List of terrorist incidents in 1985

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This is a timeline of incidents in 1985 that have been labeled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism).

January[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
20 January Bombing 32 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 22 soldiers and 10 civilians are killed in a train explosion set off by the LTTE.[1] LTTE Sri Lankan civil war
21 January Bombing 0 0 Indonesia Magelang, Indonesia Bombing of the Borobudur Buddhist temple in Central Java. Believed to have been carried out by Islamists in retaliation for the Tanjung Priok massacre Islamists

February[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
23 February Bombing 1 18 France Paris, France Paris Marks & Spencer shop, one bomb, one dead, 18 wounded, attributed to pro-Iranian Lebanese Hezbollah.[2] Hezbollah

March[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
8 March Car bombing 80 175 Lebanon Beirut, Lebanon Car bomb explodes in Beirut, killing 80, injuring 175; allegedly planned and executed by "rogue elements" of the United States Central Intelligence Agency.[3] CIA (alleged) Lebanese civil war
8 March Bombing 0 18 France Paris, France Paris, Cinema Rivoli, Jewish film festival, 18 injured, pro-Iranian Lebanese Hezbollah[4] Hezbollah
12 March Shooting, bombing, hostage-taking 1 0 Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Three Armenian Revolutionary Army militants storm the Turkish embassy, killing a security guard, blasting open the gate in front of the building with a bomb, and taking 12 people hostage before surrendering. Armenian Revolutionary Army

April[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
9 April Suicide bombing 2 (+1 attacker) Israel Israel A suicide car bomber drove an explosive-laden vehicle into an Israeli army patrol, killing 2 soldiers. This was the world's first female suicide bomber, at just 17 years old.[5][6] Palestinian Israel-Palestine conflict
12 April Bombing 18 82 Spain Madrid, Spain Bombing of the El Descanso restaurant outside Madrid. American servicemen frequented the restaurant and were believed to have been the target. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility. Islamic Jihad Lebanese civil war

May[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
14 May Massacre 146 85 Sri Lanka Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka LTTE gunmen shoot dead 146 Sinhalese civilians and injure 85 others as they were praying at Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred Buddhist shrine in Anuradhapura.[7] LTTE Sri Lankan civil war

June[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
14 June Hijacking 1 Greece Athens, Greece TWA Flight 847 hijacking, Hezbollah, see FBI Most Wanted Terrorists. Terrorists take passengers of an Athens-Rome flight hostage, murdering US Navy Seaman, Robert Stethem.[8] Hezbollah Lebanese civil war
19 June Shooting 12 El Salvador San Salvador, El Salvador Left-wing guerillas opened fire on the Zona Rosa nightclub in San Salvador, killing 12 people including six Americans. Central American Revolutionary Workers' Party Salvadoran civil war
19 June Bombing 3 42 West Germany Frankfurt, West Germany 3 killed and 42 wounded at Frankfurt Airport by bomb. Police defuse second bomb. Unknown
20 June Bombings 8 Several Nepal Across Nepal Bombs explode in several cities in Nepal, including the capitol Kathmandu, as well as in Jhapa, Pokhara, Biratnagar, Janakpur, Birgunj, Mahendranagar, Nepalganj and at Bhairahawa Airport. Nepal Janabadi Morcha claimed responsibility. Nepal Janabadi Morcha
23 June Bombing 2 4 India/Japan Narita, Japan A bomb intended for Air India Flight 301 explodes before being loaded on the plane. The bombing was committed by the same people who bombed Air India Flight 182 the same day. Babbar Khalsa Punjab insurgency
23 June Bombing 329 0 Republic of Ireland Atlantic Ocean, Ireland Air India Flight 182 is destroyed by a bomb en route from Montreal to Delhi. Canadian investigation determined the bomb had been planted by Sikh militants from the Babbar Khalsa and was in retaliation for Operation Blue Star Babbar Khalsa Punjab insurgency

July[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
22 July Bombings 1 32 Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark Two near-simultaneous bombs in Copenhagen, at the Jewish synagogue and at the offices of Northwest Orient, explode, killing one and injuring 32. The bombers are interrupted while placing a third, more powerful, bomb, which they later dispose of in the city's harbour. The bombs are later linked to Islamic Jihad.[9] Hezbollah

August[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
1 August Kidnapping 0 0 Libya Mediterranean Sea and Libya A Belgian-French family is kidnapped from their yacht Silco in the Mediterranean Sea and held in Libya for several years. Abu Nidal Organization Israel-Palestine conflict

September[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
23-24 September Robberies, shootings 21 (+5 attackers) 11 (+2 attackers) Malaysia Lahad Datu, Malaysia A group of Moro pirates raid the town of Lahad Datu, Sabah and commit several robberies and random shootings. Moro pirates Moro attacks on Sabah
25 September Shooting 4 1 France Bayonne, France 4 members of the Spanish government backed death squad Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación kill 4 ETA members and injured a civilian in an attack on a hotel bar. GAL Basque conflict

October[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
5 October Mass shooting 8 4 Egypt Ras Burqa, Egypt Egyptian soldier Suleiman Khater kills 7 Israeli tourists, including four children, and another Egyptian soldier in the beach resort town Ras Burqa Suleiman Khater Israel-Palestine conflict
7 October – 10 October Hijacking 1 Egypt/Italy/United States Mediterranean Sea Achille Lauro hijacking: cruise ship hijacking by Palestinian Liberation Front, during which passenger Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old wheelchair-using Jewish American citizen, is shot dead and thrown overboard.[10] PLF Israel-Palestine conflict

November[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
6 November Siege, shootout 98 Several Colombia Bogota, Colombia Members of the 19th of April Movement take over the Palace of Justice, the home of the Supreme Court of Colombia, in hopes of forcing a trial of Colombian president Belisario Betancur. 98 people were killed during the siege, including 35 militants, 48 Colombian soldiers and 11 of the 25 Supreme Court Justices. M-19 Colombian conflict
23 November Hijacking 58 (+2 attackers) Several Egypt/Malta Luqa, Malta EgyptAir Flight 648 is hijacked en route from Athens to Cairo by three members of the Abu Nidal Organization. The flight is diverted to Luqa Airport where the militants engage in a standoff with the Egyptian military. The Egyptian military stages a raid in which 60 people, including 2 of the attackers, are killed. Abu Nidal Organization Israel-Palestine conflict

December[edit]

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
27 December Shootings, grenade 19 (+4 attackers) 138 (+1 attacker) Italy/Austria Rome, Italy
Vienna, Austria
Four gunmen from the Abu Nidal Organization open fire on the El Al ticket counter at Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, killing 16 and wounding 99. Nearly simultaneously, three more gunmen attack Vienna International Airport, targeting a passengers boarding a flight for Tel Aviv. 3 people were killed and 39 injured. Four of the seven terrorists were also killed in the attacks. Abu Nidal Organization Israel-Palestine conflict

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3 Killed in Sri Lanka As Train is Blown Up". New York Times. New York Times. 1985-01-21. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  2. ^ 1 Killed in Third Mystery Bombing at Marks & Spencer Store in Paris
  3. ^ “Some American press reports said the CIA was behind the attack, which was meant to kill Sheikh Fadlallah.” [1] “Operatives allegedly trained by the CIA set off a car bomb in an attempt to kill Sheik Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah... President Reagan and the CIA call off covert operations.” [2]
  4. ^ Thousands of Parisians Are Outraged by Bombing of a Cinema Where a Jewish Film Festival Was Taking Place
  5. ^ FEMALE SUICIDE BOMBERS
  6. ^ The Cult of the Suicide Bomber
  7. ^ "Timeline of the Tamil conflict". BBC News. 2000-09-04. Retrieved 2015-08-16. 
  8. ^ Smith, William E. June 24, 2001. Terror Aboard Flight 847. TIME Magazine. Retrieved: 24 November 2012.
  9. ^ 27 Injured in 3 Terrorist Explosions in Copenhagen
  10. ^ Bohn, Michael K. (2004). The Achille Lauro Hijacking: Lessons in the Politics And Prejudice of Terrorism. Potomac Books, Inc. pp. 6–7. ISBN 978-1-574-88779-2.