.es.
  5. ^ "Barcelona-El Prat Josep Tarradellas Airport - Official website - Aena.es". www.aena.es. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  6. ^ EUROCONTROL basic. Eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Air passenger transport in Europe in 2007". eurostat.eu. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Why the train in Spain is more popular than the plane". elpais.com. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  9. ^ aomd88. "Airline memorabilia: Alas de la República: CLASSA, LAPE (1934)". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "History – Barcelona–El Prat Airport". aena. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  11. ^ "IAG operará vuelos 'low cost' de largo radio desde El Prat a partir de junio".
  12. ^ Barcelona / Plan Barcelona Archived 5 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Aena.es. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  13. ^ aena.es - Destinos retrieved 16 February 2017
  14. ^ Liu, Jim. "Aegean Airlines schedules new European routes in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  15. ^ "Shannon lands two more new routes for 2020". Shannon Airport. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  16. ^ "AeroMexico 1Q20 Barcelona seasonal service suspension". Routesonline.
  17. ^ "Air China schedules Shanghai – Barcelona May 2017 launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  18. ^ http://www.iaa.gov.il/en-US/airports/bengurion/Pages/OnlineFlights.aspx?mode=out
  19. ^ "Air France to conclude JOON brand in late-June 2019". Routesonline.
  20. ^ "Air Senegal schedules Barcelona / Marseille launch in Dec 2019". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  21. ^ "American adds new International routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  22. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Turkish Airlines confirms AnadoluJet network transition from late-March 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  23. ^ Asiana Airlines S18 Long-Haul changes as of 17NOV17 Routesonline. 20 November 2017.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings transfers selected Vienna service to Austrian from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  25. ^ "TUI Flight Program". agent.tui.ru.
  26. ^ Liu, Jim (13 June 2019). "AZUR Air schedules limited-time Boeing 777 Barcelona service in late-June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  27. ^ "Blue Bird Airways adds Tel Aviv – Barcelona service from Oct 2019". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  28. ^ Newseditor. "Cathay Pacific increases services to Barcelona, Tel Aviv and Fukuoka". finchannel.com.
  29. ^ https://www.easyjet.com/en/book/our-new-routes
  30. ^ "New routes from the UK". www.easyjet.com.
  31. ^ "Etihad W18 operation changes as of 15OCT18". Routesonline.
  32. ^ "Official web site of Georgian Airways". georgian-airways.com.
  33. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  34. ^ Liu, Jim. "Iberia adds Barcelona – Funchal seasonal service in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  35. ^ Liu, Jim. "Icelandair S20 service changes as of 16DEC19". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  36. ^ Liu, Jim (7 November 2019). "Israir adds Tenerife scheduled charters in W19". routesonline.com.
  37. ^ Liu, Jim. "Jet2.com S20 new routes as of 18OCT19". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  38. ^ Steuer, René (14 March 2019). "Amsterdam: Anisec startet Level-Basis am 6. April 2019" [Amsterdam: Anisec launches LEVEL base on April 6, 2019]. Austrian Aviation Net (in German). CUBO MEDIA. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  39. ^ "Mahan Air plans Barcelona June 2017 launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  40. ^ Liu, Jim (4 October 2019). "Norwegian Barcelona / Rome – New York service changes from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Informa Markets. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  41. ^ Liu, Jim (2 October 2018). "Norwegian converts Spain – Ft. Lauderdale service to seasonal in 2018/19". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd.
  42. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pakistan International Dec 2019 Europe routing changes". Routesonline. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  43. ^ "Ryanair Anuncia Un Calendario De Invierno 2019 Récord Para Barcelona | Ryanair's Corporate Website".
  44. ^ "RyanAir introduces Winter plane 2017/2018 from Frankfurt Am Main Vor". RyanAir. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  45. ^ Liu, Jim (29 November 2018). "S7 Airlines adds St. Petersburg – Barcelona route in April 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  46. ^ Liu, Jim (21 January 2020). "SkyUp Airlines S20 network expansion". routesonline.com.
  47. ^ Liu, Jim (3 December 2019). "TUIfly Maroc adds Casablanca – Barcelona link in April 2020". routesonline.com.
  48. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "TUIfly S19 network additions as of 25MAR19". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  49. ^ "Istanbul's New Airport Is A Hot Beautiful Mess". One Mile at a Time. 9 April 2019.
  50. ^ Prat, Aeropuerto Barcelona-El (9 October 2019). "Volotea, lanzará una nueva ruta entre Estrasburgo y Barcelona a partir del 10 de abril con 2 frecuencias semanales (lunes y viernes) operadas con Airbus A319 de 150 plazas. Será la primera ruta de la compañía a Barcelona.pic.twitter.com/eRz4BIZawb".
  51. ^ Liu, Jim. "Vueling adds Barcelona – Corvera route in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  52. ^ "Welcome to Barcelona!". windrose.aero. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  53. ^ "Six new routes launched from Iasi". Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  54. ^ "MASSIVE GROWTH IN THE BIGGEST MARKET OF WIZZ AIR, WIZZ AIR EXPANDS IN KRAKOW, GDANSK AND WARSAW, 4 BASED AIRCRAFT, 13 NEW ROUTES". wizzair.com.
  55. ^ "Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Prague: Wizz Air launches new direct flights from Kutaisi". agenda.ge. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  56. ^ "Welcome to the world of opportunity! - Wizz Air". wizzair.com.
  57. ^ "Aena statistics".
  58. ^ "Cuenta atrás para la inauguración del metro al aeropuerto de El Prat" [Countdown to the opening the metro to the airport of El Prat]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  59. ^ "El metro hacia El Prat comenzará a funcionar el día 12 de febrero" [The metro to el Prat gonna starts on 12 February]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Barcelona Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Barcelona El Prat Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage