List of prisons in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

List of prisons in the United Kingdom is a list of all 150 current and a number of historical prisons in England and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

Prisons, Prison Services, Prison Population and Prisoner Categories[edit]

England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland[edit]

Public Sector prisons in England and Wales are managed by Her Majesty's Prison Service (HMPS), which is part of the Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service, an executive agency of the United Kingdom government.[1] In addition, since the 1990s the day-to-day running of a number of previously existing prisons, as well as several new facilities, has been "contracted out" to private companies, such as Serco and G4S.[2] All prisons in England and Wales, whether publicly or privately run, are inspected by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Prisons.[2][3] Prisons in Scotland are run by the Scottish Prison Service and prisons in Northern Ireland are run by the Northern Ireland Prison Service.

There are also "Immigration Removal Centres" run by the Home Office.

The following table lists all prisons and Young Offender Institutions in use in England and Wales as of the late 2010s. All house adult males, and are operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service unless noted otherwise. Adult offenders are persons aged 21 or over, Young Offenders are persons aged between 18–20, and Youth/Juvenile Offenders are persons aged between 10–17. However, some offenders aged between 15–17 are placed in Young Offender Institutions in certain cases due to capacity, risk and other factors.

Population[edit]

As of 2018, the total prison population of the UK (England & Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland combined) stands at roughly 93,000, with a total prison capacity of around 96,000.[4] The total UK prison population is expected to grow by at least 500–1,000 prisoners every year into the 2020s.[5][6][7]

United Kingdom Prisoner Categories and Establishment Types[edit]

In England and Wales male adult (aged 21+) prisoners are divided into 4 security categories depending on the offences they have been convicted of, their escape risk, their length of sentence, and any of their previous criminal convictions, if any. They are as follows,

Category A - 'Those whose escape would be highly dangerous to the public or national security'. Typically for example those convicted of offences such as murder, manslaughter, terrorism, rape, wounding with intent (GBH), robbery, serious firearm and explosives offences, offences against the state, those sentenced under the Official Secrets Act, or any attempts of the offences above. There are a total of 9 Category A prisons in England and Wales who house some of the nation's most notorious criminals today. Scotland and Northern Ireland also have one equivalent high security prison each. A category A prison would be the equivalent of a supermax/maximum security prison in the United States for example.

Category B - 'Those who do not require maximum security, but for whom escape still needs to be made very difficult'. Typically for those convicted of the same types offences as category A prisoners, but who are not judged to be as high risk or those who have served a long time as a category A prisoner with good behavior/rehabilitation are sometimes downgraded to category B. A category B prison would be the equivalent of a medium security prison in the United States for example.

Category C - 'Those who cannot be trusted in open conditions but who are unlikely to try to escape'. Typically for those convicted of minor offences and who are serving shorter sentences no more than a few years in length. Also category B prisoners coming to the end of their sentence are sometimes downgraded to category C to prepare them for release. A category C prison would be the equivalent of a minimum security prison in the United States for example.

Category D - 'Those who can be reasonably trusted not to try to escape, and are given the privilege of an open prison'. Category D prisoners are held in "Open Prisons" in which they are trusted to be able to move freely around the prison without risk and who after completing a risk assessment may be allowed to work outside of the prison in the community or allowed short home visits for a set number of hours a week. Also category C prisoners coming to the end of their sentence are sometimes downgraded to category D to prepare them for release. A category D prison would be the equivalent of a minimum security work release prison in the United States for example.

Young offenders/juveniles (aged under 21) are given security categories, but they share the same categorisation system as adult women and not the Cat A-D like adult men. Adult women (Aged 21+) and young offenders/juveniles in England and Wales are categorised with four types of security levels going from Open, Closed, Restricted Status and Category A (female/YO Cat A being similar to Cat A for adult men in England, Wales and Northern Ireland). However Cat A for women/YOs is rarely used due to the fairly low number of women and young people being held for such serious offences, meaning most are held either in Closed or Restricted Status conditions. Northern Ireland operates a similar A,B,C and D lettered prisoner category system similar to England and Wales. Scotland operates a separate category system going from Low, Medium and High Supervision (High Supervision being similar to Cat A for adult men in England, Wales and Northern Ireland).

Additionally where as adult men and women (Aged 21+) are held in dedicated prisons, people under 21 are held in one of four types of establishments across the country that are run by either HM prison service, private companies (such as G4S or Serco), local council authorities and rarely some charity providers. They are,

Young Offender Institutions (YOIs) which are "prison" based and that hold young men and women aged 18-20 convicted or remanded for any offences. Youth Offender Institutions (YOs) which are "prison" based and very similar to YOIs but that the difference being they only hold younger males aged 15-17 and not females. Secure Training Centres (STCs) which focus more on things such as education, health and support rather than prison style punishment. They hold convicted males and females aged 12-17. Secure Children's Homes (SCHs) which are similar to STC's in that they mainly focus on things like education, health and support rather than prison style punishment. Additionally not all children held in SCHs have necessarily been convicted or accused of crimes, some are held due to things like their history of absconding from regular open care homes or those at high risk of vulnerability from things such as abuse, drugs and prostitution. They hold "at risk" males and females aged 10-17 and all young children aged 10-12 convicted of serious offences until they can be placed in a STC. More can be found here Prisoner security categories in the United Kingdom.

Prisons and Young Offender Institutions[edit]

Name Location County Operator Capacity Notes Category
Altcourse Liverpool Merseyside G4S[2] 1324[8] Male adults and young offenders[8] B
Ashfield Pucklechurch Gloucestershire Serco[2] 400[9] Adult sex offenders C
Askham Grange Askham Richard North Yorkshire 128[10] Female adults and young offenders[10] D
Aylesbury Aylesbury Buckinghamshire 443[11] Young offenders[11] HMYOI
Bedford Bedford Bedfordshire 506[12] Males adults and young offenders[13] B
Belmarsh Thamesmead London 910[14] Belmarsh accepts a wide variety of categories of prisoners[15] A
Berwyn Wrexham Wrexham County Borough 2106[16] Male adult. Largest prison in the UK. C
Birmingham Birmingham West Midlands G4S[2] 1450[17] Previously known as Winson Green.[18] B, C
Blantyre House Goudhurst Kent 122[19] Adult male resettlement prison[20] As of 2018 Blantyre House is currently closed and has been since 2016. It may re-open in the future C, D
Brinsford Featherstone Staffordshire 569[21] Young offenders[21] HMYOI
Bristol Horfield Bristol 614[22] Male adults and young offenders[22] B
Brixton Brixton London 798[23] Training establishment C (Training)
Bronzefield Ashford Surrey Sodexo Justice Services[2] 569[24] Female adults and young offenders[24] A
Buckley Hall Rochdale Greater Manchester 381[25] Male adults[26] C
Bullingdon Arncott Oxfordshire 1114[27] Male adults[28] B, C
Bure Coltishall Norfolk 523[29] Male adults, sex offenders[30] C
Cardiff Adamsdown Cardiff 784[31] Male adults[32] B
Channings Wood Denbury Devon 731[33] Specialises in delivering the Sex Offender Treatment Programme (SOTP).[34] C
Chelmsford Chelmsford Essex 695[35] Male adults and young offenders[35] B
Coldingley Bisley Surrey 513[36] Training prison[37] C
Cookham Wood Borstal Kent 157[38] Young offenders[38] HMYOI
Dartmoor Princetown Devon 646[39] Training prison[40] C
Deerbolt Startforth County Durham 453[41] Young offenders[41] HMYOI
Doncaster Doncaster South Yorkshire Serco[2] 1145[42] Male adults, young offenders and sex offenders[43] B
Dovegate Uttoxeter Staffordshire Serco[2] 860[44] Male adults training prison[45] B
Downview Banstead Surrey 358[46] Female adults and young offenders.[46] Closed in 2013 and reopened in 2016 after refurbishment[47] C
Drake Hall Yarnfield Staffordshire 315[48] Female adults and young offenders. Specializes in foreign nationals[48] C
Durham Durham County Durham 981[49] Male adults and young offenders on remand[50] B
East Sutton Park Sutton Valence Kent 100[51] Female adults and young offenders[51] D
Eastwood Park Falfield Gloucestershire 362[52] Female adults[52] Semi-Open
Erlestoke Erlestoke Wiltshire 470[53] Male adults[54] C
Exeter Exeter Devon 533[55] Male adults and young offenders[55] B
Featherstone Featherstone Staffordshire 702[56] Training establishment[57] C
Feltham Feltham London 762[58] Young offenders[58] HMYOI
Ford Arundel West Sussex 557[59] Male adults. Ford is described as Britain's "cushiest open prison"[60] D
Forest Bank Pendlebury Greater Manchester Sodexo Justice Services[2] 1424[61] Male adults and young offenders[61] B
Foston Hall Foston, Derbyshire Derbyshire 290[62] Female adults and young offenders[62] B
Frankland Brasside County Durham 750[63] Male adults including Category A High Risk and Category B adult males[64] A
Full Sutton Full Sutton East Riding of Yorkshire 608[65] Male adults[66] A
Garth Ulnes Walton Lancashire 847[67] Training establishment[68] B
Gartree Market Harborough Leicestershire 869[69] B
Grendon & Springhill Grendon Underwood Buckinghamshire 235[70] B
Guys Marsh Shaftesbury Dorset 578[71] C
Hatfield Hatfield Woodhouse South Yorkshire 260[72] Male adults and young offenders[72] D
Haverigg Haverigg Cumbria 644[73] Male adults[74] C
Hewell Tardebigge Worcestershire 1431[75] B, C, D
High Down Banstead Surrey 1208[76] Male adults[77] B
Highpoint North Stradishall Suffolk 379[78] Male adults. Previously known as Edmunds Hill. C
Highpoint South Stradishall Suffolk 944[79] Male adults[80] C
Hindley Bickershaw Greater Manchester 440[81] Young offenders[81] HMYOI
Hollesley Bay Woodbridge Suffolk 330[82] Male adults and young offenders[82] D
Holme House Stockton-on-Tees County Durham 1211[83] Male adults[84] B
Hull Kingston upon Hull East Riding of Yorkshire 1044[85] Male adults and young offenders[86] B
Humber Brough East Riding of Yorkshire 1064[87] Male adults, Resettlement[88] C
Huntercombe Nuffield Oxfordshire 365[89] Young offenders[89] HMYOI
Isis Thamesmead London 622[90] Young offenders[90] HMYOI
Isle of Wight (Albany) Newport Isle of Wight 567[91] B
Isle of Wight (Parkhurst) Newport Isle of Wight 536[91] B
Kennet Maghull Merseyside 342[92] C
Kirkham Kirkham Lancashire 590[93] D
Kirklevington Grange Kirklevington North Yorkshire 283[94] C, D
Lancaster Farms Lancaster Lancashire 549[95] C
Leeds Leeds West Yorkshire 1004[96] B
Leicester Leicester Leicestershire 392[97] B
Lewes Lewes East Sussex 723[98] Male adults and young offenders[98] B
Leyhill Tortworth Gloucestershire 532[99] D
Lincoln Lincoln Lincolnshire 738[100] B
Lindholme Hatfield Woodhouse South Yorkshire 990[101] Part of site used as Immigration Removal Centre[101] C, D
Littlehey Perry Cambridgeshire 726[102] Extension holding 480 male young offenders to open January 2010[102] C
Liverpool Liverpool Merseyside 1184[103] B, C
Long Lartin South Littleton Worcestershire 622[104] A
Low Newton Brasside County Durham 336[105] Female adults and young offenders[105] C
Lowdham Grange Lowdham Nottinghamshire Serco[2] 690[106] B
Maidstone Maidstone Kent 600[107] C
Manchester Manchester Greater Manchester 1269[108] Previously known as Strangeways[108] A
Moorland Hatfield Woodhouse South Yorkshire 1006[109] Male adults and young offenders[109] C
New Hall Flockton West Yorkshire 446[110] Female adults and young offenders[110] C
Northumberland Acklington Northumberland Sodexo Justice Services[2] 1348 Created by merging HMP Acklington and HMP Castington C
North Sea Camp Freiston Lincolnshire 306[111] D
Norwich Norwich Norfolk 767[112] Male adults and young offenders[112] B, C
Nottingham Nottingham Nottinghamshire 549[113] B
Oakwood Featherstone Staffordshire G4S[2] 2106[114] C
Onley Rugby Warwickshire 742[87] Male adults, training and resettlement[115] C
Parc Bridgend Mid Glamorgan G4S[2] 1200[116] Male adults and young offenders.[116] Opened in 1997. B
Pentonville Barnsbury London 1250[117] B, C
Peterborough Peterborough Cambridgeshire Sodexo Justice Services[2] 840[118] Male adults (480) and female adults (360)[118] B
Portland Easton Dorset 624[119] Young offenders[119] HMYOI
Prescoed Usk Monmouthshire 178[120] Young offenders; Satellite of Usk[120] D
Preston Preston Lancashire 750[121] B
Ranby Ranby Nottinghamshire 1098[122] C
Risley Warrington Cheshire 1085[123] C
Rochester Rochester Kent 620[124] Young offenders[124] HMYOI
Rye Hill Barby Northamptonshire G4S[2] 664[125] B
Send Send Surrey 282[126] Female adults[126] C
Sheppey Cluster (Elmley) Eastchurch Kent 985[127] Male adults and young offenders[127] B, C
Sheppey Cluster (Standford Hill) Eastchurch Kent 462[128] D
Sheppey Cluster (Swaleside) Eastchurch Kent 1132[129] B
Stafford Stafford Staffordshire 741[130] C
Stocken Stretton Rutland 806[131] C
Stoke Heath Stoke Heath Shropshire 632[132] Young offenders[132] C
Styal Styal Cheshire 459[133] Female adults and young offenders[133] C
Sudbury Sudbury Derbyshire 581[134] D
Swansea Sandfields Swansea 422[135] B, C
Swinfen Hall Swinfen Staffordshire 624[136] Male adults and young offenders[136] C
Thameside Thamesmead London Serco[2] 1200[137] B
The Mount Bovingdon Hertfordshire 720[138] Adult Category C[138] C
Thorn Cross Appleton Thorn Cheshire 321[139] Young offenders[139] D
Usk Usk Monmouthshire 250[140] C
Wakefield Wakefield West Yorkshire 751[141] Also known as 'Monster Mansion' A
Wandsworth Wandsworth London 1665[142] B, C
Warren Hill Woodbridge Suffolk 222[143] Young offenders[143] HMYOI
Wayland Griston Norfolk 1017[144] C
Wealstun Thorp Arch West Yorkshire 527[145] C
Werrington Werrington Staffordshire 162[146] Young offenders[146] HMYOI
Wetherby Wetherby West Yorkshire 360[147] Young offenders[147] HMYOI
Whatton Whatton Nottinghamshire 841[148] C
Whitemoor March Cambridgeshire 448[149] A
Winchester Winchester Hampshire 544[150] Male adults[151] B
Woodhill Milton Keynes Buckinghamshire 819[152] A
Wormwood Scrubs Wormwood Scrubs London 1277[153] Male adults[151] B
Wymott Ulnes Walton Lancashire 1144[154] C

Former prisons[edit]

Name Location County Notes
Abingdon Abingdon Oxfordshire Built 1812 as the county gaol for Berkshire, closed 1874, redeveloped in the 1960s.[155]
Aldington Aldington Kent Closed 1999
Ashwell Ashwell Rutland Closed March 2011, awaiting re-development
Beaumaris Beaumaris Anglesey Historic, now a museum
Belle Vue Manchester Greater Manchester Historic
Blundeston Blundeston Suffolk 1960-2013
Bocado Oxford Oxfordshire Historic
Bodmin Bodmin Cornwall Historic
Bullwood Hall Hockley Essex Closed 2013
Camp Hill Prison Newport Isle of Wight Closed 2013
Canterbury Prison Canterbury Kent Closed 2013
The Clink Southwark London Historic
Coldbath Fields Clerkenwell London Closed 1885
Eden Camp Malton North Yorkshire World War II prisoner of war camp
Dorchester Dorchester Dorset Closed 2013
Finnamore Wood Marlow Buckinghamshire Closed 1996, awaiting redevelopment
Fisherton Gaol Salisbury Wiltshire Closed 1870 [156]
Fleet Holborn London Historic
Galleries of Justice Nottingham Nottinghamshire Historic
Gatehouse Westminster London Historic
Glen Parva Leicester Young offenders, CLOSED June 2017[157]
Gloucester Gloucester Gloucestershire Closed 2013 Open as tourist attraction
Hexham Hexham Northumberland Historic
Holloway Islington London Closed 2016.
King's Bench Southwark London Historic
Kingston Portsmouth Hampshire Closed 2013
Lancaster Castle Lancaster Lancashire Historic, still used as a crown court
Latchmere House Richmond upon Thames London Closed September 2011, awaiting re-development
Launceston Castle Launceston Cornwall Historic
Lincoln Castle Lincoln Lincolnshire Historic - prison block built 1787, housed prisoners until 1878, now houses the Lincolnshire Archives
Marshalsea Southwark London Historic
Millbank Westminster London Historic
Newgate City of London London Historic
Norman Cross Peterborough Cambridgeshire Historic
Prince Rupert's Tower Liverpool Merseyside Historic
Reading Reading Berkshire A prison dating from 1844 housing up to 320 men. Closed in 2013.[158]
Ruthin Gaol Ruthin Denbighshire Historic, Now owned by county council and used as records office, some areas open as tourist attraction[159]
Oxford Oxford Oxfordshire Closed 1996, redeveloped as a shopping and heritage complex
Shepton Mallet Shepton Mallet Somerset Closed 2013 Open as tourist attraction
Shrewsbury Shrewsbury Shropshire Closed 2013 Open as tourist attraction
Tothill Fields Bridewell Westminster London Historic
Tower of London Whitechapel London Historic
The Verne Isle of Portland Dorset Currently an Immigration Removal Centre
Wallingford Wallingford Oxfordshire Historic
Weare Portland Dorset Prison Ship - closed 2005
Wellingborough Wellingborough Northamptonshire Closed 2012
Wood Street Counter Wood Street London Historic

Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Prison Service)[edit]

The following table lists the three active prisons in Northern Ireland. All three are operated by the Northern Ireland Prison Service. There is also a Juvenile Justice Centre, located in Bangor, County Down, which is operated by the Youth Justice Agency. It is also used as a prison officer training centre.[160]

Name Location County Capacity Gender Juvenile (10–18) Young Offender (18–21) Adult Adult Security Category
MaghaberryHMP Maghaberry Lisburn County Antrim 745[161] Male Red XN Red XN Green tickY High[161]
MagilliganHMP Magilligan Limavady County Londonderry 452[162] Male Red XN Red XN Green tickY Low[162]
Hydebank WoodHMP Hydebank Wood Belfast County Down 306[163] Male/Female Red XN Green tickY Green tickY Medium[164]
WoodlandsWoodlands JJC Bangor County Down 48[165] Male/Female Green tickY Red XN Red XN

Former prison[edit]

Scotland (Scottish Prison Service)[edit]

Name Location Council area Notes
Addiewell Addiewell West Lothian private - Sodexo Justice Services
Barlinnie Riddrie Glasgow
Castle Huntly Longforgan Perth and Kinross
Cornton Vale Stirling Stirling
Dumfries Dumfries Dumfries and Galloway
Edinburgh Edinburgh Edinburgh
Glenochil Tullibody Clackmannanshire
Grampian Peterhead Aberdeenshire
Greenock Greenock Inverclyde
Inverness Inverness Highland
Kilmarnock Hurlford, Kilmarnock East Ayrshire private – Serco
Low Moss Bishopbriggs East Dunbartonshire
Perth Perth Perth and Kinross
Polmont Falkirk Falkirk Young Offenders Institute
Shotts Shotts North Lanarkshire

Former prisons[edit]

Name Location Council area Notes
Aberdeen Aberdeen Aberdeen Closed 2014
Bass Rock Firth of Forth East Lothian
Calton Gaol Edinburgh Edinburgh Gaol closed in 1927
Duke Street Glasgow Glasgow Closed 1955, demolished 1958
Inveraray Jail Inveraray Argyll and Bute Historic
Jedburgh Castle Jedburgh Scottish Borders Historic
Noranside Forfar Angus Closed 2011
Peterhead Peterhead Aberdeenshire Closed 2013
Stonehaven Tolbooth Stonehaven Aberdeenshire Historic
The Tolbooth Aberdeen Aberdeen Historic
Old Tolbooth Edinburgh Edinburgh Historic
HM Prison Penninghame Newton Stewart Dumfrieshire Closed 2000
HM Prison Dungavel Strathaven South Lanarkshire Closed 2001
HM Prison Longriggend Longriggend North Lanarkshire Closed 2000
HM Prison Friarton Perth Perthshire Closed 2010
HM Prison Zeist Utrecht Netherlands Closed
Glen Parva Leicestershire East Midlands Closed June 2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HM Prison Service: About us". Gov.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Contracted-out prisons". Justice on GOV.UK. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "About HMI Prisons". HM Inspectorate of Prisons. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Prison population figures: 2016". Gov.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  5. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/639801/prison-population-projections-2017-2022.pdf
  6. ^ "Criminal Justice - Prison Population". Gov.scot. Retrieved 23 August 2018. 
  7. ^ "Population statistics: quarterly updates". Justice-ni.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 August 2018. 
  8. ^ a b "Altcourse". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  9. ^ "Ashfield". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Askham Grange". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Aylesbury". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  12. ^ "Bedford". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 20 March 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  13. ^ "Bedford Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  14. ^ "Belmarsh". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  15. ^ "Belmarsh Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  16. ^ "HMP BERWYN HEALTH & WELLBEING SERVICES" (PDF). NHS. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "Birmingham". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  18. ^ "1995: Serial killer West found hanged". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010. 
  19. ^ "Blantyre House". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  20. ^ "Blantyre House Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  21. ^ a b "Brinsford". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  22. ^ a b "Bristol". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  23. ^ "Brixton". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  24. ^ a b "Bronzefield". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "Buckley Hall". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  26. ^ "Buckley Hall Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  27. ^ "Bullingdon". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  28. ^ "Bullingdon Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  29. ^ "Bure". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  30. ^ "Bure Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  31. ^ "Cardiff". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  32. ^ "Cardiff Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  33. ^ "Channings Wood". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  34. ^ "Channings Wood Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  35. ^ a b "Chelmsford". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  36. ^ "Coldingley". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  37. ^ "Coldingley Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  38. ^ a b "Cookham Wood". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  39. ^ "Dartmoor". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  40. ^ "Dartmoor Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  41. ^ a b "Deerbolt". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  42. ^ "Doncaster". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  43. ^ "Doncaster Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  44. ^ "Dovegate". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  45. ^ "Dovegate Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  46. ^ a b "Downview". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  47. ^ "Downview Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  48. ^ a b "Drake Hall". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  49. ^ "Durham". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  50. ^ "Durham Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  51. ^ a b "East Sutton Park". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  52. ^ a b "Eastwood Park". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  53. ^ "Erlestoke". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  54. ^ "Erlestoke Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  55. ^ a b "Exeter". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  56. ^ "Featherstone". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  57. ^ "Featherstone Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  58. ^ a b "Feltham". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 21 March 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  59. ^ "Ford". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 5 January 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  60. ^ Barnett, Helen (10 April 2015). "Daily booze-runs, drugs and parties - inside UK's cushiest open prison". Daily Express. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  61. ^ a b "Forest Bank". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  62. ^ a b "Foston Hall". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  63. ^ "Frankland". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  64. ^ "Frankland Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  65. ^ "Full Sutton". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  66. ^ "Full Sutton Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  67. ^ "Garth". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  68. ^ "Garth Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  69. ^ "Gartree". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  70. ^ "Grendon". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  71. ^ "Guys Marsh". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  72. ^ a b "Moorland Open". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  73. ^ "Haverigg". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  74. ^ "Haverigg Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  75. ^ "Hewell". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  76. ^ "High Down". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  77. ^ "High Down Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  78. ^ "Edmunds Hill". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  79. ^ "Highpoint". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  80. ^ "Highpoint Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  81. ^ a b "Hindley". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  82. ^ a b "Hollesley Bay". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  83. ^ "Holme House". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  84. ^ "Holme House Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  85. ^ "Hull". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  86. ^ "Hull Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  87. ^ a b "Prison population figures: 2016 - Publications - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  88. ^ "Humber Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  89. ^ a b "Huntercombe". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  90. ^ a b "Isis". Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  91. ^ a b "Isle of Wight". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  92. ^ "Kennet". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  93. ^ "Kirkham". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  94. ^ "Kirklevington Grange". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  95. ^ "Lancaster Farms". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  96. ^ "Leeds". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  97. ^ "Leicester". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  98. ^ a b "Lewes". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  99. ^ "Leyhill". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  100. ^ "Lincoln". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  101. ^ a b "Lindholme". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  102. ^ a b "Littlehey". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  103. ^ "Liverpool". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  104. ^ "Long Lartin". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  105. ^ a b "Low Newton". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  106. ^ "Lowdham Grange". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  107. ^ "Maidstone". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  108. ^ a b "Manchester". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  109. ^ a b "Moorland Closed". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  110. ^ a b "New Hall". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  111. ^ "North Sea Camp". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  112. ^ a b "Norwich". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  113. ^ "Nottingham". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  114. ^ "Oakwood" (PDF). Independent Monitoring Board. Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  115. ^ "Onley Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  116. ^ a b "Parc". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  117. ^ "Pentonville". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  118. ^ a b "Peterborough". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  119. ^ a b "Portland". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  120. ^ a b "Prescoed". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  121. ^ "Preston". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  122. ^ "Ranby". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  123. ^ "Risley". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  124. ^ a b "Rochester". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  125. ^ "Rye Hill". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  126. ^ a b "Send". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  127. ^ a b "Sheppey Cluster (Elmley)". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  128. ^ "Sheppey Cluster (Standford Hill)". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  129. ^ "Sheppey Cluster (Swaleside)". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  130. ^ "Stafford". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  131. ^ "Stocken". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  132. ^ a b "Stoke Heath". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  133. ^ a b "Styal". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  134. ^ "Sudbury". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  135. ^ "Swansea". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  136. ^ a b "Swinfen Hall". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  137. ^ "Thameside". Serco. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  138. ^ a b "The Mount". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  139. ^ a b "Thorn Cross". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  140. ^ "Usk". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  141. ^ "Wakefield". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  142. ^ "Wandsworth". HM Prison Service. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2009.  Soon to be a Remand Centre
  143. ^ a b "Warren Hill". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  144. ^ "Wayland". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  145. ^ "Wealstun". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  146. ^ a b "Werrington". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  147. ^ a b "Wetherby". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  148. ^ "Whatton". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  149. ^ "Whitemoor". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 23 May 2010. 
  150. ^ "Winchester". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  151. ^ a b "Wormwood Scrubs Prison information". www.justice.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  152. ^ "Woodhill". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  153. ^ "Wormwood Scrubs". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  154. ^ "Wymott". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  155. ^ "Old Gaol". Abingdon-on-Thames Town Council. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  156. ^ Wiltshire Community History website
  157. ^ "Glen Parva". HM Prison Service. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  158. ^ David Millward (4 September 2013). "Ministry of Justice announces closure of Reading Prison". GetReading.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  159. ^ "Ruthin Gaol". Retrieved 17 March 2010. 
  160. ^ NI, Prison Service. "Training college for prison staff". Prison Service College Millisle. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  161. ^ a b "Maghaberry Prison". Northern Ireland Prison Service. Archived from the original on 14 October 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 
  162. ^ a b "Magilligan Prison". Northern Ireland Prison Service. Archived from the original on 14 October 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 
  163. ^ "Hydebank Wood". Northern Ireland Prison Service. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 
  164. ^ "Northern Ireland Prison Service". Criminal Justice System Northern Ireland. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 
  165. ^ "Custodial Services: Introduction". Youth Justice Agency NI. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 

External links[edit]