List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pakistan

The Prime Minister of Pakistan (Urdu: وزِیرِ اعظم‎ — Wazīr-ē Aʿẓam, Urdu pronunciation: [ʋəˈziːr-ˌeː ˈɑː.zəm]; Turkish lit. "Grand Vizier"), is the popularly elected politician who is the chief executive of the Government of Pakistan.[1] The Prime Minister is vested with responsibility of running the administration through his appointed federal cabinet, formulating national policies to ensure the safeguard of the interests of the nation and its people through the Council of Common Interests as well as making the decision to call to hold the nationwide general elections for the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan.[2][3][4]

Since 1947, Pakistan has had nineteen elected prime ministers, aside from the appointed caretaker prime ministers who were only mandate to oversee the system until the process of elections is due finished. In Pakistan's parliamentary system, the Prime Minister is sworn-in by the President and usually is the Chairman or/ the President of its party or coalition that has the majority in the National Assembly– the lower house of Pakistan Parliament.

After the India's partition on the midnight of 14/15 August of 1947, Pakistan followed the British system by having it created the post of the Prime Minister based at the Prime Minister's Secretariat.[3][4] The Governor-General Muhammad Ali Jinnah, undertaking the advisement from the Founding Fathers of the nation, appointed Liaquat Ali Khan to establish and lead his administration on 15 August 1947.[5] Before the presidential system in 1960, six prime ministers had served between 1947 until martial law in 1958. In 1971, the office was again revived but ceased to exist shortly.[6][7] Executive powers and authority was given to the Prime Minister when the full set of the Constitution of Pakistan was promulgated in 1973 but the post was ceased from its effective operations after another martial law in 1977.[8][9] After the general elections held in 1985, the office came to its existence.[6] Between 1988–99, the office was held by Benazir Bhutto of the PPP and Nawaz Sharif of PML(N), each holding the office for two non-consecutive terms between 1988 and 1999: Bhutto during 1988–90 and 1993–96;[10] and Sharif during 1990–93 and 1997–99.[11][12]

The premiership of I. I. Chundrigar was the shortest in Pakistan's history, serving only 55 days of his term. At approximately five years and four months in total, Sharif is the longest-serving Prime Minister.[3][13] Sharif was re-elected for a third non-consecutive term on 5 June 2013, which is a record in the history of Pakistan.[14][15] The national politics in Pakistan was mostly dominated by the army department of the Pakistan Armed Forces throughout its history, but it is now dominated by the political parties.[16]

After the general elections held in 2002, Zafarullah Khan Jamali was invited to form his administration as its Prime Minister.[16] After the Supreme Court of Pakistan's rulings to disqualified the Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani in 2012, the business of his administration was looked after by Pervez Ashraf until the caretaker administration was setup under Mir Hazar Khoso.[17][18][3][4]

Key[edit]

Key for Prime Ministers' list
Symbol/Colours Meaning
A Caretaker Prime Minister
Muslim League/Pakistan Muslim League
Awami League
Republican Party
Pakistan Peoples Party
National Peoples Party
Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
Independent
Position abolished/vacant

Prime Ministers[edit]

List of Prime Ministers of Pakistan
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–death)
Took office Left office Tenure Elections Political party
(Alliance)
Note(s)
1 A black-and-white head and shoulder shot of a man with spectacles, wearing coat and a tie. Liaquat Ali Khan[19][20]
(1895–1951)
14 August 1947 16 October 1951
(assassinated)
4 Years,
2 Months,
2 Days,
Muslim League Under advised by the Founding Fathers of the nation, Governor-General Muhammad Ali Jinnah appointed and invited the Finance Minister Liaquat Ali Khan to set and run his administration in 1947. He was assassinated in 1951, and Khawaja Nazimuddin took the office.[5][21]
16 October 1951 – 17 October 1951
2 A black-and-white head and shoulder shot of a man wearing coat and Jinnah cap. Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin[3]
(1894–1964)
17 October 1951 17 April 1953 1 Year,
6 Months,
Muslim League Nazimuddin became Prime Minister of Pakistan after the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951.[21] He left the office when governor general Malik Ghulam Muhammad dissolved his government in 1953.[3]
3 A black-and-white head and shoulder shot of a man wearing white shirt and a black tie. Mohammad Ali Bogra[6]
(1909–1963)
17 April 1953 12 August 1955 2 Years,
3 Months,
26 Days,
Muslim League A diplomat and relatively unknown personality to Pakistani politics, Bogra established the Ministry of Talents but his administration was dismissed in 1955 by the Governor-General after the legislative elections in 1954.[3]
4 No image.svg Muhammad Ali[6]
(1905–1980)
12 August 1955 12 September 1956 1 Year,
1 Month,
Muslim League A first appointment from the coalition of Muslim League, Awami League and the Republican Party, he was removed by his own party following the successful vote of no-confidence movement.[3]
5 H. S. Suhrawardy.gif Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy[3]
(1892–1963)
12 September 1956 17 October 1957 1 Year,
1 Month,
5 Days,
Awami League Popular for his wit in law, Suhrwardy resigned due to the loss of control over his party and support from the coalition partners in his administration.[3]
6 No image.svg Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar[3][6]
(1898–1968)
17 October 1957 16 December 1957 1 Month,
29 Days,
Muslim League Shortest tenured Prime Minister, Chundrigar established his administration but removed in mere 55 days into his term amid a vote of no-confidence movement led by majority votes of the Republican Party and Awami League.[3]
7 Malik Feroz Khan Noon.jpg Sir Feroze Khan Noon[3]
(1893–1970)
16 December 1957 7 October 1958 9 Months,
21 Days,
Republican Party A lawyer, Sir Feroze Khan's administration collapsed after his party's own President Iskander Mirza enforced martial law in 1958 in a view of extending his term of office[22][23]
7 October 1958 – 7 December 1971
8 Nurul Amin[3]
(1893–1974)
7 December 1971 20 December 1971 13 Days, 7 December 1970 Pakistan Muslim League After the general elections in 1971, Amin was invited to be appointed as Prime Minister under Yahya administration; yet he was also the first and the only Vice President of Pakistan from 1970 to 1972, leading Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.[3]
20 December 1971 – 14 August 1973
9 A man during a conversation. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto[3][24]
(1928–1979)
14 August 1973 5 July 1977 3 Years,
10 Months,
21 Days,
14 August 1973 Pakistan People's Party Bhutto resigned as president to become the empowered Prime Minister after the Constitution was repromulgated, which established a parliamentary system of government. He was deposed in the martial law in 1977 by his appointed army chief, General Zia, in July 1977.[9][25]
5 July 1977 – 24 March 1985
10 No image.svg Muhammad Khan Junejo[6]
(1932–1993)
24 March 1985 29 May 1988 3 Years,
2 Months,
5 Days,
28 February 1985 Pakistan Muslim League
(Independent)
Junejo was elected as the tenth Prime Minister of Pakistan in non-party based elections in 1985, therefore he was elected on an Independent ticket but he served the Pakistan Muslim League while before entering in office and during office. He was dismissed by the president after Eighth Amendment to the Constitution.[3]
29 May 1988 – 2 December 1988
11 A head and shoulder shot of a woman in traditional Pakistani dress. Benazir Bhutto[20]
(1953–2007)
2 December 1988 6 August 1990 1 Year,
8 Months,
4 Days,
16 November 1988 Pakistan People's Party Bhutto became the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party, in 1982. Six years later, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state.[10][26]
1st Caretaker No image.svg Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi[27]
(1931–2009)
6 August 1990 6 November 1990 3 Months, National Peoples Party Jatoi was appointed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan as a caretaker Prime Minister.[3]
12 A head and shoulder shot of a man from the left. Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
6 November 1990 18 April 1993 2 Years,
5 Months,
12 Days,
24 October 1990 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif was elected as the 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1 November 1990.[28] President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved his government in April 1993, which was later on reinstated by the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[11]
2nd Caretaker No image.svg Balakh Sher Mazari[3]
(1928–)
18 April 1993 26 May 1993 1 Month,
8 Days,
Pakistan People's Party Appointed by the President Khan as a caretaker Prime Minister, Mazari's term ended when the Supreme Court overturned the Presidential order and restored Sharif's government.[3]
(12) A head and shoulder shot of a man from the front, taken in the 90’s during his Prime Ministry term. Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
26 May 1993 18 July 1993 1 Month,
22 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif survived a serious constitutional crisis when President Khan attempted to dismiss him under article 58-2b, in April 1993, but he successfully challenged the decision in the Supreme Court.[11] Sharif resigned from the post negotiating a settlement that resulted in the removal of President as well, in July 1993.[29]
3rd Caretaker No image.svg Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi[3]
(1930–2016)
18 July 1993 19 October 1993 3 Months,
1 Day,
Independent After Sharif's resignation in July 1993, Qureshi was appointed as the caretaker Prime Minister.
(11) A head and shoulder shot of a woman in traditional Pakistani dress. Benazir Bhutto[10][20]
(1953–2007)
19 October 1993 5 November 1996 3 Years,
17 Days,
6 October 1993 Pakistan People's Party Bhutto was re-elected for a second term, in 1993. She survived an attempted coup d'état in 1995. Bhutto's government was dismissed by president Farooq Leghari in November 1996.[30][31]
4th Caretaker Malik Meraj Khalid[32]
(1916–2003)
5 November 1996 17 February 1997 3 Months,
12 Days,
Independent Khalid was appointed as a caretaker Prime Minister after the dismissal of Bhutto's government in November 1996.[3]
(12) A head and shoulder shot of a man from the left, this image may or may not reflect time period, best advice is to find one from 1997. Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
17 February 1997 12 October 1999 2 Years,
7 Months,
25 Days.
3 February 1997 Pakistan Muslim League (N) Sharif was re-elected as Prime Minister with an exclusive mandate from all over Pakistan for a non-consecutive second term, in February 1997.[12][33] His government was deposed by General Pervez Musharraf in October 1999, and Martial law was imposed in the entire country.[13][34]
12 October 1999 – 23 November 2002
13 A bearded man sitting in an office. Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali[6]
(1944–)
23 November 2002 26 June 2004 1 Year,
7 Months,
3 Days,
10 October 2002 Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Jamali was elected as the Prime Minister of Pakistan in November 2002. He continued the foreign and economic policies of Pervez Musharraf but could not complete his term and resigned from the post in June 2004.[16]
26 June 2004 – 30 June 2004
14 A side shot of a man looking at the camera. Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain[35]
(1946–)
30 June 2004 26 August 2004 1 Month,
27 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Parliament elected Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain as the Prime Minister and to serve a 50-day period before the Shaukat Aziz, permanently replaces him.[35]
26 August 2004 – 28 August 2004
15 A head and shoulder shot of a man wearing a coat and tie. Shaukat Aziz[36]
(1949–)
28 August 2004 15 November 2007 3 Years,
2 Months,
18 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Aziz took the office of Prime Minister of Pakistan in August 2004. He left the office at the end of the parliamentary term, in November 2007, and became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan who left the seat after completion of parliamentary term.[37]
15 November 2007 – 16 November 2007
5th Caretaker A head and shoulder shot of a beard man wearing spectacles Muhammad Mian Soomro[38]
(1950–)
16 November 2007 24 March 2008 4 Months,
8 Days,
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Soomro took the office as caretaker Prime Minister in November 2007.[38]
16 A shot of a man during a meeting. Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani[39]
(1952–)
25 March 2008 19 June 2012 4 Years,
2 Months,
25 Days.
18 February 2008 Pakistan People's Party Gillani was elected as prime minister in March 2008. He was disqualified from his seat in the parliament in April 2012 by the Supreme Court for contempt of court.[40]
19 June 2012 – 22 June 2012
17 No image.svg Raja Pervaiz Ashraf[41]
(1950–)
22 June 2012 24 March 2013 9 Months,
2 Days,
Pakistan People's Party Ashraf assumed the post of Prime Minister in June 2012, after Yousaf Raza Gillani was disqualified over contempt of court charges.[17]
24 March 2013 – 25 March 2013
6th Caretaker No image.svg Mir Hazar Khan Khoso[42]
(1929–)
25 March 2013 5 June 2013 2 Months,
11 Days,
Independent Khoso was appointed by the Election Commission of Pakistan on 24 March,[43] and took oath on 25 March 2013.[44]
(12) A head and shoulder shot of a man from the left. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif[11]
(1949–)
5 June 2013 28 July 2017 4 Years,
1 Month,
23 Days,
11 May 2013 Pakistan Muslim League (N) On 5 June 2013, Sharif took office for a third non-consecutive term.[14][15] He took oath under Asif Ali Zardari, the then-president of Pakistan.[45] He was disqualified on 28 July 2017 by the Supreme Court from holding public office as he had been dishonest in not disclosing his employment in the Dubai-based Capital FZE company in his nomination papers.[46]
28 July 2017 – 1 August 2017
18 Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (cropped).jpg Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
(1958–)
1 August 2017 31 May 2018 10 months Pakistan Muslim League (N) Parliament elected Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as the Prime Minister after the disqualification of Nawaz Sharif.[47]
31 May 2018 – 1 June 2018
7th Caretaker No image.svg Nasirul Mulk
(1950–)
1 June 2018 _ Independent Nasirul Mulk was appointed as a consensus between the incumbent Prime Minister, Abbasi, and opposition leader, Khurshid Shah, on 28 May. He took the oath of office on 1 June 2018.[48]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]