List of domesticated plants

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This map shows the sites of domestication for a number of crops. Places where crops were initially domesticated are called centres of origin

This is a list of plants that have been domesticated by humans.

The list includes species or larger formal and informal botanical categories that include at least some domesticated individuals.

To be considered domesticated, a population of plants must have their behavior, life cycle, or appearance significantly altered as a result of being under humans control for multiple generations. (Please see the main article on domestication for more information.)

Plants in this list are organized by the original or primary purpose for which they were domesticated. When a plant has more than one significant human use, it has been listed in more than one category.

Food and cooking[edit]

Fruit trees[edit]


Citrus fruits[edit]

Nut trees[edit]





Sweet small-plant fruits[edit]

Aggregated drupelet "berries"[edit]

True berries[edit]



Selective breeding enlarged desired traits of the wild mustard plant (Brassica oleracea) over hundreds of years, resulting in dozens of today's agricultural crops. Cabbage, kale, broccoli, and cauliflower were all products of this selective breeding, making them all the same plant.

Non-sweet small-plant fruits[edit]

Root vegetables[edit]

Herbs and spices[edit]

Oil producing plants[edit]


Ornamental plants[edit]


  • Heiser, C. B. (1990). Seed to civilization: the story of food. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Simpson, B.B.; Conner-Ogorzaly, M. (2000). Economic botany: plants in our world. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
  • Vaughan, J. G.; C. A. Geissler (1997). The new Oxford book of food plants. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

See also[edit]