Mary Fallin

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Mary Fallin
Mary Fallin.jpg
27th Governor of Oklahoma
Assumed office
January 10, 2011
Lieutenant Todd Lamb
Preceded by Brad Henry
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
August 4, 2013 – July 13, 2014
Preceded by Jack Markell
Succeeded by John Hickenlooper
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 5th district
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Ernest Istook
Succeeded by James Lankford
14th Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
In office
January 9, 1995 – January 2, 2007
Governor Frank Keating
Brad Henry
Preceded by Jack Mildren
Succeeded by Jari Askins
Member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives
from the 85th district
In office
1990–1995
Preceded by Michael James Hunter
Succeeded by Odilia Dank
Personal details
Born Mary Copeland
(1954-12-09) December 9, 1954 (age 61)
Warrensburg, Missouri, U.S.
Political party Democratic (Before 1975)
Republican (1975–present)
Spouse(s) Joseph Fallin (1984–1998)
Wade Christensen (2009–present)
Residence Governor's Mansion
Alma mater Oklahoma Baptist University
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater (BS)
Website Government website
Campaign website

Mary Fallin (born December 9, 1954) is an American politician who is the 27th and current Governor of Oklahoma. A member of the Republican Party, Fallin was elected governor in 2010 and re-elected in 2014.

Born in Warrensburg, Missouri, Fallin is a graduate of Oklahoma State University. Beginning her career working for a variety of multiple Oklahoma state government agencies for several years, in 1983 Fallin entered the private sector, becoming a regional hotel manager and a real estate broker.

Beginning a career in politics, Fallin was elected to the Oklahoma House of Representatives in 1990. She served two terms in the Oklahoma House, representing a district in Oklahoma City, from 1990 to 1995. In 1994, Fallin was elected to serve as the 14th Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma; being elected to a total of three terms, she served under two different governors from 1995 to 2007. After seven-term Republican incumbent Ernest Istook announced that he would retire from his seat to run for governor, Fallin declared her candidacy for Oklahoma's 5th congressional district, where she was elected to two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, serving from 2007 to 2011.

In September 2009, Fallin announced her intention to run for the Republican nomination for governor of Oklahoma. She defeated three other opponents with 54% of the vote in the Republican primary, and defeated the Democratic nominee, Lieutenant Governor Jari Askins, with 60% of the vote in the general election. She was sworn into office on January 10, 2011.

Fallin was the second woman elected to the United States Congress from Oklahoma. The first was Alice Mary Robertson, elected to Congress in 1921, who served for one term from 1921 to 1923. Fallin was the first Republican and first woman to serve as Oklahoma's lieutenant governor, as well as the first woman to be elected as Oklahoma's governor.

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Fallin was born Mary Copeland in Warrensburg, Missouri, the daughter of Mary Jo (née Duggan) and Joseph Newton Copeland.[1] Her mother and father each served terms as mayor of Tecumseh, Oklahoma, where she was raised. They were both members of the Democratic Party of Oklahoma. She was a Democrat until she was 21. That year she switched to the Republican Party of Oklahoma and became active with the Young Republicans. She graduated from Tecumseh High School and attended Oklahoma Baptist University, in Shawnee. Fallin holds a bachelor of science degree in human and environmental sciences, and family relations and child development from Oklahoma State University (1977). At Oklahoma State she joined the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority.[2]

After college, Fallin worked for the Oklahoma Department of Tourism and Recreation, Oklahoma Employment Security Commission, and the Oklahoma Office of Personnel Management. In 1983, she went to the private sector as a hotel manager for Lexington Hotel and Suites. She has also worked as a commercial real estate broker.[3]

Oklahoma House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

Fallin ran for the 85th district of the Oklahoma House of Representatives after incumbent Mike Hunter announced his retirement in December 1989. She won the Republican primary in August and the general election in November. In 1992, she won re-election to a second term unopposed.[4]

Tenure[edit]

She represented Oklahoma City in the House. She authored 16 bills that became law.[citation needed] In 1992, Oklahoma became one of the first fives states in the nation to enact anti-stalking legislation when Fallin authored and introduced HB 2291, which made it illegal to stalk or harass people.[5] Fallin was active with the conservative American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), and was recognized by ALEC as Legislator of the Year in 1993. Also that year she was named Guardian of Small Business by the National Federation of Independent Business. According to The Almanac of American Politics, she "championed victims’ rights and health care reform."[6]

Committee assignments[edit]

Lieutenant Governor (1995–2007)[edit]

Elections[edit]

After two terms in the House, Fallin decided to run for Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma. Ultimately she ran in three elections that year, all of which were against other women, and raised about $200,000. She faced two other candidates in the Republican primary. Terry Neese ranked first with 38% of the vote, but failed to reach the 50% threshold needed to win outright. Fallin ranked second with 36% of the vote, qualifying for the run-off election.[7] She defeated Neese in the run-off primary election 53%–47%.[8] She defeated Democrat Nance Diamond 50%–44%. She did well in the northwest region, the Oklahoma Pandhandle, and her home Oklahoma County. [9]

She won re-election to a second term in 1998, defeating Jack Morgan 68%–32%. She won all but nine counties, all of which were located in the far eastern part of the state.[10] She won re-election to a third term in 2002, defeating Democrat State Representative Laura Boyd 57%–39%, dominating the eastern part of the state.[11]

Tenure[edit]

In 1995, Fallin became the first woman and first Republican to be sworn in as lieutenant governor of Oklahoma, an office she would hold for 12 years. As lieutenant governor, Fallin served on 10 boards and commissions. Early in her tenure, the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, located in Oklahoma City, was bombed, killing 168 people in what became the worst case of domestic terrorism in United States history; Fallin led a task force to rebuild the childcare center that was lost in the attack. In 1997, she chaired the Fallin Commission on Workers’ Compensation, which released a comprehensive reform plan to lower costs in the state's workers' compensation system. Fallin promoted Project Homesafe, a national initiative of the National Shooting Sports Foundation, a firearms industry trade association, to distribute free cable gun locks to reduce the risk of accidental in-home shootings.

In her role as the president of the state senate, Fallin promoted legislation to adopt a right-to-work law prohibiting labor unions from requiring members to pay union dues as a condition of employment;[12] Oklahoma ultimately passed a right-to-work law in 2001.

Leadership positions[edit]

In 1998, Fallin served as chair of the National Lieutenant Governors Association. In 1999, she served as chair of the Republican Lieutenant Governors Association. Fallin also served as the national Chair of the Aerospace States Association.

U.S. House of Representatives (2007–2011)[edit]

Elections[edit]

2006

Fallin decided not to seek re-election to a fourth term as lieutenant governor. Instead, she decided to run in Oklahoma's 5th congressional district, after incumbent Republican congressman Ernest Istook decided to run for governor of Oklahoma. Fallin also considered running for governor and challenging incumbent Democrat Brad Henry, but decided against it given Henry's popularity as measured in polls at the time.[3] Istook lost to Henry by a landslide of 33 percentage points.[13]

The July 25 Republican primary for the 5th district had six candidates. Fallin received 35% of the vote. Oklahoma City Mayor Mick Cornett finished second with 24% of the vote.[14][15] The contest between her and Cornett was largely financial. They had few differences on the issues, but Fallin had a big cash advantage. On August 22, 2006, she defeated Cornett in the run-off primary election, 63%–37%.[16]

Fallin won the general election on November 7, defeating Democrat Paul David Hunter 60%–40%.[17][18]

2008

Fallin easily won re-election in 2008, defeating Democrat Steve Perry 66%–34%.[19]

Tenure[edit]

Rep. Mary Fallin, Keith Ellison, and Jerry McNerney among Congressional deligate meet with Commander of Multi-National Force – Iraq General David Petraeus in 2007

Fallin became the first woman elected to Congress from Oklahoma since 1920, when Alice Mary Robertson became Oklahoma's first (and the nation's second) woman to be elected to Congress. Fallin resigned her position as Lieutenant Governors on January 2, 2007 in order to be sworn into Congress on January 4, 2007. Lieutenant Governor-elect Jari Askins was appointed by Oklahoma Governor Brad Henry to fill the remaining days of Fallin's term.

The 5th district included Oklahoma, Pottawatomie, and Seminole.

In June 2007, she passed her first bill: a revamping of federal grants for women's business centers.[20] She joined a group of 38 Republicans who opposed an expansion of the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP).[6]

During the financial crisis, Fallin voted for the 2008 Wall Street bailout.[21][22] However, Fallin voted against the auto industry rescue plan of 2008.[23][24]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

In addition to her committee assignments, she served on the Executive Committee of the National Republican Congressional Committee, Small Business Chair on the Republican Policy Committee, and Vice Chairman of the Congressional Women's Caucus.

2010 gubernatorial election[edit]

In September 2009, Fallin and four other candidates had announced their intentions to run for governor to succeed Brad Henry. Along with Fallin they were:

Fallin won the Republican nomination with 136,460 votes, ahead of her nearest challenger, State Senator Randy Brogdon, who received 98,159 votes. Former Alaska governor and 2008 vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin endorsed Fallin in the primary. On November 2, 2010, Fallin defeated Democratic nominee Jari Askins 60% to 39% to become the first female governor of Oklahoma.

Governor of Oklahoma (2011–present)[edit]

Transition[edit]

Fallin began the transition on November 3 by holding a joint press conference with outgoing governor Brad Henry.[25] Fallin named Devon Energy Chairman and CEO Larry Nichols as the Chairman of her Transition Team. She also named (then) outgoing Oklahoma Senate President pro tempore Glenn Coffee (R-Tulsa) as the Transition's Co-Chairman. Fallin named Lieutenant Governor-elect Todd Lamb as her Administration's Small Business Advocate, a position Fallin herself once held under former governor Frank Keating. She also established her Governor's Taskforce on Economic Development to advise her on matters related to the economy. Members of that task force include BancFirst CEO David Rainbolt and former Walters Administration Secretary of Agriculture Gary Sherrer. Former Keating Administration Secretary of Energy Robert J. Sullivan, Jr. serves as the director of the Taskforce as the Special Advisor to the Governor on Economic Development.[26]

First year[edit]

Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin at the ribbon cutting ceremony for the opening of the University Center in Ponca City, Oklahoma on July 12, 2011

Fallin assumed office as governor on January 10, 2011. Before the end of January, Fallin had named the four remaining cabinet secretaries in her administration. She named the following:

In late January, following a heated Oklahoma State Board of Education meeting, Fallin proposed major changes to the Oklahoma State Department of Education's organization and structure. The controversy arose over the Board of Education rejecting three senior staff members of Oklahoma State Superintendent of Public Instruction Janet Barresi. Under Fallin's proposed changes, the Board would be stripped of its administrative powers and those powers would be transferred solely to the state superintendent, thus reducing the board to more of an advisory committee to the superintendent as opposed to a government body of the department.[27]

On February 7, Fallin addressed the Oklahoma Legislature in her first State of the State Address. In her address, Fallin called for streamlining and modernizing the State government, reforming education, and reducing health care costs in the State. She also presented her 2012 Oklahoma state budget spending request for considering by the legislature. She proposed to make up the $400 million budget deficit through a combination of a 5% across-the-board agency budget cuts, increased tax enforcement, state agency consolidations, and government modernization to overcome the budget shortfall.

Fallin was criticized for bias after ordering state-owned National Guard facilities to deny spousal benefits (including the provision of identification cards that would allow them to access such benefits) to all same-sex couples.[28] Fallin took the position that Oklahoma law did not recognize such relationships.[29] In response, U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel said that Fallin's position violated the state's obligations under federal law.[30]

Lethal injection controversy[edit]

Under Fallin, Oklahoma has pushed for increased use of lethal injection as a means of ending life in capital punishment, while refusing to release details of the new chemical concoctions used in these executions following chemical company Hospira's decision to stop producing sodium thiopental, which had previously been widely used. Fallin pushed strongly for the execution of convicted murderer Clayton Lockett to proceed in spite of the lack of tested drugs to use for lethal injection. When the Oklahoma State Supreme Court granted a stay of execution, Fallin immediately overruled it, leading some political commentators to raise the possibility of a constitutional crisis surrounding the separation of powers. At the same time, a member of the Oklahoma legislature moved to impeach the seven justices on the Supreme Court who had granted the stay.[31][32] Lockett's execution was attempted on April 29, 2014, but was abandoned when he could not be sedated and was left writhing in pain. Lockett died 43 minutes later of a heart attack. Fallin appointed a member of her staff to lead the investigation into the botched execution.[33] Robert Patton, her director of corrections, resigned, and despite an Oklahoma conflict of interest law, was hired as a deputy warden by GEO Group whose contract he had overseen. Oklahoma State Prison warden Anita Trammel also resigned during the investigation.[34][35][36]

Ten Commandments monument controversy[edit]

Fallin was a supporter of a controversial Ten Commandments monument that had been erected on the Oklahoma State Capitol grounds in 2012. In July 2015, the Oklahoma Supreme Court ruled, in a 7-2 vote, that the monument's presence on public land violated the Oklahoma Constitution, which prohibits the use of public property "for the benefit of any religious purpose." Fallin initially refused to follow the court order, expressing the view that the ruling was incorrect and that the state would petition for a rehearing of the case.[37][38]

The court's ruling was subsequently upheld, and in October 2015 the monument was quietly removed from Capitol grounds to a private property several blocks away. Fallin called for a state constitutional amendment to restore the monument to the Capitol grounds.[39][40] The Legislature passed the resolution placing the question on the Oklahoma ballot, with voters to decide at the November 2016 election to approve or defeat the proposal.[41]

2016 vice-presidential speculation[edit]

In a televised interview in April 2016, Fallin's name was mentioned by former South Carolina Lieutenant Governor André Bauer as a potential running mate for Donald Trump, should he become the Republican presidential nominee in the 2016 presidential election. Trump himself described Bauer's suggestion as "great advice" in a tweet shortly afterwards. Fallin later endorsed Trump on May 4, 2016.[42][43]

In May 2016, the Republican National Committee announced that Fallin would serve as co-chair to the 2016 Republican National Convention's Committee on Resolutions, known as the Platform Committee.[44]

Fiscal policy[edit]

Governor Mary Fallin stands with a family that survived the 2013 devastating Moore tornado with winds exceeding 200 miles per hour

Over the course of her tenure as governor, Fallin has sought to eliminate Oklahoma's state income tax[45] while expanding sales taxes.[46][47]

Cutting Oklahoma's personal income tax, the state's largest source of tax revenue, has been a "top priority" for Fallin and Republican legislators.[48] In the 2012 legislative session, legislation advocated by Fallin and allies to cut the top income tax from 5.25% to 4.8% while eliminating 33 tax credits failed, in part because the legislation would increase the tax burden on around one-quarter of Oklahoma taxpayers, particularly middle-class taxpayers with two or more children.[48]

In 2016, Fallin ultimately secured a reduction in the state income tax from 5.25 percent to 5 percent, which would result in an annually loss of $147 million in revenue to the state when fully implemented.[49] In the aftermath of a steep drop in oil and gas prices that hurt state revenue, the state Senate passed legislation to roll the tax cut back, which Fallin opposed.[49] The budget revenue caused by the drop in state revenue forced a cut of 16.5% to Oklahoma public schools for the last several months of the 2016 fiscal year on top of a previous 3% reduction,[49] and compelled some schools in rural Oklahoma to go to a four-day school week.[49][50][51]

In February 2016 at the opening of the Oklahoma Legislature's session, Fallin proposed $200 million in increased taxes to deal with an anticipated budget shortfall of at least $900 million for fiscal year 2017,[46] which Fallin said was the largest budget hole in state history.[52] Fallin proposed expanding state sales and use taxes to services and items delivered electronically such as music sold online, neither of which are currently taxed in Oklahoma.[46] Fallin also proposed eliminating some annual sales-tax exemptions and more than doubling the state cigarette tax, from $1.03 to $2.53 per pack. Fallin proposed reducing appropriations to most state agencies by 6 percent, with smaller cuts of 3 percent to certain core agencies.[46]

The budget legislation ultimately signed into law by Fallin in June 2016 eliminated the refundable portion of the state earned income tax credit as well as the double deduction income tax credit; the budget also reduced some tax credits.[52] The partial repeal of the state's earned income tax credit was supported by legislative Republicans, who wanted additional revenue for the state to close a shortfall, and opposed by legislative Democrats and the Oklahoma Policy Institute, who argued that it was wrong to eliminate a tax credit that helped working poor Oklahomans.[53][54] The budget cut most state services by 5%, with steeper cuts to higher education, which was cut 16%.[52] (Corrections and healthcare funding remained steady.)[52]

Fallin also signed into law a measure requiring online retailers and consumers to collect sales taxes for goods purchased online.[55]

Anti-abortion legislation[edit]

During her term as governor, Fallin has signed 18 anti-abortion measures into law.[56] In April 2015, Fallin signed into law a measure banning a common second-trimester abortion procedure, except when necessary to save the life of the woman.[57] In May 2015, Fallin signed into law a measure that tripled the mandatory waiting period in Oklahoma for an abortion, extending it to 72 hours.[58] The measure also included other anti-abortion provisions.[58]

In May 2016, Fallin vetoed a bill passed by the Oklahoma State Legislature that would have made it a felony, punishable by up to three years in prison, to perform an abortion, except in instances to save the life of the mother. In a statement, Fallin's office said: "The bill is so ambiguous and so vague that doctors cannot be certain what medical circumstances would be considered 'necessary to preserve the life of the mother.'"[56][59][60]

Climate change[edit]

Fallin is part of a group of Republican governors who have said that they will refuse to comply with Environmental Protection Agency regulations to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change.[61][62][63] In April 2015, Fallin issued an executive order prohibiting the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality and other state agencies from creating an emissions-reduction strategy under the Clean Power Plan,[62][63] becoming the first governor to do so.[63]

Local governments[edit]

In April 2014, Fallin signed into law S.B. 1023, which prohibits cities in Oklahoma from establishing citywide minimum wages or sick-leave requirements. The legislation targeted Oklahoma City, where a local initiative sought to establish a citywide minimum wage higher than the current federal minimum wage.[64]

In May 2015, Fallin signed into law a measure prohibiting Oklahoma local governments from enacting local bans on oil and gas drilling. The bill was a response to a vote in Denton, Texas, to bar hydraulic fracturing (fracking), although no Oklahoma local government had attempted to ban fracking. The bill passed the state House 64-32 and the Senate 33-13; the bill was opposed by the Oklahoma Municipal League.[65]

Education[edit]

Fallin was formerly a champion of the Common Core State Standards (which Oklahoma adopted in 2010), but in June 2014 signed a bill dropping the standards.[66][67]

In April 2015, Fallin signed into law a measure that expanded charter schools statewide (a change from previous law, which allowed charter schools only in Tulsa and Oklahoma counties).[68] The legislation required all expanding charter schools to receive approval from the local boards of education, and mandated that all charter schools be free and open like traditional public schools, thereby eliminating the prospect of charter schools picking and choosing students.[68]

Honors[edit]

Fallin has been honored with numerous awards, including Women in Communications' Woman in the News Award, induction into the Oklahoma Women's Hall of Fame, Clarence E. Page Award, induction into the Oklahoma Aviation Hall of Fame, 1998 Woman of the Year in Government and 1993 Legislator of the Year.

Personal life[edit]

Fallin married her first husband, Joseph Fallin, a dentist, in November 1984. She filed for divorce in December 1998.[69] In November 2009, she married Wade Christensen, an Oklahoma City lawyer.[70] They have a total of six children in their blended family, one of whom—model, makeup artist, and musician Christina Fallin—was described as "the most interesting governor's daughter in the country" by a 2014 Washington Post article.[71]

Election history[edit]

August 23, 1994, Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma Republican primary results

Candidates Party Votes %
Terry Theresa Neese Republican 73,336 37.57
Mary Fallin Republican 69,785 35.75
Ronnie Eisenhour Republican 52,081 26.68

September 20, 1994, Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma Republican primary runoff results

Candidates Party Votes %
Mary Fallin Republican 67,000 52.97
Terry Theresa Neese Republican 59,488 47.03

November 8, 1994, Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma election results

Candidates Party Votes %
Mary Fallin Republican 489,539 49.69
Nance Diamond Democratic 435,215 44.18
Bruce Hartnitt Independent 60,384 6.13

August 27, 2002, Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma Republican primary results

Candidates Party Votes %
Mary Fallin Republican 168,461 81.96
Jim Clark Republican 37,068 18.04

June 24, 2014, Governor of Oklahoma Republican primary results

Candidates Party Votes %
Mary Fallin Republican 200,035 75.5
Chad Moody Republican 40,839 15.4
Dax Ewbank Republican 24,020 9.1
November 4, 2014, Governor of Oklahoma election results
Candidates Party Votes %
Joe Dorman Democratic Party 338,239 41%
Mary Fallin Republican Party 460,298 56%
Kimberly Wallis Independent 17,169 2.1%
Richard Prawdzienski Independent 9,125 1%
Total 824,831 100%
Source: 2014 |-

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mary Fallin ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved February 5, 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b "Oral history interview with Mary Fallin". Dc.library.okstate.edu. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK State House 085 Race – Nov 03, 1992". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  5. ^ http://newsok.com/article/2415565
  6. ^ a b "Login". Nationaljournal.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK Lt. Governor – R Primary Race – Aug 23, 1994". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK Lt. Governor – R Runoff Race – Sep 20, 1994". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK Lt. Governor Race – Nov 08, 1994". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK Lt. Governor Race – Nov 03, 1998". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK Lt. Governor Race – Nov 05, 2002". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  12. ^ Greiner, John (April 16, 2000). "Fallin may feel right-to-work aftermath". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 2016-05-09. 
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK Governor Race – Nov 07, 2006". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK District 5 – R Primary Race – Jul 25, 2006". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Primary Election". ok.gov. July 26, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Runoff Primary Election". ok.gov. August 22, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK – District 05 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  18. ^ "General Election". ok.gob. Oklahoma State Election Board. November 7, 2006. Retrieved January 22, 2011. 
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns – OK – District 05 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  20. ^ https://www.congress.gov/bill/110th-congress/house-bill/2397
  21. ^ Sue Kirchhoff, Bailout passes House 263-171, USA Today (October 3, 2008).
  22. ^ Ashli Sims, Campaign Ad Attacking Congresswoman Mary Fallin Put to Truth Test, News 9 Now / News on 6 Now (July 17, 2010).
  23. ^ Fallin releases statement on auto bailout bill, Edmond Sun (December 11, 2008).
  24. ^ Jim Myers, State delegation 4-1 against auto bailout, Tulsa World (December 11, 2008).
  25. ^ Fallin prepares to Oklahoma's governor, The Oklahoman, Michael McNutt, 11-3-10
  26. ^ Fallin Transition Team, Office of Governor-elect Mary Fallin, 11-30-10
  27. ^ Governor Fallin Issues Statement on Obstructionist Tactics of State Board of Education, Office of Governor Fallin, January 27, 2011
  28. ^ "Oklahoma National Guard Acts on Same Sex Benefits: New Policy Protects Oklahoma Constitution and Oklahoma Laws". OK.gov. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Oklahoma Drops National Guard Benefits For All Couples To Avoid Serving Same-Sex Couples". ThinkProgress. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  30. ^ Fallin: OK will no longer process benefits for National Guard couples, KRMG (November 20, 2013).
  31. ^ "Mary Fallin is responsible for Clayton Lockett's botched execution: The Oklahoma governor wanted his death.". Slate. Retrieved January 5, 2015. 
  32. ^ Fretland, Katie (April 23, 2014). "Oklahoma court lifts stay of executions, heading off confrontation with governor". The Guardian. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Oklahoma Governor Mary Fallin boasts far-right record". MSNBC. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  34. ^ Oklahoma Prisons chief who presided over botched executions resigns amid investigation, Talking Points Memo, Sean Murphy, December 5, 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  35. ^ Oklahoma department of corrections director Robert Patton resigns, Tulsa World, December 2015, Samantha Vincent. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  36. ^ Did corrections chief's new job violate state law?, Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise, December 23, 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  37. ^ Aliyah Frumin, Despite court ruling, Mary Fallin won't remove 10 Commandments statue, MSNBC (July 8, 2016).
  38. ^ Abby Phillips, Oklahoma's Ten Commandments statue isn't going anywhere, governor says, Washington Post (July 7, 2015).
  39. ^ Alex Johnson, Oklahoma Removes Ten Commandments Monument Under Court Order, NBC News (October 7, 2015).
  40. ^ Barbara Hoberock, Fallin urges lawmakers to act swiftly on Ten Commandments amendment: Governor seeks constitutional amendment, Tulsa World (October 7, 2015).
  41. ^ Sean Murphy, Oklahoma voters to decide fate of Ten Commandments monument, Associated Press (April 22, 2016).
  42. ^ "Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin endorses Trump's presidential bid". KFOR-TV. May 4, 2016. 
  43. ^ "Trump: Oklahoma governor as VP is 'great' advice". CNN. April 24, 2016. 
  44. ^ Robin Goist, RNC announces Platform Committee leadership, Cleveland Plain Dealer (May 24, 2016).
  45. ^ Everything You Need to Know About Oklahoma's Income Tax, NPR/StateImpact (accessed June 30, 2016).
  46. ^ a b c d Barbara Hoberock, Gov. Mary Fallin looks to sales, use and cigarette taxes to help plug state budget hole, Tulsa World (February 2, 2016).
  47. ^ Gov. Fallin wants sales tax expansion to close budget hole, Associated Press (February 1, 2016).
  48. ^ a b Joe Wertz, Three Reasons Oklahoma's Income Tax Cut Plan Failed, NPR/StateImpact (May 25, 2012).
  49. ^ a b c d Tim Talley, Oklahoma slashes spending 7 percent due to oil price plunge, Associated Press (March 3, 2016).
  50. ^ Kylen Mills, Debate heats up over the impact of 4-day school week on kids, schools, KOKH (May 2, 2016).
  51. ^ Steve Lewis, Four-day school week is a consequence of unwillingness to fund public schools (Capitol Updates), Oklahoma Policy Institute (November 25, 2015).
  52. ^ a b c d Jacob McCleland, Gov. Fallin Signs Next Fiscal Year's Budget Bill, KGOU (June 12, 2016).
  53. ^ Fallin signs earned income tax credit bill, The Oklahoman staff reports (May 28, 2016).
  54. ^ Gene Perry, New bill would devastate a key tax credit for Oklahoma working families, Oklahoma Policy Institute (May 12, 2016).
  55. ^ Gov. Fallin signs bill focusing on sales tax for online purchases, KFOR-TV (May 18, 2016).
  56. ^ a b Molly Redden, Oklahoma governor vetoes abortion bill that would have criminalized providers, The Guardian (May 20, 2016).
  57. ^ Oklahoma: Governor Signs Curb on Abortion Procedure, Associated Press (April 13, 2015).
  58. ^ a b Niraj Chokshi, Oklahoma is extending its abortion waiting period; more states could follow, Washington Post (May 7, 2015).
  59. ^ Jon Herskovitz and Heide Brandes (May 20, 2016). "Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin Vetoes Bill Making Abortion A Felony". Huffington Post. 
  60. ^ Theodore Schleifer, Will Cadigan & Kristen Holmes, Oklahoma governor vetoes bill that would criminalize abortion, CNN (May 20, 2016).
  61. ^ Coral Davenport, Republican Governors Signal Their Intent to Thwart Obama's Climate Rules, New York Times (July 2, 2015).
  62. ^ a b Devin Henry, Oklahoma takes aim at climate plan, The Hill (April 30, 2015).
  63. ^ a b c Chris Casteel, Amid disagreement with Gov. Mary Fallin, Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt is set to testify against clean air rule, The Oklahoman (May 5, 2015).
  64. ^ Gov. Mary Fallin signs minimum wage hike ban in Oklahoma, Associated Press (April 14, 2014).
  65. ^ Paul Monies, Fallin signs bill preventing cities from enacting drilling bans, The Oklahoman (May 31, 2015).
  66. ^ Caitlin Emma, Fallin signs Common Core repeal bill, Politico (June 5, 2014).
  67. ^ Cory Turner, Common Core Repeal, The Day After, All Things Considered, NPR (December 30, 2014).
  68. ^ a b Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin signs bill to expand charter schools statewide, Tulsa World (April 25, 2015).
  69. ^ English, Paul; Godfrey, Ed (December 5, 1998). "Lt. Gov. Fallin Files Petition For Divorce". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 2016-05-09. 
  70. ^ "Mary Fallin, Wade Christensen wed in Oklahoma City", The Oklahoman, November 22, 2009.
  71. ^ Zezima, Katie (May 4, 2014). "The most interesting governor's daughter in the country". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-05-08. 

External links[edit]

U.S. Congress (2007–2011)
Party political offices
Preceded by
Terry Neese
Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
1994, 1998, 2002
Succeeded by
Todd Hiett
Preceded by
Ernest Istook
Republican nominee for Governor of Oklahoma
2010, 2014
Current holder
Political offices
Preceded by
Jack Mildren
Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
1995–2007
Succeeded by
Jari Askins
Preceded by
Brad Henry
Governor of Oklahoma
2011–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Jack Markell
Chair of the National Governors Association
2013–2014
Succeeded by
John Hickenlooper
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ernest Istook
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 5th congressional district

2007–2011
Succeeded by
James Lankford
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Oklahoma
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Gary Herbert
as Governor of Utah
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Oklahoma
Succeeded by
Susana Martinez
as Governor of New Mexico