Kevin Stitt

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Kevin Stitt
Stitt in 2022
28th Governor of Oklahoma
Assumed office
January 14, 2019
LieutenantMatt Pinnell
Preceded byMary Fallin
Personal details
John Kevin Stitt

(1972-12-28) December 28, 1972 (age 51)
Milton, Florida, U.S.
Cherokee Nation
Political partyRepublican
(m. 1998)
Residence(s)Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S.
EducationOklahoma State University–Stillwater (BS)

John Kevin Stitt (born December 28, 1972)[2] is an American businessman and politician serving as the 28th governor of Oklahoma since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he was elected in 2018, defeating Democrat and former state Attorney General Drew Edmondson with 54.3% of the vote. Stitt was reelected to a second term in 2022, defeating Superintendent of Public Instruction Joy Hofmeister, a Republican turned Democrat, with 55.4% of the vote.[3] A member of the Cherokee Nation, Stitt is the second Native American governor after former Oklahoma governor Johnston Murray.

Stitt grew up in Norman, Oklahoma, and graduated from Oklahoma State University with a degree in accounting. He is the founder and former chairman and CEO of Gateway Mortgage Group.

Early life[edit]

Kevin Stitt was born in Milton, Florida, on December 28, 1972, to a family of Cherokee descent enrolled in the Cherokee Nation but not involved with traditional Cherokee customs.[4][5] His family moved to Skiatook, Oklahoma, when he was five. He began school in Wayne, Oklahoma, and the family later moved to Norman, Oklahoma, where his father was the pastor of Riverside Church.[5] He graduated from Norman High School[citation needed] and from Oklahoma State University with a degree in accounting.[5] Stitt helped pay his way through college by selling educational products door-to-door for Southwestern Advantage.[5] He was the first person in the company's 115-year history to achieve top sales as a first-year salesperson.[citation needed] Stitt is a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity.[5]

Financial services career[edit]

Stitt worked in the financial services sector before starting Gateway in 2000.[6][failed verification] He founded the company and was president and CEO until January 2014, when he became chairman-CEO.[7] Stitt has said he started Gateway in 2000 with "$1,000 and a computer."[5] His first obstacle was to get approved as a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) lender, for which the company needed a net worth of $50,000.[citation needed] To achieve that, Stitt put forward the equity in his home.[citation needed] In 2002, Gateway secured its first warehouse line, began obtaining licensing in states other than Oklahoma, and started recruiting loan officers.[citation needed] By 2006, it had over 400 employees.[citation needed]

In August 2018, after winning the Republican nomination, Stitt stepped down as Gateway CEO as the company announced a merger with a state-licensed bank and sought its banking license.[8] Legal Counsel Scott Gesell became CEO in 2020 and Stitt remained chairman.[9] Gateway is a midsize company based in Jenks, Oklahoma.[10] It employs more than 1,500 people and originates mortgages in 42 states.[citation needed]

Gateway Mortgage license[edit]

After a decade of rapid growth, a few Gateway employees were fired for making non-compliant loans.[11] In 2009, Gateway was listed in a Business Insider article as one of the 15 shadiest lenders in the government-backed mortgage industry.[12][13] The article said Gateway originated nearly twice as many bad mortgages as its competitors.[13] An August 19, 2018, Oklahoman newspaper article highlighted the Business Insider article's inaccuracies, reporting that "in the Illinois case, a consent order states that the Illinois banking agency investigated a Gateway loan originator for an 'alleged real estate, appraisal, and mortgage fraud scheme.' Gateway fired the employee, asked for a hearing and then agreed to what investigators found. Gateway agreed to a $10,000 fine. The Stitt campaign responded with a press release that said, "the license in Illinois was never revoked. The state agreed after the appeal not to revoke the license."[11]

NEWS9 also said that according to Georgia's Department of Banking and Finance, Stitt was banned for five years and the company was banned for life from origination mortgages in Georgia. According to the Oklahoman, a Gateway corporate attorney said there were misrepresentations and insufficient background checks by employees in the Georgia office but Stitt was not involved. The employees were fired and Gateway paid a $2,000 fine. The state overturned the lifetime ban on Gateway, effective November 2017. Gateway is able to do business in all 50 states.[11]

During Stitt's gubernatorial campaign, Oklahoma Watch reported that Wisconsin regulators fined Gateway for a "clerical error" regarding its history with regulators from other states. Gateway corrected the application and was issued a license in 2009. It remains in good standing in Wisconsin.[14]

Governor of Oklahoma[edit]

2018 election[edit]

In July 2017, Stitt announced his candidacy[15][16][17] for the Republican nomination[18][19] for governor in 2018.[20][21] Facing nine other candidates in the primary election, he ran a statewide campaign with stops in nearly every city and town in all 77 counties. He finished second, defeating, among others, Lieutenant Governor Todd Lamb.[22][23] In the August 28 primary runoff, Stitt defeated Mick Cornett, a former mayor of Oklahoma City.[24] In the November general election, Stitt defeated the Democratic nominee, former Attorney General Drew Edmondson, and Libertarian Chris Powell.[25]

In the GOP runoff, political newcomer Stitt received crucial support from a trio of conservative leaders such as U.S. Senator Ted Cruz[26] and former U.S. Senators Rick Santorum[27] and Tom Coburn all of whom endorsed him.[28] In the general election, Stitt was endorsed by former primary rival Mick Cornett,[29] incumbent governor of Oklahoma Mary Fallin,[30] and President Donald Trump.[31] The Stitt campaign promptly rejected Fallin's endorsement with a press release: "We did not seek [Fallin's endorsement], and Kevin Stitt has run on a campaign message that he will do things a lot differently. He is focused on changing the structure of state government and cleaning up the mess we are currently in at the Capitol."[29]

During his campaign, Stitt called himself "the only job creator with proven business experience" running for governor[32] and emphasized his business background.[33] He called on the state to become "top 10 in job growth, top 10 in education and top 10 in infrastructure."[34]

During the general election, the close race drew increased attention from national media and political figures.[35] Vice President Mike Pence campaigned for Stitt.[36][37][38]

2022 election[edit]

Stitt filed to run for reelection in January 2021.[39] He won the Republican primary in June 2022 and was reelected in November.[40][3]


Stitt (left) attending a White House conference in December 2018, seated next to Governor-elect Brad Little of Idaho

Stitt was inaugurated on January 14, 2019, at the Oklahoma State Capitol. Chief Justice of Oklahoma Noma Gurich swore him and Lieutenant Governor Matt Pinnell into office. Stitt then gave a 15-minute inaugural address.[41]

Administration personnel[edit]

Cabinet positions[edit]

The Cabinet of Governor Kevin Stitt
Office Name Term
Governor Kevin Stitt 2019–present
Lieutenant Governor Matt Pinnell 2019–present
Chief Operating Officer/Secretary of Agency Accountability John Budd 2019–2021
Chief Operating Officer Steve Harpe 2021–2022
Secretary of State Michael Rogers 2019–2020
Secretary of State and Native American Affairs Brian Bingman 2020–present
Secretary of Energy and Environment Kenneth Wagner 2019–2022
Ken McQueen 2022–present
Secretary of Agriculture Blayne Arthur 2019–present
Secretary of Transportation Tim Gatz 2019–present
Secretary of Public Safety Chip Keating 2019–2021
Tricia Everest 2021–present
Secretary of the Budget Mike Mazzei 2019–2020
John Laws 2022–present
Secretary of Commerce and Workforce Development Sean Kouplen 2019–2021
Scott Mueller 2021–2022
Chad Mariska 2022–present
Secretary of Tourism and Branding Matt Pinnell 2019–present
Secretary of Health and Mental Health Jerome Loughridge 2019–2020
Kevin Corbett 2020–present
Secretary of Human Services and Early Childhood Initiatives Steve Buck 2019–2020
Justin Brown 2020–2023
Deborah Shropshire 2023–present
Secretary of Science and Innovation Kayse Shrum 2019–2020
Elizabeth Pollard 2020–2023
Secretary of Native American Affairs Lisa Johnson Billy 2019–2019
Position Consolidated with Secretary of State
Secretary of Digital Transformation and Administration David Ostrowe 2019–2021
Secretary of Licensing and Regulation Susan Winchester 2021–present
Secretary of Economic Administration Jennifer Grigsby 2021–present
Secretary of Veterans Affairs and the Military Ben Robinson 2019–2022
John Nash 2022–present
Secretary of Education Michael Rogers 2019–2020
Ryan Walters 2020–2023
Katherine Curry 2023–2023
Nellie Tayloe Sanders 2024–present
Chief of Staff Michael Junk 2019–2020
Bond Payne 2020–2022
Brandon Tatum 2022–present
General Counsel Mark Burget 2019–2020
Jason Reese 2020–2021
Trevor Pemberton 2021–present
Chief Financial Officer Amanda Rodriguez 2020–2022
Adjutant General Michael C. Thompson 2019–present

Before taking office, Stitt nominated former state Representative Michael Rogers as his Secretary of State and Tulsa Deputy Mayor Michael Junk (a former advisor to U.S. Senators Jim Inhofe and Tom Coburn)[42] as his chief of staff.[43]

On December 23, 2019, citing disagreements with Stitt over his handling of negotiations with the state's various Indian tribes about gambling compacts, Lisa Johnson Billy became the first member of the Stitt's cabinet to resign. A member of the Chickasaw Nation and former Republican state representative, Billy viewed Stitt's negotiation position as one of "unnecessary conflict."[44] Stitt tapped his Secretary of State Mike Rogers to assume those duties and temporarily combined the two positions.

Cabinet confirmation process[edit]

Position Name Announcement Senate Committee Full Senate
vote date
Confirmation vote
Secretary of State Mike Rogers November 27, 2018 General Government April 23, 2019 44-0-4 [2]
Secretary of Education Mike Rogers January 24, 2019 General Government April 23, 2019 44-0-4 [3]
Ryan Walters September 10, 2020 Senate confirmation pending
Secretary of Energy and Environment Kenneth E. Wagner November 28, 2018 Energy May 1, 2019 41-0-7 [4]
Secretary of Agriculture Blayne Arthur December 13, 2018 Agriculture and Wildlife February 26, 2019 43-0-5 [5]
Adjutant General Michael C. Thompson December 14, 2018 Veterans Affairs and Military May 13, 2019 45-1-2 [6]
Secretary of the Budget Mike Mazzei December 20, 2018 Appropriations May 15, 2019 47-1-0 [7]
Secretary of Commerce and Workforce Development Sean P. Kouplen January 3, 2019 Business, Commerce, and Tourism April 16, 2019 43-0-5 [8]
Secretary of Agency Accountability John Budd January 7, 2019 General Government April 23, 2019 44-0-4 [9]
Secretary of Tourism and Branding Matt Pinnell January 17, 2019 Business, Commerce, and Tourism April 23, 2019 46-0-2 [10]
Secretary of Digital Transformation and Administration David Ostrowe January 18, 2019 General Government April 23, 2019 44-0-4 [11]
Secretary of Transportation Tim Gatz January 18, 2019 Transportation April 23, 2019 45-0-3 [12]
Secretary of Native American Affairs Lisa Johnson Billy January 30, 2019 General Government April 23, 2019 44-0-4 [13]
Secretary of Human Services Steven Buck February 14, 2019 Health and Human Services May 8, 2019 46-0-2 [14]
Secretary of Public Safety Chip Keating February 21, 2019 Public Safety April 24, 2019 42-0-6 [15]
Secretary of Veterans Affairs Brian Brurud February 21, 2019 Nomination withdrawn March 18, 2019 [16]
Ben Robinson April 15, 2019 Veterans Affairs and Military May 13, 2019 46-0-2 [17]
Secretary of Science and Innovation Kayse Shrum March 14, 2019 Education May 2, 2019 44-0-4 [18]
Elizabeth Pollard June 29, 2020 Senate confirmation pending
Secretary of Health Jerome Loughridge March 14, 2019 Health and Human Services May 8, 2019 47-0-1 [19]
Kevin Corbett June 29, 2020 Senate confirmation pending

Sub-Cabinet officials[edit]

Office Agency Name Announcement Senate Committee Full Senate
vote date
Confirmation vote
Commissioner Department of Agriculture Blayne Arthur December 13, 2018 Agriculture and Wildlife February 26, 2019 43-0-5 [20]
Director Department of Commerce Brent Kisling January 3, 2019 Business, Commerce, and Tourism April 16, 2019 43-0-5 [21]
Director Office of Management and Enterprise Services John Budd January 7, 2019 General Government April 23, 2019 46-0-2 [22]
Steven Harpe January 23, 2020 Senate confirmation pending [23]
Commissioner Department of Health Tom Bates January 14, 2019 Interim basis [24]
Gary Cox September 12, 2019 Senate confirmation pending [25]
State Chief Information Officer Office of Management and Enterprise Services Bo Reese January 14, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [26]
Donald Moore February 13, 2020 Senate confirmation not required [27]
Executive Director Department of Veteran Affairs Doug Elliot January 14, 2019 Senate confirmation not required
Joel Kintsel September 6, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [28]
Executive Director Turnpike Authority Tim Gatz January 14, 2019 Senate confirmation not required
Commissioner Department of Mental Health Terri White January 14, 2019 Senate confirmation not required
Carrie Slatton-Hodges February 1, 2020 Interim basis
Director of Homeland Security Department of Public Safety Kim E. Carter January 15, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [29]
Director Department of Emergency Management Mark Gower January 29, 2019 Public Safety April 24, 2019 42-0-6 [30]
Commissioner Department of Public Safety Rusty Rhoades February 22, 2019 Public Safety April 24, 2019 42-0-6 [31]
John Scully September 2, 2019 Senate confirmation pending [32]
Director Department of Tourism and Recreation Jerry Winchester April 2, 2019 Business, Commerce, and Tourism May 7, 2019 45-0-3 [33]
Director Department of Transportation Tim Gatz May 1, 2019 Transportation May 13, 2019 48-0-0 [34]
Director Office of Juvenile Affairs Steven Buck May 1, 2019 Health and Human Services May 15, 2019 47-0-1 [35]
Director Department of Human Services Justin Brown June 4, 2019 Senate confirmation pending [36]
Deputy Secretary of Public Safety Department of Corrections Tricia Everest June 13, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [37]
Director Department of Corrections Scott Crow June 14, 2019[45] Senate confirmation pending [38]
Deputy Secretary of Health Health Care Authority Carter Kimble June 21, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [39]
Secretary General Land Office A. Brandt Vawter July 8, 2019 Interim basis [40]
Director Health Care Authority Kevin Corbett August 5, 2019 Senate confirmation pending [41]
Director of Workforce Development Department of Commerce Don Morris August 12, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [42]
Commissioner State Banking Department Mick Thompson December 10, 2019[46] Senate confirmation pending [43]
Chief of the Highway Patrol Department of Public Safety Michael Harrell January 14, 2019[47] Senate confirmation not required
Brent Sugg September 11, 2019 Senate confirmation not required [44]
Director State Bureau of Investigastion Ricky G. Adams January 14, 2019[48] Senate confirmation not required


In April 2022, Stitt supported, and signed into law, SB 612, which makes performing an abortion a crime punishable by 10 years in prison or a $100,000 fine, with exceptions for medical emergencies but none for rape or incest.[49][50] Later in May, Stitt signed into law an even more restrictive bill, House Bill 4327, "banning abortions from the stage of 'fertilization' and allowing private citizens to sue abortion providers who 'knowingly' perform or induce an abortion 'on a pregnant woman.'" Abortion in cases of rape, incest, or high-risk pregnancies will continue to be permitted.[51] It is the most restrictive ban on elective abortion in the United States.[52][53] The ACLU announced that it would fight the ban in court.[54]

Capital punishment[edit]

Oklahoma has a long history with capital punishment, having conducted the second-most executions since the death penalty was reinstated in Gregg v. Georgia (1976).[55] But in 2015, a moratorium was placed on all state executions following the botched execution of Clayton Lockett in April 2014 and the execution of Charles Warner by unauthorized methods in January 2015.[56] On February 13, 2020, Stitt announced that the moratorium would be lifted and executions resumed under his tenure.[57] On November 18, 2021, he commuted the death sentence of Julius Jones to life without the possibility of parole.[58]

Criminal justice and mass incarceration[edit]

Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board[edit]

Three of the five Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board members are appointed by the governor. They serve four year terms that run concurrent with the governor's.[59] Before Adam Luck and Kelley Doyle were pressured to resign from the Board in 2022, Stitt had expressed full confidence in the board over criticisms from District Attorneys like Steve Kunzweiler who want the board to be more conservative in their considerations for parole and commutation. The Tulsa World reported that the District Attorneys were taking an increasingly more political role that has "to some degree weakened" the board's influence.[60] This came at the same time that dark money conservative advertisements targeting Stitt as not tough enough on crime began to air.[61] All of this plays out despite Oklahoma incarcerating a "higher percentage of its people than any democracy on earth."[62] According to Prison Policy Initiative, Oklahoma had the third-highest incarceration rate in 2021, and in 2018, it incarcerated the most women per capita.[63][64]

In 2022, Stitt at first agreed to grant parole to Jimmie Stohler, the Crossbow Killer, after a recommendation from the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board, but later rescinded his decision.[65]

Findings in a 2022 grand jury report filed by David Prater criticized Stitt for being grossly improper, claimed that he pressured the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board, and that his private meetings seem to have violated the Open Meetings Act.[66][67] DAs have the ability to bring grand juries.[68][69] When the report came out, Stitt's office issued a statement saying, "This is the latest in a string of unfounded hit jobs by the Oklahoma County District Attorney and other political insiders."[70] A spokesman for Stitt said, "Oklahoma law explicitly prohibits grand juries from making allegations that public officials have engaged in misconduct, and it is clear the outgoing prosecutor took advantage of the citizens who served on this grand jury to unwittingly carry out his partisan feud against Governor Stitt and the Pardon and Parole Board."[71] The report noted that the jury "had no legal authority to accuse the governor of official misconduct, which can only be done in impeachment proceedings."[72] Later, Stitt "asked a judge to strike from a grand jury report a finding that he placed 'improper political pressure' on his appointees to the Oklahoma Pardon and Parole Board."


Stitt attempted to address the state's overincarceration crisis. Beginning with the adoption of State Question 780 by Oklahoma voters in 2016, advocates for criminal justice reform sought additional measures. SQ780, which changed the classification of simple drug possession crimes from felony to misdemeanor and increased the cap for property crimes to be considered felonies, had already reduced the rate of felony prosecution statewide by 26% by 2018.[73] In May 2019, Stitt proposed several ideas, including making SQ780's sentencing standards retroactive, prohibiting criminal records from being considered for professional licensing, and restructuring the funding scheme for the various district attorney offices.[74] The legislature made SQ780 retroactive by allowing parole for those convicted before SQ780 became effective and reforming professional licensing,[75] but did not approve bills to reform Oklahoma's cash bail system.[76] In response to legislative defeats, Stitt issued an executive order to form a study group to make recommendations for future criminal justice reform for consideration during the 2020 legislative session, with particular emphasis on reducing Oklahoma's incarceration rate.[77]

In mid-2018, Oklahoma voters approved State Question 788, which legalized the licensed use, sale, and growth of marijuana for medical purposes. As a candidate, Stitt cited a need to implement the results of the election by enacting a comprehensive regulatory scheme.[78] After months of negotiation with legislative leaders, Stitt signed HB2612, the Oklahoma Medical Marijuana and Patient Protection Act. Also known as the "Marijuana Unity Bill", HB2612 provided an extensive medical marijuana framework, including licensing requirements and rights for patients.[79]

Critical race theory[edit]

On May 7, 2021, Stitt signed a bill prohibiting the teaching of critical race theory or its gender equivalent in public schools.[80][81] The Oklahoman wrote that it was unclear whether critical race theory was taught at any Oklahoma public schools.[80] Opponents of the bill said it was intended to discourage nuanced discussions about race and whitewash the United States' history on race.[80] Stitt invoked Martin Luther King Jr. when he signed the bill.[80]

LGBT issues[edit]

In November, Stitt issued an executive order that prohibited transgender individuals from changing the gender on their birth certificates. In 2022, Stitt signed a bill into law that prohibited nonbinary gender markers on birth certificates. Stitt said that "people are created by God to be male or female. There is no such thing as nonbinary sex." Transgender people criticized Stitt's actions, saying it was difficult for trans individuals to navigate life when their official documents do not match their gender identity. According to the American Medical Association, "empirical evidence has demonstrated that trans and nonbinary gender identities are normal variations of human identity and expression."[82]

On May 25, 2022, Stitt signed a bill into law that will require students at public charter schools and public schools to use locker rooms and bathrooms that match the sex listed on their birth certificate.[83]

In May 2023, Stitt vetoed funding for Oklahoma's PBS network OETA, accusing it of broadcasting pro-LGBT content that "indoctrinat[es]" children.[84][85] The Oklahoma Legislature overrode the veto.[86][87]

On August 1, 2023, Stitt issued the Women's Bill of Rights by executive order. It narrowly defines the words "male" and "female" to mean biological sex at birth.[88]

Gamefowl Commission[edit]

In November 2023, Stitt appeared in a prerecorded video at the Oklahoma Gamefowl Commission's annual meeting, saying: "You all know Oklahoma's long and storied history with gamefowl, from statehood to today. Oklahomans like yourselves remain dedicated to the spirit of competition and camaraderie that runs deep in our communities."[89] The statement was criticized by former Governor Frank Keating, former attorney general Drew Edmondson, and animal rights groups as an endorsement of the commission's efforts to reduce the penalty for cockfighting in Oklahoma to a misdemeanor.[89] A Stitt spokesperson responded: "The governor of course does not support animal cruelty. He supports Oklahoma agriculture and often records videos for ag groups around the state... [the governor] has not seen or endorsed any legislation on this topic."[90] YouTube later took the video down for violating community standards by promoting animal cruelty.[91] After Stitt's video message, the Gamefowl Commission asked its members to oppose the nomination of Sara E. Hill to the federal judiciary, saying, "our governor, Kevin Stitt, has asked that we call and email Senators Lankford and Mullin to rescind their approval of Ms. Sara Hill as a federal judge in Northern Oklahoma."[92] Stitt had previously opposed Hill's nomination.[93] The governor's office denied requesting that the commission oppose Hill's nomination.[92] Its communications director, Abegail Cave, said that Stitt will not support bills that lessen cockfighting penalties.[94]

Government reform[edit]

In his first state of the state address, Stitt called for increased appointment power over major state agencies. The legislature granted his request by adopting five new laws, giving him direct control over the Oklahoma Department of Corrections, the Oklahoma Health Care Authority, the Oklahoma Department of Transportation, the Oklahoma Office of Juvenile Affairs, and the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services.[95] These agencies were previously under the control of multi-member boards or commissions that acted independently of the governor.

In exchange for additional appointment powers and at legislative leaders' request, Stitt signed into law SB1, which established the Oklahoma Legislative Office of Fiscal Transparency in the legislative branch. Under the direction of an oversight committee composed of members of the State Senate and House of Representatives, the office will provide auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the legislature relating to the governor's proposed budget and expenditures by the executive branch.[96]


The first law Stitt signed after taking office permitted anyone 21 or older, or 18 if a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, to carry a firearm without obtaining a permit or completing training.[97] Stitt also signed HB2010, which expands the places a firearm may be carried to include municipal zoos and parks, regardless of size, as long as it is concealed.[98]


Stitt opposes Medicaid expansion in Oklahoma.[99] His refusal to expand the program resulted in the filing of an citizens' initiative petition, State Question 802, to enact the expansion into the state constitution notwithstanding Stitt's opposition.

Tribal relations[edit]

Under the authority of the federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, in 2004 Oklahoma voters approved State Question 712, which adopted the Oklahoma State-Tribal Gaming Act. Under the Act, the State of Oklahoma offers each federally recognized Indian tribe the right to conduct commercial gambling within its territory upon accepting the terms of a uniform state-tribal gaming compact. The compact allowed the compacting tribes to conduct gaming in return for "exclusivity fees" to the state treasury averaging 6% of gaming revenues.[100] The compact was scheduled to automatically renew on January 1, 2020.

In a July 2019 op-ed in the Tulsa World followed by a letter to the chiefs of 35 Oklahoma tribes, Stitt called on tribal leaders to renegotiate the terms of the compact before its expiration date.[101] In particular, he called for increasing the exclusivity fees to between 13% and 25%.[102] Stitt's office maintained the compact is not subject to automatic renewal, a claim the tribes rejected, believing it will continue indefinitely unless changes are mutually agreed upon.[103][104] In either event, the Oklahoma Legislature would presumably have to be involved in any renegotiation, since the state's compact offer is defined and controlled by state statute, and federal law requires that the United States Department of the Interior approve any new compact terms.[105]

In August 2019, the various tribes refused to meet with Stitt to negotiate the amount of the exclusivity fees unless he conceded that the compact would otherwise automatically renew.[106] Stitt had proposed a September 3 date to begin discussions but the tribes rejected it.

At the end of December 2019, the Choctaw, Cherokee, and Chickasaw tribes filed suit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma to end the dispute over the compact.[107] On December 31, Stitt signed an extension to the hunting and fishing license compact with the Choctaw Nation, a previous point of contention.[108]

On July 28, 2020, U.S. District Judge Timothy D. DeGiusti ruled in the tribes' favor, holding that their compacts with the state automatically renewed for an additional 15-year term on January 1, 2020. A week earlier, on July 21, the Oklahoma Supreme Court ruled that the new gaming compacts signed by the state and the Comanche Nation and the Otoe-Missouria Tribe are invalid under state law. The Court ruled that Stitt "exceeded his authorities" in entering into the compacts because they would have allowed gaming that is illegal in Oklahoma, like sports betting.[109]

On July 9, 2020, the United States Supreme Court decided in McGirt v. Oklahoma that half of the land of the state of Oklahoma made up of tribal nations like the Cherokee are officially Native American tribal land jurisdictions.[110] Stitt, a Cherokee Nation citizen, sought to reverse the Supreme Court decision, but in 2021 Oklahoma could not block the federal action to grant the Cherokee Nation along with the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole Nations reservation status.[111]

In May 2023, Stitt vetoed legislation that would have allowed students to wear tribal regalia during their graduation ceremonies.[112]

In June 2023, Senator Greg Treat criticized senators who did not show up for a tribal compact vote to override one of Stitt's vetoes.[113] The next month, he called Stitt "ineffective" and said they were one vote shy of overriding.[114] When the override vote was called again, they got enough votes, but Stitt called it an "illegitimate process".[115] Tribal leaders applauded the override.[116] In July 2020, a video Stitt made had a number of erroneous claims about Native American rights, such as that they do no have to obey the speed limit.[117]

Also, one day after the veto override, Attorney General Gentner Drummond entered a "federal lawsuit on behalf of the state" originally brought by Stitt against the U.S. Department of Interior and four tribal nations. Drummond claimed Stitt was "betraying his duties to the state and wasting taxpayer money on private law firms" and that the compacts Stitt signed "with the Comanche Nation, the Otoe-Missouria Tribe, the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians, and the Kialegee Tribal Town are invalid because he signed the compacts without first getting legislative approval for expanded types of gaming listed within them, including sports betting."[118]

Response to disasters and emergencies[edit]

Coronavirus outbreak[edit]

In March 2020, Stitt went out to restaurants amid the coronavirus pandemic and posted a photo on Twitter of him doing so with two of his children.[119][120] He later deleted the tweet, and his spokesperson said, "the governor will continue to take his family out to dinner and to the grocery store without living in fear and encourages Oklahomans to do the same."[121] President Trump said he did not advocate going out to eat but did not criticize Stitt.[122] In the tweet, Stitt wrote, "Eating with my kids and all my fellow Oklahomans ... It's packed tonight!" The photograph he posted with his kids showed them smiling while surrounded by restaurant patrons.[123] On June 20, Stitt attended the Trump rally in Tulsa, and was seen without wearing a mask.[124] On July 15, Stitt announced that he had tested positive for COVID-19.[125] He was the first United States governor diagnosed with COVID-19.[126]

In April 2020, Stitt ordered a massive purchase of hydroxychloroquine, a drug of unproven efficacy as a treatment against the coronavirus but which had been heavily promoted by Donald Trump and his allies.[127] By January 2021, Oklahoma had a $2 million stockpile of hydroxychloroquine which it sought to offload.[127]

On July 30, 2021, Oklahoma Watch released a review of Stitt's Twitter since he received the COVID-19 vaccine and found he posted the least on social media to encourage vaccination of all the governors of states surrounding Oklahoma, including Colorado, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, and New Mexico. Only 1.53%, or 3 out of 193, of Stitt's tweets encouraged COVID-19 vaccination. It also found that Stitt had not used his Facebook account to encourage vaccination in months and that none of his last 45 press releases were about vaccination, at a time when Oklahoma had one of the highest COVID-19 test positivity rates in the country.[128]

Stitt sent U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin a letter requesting that COVID-19 vaccine requirements for the Oklahoma National Guard be suspended.[129] Stitt subsequently fired the commander of the Oklahoma National Guard because the commander had advocated for his troops to be vaccinated.[130][129] Stitt's new appointee refused to implement the COVID-19 vaccine requirements.[131][130]

Natural disasters[edit]

In June 2023, after severe storms hit parts of Oklahoma with hurricane-force winds and tornadic activity that knocked out power for days for more than 100,000 energy customers during severe heat waves,[132] Tulsa Mayor G.T. Bynum requested that Stitt announce a state of emergency, but Stitt did not respond to Bynum's calls.[133][134] Days later, Senate Pro Tem Greg Treat was informed he was the acting governor and could declare a state of emergency, which he eventually did.[135][136] Stitt was in Paris and Lieutenant Governor Matt Pinnell was also out of state.[137][138] Six days after the event, Stitt said he was in contact with Bynum[139] and Bynum tried to redirect attention from the story.[140] At least three people died from the storms.[141]

Sports betting[edit]

In January 2023, Stitt announced his support for legalizing sports betting in Oklahoma after Representative Ken Luttrell filed a bill to allow federally recognized tribes in the state to offer sports betting.[142]

Judicial reform and appointments[edit]

Stitt signed legislation reorganizing the Oklahoma Supreme Court and the Oklahoma Court of Civil Appeals. Before the reforms, Supreme Court justices were appointed from nine separate districts representing various collections of counties. Under the legislation, as of 2020 the Court's nine judicial districts were redrawn such that five were made coequal with the state's five congressional districts and the other four are at large with the state as whole.[143] Similarly, the five judicial districts used to appoint judges to the Court of Criminal Appeals were made coequal with the congressional districts. The legislation left the method for appointing appellate judges via the Oklahoma Judicial Nominating Commission unchanged. The reform's ostensible purpose was to increase the pool of applicants to the appellate courts.

The governor of Oklahoma is responsible for making appointments to Oklahoma state courts upon a vacancy. Candidates for appointment are reviewed by the Oklahoma Judicial Nominating Commission, which forwards three names to the governor. The governor appoints one of the three without further confirmation. As of 2020, there are 29 appellate court judges (nine Supreme Court justices, five Court of Criminal Appeals judge, 12 Court of Civil Appeals judges, and three Court of Military Appeals judges) and 156 trial judges (75 district judges, 77 associate district judges, and four Workers Compensation Court judges) subject to the gubernatorial appointment process.

Appellate courts[edit]

# Judge Position Court District Former Judge Appointment date End of service Successor Judge Ref.
1 M. John Kane IV Justice Supreme Court 2nd John F. Reif September 17, 2019 Incumbent Incumbent [45]
2 Dustin Rowe Justice Supreme Court At-Large Patrick Wyrick November 18, 2019 Incumbent Incumbent [46]
3 Daniel G. Webber Judge Military Court of Appeals N/A New Position June 3, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [47]
4 Michelle L. Keely Judge Military Court of Appeals N/A New Position June 3, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [48]
5 Trevor Pemberton Judge Civil Appeals 4st Larry Joplin August 24, 2020 October 20, 2021 TBD [49]
6 Thomas E. Prince Judge Civil Appeals 5th Kenneth L. Buettner January 1, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [50]
7 Stacie L. Hixon Judge Civil Appeals 1st Jerry L. Goodman March 13, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [51]
8 Gregory Blackwell Judge Civil Appeals 3rd P. Thomas Thornbrugh June 21, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [52]
9 Dana Kuehn Justice Supreme Court 1st Tom Colbert July 26, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [53]
10 William Musseman Judge Criminal Appeals 1st Dana L. Kuehn March 4, 2022 Incumbent Incumbent [54]
11 Tim Downing Judge Civil Appeals 4th Trevor Pemberton May 27, 2022 Incumbent Incumbent [55]

Trial courts[edit]

# Judge Position County District Former Judge Appointment date End of service Successor Judge Ref.
1 Christine Larson Associate District Judge Cimarron 1st Ronald L. Kincannon March 8, 2019 Incumbent Incumbent [56]
2 Timothy King District Judge Muskogee 15th Mike Norman November 4, 2019 Incumbent Incumbent [57]
3 Laura Farris Associate District Judge Creek 24th Mark Ihrig January 17, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [58]
4 Erin Kirksey Associate District Judge Woodward 4th Don Work March 10, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [59]
5 Shelia Stinson District Judge Oklahoma 7th Lisa Davis July 17, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [60]
5 Stuart Tate District Judge Osage 10th M. John Kane IV September 16, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [61]
6 Pandee Ramirez District Judge Okmulgee 24th Ken Adair September 17, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [62]
7 James Huber District Judge Tulsa 14th Linda Morrissey October 16, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [63]
8 Michelle Lee Bondine Keely District Judge Tulsa 14th Jefferson Sellers November 11, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [64]
9 Bethany Eve Stanley Associate District Judge Cleveland 21st Stephen W. Bonner November 23, 2020 Incumbent Incumbent [65]
10 Anthony Bonner District Judge Oklahoma 7th Kendra Coleman April 5, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [66]
11 Kristina Kirkpatraick District Judge Oklahoma 7th Trevor Pemberton April 5, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [67]
12 Burl Estes Associate District Judge Osage 10th Stuart Tate April 7, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [68]
13 Kaitlyn Allen District Judge Oklahoma 7th Thomas E. Prince August 9, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [69]
14 Brent Dishman District Judge Oklahoma 7th Timothy Henderson October 11, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [70]
15 Margaret Nicholson Associate District Judge Latimer 16th William Welch November 5, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [71]
16 Susan Nigh Associate District Judge Rogers 12th Kassie McCoy December 1, 2021 Incumbent Incumbent [72]
17 TBD District Judge Tulsa 14th William Musseman TBD

Personal life[edit]

Stitt addresses his remarks during a roundtable discussion with Governors and small business owners on the reopening of America's small businesses.

Stitt is a citizen of the Cherokee Nation through his great-grandfather, Robert Benton Dawson. Dawson was given land in the Skiatook area because of his tribal citizenship, and the land is still in the family, now owned by an uncle of Stitt's.[5] The veracity of his claim to Cherokee ancestry has been questioned due to the Cherokee Nation's failed attempt to remove Robert Benton Dawson from the Dawes Rolls around 1900 for allegedly having bribed a tribal official in order for himself and dozens of his relatives to be included in the tribal roll around 1880;[144] the current Cherokee Nation no longer disputes Stitt's citizenship.[145][146][147] Stitt's maternal grandparents were dairy farmers in Skiatook. His paternal grandfather was the head veterinarian at the Oklahoma City Stockyards.[148]

Stitt married Sarah Hazen in 1998 and they have six children. The Stitts are active with the Woodlake Church, an Assemblies of God USA church in Tulsa.[149][150] On October 31, 2022, Stitt's 20-year-old son was found intoxicated in a parking lot in Guthrie, Oklahoma, in possession of firearms, including a gun belonging to his father. No charges were filed, though the Logan County Sheriff's Office recommended filing charges.[151][152]

Electoral history[edit]

June 26, 2018 Republican gubernatorial primary[153]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mick Cornett 132,806 29.3
Republican Kevin Stitt 110,479 24.4
Republican Todd Lamb 107,985 23.9
Republican Dan Fisher 35,818 7.9
Republican Gary Jones 25,243 5.6
Republican Gary Richardson 18,185 4.0
Republican Blake Stephens 12,211 2.7
Republican Christopher Barnett 5,240 1.2
Republican Barry Gowdy 2,347 0.5
Republican Eric Foutch 2,292 0.5
Total votes 452,606 100.0
August 28, 2018 Republican gubernatorial primary runoff[154]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Stitt 164,892 54.56
Republican Mick Cornett 137,316 45.44
Total votes 302,208 100.0
2018 Oklahoma gubernatorial election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Stitt 644,579 54.33%
Democratic Drew Edmondson 500,973 42.23%
Libertarian Chris Powell 40,833 3.44%
Total votes 1,186,385 100.0%
Republican hold
June 28, 2022 Republican gubernatorial primary[155]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Stitt (incumbent) 248,525 69.06%
Republican Joel Kintsel 51,587 14.33%
Republican Mark Sherwood 47,713 13.26%
Republican Moira McCabe 12,046 3.35%
Total votes 359,871 100.0%
2022 Oklahoma gubernatorial election[156]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Stitt (incumbent) 639,484 55.45%
Democratic Joy Hofmeister 481,904 41.79%
Libertarian Natalie Bruno 16,243 1.41%
Independent Ervin Yen 15,653 1.36%
Total votes 1,153,284 100.0%
Republican hold

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stitt, Kevin [@GovStitt] (June 1, 2019). "For our 21st anniversary, the First Lady and I went fly fishing this morning in the beautiful Beaver Bend state park. #OklaProud @TravelOK" (Tweet). Retrieved December 31, 2022 – via Twitter.
  2. ^ Krehbiel, Randy (August 18, 2018). "Businessman Kevin Stitt trying to close the deal on Republican gubernatorial nomination". Tulsa World. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Hoberock, Barbara (November 8, 2022). "Gov. Kevin Stitt wins second term". Tulsa World. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  4. ^ "Candidate Profile: Kevin Stitt (R-OK)". United Way of Lake and Sumter Counties. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Casteel, Chris (September 30, 2018). ""Serious kid" sets sights on serving as chief executive of Oklahoma". The Oklahoman. Retrieved October 4, 2022.
  6. ^ Barnard, Patrick (July 25, 2018). "Kevin Stitt: The Proactive Approach to Compliance Always Wins". MortgageOrb. Archived from the original on October 24, 2018.
  7. ^ "Kevin Stitt Profile". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  8. ^ Brewer, Kristina (August 3, 2018). "Gateway Mortgage Group Announces New CEO". DSNews. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  9. ^ "Scott Gesell Named Chief Executive Officer and General Counsel of Gateway First Bank". August 25, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
  10. ^ "Company Overview of Gateway Mortgage Group, LLC". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c ""A Look At Cornett's Past Comments" Oklahoman, August 19, 2018". August 19, 2018. Archived from the original on September 28, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  12. ^ Fernando, Vincent. "The 15 Shadiest Mortgage Lenders Being Backed By The Government". Business Insider. Archived from the original on October 24, 2018.
  13. ^ a b Griffin, David. "Truth Test: Kevin Stitt's Business Record". Archived from the original on October 18, 2018.
  14. ^ "Stitt's Mortgage Firm Failed to Tell Regulators of Past Problems". August 17, 2018. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  15. ^ Kevin Stitt to run for governor, Tulsa Beacon, "Tulsa businessman Kevin Stitt announced his candidacy for governor in 2018. The first-time candidate
  16. ^ "Real Clear Politics, By Erick Erickson, August 24, 2018, Collapse of the Career Politicians, "The prevailing consensus among political analysts in the United States about..."". Archived from the original on August 25, 2018.
  17. ^ U.S. News & World Report, Mortgage Company Head Wins GOP Primary for Oklahoma Governor, "Tulsa mortgage company owner and political newcomer Kevin Stitt won the Republican nomination in the race to become Oklahoma's next governor.", August 28, 2018,
  18. ^ Washington Post, June 27, 2018, by Terri Rupar, "Lieutenant governor concedes in GOP gubernatorial race in Oklahoma; runoff set" Archived January 7, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ EndPlay (August 29, 2018). "You Decide 2018: Kevin Stitt wins Oklahoma gubernatorial GOP runoff race". KOKI. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  20. ^ Greenwood, Max (August 30, 2018). "Trump endorses Kevin Stitt in Oklahoma governor's race". The Hill. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  21. ^ Miles, Frank (August 28, 2018). "Tulsa businessman, political novice Kevin Stitt wins GOP primary for Oklahoma governor". Fox News. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  22. ^ KFOR, August 29, 2018, Kevin Stitt, Drew Edmondson, Chris Powell to face off in November as gubernatorial candidates
  23. ^ KXII (August 28, 2018). "Kevin Stitt wins GOP nod for Oklahoma governor". Archived from the original on October 24, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  24. ^ "You Decide 2018: Kevin Stitt wins Oklahoma gubernatorial GOP runoff race". August 29, 2018. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
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  30. ^ "Gov. Mary Fallin Endorses Republican Gubernatorial Candidate Kevin Stitt". Archived from the original on January 15, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
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  34. ^ Thesenvitz, Kayleigh. "STITT: Oklahoma could be a top 10 state". Claremore Daily Progress. Archived from the original on October 28, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  35. ^ The Journal Record, (Mike Simons/Tulsa World via AP), Pence campaigns for Stitt in Tulsa, Vice President Mike Pence speaks at a rally for gubernatorial candidate Kevin Stitt at the Mabee Center in Tulsa on Thursday. With the general election less than three weeks away, Kevin Stitt is trying to get by with a little help from his friends.
  36. ^ U.S. News & World Report, October 18, 2018, VP Mike Pence Campaigns for GOP's Kevin Stitt for Governor "Vice President Mike Pence headlined a campaign rally for Republican Kevin Stitt as they worked to keep the Oklahoma governor's office in GOP hands."
  37. ^ "The Okie » Tulsa World: Kevin Stitt, A Better Agent of Change". October 2018. Archived from the original on October 24, 2018.
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  41. ^ Felder, Ben (January 14, 2019). "Stitt takes office, promises new state pride". The Daily Oklahoman. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  42. ^ World, Randy Krehbiel Tulsa (January 5, 2019). "People to Watch: As chief of staff, Michael Junk's political career is on the rise". Tulsa World. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  43. ^ Hoberock, Barbara (November 27, 2018). "Tulsa Deputy Mayor Michael Junk picked to be Gov.-elect Kevin Stitt's chief of staff". Tulsa World.
  44. ^ Savage, Tres (December 23, 2019). "Lisa Billy resigns as Gov. Stitt's secretary of Native American affairs". NonDoc Media.
  45. ^ Corrections Director Scott Crow was named interim director on June 14, 2019 and nominated to the permanent post on December 6, 2019. [1]
  46. ^ State Banking Commissioner Mick Thompson was initially appointed in 1992 by Governor David Walters. He was subsequently reappointed in 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, and 2020.
  47. ^ OHP Chief Michael Harrell was initially appointed in 2017 under Governor Mary Fallin. He was subsequently retained by Stitt.
  48. ^ OSBI Ricky Adams was initially appointed in 2018 under Governor Mary Fallin. He was subsequently retained by Stitt.
  49. ^ LeBlanc, Paul; Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Oklahoma governor signs near-total ban on abortion into law". CNN. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  50. ^ "Oklahoma Becomes First State to Entirely Ban Abortion". Center for Reproductive Rights. May 25, 2022.
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  53. ^ "Oklahoma Governor Signs Bill That Bans Most Abortions". The New York Times. May 26, 2022.
  54. ^ "Lawsuit planned over 'extreme,' 'very dangerous' latest abortion ban, ACLU Oklahoma says". KOCO. May 20, 2022.
  55. ^ "Executions by State and Region Since 1976". Death Penalty Information Center.
  56. ^ "Oklahoma set to resume executions years after death-chamber mishaps". NBC News. Associated Press. February 13, 2020.
  57. ^ Patterson, Matt (February 13, 2020). "Lethal announcement: Oklahoma to resume executions this year". NonDoc Media.
  58. ^ Murphy, Sean (November 18, 2021). "EXPLAINER: Julius Jones' execution is stopped, with clemency". Associated Press News. Retrieved November 18, 2021.
  59. ^ "Stitt wants statement that he put 'improper political pressure' on Parole Board appointees stricken from grand jury report". KPVI. May 25, 2022.[permanent dead link]
  60. ^ "Stitt expresses confidence in Pardon and Parole Board". Tulsa World. December 5, 2021.
  61. ^ "Dark money group targets Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt with Fox News attack ads". Tulsa World. December 2, 2021.
  62. ^ "Oklahoma profile". Prison Policy Initiative.
  63. ^ "States of Incarceration: The Global Context 2021". Prison Policy.
  64. ^ Kajstura, Aleks. "States of Women's Incarceration: The Global Context 2018".
  65. ^ "Ex-Tulsa officer convicted in crossbow, poison arrow murder gets parole revoked". KJRH. 2022.
  66. ^ "Grand jury criticizes Pardon and Parole Board, governor over commutations". KPVI.[permanent dead link]
  67. ^ "Grand jury report criticizes Pardon and Parole board members, state leaders". 2 News Oklahoma.
  68. ^ "Long Story Short: What's Behind A Grand Jury's Rebuke of the Governor, Pardon and Parole Board". Oklahoma Watch. May 24, 2022.
  69. ^ "Governor, legislative leaders in crosshairs of Oklahoma County grand jury report". May 12, 2022.
  70. ^ "Grand jury criticizes Pardon and Parole Board, governor over commutations". Tulsa World. May 12, 2022.
  71. ^ "Grand jury report criticizes Oklahoma governor, parole board". Washington Post. May 13, 2022.
  72. ^ "Grand Jury Criticizes Gov. Kevin Stitt, Pardon and Parole Board Over Commutation Processes". Oklahoma Watch. May 12, 2022.
  73. ^ Gentzler, Ryan (February 19, 2018). "SQ 780 is already reshaping Oklahoma's justice system".
  74. ^ Haberock, Barbara (May 2, 2018). "Gov. Kevin Stitt rolls out new criminal justice reform package".
  75. ^ Monies, Paul (April 29, 2019). "Oklahoma Watch: 5 questions answered on this year's criminal justice reform bills".
  76. ^ Chandler, Quinton (May 30, 2019). "Legislators leave criminal justice reform bills on the table as prison population grows".
  77. ^ Office of Governor Stitt (May 20, 2019). "Governor Stitt issues Executive order to Create RESTORE Task Force".
  78. ^ Skarky, Brent (July 26, 2018). "Gubernatorial candidates weigh in on medical marijuana debate".
  79. ^ Hoberock, Barbara (March 15, 2019). "Medical marijuana 'Unity Bill' signed into law by Gov. Kevin Stitt".
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External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of Oklahoma
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Preceded by Governor of Oklahoma
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Within Oklahoma
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Otherwise Mike Johnson
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Preceded byas Governor of Utah Order of precedence of the United States
Outside Oklahoma
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