List of prime ministers of Pakistan
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politics and government of
The prime minister of Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: وزير اعظم, romanized: Wazīr ē Aʿẓam, lit. 'Grand Vizier', Urdu pronunciation: [ʋəˈziːɾˌeː ˈɑː.zəm]), is the popularly elected politician who is the chief executive of the Government of Pakistan. The prime minister is vested with the responsibility of running the administration through his appointed federal cabinet, formulating national policies to ensure the safeguard of the interests of the nation and its people through the Council of Common Interests as well as making the decision to call nationwide general elections for the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan.
Since 1947, Pakistan has had eighteen prime ministers, aside from the appointed caretaker prime ministers who were only mandated to oversee the system until the election process was finished. In Pakistan's parliamentary system, the prime minister is sworn-in by the President and usually is the Chairman or/ the President of the party or coalition that has a majority in the National Assembly– the lower house of Pakistan Parliament.
After the Partition of British India on the midnight of 14/15 August 1947, Pakistan followed the British system by creating the post of prime minister based at the Prime Minister's Secretariat. The then Governor-General of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, took advice from the Founding Fathers of the nation and appointed Liaquat Ali Khan to establish and lead his administration on 15 August 1947. Before the presidential system in 1960, seven prime ministers had served between 1947 until martial law in 1958. In 1971, the office was again revived but ceased to exist shortly. Executive powers and authority was given to the prime minister when the full set of the Constitution of Pakistan was promulgated in 1973 but the post was ceased from its effective operations after another martial law in 1977. After the general elections held in 1985, the office came to its existence. Between 1988–99, the office was held by Benazir Bhutto of the PPP and Nawaz Sharif of PML(N), each holding the office for two non-consecutive terms between 1988 and 1999: Bhutto during 1988–90 and 1993–96; and Sharif during 1990–93 and 1997–99.
After the general elections held in 2002, Zafarullah Khan Jamali was invited to form his administration as its prime minister. After the Supreme Court of Pakistan's ruling to disqualify Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani in 2012, the business of his administration was looked after by Raja Pervez Ashraf until the caretaker administration was setup under Mir Hazar Khan Khoso.
The premiership of I. I. Chundrigar was the shortest in Pakistan's history, serving only 55 days of his term. At approximately five years and four months in total, Sharif is the longest-serving prime minister. Sharif was re-elected for a third non-consecutive term on 5 June 2013, which is a record in the history of Pakistan. The national politics in Pakistan was mostly dominated by the army department of the Pakistan Armed Forces throughout its history, but it is now dominated by the political parties.
|Muslim League / Pakistan Muslim League|
|National Peoples Party|
|Muslim League (N)|
|Muslim League (Q)|
|Term Number||Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Tenure||Elections||Political party
|1||Liaquat Ali Khan||14 August 1947||16 October 1951
|—||Muslim League||Following advice given by the founding father of the nation, Governor-General Muhammad Ali Jinnah appointed and invited the Finance Minister Liaquat Ali Khan to set up and run his administration in 1947. He was assassinated in 1951, and Khawaja Nazimuddin took the office.|
|2||Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin||17 October 1951||17 April 1953||1 Year,
|—||Muslim League||Nazimuddin became Prime Minister of Pakistan after the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951. He left the office when Governor-General Malik Ghulam Muhammad dissolved his government in 1953.|
|3||Mohammad Ali Bogra||17 April 1953||12 August 1955||2 Years,
|—||Muslim League||A diplomat and relatively unknown personality to Pakistani politics, Bogra established the Ministry of Talents but his administration was dismissed in 1955 by the Governor-General after the legislative elections in 1954.|
|4||Chaudhry Mohammad Ali||12 August 1955||12 September 1956||1 Year,
|—||Muslim League||A first appointment from the coalition of Muslim League, Awami League and the Republican Party, he was removed by his own party following the successful vote of no-confidence movement.|
|5||Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy||12 September 1956||17 October 1957||1 Year,
|—||Awami League||Popular for his wit in law, Suhrwardy resigned due to the loss of control over his party and support from the coalition partners in his administration.|
|6||Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar||17 October 1957||16 December 1957||1 Month,
|—||Muslim League||Shortest tenured Prime Minister, Chundrigar established his administration but removed in mere 55 days into his term amid a vote of no-confidence movement led by majority votes of the Republican Party and Awami League.|
|7||Sir Feroze Khan Noon||16 December 1957||7 October 1958||9 Months,
|—||Republican Party||A lawyer, Sir Feroze Khan's administration collapsed after his party's own President Iskander Mirza enforced martial law in 1958 in a view of extending his term of office|
|7 October 1958 – 7 December 1971|
|8||Nurul Amin||7 December 1971||20 December 1971||13 Days,||1970||Pakistan Muslim League||After the general elections in 1971, Amin was invited to be appointed as Prime Minister under Yahya administration; yet he was also the first and the only Vice President of Pakistan from 1970 to 1972, leading Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.|
|20 December 1971 – 14 August 1973|
|9||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto||14 August 1973||5 July 1977||3 Years,
|1977||Pakistan Peoples Party||Bhutto resigned as president to become the empowered Prime Minister after the Constitution was repromulgated, which established a parliamentary system of government. He was deposed in the martial law in 1977 by his appointed army chief, General Zia, in July 1977.|
|5 July 1977 – 24 March 1985|
|10||Muhammad Khan Junejo||24 March 1985||29 May 1988||3 Years,
|1985||Pakistan Muslim League
|Junejo was elected as the tenth Prime Minister of Pakistan in non-party based elections in 1985, therefore he was elected on an Independent ticket but he served the Pakistan Muslim League while before entering in office and during office. He was dismissed by the president after Eighth Amendment to the Constitution.|
|29 May 1988 – 2 December 1988|
|11||Benazir Bhutto||2 December 1988||6 August 1990||1 Year,
|1988||Pakistan Peoples Party||Bhutto became the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party, in 1982. Six years later, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state.|
|12||Nawaz Sharif||6 November 1990||18 July 1993||2 Years,
|1990||Pakistan Muslim League (N)||Sharif was elected as the 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1 November 1990. President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved his government in April 1993, which was later on reinstated by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Sharif survived a serious constitutional crisis when President Khan attempted to dismiss him under article 58-2b, in April 1993, but he successfully challenged the decision in the Supreme Court. Sharif resigned from the post negotiating a settlement that resulted in the removal of President as well, in July 1993.|
|13||Benazir Bhutto||19 October 1993||5 November 1996||3 Years,
|1993||Pakistan Peoples Party||Bhutto was re-elected for a second term, in 1993. She survived an attempted coup d'état in 1995. Bhutto's government was dismissed by president Farooq Leghari in November 1996.|
|14||Nawaz Sharif||17 February 1997||12 October 1999||2 Years,
|1997||Pakistan Muslim League (N)||Sharif was re-elected as Prime Minister with an exclusive mandate from all over Pakistan for a non-consecutive second term, in February 1997. His government was deposed by General Pervez Musharraf in October 1999, and Martial law was imposed in the entire country.|
|12 October 1999 – 23 November 2002|
|15||Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali||23 November 2002||26 June 2004||1 Year,
|2002||Pakistan Muslim League (Q)||Jamali was elected as the Prime Minister of Pakistan in November 2002. He continued the foreign and economic policies of Pervez Musharraf but could not complete his term and resigned from the post in June 2004.|
|26 June 2004 – 30 June 2004|
|16||Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain||30 June 2004||26 August 2004||1 Month,
|—||Pakistan Muslim League (Q)||Parliament elected Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain as the Prime Minister and to serve a 50-day period before the Shaukat Aziz, permanently replaces him.|
|26 August 2004 – 28 August 2004|
|17||Shaukat Aziz||28 August 2004||15 November 2007||3 Years,
|—||Pakistan Muslim League (Q)||Aziz took the office of Prime Minister of Pakistan in August 2004. He left the office at the end of the parliamentary term, in November 2007, and became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan who left the seat after completion of parliamentary term.|
|18||Yousaf Raza Gillani||25 March 2008||19 June 2012||4 Years,
|2008||Pakistan Peoples Party||Gillani was elected as prime minister in March 2008. He was disqualified from his seat in the parliament in April 2012 by the Supreme Court for contempt of court.|
|19||Raja Pervaiz Ashraf||22 June 2012||24 March 2013||9 Months,
|—||Pakistan Peoples Party||Ashraf assumed the post of Prime Minister in June 2012, after Yousaf Raza Gillani was disqualified over contempt of court charges.|
|20||Nawaz Sharif||5 June 2013||28 July 2017||4 Years,
|2013||Pakistan Muslim League (N)||On 5 June 2013, Sharif took office for a third non-consecutive term after winning 192/342 seats with clear majority. He was disqualified on 28 July 2017 by the Supreme Court of Pakistan as a result of the Panama Papers case.|
|29 July 2017 – 1 August 2017|
|21||Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
||1 August 2017||31 May 2018||10 months||—||Pakistan Muslim League (N)||Parliament elected Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as the Prime Minister after the impeachment of Nawaz Sharif. His term expired on 31 May 2018 alongside the dissolution of the National Assembly to facilitate a caretaker government in place until the 25 July general election.|
|22[n 1]||Imran Khan
||18 August 2018||Incumbent||2 years, 237 days||2018||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf||General elections were held on 25 July 2018, which resulted in the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf winning 156/342 seats. making a coalition Government of 177 members including PTI, MQM, BAP and others. On 18 August 2018, Imran Khan was elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan.|
- Ignoring the 7 caretaker Prime Ministers, Imran Khan is the 19th person to be Prime Minister of Pakistan. However Benazir Bhutto's two non-consecutive terms (1988 - 1990 and 1993 - 1996) and Nawaz Sharif's three non-consecutive terms (1990 - 1993, 1997 - 1999 and 2013 - 2017) are usually counted separately. As a result some sources count Khan as 19th Prime Minister, but most count him as 22nd. This counting system does not treat Nawaz Sharif's two periods in office in 1993 (separated by Balakh Sher Mazari's brief stint as caretaker) as separate terms.
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