Slavic calendar

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While many Slavic languages officially use Latin-derived names for the months of the year in the Gregorian calendar, there is also a set of older names for the twelve months that differs from the Latin month names, as they are of Slavic origin. In some languages, such as the Serbian language these traditional names have since been archaized and are thus seldom used.

The original names of the months of the year in the Slavic languages closely follow natural occurrences such as weather patterns and conditions common for that period, as well as agricultural activities. Many months have several alternative names in different regions.

Names[edit]

No. Meaning[1]
1. Koložeg Time of burning tree trunks in order to amplify the power of the winter sun
2. Sečko Time of hewing, chopping or otherwise cutting wood
3. Derikoža Time of killing livestock due to food shortage upon reaching winter's end
4. Ležitrava Time of vigorous growth of grasses
5. Cvetanj Time of flowering grasses and shrubs
6. Trešnjar Time of maturity of the first yield of fruits
7. Žetvar Time of the harvest
8. Gumnik Time when the harvest is transported from the fields, and wheat is carried to the threshing floor
9. Grozdober Time of harvesting grapes
10. Šumopad Time of leaves yellowing, falling, and consequently the forests denuding
11. Studen Time of cold; late autumn. It feels as if it is already winter.
12. Koledar Time of beginning ritual processions to meet the new year

[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

Comparison[edit]

Comparison of the traditional names for the twelve months in different Slavic languages[1]
No. 1 - January 2 - February 3 - March 4 - April 5 - May 6 - June 7 - July 8 - August 9 - September 10 - October 11 - November 12 - December Comment
Belarusian Studzień Luty Sakavik Krasavik Travień Červień Lipień Žnivień Vierasień Kastryčnik Listapad Śniežań
Bulgarian (Old Bulgarian) Януари (Сечен) Февруари (Люти) Март (Сухи) Април (Брезен) Май (Тревен) Юни (Изок) Юли (Червен) Август (Зарев) Септември (Руен) Октомври (Листопад) Ноември (Груден) Декември (Просинец)
Croatian Siječanj Veljača Ožujak Travanj Svibanj Lipanj Srpanj Kolovoz Rujan Listopad Studeni Prosinac
Czech leden únor březen duben květen červen červenec srpen září říjen listopad prosinec
Macedonian Koložeg Sečko Cutar Treven Kosar Žetvar Zlatec Žitar Grozdober Listopad Studen Snežnik archaic, in use by Macedonian Orthodox Church
Polish styczeń luty marzec kwiecień maj czerwiec lipiec sierpień wrzesień październik listopad grudzień
Russian Январь Февраль Март Апрель Май Июнь Июль Август Сентябрь Октябрь Ноябрь Декабрь
Serbian Коложег Сечко Дерикожа Лежитрава Цветањ Трешњар Жетвар Гумник Гроздобер Листопад Студен Коледар Аркаик
Sorbian Wulki rožk Maly rožk Naletnik Jutrownik Rožownik Smažnik Pražnik Žnjenc Požnjenc Winowc Nazymnik Hodownik
Slovenian Prosinec svečan sušec Mali traven veliki traven rožnik Mali srpan veliki srpan kimovec vinotok listopad gruden
Slovak Január Február Marec Apríl Máj Jún Júl August September Október November December
Ukrainian Січень Лютий Березень Квітень Травень Червень Липень Серпень Вересень Жовтень Листопад Грудень

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nedeljković, Mile (September 1998). "Zinkski znak vatre letnji znak sunca i Perunova munja" [Winter fire symbol, summer sun symbol, and lightning of Perun]. Srpsko nasleđe (in Serbian) (9). Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Nedeljković, Mile; Karadžić, Vuk (1990). Godišnji običaji u Srba [Annual traditions of the Serbs] (in Serbian). Belgrade. 
  3. ^ Jovanović, Stanoje, ed. (1999). Jezici podunavskih zemalja (i ruski) [Languages of the Danube countries (and Russia)]. Belgrade: YU Marketing Press and Verzalpress. OCLC 443031481. 
  4. ^ Gleichova, Jarmila; Jenikova, Anna (1982). Česko-srbocharvatsky a srbocharvatsko-česky slovnik na cesty [Czech–Serbo-Croatian/Serbo-Croatian–Czech travel dictionary] (in Czech). Prague: Statni pedagogicke nakladatelstvi. 
  5. ^ Menac, Antica; Kovalʹ, Alla P. (1979). Hrvatsko ili srpsko-ukrajinski rječnik [Croatian/Serbian–Ukrainian dictionary]. Zagreb: SNL. OCLC 800783862. 
  6. ^ Serbska protyka [Sorbian calendar]. Bautzen: Domowina. 1968. 
  7. ^ Јacanović, Dragan (2000). Srpsko kalendarsko znanje u epskim narodnim pesmama [Serbian calendar knowledge in folk epic poetry] (in Serbian). Rača. 

External links[edit]