List of cities in Alaska

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Map of the United States with Alaska highlighted.

Alaska is a state of the United States situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent. According to the 2010 United States Census, Alaska is the 4th least populous state with 710,231 inhabitants but is the largest by land area spanning 570,640.95 square miles (1,477,953.3 km2).[1] As of October 2014, Alaska has 148 incorporated cities: four unified home rule municipalities, which are considered both boroughs and cities, ten home rule cities, nineteen first class cities and 115 second class cities.[2] As reflected in the 2010 Census, Alaska's incorporated cities cover only 2.1% of the territory's land mass but are home to 69.92% of its population.[1] The majority of the incorporated land mass consists of the four unified municipalities, each over 1,700 square miles (4,400 km2) in size. Only two other cities have an incorporated area exceeding 100 square miles (260 km2): Unalaska, which includes the fishing port of Dutch Harbor, and Valdez, which includes the terminus of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System.

Incorporated cities in Alaska are categorized as either "general law" (subdivided into "first class" and "second class") or "home rule". Home rule cities occur when a community establishes a commission to draft a charter, which is then ratified by voters at an election. Home rule cities have all legislative powers not prohibited by law or charter. The powers and functions of general law cities are defined by Alaska state laws. Title 29 of the Alaska Statutes, which covers municipal government, requires that a community must have at least 400 permanent residents to incorporate as a home rule or first class city.[3][4] This status does not diminish if a city's population declines; one home rule city (Nenana) and four first class cities (Hydaburg, Pelican, Seldovia and Tanana) reported populations falling below that threshold in the 2010 Census.[1]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name Class[5][6] Borough or
Census area[7][8]
Incorporated[9] Population
(2010)[1]
Population
(2000)[10]
Change (%) Land area
(2010)[1]
Density[1]
sq mi km2
Anchorage Unified Home Rule[5][7] Anchorage 1975 291,826 260,283 12.1 1,704.68 4,415.1 171.2/sq mi (66.1/km2)
Fairbanks Home Rule[5][11] Fairbanks North Star 1903[12] 31,535 30,224 4.3 31.69 82.1 995.1/sq mi (384.2/km2)
Juneau Unified Home Rule[5][13] Juneau 1970 31,275 30,711 1.8 2,701.93 6,998.0 11.6/sq mi (4.5/km2)
Sitka Unified Home Rule[5][14] Sitka 1971 8,881 8,835 0.5 2,870.34 7,434.1 3.1/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Ketchikan Home Rule[11] Ketchikan Gateway 1900 8,050 7,922 1.6 4.35 11.3 1,850.6/sq mi (714.5/km2)
Wasilla First Class[5] Matanuska-Susitna 1974 7,831 5,469 43.2 12.38 32.1 632.6/sq mi (244.2/km2)
Kenai Home Rule[11] Kenai Peninsula 1960 7,100 6,942 2.3 28.59 74.0 248.3/sq mi (95.9/km2)
Kodiak Home Rule[11] Kodiak Island 1940 6,130 6,334 −3.2 3.49 9.0 1,756.4/sq mi (678.2/km2)
Bethel Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1957 6,080 5,471 11.1 43.18 111.8 140.8/sq mi (54.4/km2)
Palmer Home Rule[11] Matanuska-Susitna 1951 5,937 4,533 31.0 5.15 13.3 1,152.8/sq mi (445.1/km2)
Homer First Class[5] Kenai Peninsula 1964 5,003 3,946 26.8 13.83 35.8 361.7/sq mi (139.7/km2)
Unalaska First Class[11] Aleutians West (CA) 1942 4,376 4,283 2.2 111.78 289.5 39.1/sq mi (15.1/km2)
Barrow First Class[5] North Slope 1959 4,212 4,581 −8.1 18.84 48.8 223.6/sq mi (86.3/km2)
Soldotna First Class[5] Kenai Peninsula 1967 4,163 3,759 10.7 6.90 17.9 603.3/sq mi (232.9/km2)
Valdez Home Rule[11] Valdez-Cordova (CA) 1901 3,976 4,036 −1.5 216.24 560.1 18.4/sq mi (7.1/km2)
Nome First Class[11] Nome (CA) 1901 3,598 3,505 2.7 12.63 32.7 284.9/sq mi (110.0/km2)
Kotzebue Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1958 3,201 3,082 3.9 26.92 69.7 118.9/sq mi (45.9/km2)
Seward Home Rule[5][11] Kenai Peninsula 1912 2,693 2,830 −4.8 14.11 36.5 190.9/sq mi (73.7/km2)
Wrangell Unified Home Rule[15] Wrangell 2008 2,369 2,308 2.6 2,541.48 6,582.4 0.9/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Dillingham First Class[11] Dillingham (CA) 1963 2,329 2,466 −5.6 33.57 86.9 69.4/sq mi (26.8/km2)
Cordova Home Rule[5] Valdez-Cordova (CA) 1909 2,239 2,454 −8.8 59.97 155.3 37.3/sq mi (14.4/km2)
North Pole Home Rule[5] Fairbanks North Star 1953 2,117 1,570 34.8 4.17 10.8 507.7/sq mi (196.0/km2)
Houston Second Class[5] Matanuska-Susitna 1966 1,912 1,202 59.1 22.40 58.0 85.4/sq mi (33.0/km2)
Craig First Class[5] Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1922 1,201 1,397 −14.0 7.20 18.6 166.8/sq mi (64.4/km2)
Hooper Bay Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1966 1,093 1,014 7.8 8.22 21.3 133.0/sq mi (51.3/km2)
Akutan Second Class[5] Aleutians East 1979 1,027 713 44.0 13.83 35.8 74.3/sq mi (28.7/km2)
Sand Point First Class[5] Aleutians East 1966 976 952 2.5 7.70 19.9 126.8/sq mi (48.9/km2)
Delta Junction Second Class[5] Southeast Fairbanks (CA) 1960 958 840 14.0 16.82 43.6 57.0/sq mi (22.0/km2)
Chevak Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1967 938 765 22.6 0.99 2.6 947.5/sq mi (365.8/km2)
King Cove First Class[5] Aleutians East 1947 938 792 18.4 25.68 66.5 36.5/sq mi (14.1/km2)
Selawik Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1977[a] 829 772 7.4 2.93 7.6 282.9/sq mi (109.2/km2)
Togiak Second Class[5] Dillingham (CA) 1969 817 809 1.0 44.42 115.0 18.4/sq mi (7.1/km2)
Mountain Village Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1967 813 755 7.7 4.54 11.8 179.1/sq mi (69.1/km2)
Emmonak Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1964 762 767 −0.7 7.67 19.9 99.3/sq mi (38.4/km2)
Hoonah First Class[5] Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1946 760 860 −11.6 6.01 15.6 126.5/sq mi (48.8/km2)
Klawock First Class[5] Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1929 755 854 −11.6 0.77 2.0 980.5/sq mi (378.6/km2)
Kwethluk Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1975 721 713 1.1 10.06 26.1 71.7/sq mi (27.7/km2)
Unalakleet Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1974 688 747 −7.9 3.63 9.4 189.5/sq mi (73.2/km2)
Gambell Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1963 681 649 4.9 10.90 28.2 62.5/sq mi (24.1/km2)
Alakanuk Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1969 677 652 3.8 29.53 76.5 22.9/sq mi (8.9/km2)
Point Hope Second Class[5] North Slope 1966 674 757 −11.0 4.82 12.5 139.8/sq mi (54.0/km2)
Savoonga Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 671 643 4.4 6.10 15.8 110.0/sq mi (42.5/km2)
Quinhagak Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1975 669 555 20.5 4.37 11.3 153.1/sq mi (59.1/km2)
Noorvik Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1964 668 634 5.4 0.94 2.4 710.6/sq mi (274.4/km2)
Toksook Bay Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1972 590 532 10.9 32.64 84.5 18.1/sq mi (7.0/km2)
Fort Yukon Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1959 583 595 −2.0 7.25 18.8 80.4/sq mi (31.0/km2)
Kotlik Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1970 577 591 −2.4 3.78 9.8 152.6/sq mi (58.9/km2)
Pilot Station Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1969 568 550 3.3 1.69 4.4 336.1/sq mi (129.8/km2)
Shishmaref Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 563 562 0.2 2.22 5.7 253.6/sq mi (97.9/km2)
Kake First Class[5] Petersburg (CA) 1952 557 710 −21.5 8.96 23.2 62.2/sq mi (24.0/km2)
Stebbins Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 556 547 1.6 36.37 94.2 15.3/sq mi (5.9/km2)
Wainwright Second Class[5] North Slope 1962 556 546 1.8 17.94 46.5 31.0/sq mi (12.0/km2)
New Stuyahok Second Class[5] Dillingham (CA) 1972 510 471 8.3 32.48 84.1 15.7/sq mi (6.1/km2)
St. Mary's First Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1967 507 500 1.4 44.29 114.7 11.4/sq mi (4.4/km2)
Aniak Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1972 501 572 −12.4 6.42 16.6 78.0/sq mi (30.1/km2)
Nunapitchuk Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1969 496 466 6.4 7.46 19.3 66.5/sq mi (25.7/km2)
Saint Paul Second Class[5] Aleutians West (CA) 1971 479 532 −10.0 40.31 104.4 11.9/sq mi (4.6/km2)
Scammon Bay Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1967 474 465 1.9 0.62 1.6 764.5/sq mi (295.2/km2)
Kachemak Second Class[5] Kenai Peninsula 1961 472 431 9.5 1.64 4.2 287.8/sq mi (111.1/km2)
Thorne Bay Second Class[5] Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1982 471 557 −15.4 26.58 68.8 17.7/sq mi (6.8/km2)
Galena First Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1971 470 675 −30.4 17.73 45.9 26.5/sq mi (10.2/km2)
Angoon Second Class[5] Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1963 459 572 −19.8 24.41 63.2 18.8/sq mi (7.3/km2)
Gustavus Second Class[5] Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 2004 442 429 3.0 32.81 85.0 13.5/sq mi (5.2/km2)
Manokotak Second Class[5] Dillingham (CA) 1970 442 399 10.8 35.74 92.6 12.4/sq mi (4.8/km2)
Chefornak Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1974 418 394 6.1 5.72 14.8 73.1/sq mi (28.2/km2)
Buckland Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1966 416 406 2.5 1.41 3.7 295.0/sq mi (113.9/km2)
Marshall Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1970 414 349 18.6 4.58 11.9 90.4/sq mi (34.9/km2)
Saxman Second Class[5] Ketchikan Gateway 1929 411 431 −4.6 0.98 2.5 419.4/sq mi (161.9/km2)
Napaskiak Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1971 405 390 3.8 3.63 9.4 111.6/sq mi (43.1/km2)
Nuiqsut Second Class[5] North Slope 1975 402 433 −7.2 9.42 24.4 42.7/sq mi (16.5/km2)
St. Michael Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 401 368 9.0 20.02 51.9 20.0/sq mi (7.7/km2)
Brevig Mission Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 388 276 40.6 2.56 6.6 151.6/sq mi (58.5/km2)
Nenana Home Rule[11] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1921 378 402 −6.0 5.90 15.3 64.1/sq mi (24.7/km2)
Hydaburg First Class[5] Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1927 376 382 −1.6 0.58 1.5 648.3/sq mi (250.3/km2)
Kivalina Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1969 374 377 −0.8 1.50 3.9 249.3/sq mi (96.3/km2)
Kiana Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1964 361 388 −7.0 0.19 0.49 1,900.0/sq mi (733.6/km2)
Napakiak Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1970 354 353 0.3 4.41 11.4 80.3/sq mi (31.0/km2)
Akiak Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1970 346 309 12.0 2.10 5.4 164.8/sq mi (63.6/km2)
McGrath Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1975 346 401 −13.7 47.32 122.6 7.3/sq mi (2.8/km2)
Koyuk Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1970 332 297 11.8 4.77 12.4 69.6/sq mi (26.9/km2)
Elim Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1970 330 313 5.4 2.42 6.3 136.4/sq mi (52.7/km2)
Adak Second Class[5] Aleutians West (CA) 2001 326 316 3.2 33.98 88.0 9.6/sq mi (3.7/km2)
Anaktuvuk Pass Second Class[5] North Slope 1959 324 282 14.9 4.83 12.5 67.1/sq mi (25.9/km2)
Russian Mission Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1970 312 296 5.4 5.58 14.5 55.9/sq mi (21.6/km2)
Eek Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1970 296 280 5.7 0.91 2.4 325.3/sq mi (125.6/km2)
Lower Kalskag Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1969 282 267 5.6 1.22 3.2 231.1/sq mi (89.2/km2)
Nightmute Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1974 280 208 34.6 96.89 250.9 2.9/sq mi (1.1/km2)
Huslia Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 275 293 −6.1 16.43 42.6 16.7/sq mi (6.5/km2)
Nulato Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1963 264 336 −21.4 41.56 107.6 6.4/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Shungnak Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1967 262 256 2.3 8.92 23.1 29.4/sq mi (11.3/km2)
Ambler Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1971 258 309 −16.5 8.98 23.3 28.7/sq mi (11.1/km2)
Seldovia First Class[5] Kenai Peninsula 1945 255 286 −10.8 0.37 0.96 689.2/sq mi (266.1/km2)
Shaktoolik Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 251 230 9.1 1.04 2.7 241.3/sq mi (93.2/km2)
Anderson Second Class[5] Denali 1962 246 367 −33.0 43.74 113.3 5.6/sq mi (2.2/km2)
Tanana First Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1961 246 308 −20.1 11.04 28.6 22.3/sq mi (8.6/km2)
Goodnews Bay Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1970 243 230 5.7 3.72 9.6 65.3/sq mi (25.2/km2)
Kaktovik Second Class[5] North Slope 1971 239 293 −18.4 0.72 1.9 331.9/sq mi (128.2/km2)
Atqasuk Second Class[5] North Slope 1982 233 228 2.2 38.71 100.3 6.0/sq mi (2.3/km2)
Teller Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1963 229 268 −14.6 1.89 4.9 121.2/sq mi (46.8/km2)
Whittier Second Class[5] Valdez-Cordova (CA) 1969 220 182 20.9 12.27 31.8 17.9/sq mi (6.9/km2)
Aleknagik Second Class[5] Dillingham (CA) 1973 219 221 −0.9 24.53 63.5 8.9/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Old Harbor Second Class[5] Kodiak Island 1966 218 237 −8.0 20.53 53.2 10.6/sq mi (4.1/km2)
Upper Kalskag Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1975 210 230 −8.7 3.69 9.6 56.9/sq mi (22.0/km2)
Grayling Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 194 194 0.0 10.96 28.4 17.7/sq mi (6.8/km2)
Port Lions Second Class[5] Kodiak Island 1966 194 256 −24.2 6.38 16.5 30.4/sq mi (11.7/km2)
Mekoryuk Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1969 191 210 −9.0 6.37 16.5 30.0/sq mi (11.6/km2)
Kaltag Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 190 230 −17.4 21.59 55.9 8.8/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Newhalen Second Class[5] Lake and Peninsula 1971 190 160 18.8 5.90 15.3 32.2/sq mi (12.4/km2)
White Mountain Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1969 190 203 −6.4 1.80 4.7 105.6/sq mi (40.8/km2)
Nunam Iqua Second Class[5] Kusilvak (CA) 1974 187 164 14.0 12.13 31.4 15.4/sq mi (6.0/km2)
Holy Cross Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1968 178 227 −21.6 30.19 78.2 5.9/sq mi (2.3/km2)
Coffman Cove Second Class[5] Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1989 176 199 −11.6 11.93 30.9 14.8/sq mi (5.7/km2)
Ruby Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1973 166 188 −11.7 7.63 19.8 21.8/sq mi (8.4/km2)
Nondalton Second Class[5] Lake and Peninsula 1971 164 221 −25.8 8.21 21.3 20.0/sq mi (7.7/km2)
Ouzinkie Second Class[5] Kodiak Island 1967 161 225 −28.4 5.46 14.1 29.5/sq mi (11.4/km2)
Golovin Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1971 156 144 8.3 3.72 9.6 41.9/sq mi (16.2/km2)
Kobuk Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1973 151 109 38.5 16.22 42.0 9.3/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Wales Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1964 145 152 −4.6 2.52 6.5 57.5/sq mi (22.2/km2)
Tenakee Springs Second Class[5] Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1971 131 104 26.0 14.19 36.8 9.2/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Deering Second Class[5] Northwest Arctic 1970 122 136 −10.3 5.05 13.1 24.2/sq mi (9.3/km2)
Chuathbaluk Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1975 118 119 −0.8 3.47 9.0 34.0/sq mi (13.1/km2)
Diomede Second Class[5] Nome (CA) 1970 115 146 −21.2 2.84 7.4 40.5/sq mi (15.6/km2)
Ekwok Second Class[5] Dillingham (CA) 1974 115 130 −11.5 16.27 42.1 7.1/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Egegik Second Class[5] Lake and Peninsula 1995 109 116 −6.0 33.03 85.5 3.3/sq mi (1.3/km2)
Cold Bay Second Class[5] Aleutians East 1981 108 88 22.7 53.21 137.8 2.0/sq mi (0.8/km2)
Allakaket Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1975 105 97 8.2 3.01 7.8 34.9/sq mi (13.5/km2)
Port Heiden Second Class[5] Lake and Peninsula 1972 102 119 −14.3 50.63 131.1 2.0/sq mi (0.8/km2)
St. George Second Class[5] Aleutians West (CA) 1983 102 152 −32.9 34.75 90.0 2.9/sq mi (1.1/km2)
Koyukuk Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1973 96 101 −5.0 5.60 14.5 17.1/sq mi (6.6/km2)
Nikolai Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1970 94 100 −6.0 4.60 11.9 20.4/sq mi (7.9/km2)
Chignik Second Class[5] Lake and Peninsula 1983 91 79 15.2 11.39 29.5 8.0/sq mi (3.1/km2)
Pelican First Class[5] Hoonah-Angoon (CA) 1943 88 163 −46.0 0.60 1.6 146.7/sq mi (56.6/km2)
Larsen Bay Second Class[5] Kodiak Island 1974 87 115 −24.3 5.39 14.0 16.1/sq mi (6.2/km2)
Eagle Second Class[5] Southeast Fairbanks (CA) 1901 86 129 −33.3 1.00 2.6 86.0/sq mi (33.2/km2)
Anvik Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1969 85 104 −18.3 9.68 25.1 8.8/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Shageluk Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1970 83 129 −35.7 11.09 28.7 7.5/sq mi (2.9/km2)
Hughes Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1973 77 78 −1.3 3.01 7.8 25.6/sq mi (9.9/km2)
Akhiok Second Class[5] Kodiak Island 1974 71 80 −11.3 7.77 20.1 9.1/sq mi (3.5/km2)
Pilot Point Second Class[5] Lake and Peninsula 1992 68 100 −32.0 26.14 67.7 2.6/sq mi (1.0/km2)
Clark's Point Second Class[5] Dillingham (CA) 1971 62 75 −17.3 3.07 8.0 20.2/sq mi (7.8/km2)
Atka Second Class[5] Aleutians West (CA) 1988 61 92 −33.7 8.74 22.6 7.0/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Platinum Second Class[5] Bethel (CA) 1975 61 41 48.8 45.07 116.7 1.4/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Port Alexander Second Class[5] Petersburg (CA) 1974 52 81 −35.8 3.47 9.0 15.0/sq mi (5.8/km2)
Edna Bay[b] Second Class Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 2014 49[16] 58.80 152.3 0.8/sq mi (0.3/km2)
Kasaan Second Class[5] Prince of Wales-Hyder (CA) 1976 49 39 25.6 6.00 15.5 8.2/sq mi (3.2/km2)
False Pass Second Class[5] Aleutians East 1990 35 64 −45.3 26.98 69.9 1.3/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Kupreanof Second Class[5] Petersburg (CA) 1975 27 23 17.4 3.69 9.6 7.3/sq mi (2.8/km2)
Bettles Second Class[5] Yukon-Koyukuk (CA) 1985 12 43 −72.1 1.74 4.5 6.9/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Total[c] 496,565 457,229 8.6 12,182.77 31,553.2 40.8/sq mi (15.7/km2)
Notes
  1. ^ A conflict as to the date exists between sources: 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory (p. 136) gives 1977, while "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974" (p. 72) gives December 23, 1963. It is unclear whether Selawik may have dissolved and later reincorporated its city government.
  2. ^ Edna Bay incorporated in October 2014 and thus not included in the sums for the 2010 or 2000 censuses.
  3. ^ The totals reflect the 2010 Census numbers and thus include Petersburg, with a population of 2948 and a land area of 44.13 square miles (114.3 km2), which dissolved its city government in 2013 in favor of incorporating as a borough. [17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  2. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. ix. 
  3. ^ "Municipal Government: City Incorporation". Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. 
  4. ^ "Local Government In Alaska" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. February 2001. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh "Alaska Taxable 2011: Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Municipal Certificates (of Incorporation)" (FTP). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "Municipality of Anchorage" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic unitaco. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Background on Boroughs in Alaska" (PDF). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. November 2000. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 45. January 1974. 
  10. ^ "Places (2000)" (Zipped TXT). 2000 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2013.  External link in |work= (help)
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Home Rule - Cities" (FTP). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  12. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 55. 
  13. ^ "City-Borough Juneau" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  14. ^ "City-Borough Sitka" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Certificate of Incorporation of the City and Borough of Wrangell" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs (DCRA). May 30, 2008. 
  16. ^ Bell, Susan (September 10, 2014). "Edna Bay Incorporates as Alaska’s Newest City" (PDF) (Press release). Juneau, Alaska: Commissioner's Office. Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. Retrieved 2016-05-21. 
  17. ^ http://www.petersburgak.org/index.asp?SEC=0BB9B387-F842-45CC-8DEC-2CC38D90B530&DE=3FB6D968-D1F1-4B8C-9879-ACDCF16BE3DA&Type=B_BASIC

Other sources[edit]