List of Vice Presidents of the Philippines

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The official seal of the Vice-President of the Philippines.

This is a complete list of Vice-Presidents of the Philippines, who were inaugurated as Vice-President of the Philippines following the ratification of a constitution that explicitly declared the existence of the Philippines. The inclusion of Mariano Trías in the list is disputed, for Trias was chosen as vice-president at the Tejeros Convention, and again as vice-president for the short-lived Republic of Biak-na-Bato, which was dissolved after the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato and Aguinaldo's exile. Neither the reassumption of power by Emilio Aguinaldo when the revolution was resumed in May 1898 nor his formal proclamation and inauguration as President under the First Philippine Republic in 1899 were regimes that provided for a vice-presidency. The vice-presidency within the context of the Philippine government was formally created by the constitution in 1935.

Vice-presidents during the Commonwealth of the Philippines were under American sovereignty, and there was no office of vice-president during the Second Republic, considered to be a puppet government of Imperial Japan during World War II.

When Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law, the sitting vice-president, Fernando Lopez, was removed from the office. Marcos ruled without a vice-president until 1986. The 1973 constitution initially did not provide for a vice-president, but subsequent amendments restored the office. A vice-president was able to sit after the 1986 election when the Marcos-Arturo Tolentino ticket was proclaimed winners by the Batasang Pambansa.

Three vice-presidents succeeded to the presidency due to the death of presidents - Sergio Osmeña (1944), Elpidio Quirino (1948) and Carlos P. Garcia (1957). They did not nominate a new vice-president, since the 1935 constitution was silent on the matter; a new vice-president would sit after the results of following elections were known. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became president after the Supreme Court ruled that President Joseph Estrada resigned. Arroyo appointed Teofisto Guingona days after she ascended to power. The 1987 constitution mandated the President to nominate a vice-president from a member of the Congress of the Philippines, in which both houses vote separately for confirmation via a majority vote.

Fernando Lopez is the longest-serving vice-president, who served for a combined total of almost 11 years. Arturo Tolentino served 11 days before being deposed in the 1986 People Power Revolution. Noli de Castro was the first vice-president who was never a member of any political party but affiliated with the political coalition led by Lakas-CMD.

Key[edit]

The colors indicate the political party affiliation of each individual.

Key
Party English name Abbreviation
Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas Association for Service to the New Philippines KALIBAPI
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan New Society Movement KBL
Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino Struggle of the Patriotic Filipino Masses LAMMP
Lakas ng Tao–Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino–Christian Muslim Democrats People Power–Partner of the Free Filipino–Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas–KAMPI–CMD
Lakas ng Tao–National Union of Christian Democrats People Power–National Union of Christian Democrats Lakas–NUCD
Liberal Party Liberal
Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party Nacionalista
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power PDP–Laban
United Nationalist Alliance UNA
United Nationalist Democratic Organization UNIDO
Non-partisan N/A

Vice Presidents[edit]

Vice President
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Party President Era
1 Sergio Osmena photo.jpg Sergio Osmeña
(1878–1961)
November 15, 1935 August 1, 1944[1] Nacionalista Manuel L. Quezon Commonwealth
Vacant
August 1, 1944 - May 28, 1946
Jose P. Laurel Second Republic
Sergio Osmeña Commonwealth
2 ElpidioQuirino.jpg Elpidio Quirino
(1890–1956)
May 28, 1946 April 17, 1948[1] Liberal Manuel Roxas
Third Republic
Vacant
April 15, 1948 - December 30, 1949
Elpidio Quirino
3 Fernando Lopez portrait.jpg Fernando Lopez
(1904–1993)
December 30, 1949 December 30, 1953 Liberal
4 Carlos P Garcia photo.jpg Carlos P. Garcia
(1896–1971)
December 30, 1953 March 18, 1957[1] Nacionalista Ramon Magsaysay
Vacant
March 18, 1957 - December 30, 1957
Carlos P. Garcia
5 Diosdado Macapagal photo.jpg Diosdado Macapagal
(1910–1997)
December 30, 1957 December 30, 1961 Liberal
6 Emmanuel Pelaez portrait.jpg Emmanuel Pelaez
(1915–2003)
December 30, 1961 December 30, 1965 Liberal Diosdado Macapagal
7 Fernando Lopez portrait.jpg Fernando Lopez
(1904–1993)
December 30, 1965 September 23, 1972[2] Nacionalista Ferdinand Marcos
Abolished[3]
September 23, 1972 - January 23, 1984
Martial law era
Fourth Republic
Vacant
January 23, 1984 - February 25, 1986
8 Salvador Laurel portrait.jpg Salvador Laurel
(1928–2004)
February 25, 1986[4] June 30, 1992 UNIDO Corazon Aquino
Fifth Republic
Nacionalista[5]
9 Joseph Estrada 1998.jpg Joseph Estrada
(1937– )
June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 NPC Fidel Ramos
10 President arroyo pentagon.jpg Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(1947– )
June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Lakas / KAMPI Joseph Estrada
Vacant
January 20, 2001 - February 7, 2001
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
11 Vp guingona.jpg Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
(1928– )
February 7, 2001[6] June 30, 2004 Lakas
12 Vp Noli De Castro.jpg Noli de Castro
(1949– )
June 30, 2004 June 30, 2010 Non-partisan[7]
13 Jejomar Binay.jpg Jejomar Binay
(1942– )
June 30, 2010 June 30, 2016 PDP-Laban Benigno Aquino III
UNA[8][9]
14
[10][11]
VP Leni Meeting with Pres Duterte Cropped 2016.jpg Leni Robredo
(1964– )
June 30, 2016 Incumbent Liberal Rodrigo Duterte

Timeline[edit]

Leni Robredo Jejomar Binay Noli de Castro Teofisto Guingona Jr. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Joseph Estrada Salvador Laurel Fernando Lopez Emmanuel Pelaez Diosdado Macapagal Carlos P. Garcia Elpidio Quirino Sergio Osmeña


Unofficial Vice Presidents[edit]

Historians and other figures have identified the following people as having held the vice-presidency of a government intended to represent the Philippines, but their terms of office are not counted by the Philippine government as part of the presidential succession.

There is no office of the Vice President formed under the 1899 Malolos Constitution promulgated by President Emilio Aguinaldo. All previous national governments prior to 1899 are provisional or temporary in nature. Mariano Trias was elected as Vice President of the Tejeros Republic and Republic of Biak-na-Bato but was not included in the official roster of Philippine Vice Presidents.[12]

Vice President
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Party President Era
Mariano Trias portrait.jpg Mariano Trías
(1868–1914)
March 22, 1897[13] December 14, 1897[14] None[15] Emilio Aguinaldo Tejeros Convention
Republic of Biak-na-Bato
Francisco Carreón.jpg Francisco Carreón
(1868–1939/41)
May 6, 1902 July 14, 1906[16] None[15] Macario Sakay Tagalog Republic
   Benigno Aquino, Sr
(1894–1947)
October 14, 1943 August 17, 1945 KALIBAPI
José P. Laurel Second Republic
Arturo Tolentino.jpg Arturo Tolentino[17]
(1910–2004)
February 16, 1986 February 25, 1986[18] KBL Ferdinand Marcos Fourth Republic

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Succeeded after the death of president.
  2. ^ Term ended with the proclamation of martial law.
  3. ^ The office of the vice president did not exist in the original, unamended 1973 Constitution, which was ratified on January 17, 1973. Amendments to Article VII restored the position.
  4. ^ Assumed vice presidency by claiming victory in the disputed 1986 snap election.
  5. ^ Laurel himself was a member of the Nacionalista Party, which aligned itself with the UNIDO ticket. In 1989, UNIDO dissolved and Laurel was elected president of the Nacionalistas.
  6. ^ Nominated by President Arroyo and confirmed by Congress.
  7. ^ Allied with the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow)
  8. ^ Binay resigned from PDP-Laban in March 2014 due to an internal disputes.
  9. ^ http://www.rappler.com/nation/70021-binay-una-political-party-2016
  10. ^ Lira Dalangin-Fernandez; Loreen Ordoño (2016-05-30). "Congress proclaims Duterte and Robredo as duly elected president, vice president". InterAksyon.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02. 
  11. ^ Llanesca T. Panti (2016-05-30). "Congress Proclamation: Duterte President, Robredo VP". The Manila Times. Retrieved 2016-06-02. 
  12. ^ "Office of the Vice President". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  13. ^ Term began with his election as vice-president at the Tejeros Convention.
  14. ^ Term ended with the dissolution of the Biak na Bato Republic.
  15. ^ a b Allied with the Magdalo faction of the revolutionary society Katipunan.
  16. ^ Term ended with his capture by the American Forces .
  17. ^ "Office of the Vice President". Official Gazette. Retrieved 2016-06-02. Tolentino, however, was not recognized in our official roster of vice presidents as formalized by Resolution No. 2, s. 2013 dated March 11, 2013, signed by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) 
  18. ^ Term ended when Marcos was overthrown in the 1986 People Power Revolution