List of domesticated plants

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This map shows the sites of domestication for a number of crops. Places where crops were initially domesticated are called centres of origin

This is a list of plants that have been domesticated by humans.

The list includes species or larger formal and informal botanical categories that include at least some domesticated individuals.

To be considered domesticated, a population of plants must have their behavior, life cycle, or appearance significantly altered as a result of being under humans control for multiple generations. (Please see the main article on domestication for more information.)

Plants in this list are organized by the original or primary purpose for which they were domesticated. When a plant has more than one significant human use, it has been listed in more than one category.

Food and cooking[edit]

Fruit trees[edit]

Main article: List of Fruits


Main article: Pome

Citrus fruits[edit]

Main article: Citrus

Nut trees[edit]

Main article: Nut (fruit)


Cereals (or grains, also called "corn plants" in the UK)[edit]

Main article: Cereal



Sweet small-plant fruits (berries)[edit]

Aggregated drupelet "berries"[edit]

Main article: Rubus

True Berries[edit]

Main article: Ericaceae



Main article: List of Vegetables

Non-sweet small-plant fruits ("vegetables")[edit]

Root vegetables[edit]

Main article: Root Vegetable

Herbs and Spices[edit]

Oil producing plants (for cooking)[edit]

Main article: Vegetable oil


Ornamental plants[edit]


  • Heiser, C. B. (1990). Seed to civilization: the story of food. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Simpson, B.B.; Conner-Ogorzaly, M. (2000). Economic botany: plants in our world. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
  • Vaughan, J. G.; C. A. Geissler (1997). The new Oxford book of food plants. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

See also[edit]