List of federal judges appointed by Grover Cleveland

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Grover Cleveland

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Grover Cleveland during his presidency.[1] In total Cleveland appointed 45 Article III federal judges, including 4 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States (including 1 Chief Justice), 11 judges to the United States courts of appeals and United States circuit courts and 30 judges to the United States district courts.

Additionally, Cleveland appointed 2 judges to the United States Court of Claims, an Article I tribunal.

The Judiciary Act of 1891, approved March 3, 1891, during the intervening administration of President Benjamin Harrison, established the United States courts of appeals. Prior to the passage of that act, United States Circuit Judges were appointed solely to the existing United States circuit courts. Subsequent to the passage of that act, United States Circuit Judges were concurrently appointed to both the United States courts of appeals and the United States circuit courts. This situation persisted until the abolition of the United States circuit courts on December 31, 1911. Starting January 1, 1912, United States Circuit Judges served only upon their respective United States court of appeals.

Thus, the 2 United States Circuit Judges appointed during Cleveland's first administration were appointed solely to the United States circuit court for their respective circuit and were reassigned by operation of law to serve concurrently on the United States court of appeals and United States circuit court on March 3, 1891. The 6 United States Circuit Judges appointed to numbered circuits during Cleveland's second administration were appointed concurrently to the United States court of appeals and United States circuit court.

The Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (now the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit) was established on February 9, 1893. As the United States Circuit Court for the District of Columbia had been abolished in 1863, the judges of this newly established court served only on the Court of Appeals and had no concurrent Circuit Court service. Cleveland appointed 3 judges to this newly established court during his second administration.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

First administration[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 Lucius Q. C. Lamar II 3 Mississippi William Burnham Woods December 6, 1887 January 16, 1888 January 16, 1888 January 23, 1893
2 Melville Fuller Chief Illinois Morrison Waite April 30, 1888 July 20, 1888 July 20, 1888 July 4, 1910

Second administration[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 Edward Douglass White 1 Louisiana Samuel Blatchford February 19, 1894 February 19, 1894 February 19, 1894 December 19, 1910
2 Rufus Wheeler Peckham 3 New York Howell Edmunds Jackson December 3, 1895 December 9, 1895 December 9, 1895 October 24, 1909

Court of Appeals/Circuit Courts[edit]

First administration[edit]

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Howell Edmunds Jackson Sixth April 12, 1886 April 12, 1886 April 12, 1886 March 4, 1893
2 Emile Henry Lacombe Second February 27, 1888 February 28, 1888 May 26, 1887[2] December 31, 1911

Second administration[edit]

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 James Graham Jenkins Seventh March 20, 1893 March 23, 1893 March 23, 1893 February 23, 1905
2 Horace Harmon Lurton Sixth March 22, 1893 March 27, 1893 March 27, 1893 December 20, 1909
3 Richard Henry Alvey D.C. April 14, 1893 April 15, 1893 April 15, 1893[3] January 1, 1905
4 Martin Ferdinand Morris D.C. April 14, 1893 April 15, 1893 April 15, 1893[4] June 30, 1905
5 Seth Shepard D.C. April 14, 1893 April 15, 1893 April 15, 1893[4] January 19, 1905[5]
6 Charles Henry Simonton Fourth December 11, 1893 December 19, 1893 December 19, 1893 April 25, 1904
7 Amos Madden Thayer Eighth August 6, 1894 August 9, 1894 August 9, 1894 April 24, 1905
8 Erskine Mayo Ross Ninth February 19, 1895 February 22, 1895 February 22, 1895 May 31, 1925 December 10, 1928
9 John William Showalter Seventh February 25, 1895 March 1, 1895 March 1, 1895 December 10, 1898

District Courts[edit]

First administration[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 William Matthews Merrick D.D.C. December 14, 1885 March 30, 1886 May 1, 1885[6] February 4, 1889
2 Henry Franklin Severens W.D. Mich. May 14, 1886 May 25, 1886 May 25, 1886 March 16, 1900
3 William Truslow Newman N.D. Ga. December 9, 1886 January 13, 1887 August 13, 1886[7] February 14, 1920
4 Charles Henry Simonton D.S.C. December 9, 1886 January 13, 1887 September 3, 1886[7] December 28, 1893
5 Erskine Mayo Ross S.D. Cal. December 16, 1886 January 13, 1887 January 13, 1887 March 5, 1895
6 Harry Theophilus Toulmin S.D. Ala. December 13, 1886 January 13, 1887 January 13, 1887 November 12, 1916
7 Amos Madden Thayer E.D. Mo. February 21, 1887 February 26, 1887 February 26, 1887 August 20, 1894
8 Martin V. Montgomery D.D.C. December 20, 1887 January 26, 1888 April 1, 1887[8] October 2, 1892
9 William J. Allen S.D. Ill. December 20, 1887 January 19, 1888 April 18, 1887[9] January 26, 1901
10 Edward Franklin Bingham D.D.C. December 20, 1887 January 23, 1888 April 22, 1887[10] April 30, 1903
11 Thomas Sheldon Maxey W.D. Tex. June 18, 1888 June 25, 1888 June 25, 1888 December 12, 1916
12 John Finis Philips W.D. Mo. June 19, 1888 June 25, 1888 June 25, 1888 June 25, 1910
13 James Graham Jenkins E.D. Wis. June 19, 1888 July 2, 1888 July 2, 1888 March 23, 1893

Second administration[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 William Henry Seaman E.D. Wis. March 27, 1893 April 3, 1893 April 3, 1893 March 1, 1905
2 Charles B. Bellinger D. Ore. April 11, 1893 April 15, 1893 April 15, 1893 May 12, 1905
3 Charles Parlange E.D. La. December 11, 1893 January 15, 1894 January 15, 1894 February 4, 1907
4 William H. Brawley D.S.C. December 20, 1893 January 18, 1894 January 18, 1894 June 14, 1911
5 Henry Samuel Priest E.D. Mo. August 6, 1894 August 9, 1894 August 9, 1894 May 23, 1895
6 Charles Dickens Clark E.D. Tenn.
M.D. Tenn.
December 17, 1894 January 21, 1895 January 21, 1895 March 15, 1908
7 Olin Wellborn S.D. Cal. February 25, 1895 March 1, 1895 March 1, 1895 January 31, 1915
8 Elmer Bragg Adams E.D. Mo. December 4, 1895 December 9, 1895 May 17, 1895[11] May 29, 1905
9 John Augustine Marshall D. Utah January 13, 1896 February 4, 1896 February 4, 1896 September 8, 1915
10 William Lochren D. Minn. May 15, 1896 May 18, 1896 May 18, 1896 July 11, 1908
11 John Emmett Carland D.S.D. December 8, 1896 December 15, 1896 August 31, 1896[12] February 6, 1911
12 Charles Fremont Amidon D.N.D. December 8, 1896 February 18, 1897 August 31, 1896[13] June 2, 1928 December 26, 1937
13 Arthur Lewis Brown D.R.I. December 8, 1896 December 15, 1896 October 15, 1896[12] June 30, 1927
14 Andrew Kirkpatrick D.N.J. December 8, 1896 December 15, 1896 November 20, 1896[12] May 3, 1904
15 William Douglas McHugh D. Neb. December 8, 1896 November 20, 1896[14] March 3, 1897
16 John Henry Rogers W.D. Ark. December 8, 1896 December 15, 1896 November 27, 1896[12] April 16, 1911
17 William Henry Munger D. Neb. February 1, 1897 February 18, 1897 February 18, 1897 August 11, 1915

Specialty courts[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Charles C. Nott December 8, 1896 December 15, 1896 November 23, 1896[12][15] December 31, 1905
2 Charles Bowen Howry December 8, 1896 January 28, 1897 November 23, 1896[16] March 6, 1915

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 27, 1888, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 28, 1888, and received commission on February 28, 1888.
  3. ^ Appointed as Chief Justice of the court.
  4. ^ a b Appointed as an Associate Justice of the Court.
  5. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice of the same court on January 19, 1905.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1885, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 30, 1886, and received commission on March 30, 1886.
  7. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 9, 1886, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 13, 1887, and received commission on January 13, 1887.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1888, and received commission on January 26, 1888.
  9. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 19, 1888, and received commission on January 19, 1888.
  10. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 1888, and received commission on January 23, 1888.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 4, 1895, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 9, 1895, and received commission on December 9, 1895.
  12. ^ a b c d e Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1896, and received commission on December 15, 1896.
  13. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 18, 1897, and received commission on February 18, 1897.
  14. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, but the United States Senate did not confirm the appointment.
  15. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice, previously served as a Judge of the same court.
  16. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1896, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 28, 1897, and received commission on January 28, 1897.

Sources[edit]