List of airlines by foundation date

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This is a list of airlines by foundation date, founded before December 31, 1930.

The date of the first airline service may differ from the foundation date. Bold names indicate that the airline is still in operation.

Airline Established Ceased operations Notes
German Empire/Weimar Republic DELAG November 16, 1909 March 21, 1935 The world's first airline in revenue service. Operated Zeppelin airships. Merged with Deutsche Zeppelin Reederei (DZR) in 1935, which continued transatlantic flights until the Hindenburg disaster in 1937. Company dissolved in 1940 and re-established in 2001.
Hungary Aero Rt. December 22, 1910 1920 Merged with Magyar Aeroforgalmi Rt (MAEFORT)
United States St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line 1913 May 5, 1914 First winged airline. See Thomas Reilly, Jannus: An American Flyer
United Kingdom Aircraft Transport and Travel October 5, 1916 February 20, 1921 Services started 25 August 1919; first scheduled daily international commercial air service, London to Paris. A subsidiary of Airco, its assets were used to create Daimler Airway. Despite numerous takeovers and mergers, British Airways can trace part of its legacy back to Aircraft Transport and Travel.
United States Chalk's Ocean Airways 1917 2007 Started scheduled service between Florida and the Bahamas in February 1919; Became Chalk's International Airlines.
German Empire/Weimar Republic Deutsche Luft-Reederei December 1917 1923 Services started February 5, 1919. Became part of Deutscher Aero Lloyd in 1923, merged into Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926. Founding member of International Air Traffic Association in 1919.
Norway Det Norske Luftfartsrederi 1918 1921 Founding member of IATA
Denmark Det Danske Luftfartselskab October 29, 1918 1951 Services started August 7, 1920. Part of SAS since 1946.
France Société des lignes Latécoère December 25, 1918 September 19, 1933 Services started December 25, 1918; rebranded as Aéropostale in 1927; its assets were incorporated into Air France in 1933
Sweden Svensk Lufttrafik February 7, 1919 1921 Services started 7 August 1920
France Lignes Aériennes Farman February 8, 1919 October 7, 1933 Merged with 4 other airlines to form Air France.
France Société Générale des Transports Aériens February 8, 1919 October 8, 1933 Merged with 4 other airlines to form Air France.
France Grands Express Aériens March 20, 1919 January 1, 1923 Merged with Compagnie des Messageries Aériennes to form Air Union.
Belgium SNETA March 31, 1919 May 23, 1923 Merged into Sabena.
France Compagnie des Messageries Aériennes April 18, 1919 January 1, 1923 Merged with Grands Express Aériens to form Air Union.
United Kingdom Daimler Airway June 7, 1919 April 1, 1924 Merged with 3 other airlines to form Imperial Airways.
Colombia CCNA (Compañía Colombiana de Navegación Aérea) September 26, 1919[1] July 17, 1922 First airline in Colombia with mail contract with Colombian Government.
Netherlands KLM October 7, 1919 Still in operation During World War II, all operations were suspended in Europe, but continued on a limited basis in the Dutch Antilles.[2] Merged with Air France in 2004. The airline is the "Oldest operating airline by date".
Colombia SCADTA December 5, 1919 on June 14, 1940
it became Avianca

Still in operation
After the United States expressed concern during World War II over the German shares of the airline (as it was founded by Germans and Colombians), it merged with the smaller state owned airline SACO to form Avianca, which is still operating continuously for over 100 years as the "2nd oldest operating airline by date".
United Kingdom Handley Page Transport 1919 March 31, 1924 Merged with 3 other airlines to form Imperial Airways.
India Handley Page Indo-Burmese transport 1919[3] 1921[a] First airline in India (then under British rule).
United Kingdom Instone Air Line 1919 March 31, 1924 Merged with 3 other airlines to form Imperial Airways.
Norway A/S Aero January 1920 1921 Merged with Norske Aeroplanfabrik
France/Kingdom of Romania CFRNA January 20, 1920 October 7, 1933 Renamed CIDNA in 1925; the French arm was merged with 4 other airlines to form Air France; the Romanian arm was renamed LARES.
Australia Qantas November 16, 1920 Still in operation During World War II, most aircraft were used by the RAAF, however limited operations continued within Australia, to/from Singapore and on the Australia-England route.[4] The airline is the "Third oldest operating airline by date" (after KLM and Avianca[note 1]), the "oldest continuously-operating airline under the same name" and the "oldest airline in the English-speaking world."
Estonia Aeronaut March 22, 1921 January 11, 1927 Operated the routes: Tallinn-Helsinki, Tallinn-Stockholm, Tallinn-Riga-Königsberg and Tallinn-Tartu-Viljandi-Pärnu. Stopped operations in 1927 due to financial problems.
Poland Aerotarg May 10, 1921 June 19, 1921 Operated only on the route between PoznańWarsaw and Poznań–Gdańsk, mainly in order to serve participants and visitors of the first Poznań International Fair.
Mexico Mexicana de Aviación July 12, 1921 August 28, 2010 Suspended operations indefinitely. MRO still operational.
Weimar Republic/Soviet Union Deruluft November 24, 1921 March 31, 1937 Joint German-Soviet airline.
Australia West Australian Airways December 5, 1921 June 12, 1936 Became part of Australian National Airways.
United States Aeromarine West Indies Airways 1921 1924 Services started 1 November 1920; first U.S. international air service
Weimar Republic Junkers Luftverkehr 1921 1926 A division of the aircraft manufacturer Junkers; became a separate company in 1924; merged into Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926; joint-ventures with airlines in Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland
Poland Aerolloyd June 3, 1922 December 28, 1929 Name changed to Aerolot in 1925; merged with other privately owned airlines in Poland formed LOT Polish Airlines.[5]
Latvia Latvijas gaisa satiksme AS July 31, 1922 1928 Operated in 1923-1926. With hub in Spilve airport, Riga it served Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas (for some time-Klaipėda)-Koenigsberg route in cooperation with Junkers Luftverkehr AG and Aeronaut. Went bankrupt in 1926, liquidated in 1928.
Hungary Malert November 19, 1922 1944 Fore-runner of Malev Hungarian Airlines.
France Air Union January 1, 1923 October 7, 1933 Merged with 4 other airlines to form Air France.
Soviet Union/Russia Aeroflot February 3, 1923 Still in operation Founded as Dobrolyot, name changed to Aeroflot in 1932.
Belgium SABENA May 23, 1923 February 2002 Succeeded by SN Brussels Airlines, which became Brussels Airlines. MRO still operational.
United Kingdom British Marine Air Navigation Co Ltd August 1923 March 31, 1924 Merged with 3 other airlines to form Imperial Airways.
Czechoslovakia Czech Airlines October 6, 1923 Still in operation Founded as Czechoslovak State Airlines, name changed to Czech Airlines in 1995.
Finland Finnair November 1, 1923 Still in operation Founded as Aero O/Y, name changed to Finnair in 1968.
United States Florida Airways 1923 1927
Soviet Union Ukrpovitroshliakh June 1, 1923 1929 Merged with Zakavia and Deruluft to form Dobrolyot, forerunner of Aeroflot.
Soviet Union Zakavia 1923 1929 Merged with Ukrvozdukhput and Deruluft to form Dobrolyot, forerunner of Aeroflot.
Weimar Republic/Brazil Condor Syndikat May 5, 1924 July 1, 1927 German-based Brazilian airline; absorbed into Deutsche Luft Hansa
Sweden AB Aerotransport June 2, 1924 October 1, 1950 Formed SAS.
Soviet Union/Tajikistan Tajik Air September 3, 1924 Still in operation Founded as a division of Aeroflot in Tajik ASSR, became independent in 1991.
United Kingdom Imperial Airways March 31, 1924 November 24, 1939 Amalgamated to form British Overseas Airways Corporation - itself merged to found British Airways.
Czechoslovakia/Slovakia Slov-Air 1924 2001 Founded as a department of Bata Shoes; name changed to Svitlet in 1948, to Agrolet in 1950 (became part of CSA, became independent in 1955), and to Slov-Air in 1969.
Poland Aero February 1925 December 28, 1929 Merged with Aerolot formed LOT Polish Airlines.
United States Ryan Airline Company April 19, 1925 1926 Name changed to B. F. Mahoney Aircraft Corporation.
United States Delta Air Lines March 2, 1925 Still in operation Founded as Huff Daland Dusters for crop dusting, renamed 'Delta Air Service' in 1928, operated scheduled services from 1928 to 1930 and since 1934.
United States National Air Transport May 21, 1925 1934 Became part of United Airlines following Air Mail Act of 1934.
Bolivia Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano September 15, 1925 2010 Former flag carrier of Bolivia; replaced by Boliviana de Aviación.
Spain Unión Aérea Española 1925 1929 Merged with Concesionaria de Líneas Aéreas Subvencionadas following Wall Street Crash of 1929.
United States Ford Air Transport Service 1925 1932 The world's first regularly-scheduled commercial cargo airline.
Kingdom of Italy Società Anonima Navigazione Aerea 1925 1934 Merged with 3 other airlines to form Ala Littoria.
United States Western Airlines 1925 April 1, 1987 Founded as Western Air Express; merged with Transcontinental Air Transport to form Transcontinental & Western Air in 1930; severed from T & WA again in 1934; named changed to General Air Lines and back to Western Air Express in 1934, and to Western Airlines in 1941; merged with Delta Air Lines in 1987.
United States Pacific Air Transport January 1926 December 17, 1928 Merged into Boeing Air Transport, but continued to operate as a separate division until 1934.
Weimar Republic/Nazi Germany Deutsche Luft Hansa January 6, 1926 April 22, 1945 Name styles as Deutsche Lufthansa from 1933. Operations suspended following the German defeat in World War II. There is no legal connection to Lufthansa, which was founded in 1953.
Canada Western Canadian Airways March 1926 1930 Amalgamated with several Eastern Canadian carriers forming Canadian Airways.
United States Varney Air Lines April 6, 1926 May 1934 Merged with 3 other airlines to form United Airlines following the Air Mail scandal in 1933 and the Air Mail Act of 1934. In 1934 Varney Speed Lines was established becoming Continental Airlines in 1936 when Robert Six took over control.
United States American Airlines April 15, 1926 Still in operation
United States Eastern Air Lines April 19, 1926 January 17, 1991 Started Operations in 1926 as Pitcairn Aviation. Until 1930 changed to "Eastern Air Transport" then Eastern Air Lines until 1991. Re-established in 2015 until 2017.
United States Northwest Airlines September 10, 1926 January 31, 2010 Merged with Delta Air Lines.
United States Colonial Air Transport 1926 1930 Formed American Airlines.
United States Pan American World Airways March 14, 1927 December 4, 1991 Founded by Juan T. Trippe and began operations in 1927 as Pan American Airways (PAA). Former de facto flag carrier of United States.[6] Bankrupted in 1991 due to: high fuel prices because of the first Gulf War and 1973 oil crisis; a series of hijackings; no US network until the 1980s; the Lockerbie bombing of flight 103.
Brazil Varig May 7, 1927 July 20, 2006 New airline formed with the same name in 2006 and eventually sold to Gol Transportes Aéreos.
Kingdom of Yugoslavia/Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro/Serbia Air Serbia June 17, 1927 Still in operation Formed as Aeroput in 1927, then re-formed as JAT - Jugoslovenski aerotransport in 1947, rebranded as Jat Airways in 2003, and then as Air Serbia in 2013.
Spain Iberia June 28, 1927 Still in operation Merged with British Airways to form International Airlines Group (IAG) in January 2011
United States Maddux Air Lines September 22, 1927 November 16, 1929 Merged with TAT to form TAT-Maddux Air Lines, itself merged to form T & WA.
Kingdom of Bulgaria Bunavad October 25, 1927 1930 First national airline of Bulgaria.
Brazil Cruzeiro do Sul December 1, 1927 January 1, 1993 Founded as Syndicato Condor; name changed to Cruzeiro do Sul in 1943; merged with Varig in 1993.
United States Grand Canyon Airlines 1927 Still in operation Founded as Scenic Airways; name changed to Grand Canyon Airlines in 1930.
United States Standard Air Lines 1927 March 1930 Sold off to Western Air Express, itself merged to form T & WA.
United States National Parks Airways 1927 1937 Bought out by Western Air Express.
Alaska/United States Wien Air Alaska 1927 November 23, 1984 First airline in Alaska.
Australia MacRobertson Miller Airlines 1927 1993 Absorbed into Ansett.
United States Paul R. Braniff, Inc. May 29, 1928 March 1929 First Braniff brothers airline entity that operated scheduled service between Oklahoma City and Tulsa, Oklahoma. Forerunner of Braniff Airways and then became Braniff Air Lines, Inc., and later Braniff Airways, Inc. in November 1930.
Dutch East Indies/Indonesia KNILM July 16, 1928 August 1, 1947 First operated as KNILM. KNILM dissolved and transferred to KLM Interinsulair Bedrijf (today Garuda Indonesia)
United States Universal Air Lines July 30, 1928 1934 Merged with other companies to form American Airlines.
Brazil ETA August 10, 1928 November 16, 1929 Ceased operations due to administrative difficulties.
Peru Faucett Perú September 15, 1928 December 3, 1997
Empire of Japan Japan Air Transport October 28, 1928 1938 Merged into Imperial Japanese Airways.
United States Mid-Continent Airlines 1928 August 26, 1952 Founded as Hanford's Tri-State Airlines; name changed to Mid-Continent Airlines in 1938; merged into Braniff International Airways in 1952.
United States Transcontinental Air Transport 1928 1930 Merged with Western Air Express to form Transcontinental & Western Air (T & WA) in 1930; renamed Trans World Airlines (TWA) in 1950; merged into American Airlines in 2001.
Poland LOT Polish Airlines December 29, 1928 Still in operation Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT created by the Polish government they have absorbed airlines Aerolot (1922) and Aero (1925).
Hawaii/United States Hawaiian Airlines January 30, 1929 Still in operation Incorporated January 30, 1929 as Inter-Island Airways. Began service October 6, 1929. Name changed to Hawaiian Airlines October 1, 1941.
Chile LATAM Chile March 5, 1929 Still in operation Began as Línea Aeropostal Santiago-Arica. It took the name Línea Aérea Nacional de Chile (LAN Chile) in 1932. In September 1989, the Chilean government privatized the carrier. LAN Chile became LAN Airlines in 2004 but in 2010, LAN merged with TAM Airlines and became LATAM Airlines. LAN Airlines still operates under the name LATAM Chile as a subsidiary of LATAM Airlines Group.
Spain/Spain Concesionaria de Líneas Aéreas Subvencionadas May 13, 1929 July 18, 1936 Ceased operations due to the Spanish Civil War.
Venezuela Aeropostal July 3, 1929 Still in operation Founded as Linea Aeropostal Venezolana LAV, name changed to Aeropostal Alas de Venezuela in 1997 after privatization.
United States Pan American-Grace Airways September 13, 1929 February 1, 1969 Joint venture between Pan Am and Grace Shipping Company; merged into Braniff in 1969.
Cuba Cubana de Aviación October 8, 1929 Still in operation
Brazil Panair do Brasil October 22, 1929 February 16, 1965 Founded as Nyrba do Brasil. Name changed to Panair do Brasil in 1930. Bankruptcy forced by the Brazilian Militar Dictatorship Government.
United States Wiggins Airways 1929 Still in operation
Union of South Africa Union Airways July 24, 1929 January 31, 1934 First South African airline; taken over by the government and renamed South African Airways.
Australia Australian National Airways 1929 1931
United States Trans World Airlines July 16, 1930 December 1, 2001 Acquired by American Airlines.
Soviet Union Aviaarktika September 1, 1930 January 3, 1960 Absorbed into Aeroflot.
United States Braniff International Airways November 13, 1930 May 12/May 13, 1982
United States New England & Western Air Transportation Co. 1930 1930
South West Africa South West African Airways 1930 1935 First commercial air service in South West Africa (Namibia)

For airlines founded after 1930 see Category: Airlines by year of establishment


  1. ^ Disputed, see talk page


  1. ^ Exact date unknown; known to have still been operational at this date
  1. ^ "Noventa Años de Aviación Civil en Colombia". El portal de la Aviación en Colombia. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  2. ^ "The history of KLM's West-Indian Operation". 6 May 2016.
  3. ^ Fraser-Mitchell, A. H. "Handley Page Ltd. 1909-1970. 60 years of Achievement" (PDF). Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  4. ^ "World at War". 4 February 1942. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  5. ^[bare URL]
  6. ^ Lieberman, Melanie (18 March 2018). "Why the United States Doesn't Have a National Airline". Travel + Leisure. Retrieved 26 February 2021.