|20th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services|
January 26, 2005 – January 20, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Tommy Thompson|
|Succeeded by||Kathleen Sebelius|
|10th Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency|
November 6, 2003 – January 26, 2005
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Christine Todd Whitman|
|Succeeded by||Stephen L. Johnson|
|Chair of the National Governors Association|
August 10, 1999 – July 11, 2000
|Preceded by||Tom Carper|
|Succeeded by||Parris Glendening|
|14th Governor of Utah|
January 4, 1993 – November 5, 2003
|Preceded by||Norman Bangerter|
|Succeeded by||Olene Walker|
Michael Okerlund Leavitt
February 11, 1951
Cedar City, Utah, U.S.
|Education||Southern Utah University (BA)|
Michael Okerlund Leavitt (born February 11, 1951) is an American politician who served as the 14th Governor of Utah from 1993 to 2003 in the Republican Party, as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from 2003 to 2005 and as Secretary of Health and Human Services from 2005 to 2009.
Leavitt started his career in 1972 and worked in the insurance and risk management industry until 1992. From 1984 until 1992, he was the president and chief executive officer (CEO) of The Leavitt Group.
While Governor, Leavitt led the Republican Governors Association from 1994 to 1995, the Western Governors Association from 1995 to 1996, the Council of State Governments from 1996 to 1997, and the National Governors Association from 1999 to 2000.
During his tenure as a Governor of Utah, Leavitt founded Western Governors University, led the state's preparation for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Utah, was a leader in the implementation of a modernized system of sales tax on e-commerce throughout the United States, negotiated the largest land exchanges between a state and the federal government, initiated an engineering education initiative, worked on the devolution of welfare to the states, established the Utah Centennial Highway Fund which featured design build highway construction, and charter schools in Utah.
During his tenure as a Secretary of Health and Human Services, he implemented the Part D of Medicare, which is the prescription drug coverage, developed the National Pandemic Plan, promoted value-based health care, mitigated the effects of Hurricane Katrina, opened FDA offices in China, India, South America, and reauthorized SCHIP and TANF.
Leavitt now works as a health care advisor, investor, and independent corporate director. In August 2021, he became president of The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square.
Early life and education
Leavitt was born in Cedar City, Utah, the son of Phyllis Anne (Okerlund) and Dixie Lorraine Leavitt. Leavitt graduated with a degree in business from Southern Utah University and married Jacalyn Smith. They have five children.
Leavitt is a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). He is a descendant of an old Massachusetts Puritan family, and a direct descendant of Dudley Leavitt, a Mormon pioneer.
Leavitt's business career started with his joining The Leavitt Group, a regional insurance company founded by his father, Dixie. He rose to become the company's president and CEO and presided over a period of expansion. He was subsequently appointed to the boards of directors of numerous local and regional companies, including Utah Power and Light, as well as a member of the Utah State Board of Regents. As a regent, he helped oversee Utah's nine public colleges and universities. For four years, he was chair of Southern Utah University's (SUU) board of trustees.
In 1976, Leavitt assisted his father, then a Utah state senator, in an unsuccessful campaign for governor. He worked on a number of U.S. Senate campaigns through the 1980s for Jake Garn and Orrin Hatch.
Governor of Utah
Leavitt first ran for governor in 1992. He had tough competition in the Republican Party primary from Richard Eyre who had more delegates vote for him at the state Republican convention. He defeated Independent Party candidate Merrill Cook and Democratic nominee Stewart Hanson in the general election, becoming the 14th Governor of the State of Utah.
A holiday fire shortly before noon on December 15, 1993, destroyed much of the Utah Governor's Mansion, but spared the lives of the first family and staff (Jacalyn Leavitt and some members of the family and staff were in the home at the time of the fire).
Leavitt was re-elected in 1996 with the largest vote total in state history. While Governor, he and Roy Romer of Colorado were the two key founders of Western Governors University in 1997, one of the first exclusively online schools in the nation. In addition to Leavitt and Romer, 17 other governors signed legislation creating the school as a non-profit private university.
In 2000, Leavitt became only the second governor in Utah history to be re-elected to a third term. As governor, he held leadership positions in national and regional organizations, such as the Council of State Governments, over which he presided for a year.
On August 11, 2003, President George W. Bush nominated Leavitt as Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at a press conference in Aurora, Colorado. He was confirmed on October 28, 2003 by a vote of 88–8 in the United States Senate. On November 5, having resigned the governorship, Leavitt was sworn in as the 10th Administrator of the EPA.
At the EPA he implemented higher standards for ozone, diesel fuels and other air pollutants. He organized and managed a collaboration to develop a federal plan to clean up the Great Lakes. He is also the co-author of an environmental policy called Enlibra.
Secretary of Health and Human Services
On December 13, 2004, Leavitt was nominated by Bush to succeed Tommy Thompson as Secretary of Health and Human Services, and was confirmed by the Senate by voice vote on January 26, 2005. He was commonly known for his advocating that Medicare was drifting toward financial insolvency.
Leavitt has described the pandemic's as the most serious threat to American security. Secretary Leavitt cited the work of the World Health Organization's Michael McCoy as the most compelling scientific work into the avian flu threat. This encouraged Secretary Leavitt to mobilize the nation's pandemic preparedness and led to the reconfiguring of the nation's medical emergency plans.
Leavitt also served on the Homeland Security Advisory Council. In August 2007, Leavitt became the first cabinet-level blogger in U.S. history.
During the 2012 presidential campaign, Leavitt was Chairman of the Transition Committee for republican nominee Mitt Romney. This was the first time a Presidential transition had planned under the Presidential Transition Act of 2010. In August 2012, Politico reported Leavitt to be "creating a government-in-waiting plan for Mitt Romney" and "a lock for... White House chief of staff or Treasury secretary" in a potential Romney administration if he had won that year's presidential election against incumbent Barack Obama.
In 2014 and 2015, Leavitt advised Congress on how to improve the statutes governing presidential transitions. On December 18, 2015, the Edward "Ted" Kaufman and Michael Leavitt Presidential Transitions Improvements Act of 2015 was signed into law by President Barack Obama.
In the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections, Leavitt was part of a team organized by the Center for Public Service and the Center for Presidential Transition who advised both Republicans and Democrats' presidential campaigns on the development of effective transitions plans.
In 2013, Leavitt partnered with former Utah First Lady [[Norma Matheson[slay]]] and businesswoman Gail Miller to launch "Count My Vote", a bipartisan effort to push for state electoral reform. Together, they successfully lobbied for a new law allowing candidates access to the primary election ballot by gathering signatures in Utah.
In 2009, Leavitt organized Leavitt Partners a consulting firm to advise clients in health care policy matters. The firm evolved into a leading authority on value-based health care.
In April 2021, Leavitt Partners merged with Health Management Associations and Leavitt was appointed Co-Chairman of the combined firm.
Tabernacle Choir president
On August 6, 2021, Gérald Caussé, the LDS Church's presiding bishop, announced that Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square president Ron Jarrett was stepping down after nine years of service and that Leavitt would replace him in that role.
Leavitt's family charitable foundation, the Dixie and Anne Leavitt Foundation, was established by the Leavitt family in 2000, and the family has donated nearly $9 million of assets to it since. It has provided them with tax write-offs for the donated assets. About a third of the foundation's assets have been loaned back to family businesses, such as a $332,000 loan to Leavitt Land and Investment Inc., in which Leavitt has an interest. According to a 2006 National Public Radio report, these loans were legal because they were made at market rates. A month following the NPR report, Congress made such transactions illegal.
The same NPR report revealed that nearly $500,000 in charitable contributions provided to the Southern Utah Foundation were used for housing scholarships to SUU. The scholarships were subsequently used to place students in the Cedar Development Co., a Leavitt family business, with the money used to pay the students' rent. NPR's investigation found that the arrangement was legal and that the Leavitts did not profit from the arrangement. Although legal, the procedure, called "round-tripping" in philanthropic circles, has garnered criticism as lacking in the spirit of philanthropy. The report also stated that Leavitt was not directly involved in the foundation's operations.
- 1992 Race for Governor
- Michael Leavitt (R), 42%
- Merrill Cook (I), 34%
- Stewart Hanson (D), 23%
- 1996 Race for Governor
- Michael Leavitt (R) (inc.), 75%
- Jim Bradley (D), 23%
- 2000 Race for Governor
- Michael Leavitt (R) (inc.), 56%
- Bill Orton (D), 42%
- ^ "Tax Freedom for E-Commerce?".
- ^ "Highway fund may need refueling". 30 January 1999.
- ^ "Leavitt: Follow Part D model for Medicare".
- ^ "Policy Topic: Health | Bipartisan Policy Center". Bipartisanpolicy.org. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
- ^ "Former Utah Governor is New Tabernacle Choir President". 6 August 2021.
- ^ "England Leeds Mission Alumni | Presidents". Mission.net. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
- ^ "Obituary: Phyllis M. Okerlund". Deseret News. 23 November 2001. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
- ^ a b "Michael Leavitt, Secretary of Health & Human Services". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Michael O. Leavitt Biography". SUU.
- ^ a b Haymond, Jay M. (1994), "Leavitt, Michael Okerlund", in Powell, Allan Kent (ed.), Utah History Encyclopedia, Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, ISBN 0874804256, OCLC 30473917
- ^ a b US EPA, OA. "Biography of Michael O. Leavitt". archive.epa.gov.
- ^ "U.S. preparing for bird flu worst-case scenario". NBC News.
- ^ https://www.aging.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/hr157ml.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- ^ "Human Services Secretary Takes Blogging Seriously". NPR.
- ^ "Who’s on the inside track for a Romney Cabinet" by MIKE ALLEN and JIM VANDEHEI, Politico, August 28, 2012, Retrieved 2012-08-28
- ^ "Edward "Ted" Kaufman and Michael Leavitt Presidential Transitions Improvements Act of 2015".
- ^ "A former Utah governor wrote the blueprint for presidential transitions".
- ^ a b Gehrke, Robert (2019-07-29). "Norma Matheson, the 'godmother' of the Utah Democratic Party, dies at 89". Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2019-07-29. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- ^ Gehrke, Robert (2013-09-13). "Norma Matheson, Leavitt to help lead Count My Vote". Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on 2020-01-28. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- ^ Cannon, Michael (2011-06-28) Republicans Getting Rich off ObamaCare, Cato Institute
- ^ "Vital Directions for Health & Health Care".
- ^ "Leavitt Partners has merged with Health Management Associates".
- ^ "5 'meaningful experiences' from the outgoing Tabernacle Choir president". 6 August 2021.
- ^ "Former Utah Gov. Mike Leavitt named president of Tabernacle Choir". 6 August 2021.
- ^ a b c d "Leavitt Charity's $500,000 Returns, in the Form of Rent". NPR.org. NPR. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
Media related to Michael O. Leavitt at Wikimedia Commons
- 1951 births
- 21st-century American politicians
- Administrators of the United States Environmental Protection Agency
- American bloggers
- George W. Bush administration cabinet members
- Republican Party governors of Utah
- Latter Day Saints from Utah
- Leavitt family
- Living people
- Southern Utah University alumni
- Western Governors University people
- 2000 United States presidential electors
- United States Secretaries of Health and Human Services