The U.S. Open is currently the second of the four major championships to be played each year. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, the Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years, and earn a ten-year exemption from qualifying for the U.S. Open. They also receive membership on the PGA Tour for the following five seasons and invitations to The Players Championship for the five years following their victories. The champion receives a gold champion's medal, and the U.S. Open Championship Cup, which the winner is allowed to keep for a year.
Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each. Anderson holds the record for most consecutive wins with three (1903–05). Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open: he was 45 years and 15 days old when he won in 1990. The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott who was 19 years, 10 months and 14 days old when he won in 1911.Rory McIlroy holds the record for both the lowest aggregate score and score under par in 2011 at 268 and 16-under.
Willie Anderson, four-time U.S. Open Champion in 1901, 1903, 1904, and 1905, which he is the only golfer to win three straight U.S. Open's
Ben Hogan, four-time U.S. Open Champion in 1948, 1950, 1951, and 1953. He is one of six champions to win wire-to-wire with his victory in 1953.
Jack Nicklaus, four-time U.S. Open Champion in 1962, 1967, 1972, and 1980.
Hale Irwin, three-time U.S. Open Champion in 1974, 1979 and 1990.
Tiger Woods, three-time U.S. Open Champion in 2000, 2002, and 2008. He is one of six champions to win wire-to-wire with his victory in 2000 and 2002. Woods is the only champion in U.S. Open history to accomplish it twice.
a Par is a predetermined number of strokes that a golfer should require to complete a hole, a round (the sum of the total pars of the played holes), or a tournament (the sum of the total pars of each round). E stands for even, which means the tournament was completed in the predetermined number of strokes.