|Also called||Mitsubishi Airtrek (2001–2005)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door wagon|
|Layout||Front engine, front-/four-wheel drive|
The Mitsubishi Outlander is a mid-size crossover manufactured by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi. It was originally known as the Mitsubishi Airtrek when it was introduced in Japan in 2001, and was based on the Mitsubishi ASX concept vehicle exhibited at the 2001 North American International Auto Show. It was sold at Mitsubishi Japan dealership chain called Car Plaza. The ASX (Active Sports Crossover) represented Mitsubishi's approach to the industry wide SUV trend for retaining the all-season and off-road abilities offered by a high ground clearance and four-wheel drive, while still offering car-like levels of emissions, economy and size.
The original Airtrek name was chosen to "describe the vehicle's ability to transport its passengers on adventure-packed journeys in a 'free-as-a-bird' manner", and was "coined from Air and Trek to express the idea of footloose, adventure-filled motoring pleasure." The Outlander nameplate which replaced it evoked a "feeling of journeying to distant, unexplored lands in search of adventure."
The second generation of the vehicle was introduced in 2006 and all markets including Japan adopted the Outlander name, although production of the older version continued in parallel. It was built on the company's GS platform, and used various engines developed by Mitsubishi, Volkswagen and PSA Peugeot Citroën. PSA's Citroën C-Crosser and Peugeot 4007, which were manufactured by Mitsubishi in Japan, are badge engineered versions of the second generation Outlander.
As part of the third generation line-up, Mitsubishi launched in January 2013 a plug-in hybrid model called Outlander P-HEV. Cumulative global sales passed the 100,000 unit milestone in March 2016. Europe is the leading market with over 65,500 units sold, followed by Japan with almost 34,000. As of March 2016[update], the top European markets are the Netherlands with almost 24,600 units registered, and the UK with more than 21,000 units. The Outlander P-HEV was the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe in 2014 and again in 2015. Both in 2014 and 2015, it also ranked as the world's top selling plug-in hybrid, and as the third best selling plug-in car after the all-electrics Tesla Model S and Nissan Leaf. As of March 2016[update], the Outlander P-HEV ranked as the world's all-time second best-selling plug-in hybrid and fourth top selling plug-in electric vehicle ever.
First generation (2001–2008)
|Also called||Mitsubishi Airtrek|
|Assembly||Japan: Okazaki, Aichi (Nagoya plant)|
|Designer||Olivier Boulay (Outlander)|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||4G63 2.0 L DOHC I4
4G64 2.4 L DOHC GDI I4
4G63T 2.0 L DOHC I4 turbo
4G69 2.4 L I4 (Outlander)
4-speed INVECS-II automatic
5-speed INVECS-II automatic
|Wheelbase||2,625 mm (103.3 in)|
|Length||4,410 mm (173.6 in) (Airtrek)
4,545 mm (178.9 in) (Outlander)
|Width||1,750–1,780 mm (68.9–70.1 in)|
|Height||1,540–1,585 mm (60.6–62.4 in) (Airtrek)
1,605–1,685 mm (63.2–66.3 in) (Outlander)
|Curb weight||1,605–1,745 kg (3,538–3,847 lb)|
The Airtrek was first introduced to the Japanese market on 20 June 2001, priced from ¥1.7–2.3 million. It offered a choice of either a 126 PS (93 kW) 4G63 2.0 L or a 139 PS (102 kW) 4G64 2.4 L GDI, mated to a standard INVECS-II 4-speed semi-automatic transmission. Both front- and four-wheel drive were available. The four-wheel drive version uses open differentials for the front and rear axles, with a viscous coupling unit for the center differential. A high performance model, using a detuned version of the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution's 4G63T 2.0 L I4 turbo, was introduced in 2002. The engine produced 240 PS (180 kW) and 343 N·m (253 lb·ft), although in export markets the Outlander version's output was reduced to 202 PS (149 kW) and 303 N·m (223 lb·ft). The return of four-cylinder engines under 2.0 liters offered Japanese buyers a vehicle that was in compliance with Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement, however, the exterior dimensions exceed Japanese regulations for the "compact" designation.
The Outlander arrived in 2003 in North America, replacing the Mitsubishi Montero Sport, with a modified front grille and headlights which increased the overall length by approximately 130 millimetres (5.1 in), and the two models were manufactured in parallel thereafter. It shared its platform with the Mitsubishi Grandis, also introduced in 2003. A version of the 4G64 powerplant was offered first, while a 4G69 2.4 L SOHC MIVEC I4 producing 120 kW (160 PS) and 220 N·m (160 lb·ft), and the turbocharged 4G63T appeared in 2004. All had the option of front- or four-wheel drive.
In several South American markets it was known as the Montero Outlander, to benefit from an association with the strong-selling Mitsubishi Montero Sport.
Second generation (2006–2012)
Pre-facelift Mitsubishi Outlander (US)
|Model years||2007–2013 (North America)|
|Assembly||Nagoya Plant, Okazaki, Aichi Japan
Born, Netherlands (NedCar)
Kaluga, Russia (PCMA plant)
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||Mitsubishi GS platform|
|Engine||4B11 2.0 L DOHC MIVEC I4 (Japan, New Zealand)
4B12 2.4 L DOHC MIVEC I4
6B31 3.0 L SOHC MIVEC V6
VW 2.0 L TDI
PSA DW12 2.2 L HDI
4N14 2.3 L Di-D MIVEC
6-speed INVECS-III semi-auto
6-speed twin-clutch transmission
|Wheelbase||2,670 mm (105.1 in)
2008-09 (International): 2,830 mm (111.4 in)
|Length||2006-07 (International)/2007-09 (US/Canada): 4,640 mm (182.7 in)
2008-09 (International): 4,765 mm (187.6 in)
2010- (International): 4,665 mm (183.7 in)
|Width||1,800 mm (70.9 in)
2008-09 (International): 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
|Height||2006-07 (International)/2007-09 (US/Canada): 1,680 mm (66.1 in)
2008-09 (International): 1,655 mm (65.2 in)
2010-: 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
|Curb weight||1,589–1,720 kg (3,503–3,792 lb)|
On 17 October 2006, Mitsubishi launched the second generation model, dropping the Airtrek in Japan in favour of adopting the global name. It features a new DOHC 2.4 L 16-valve MIVEC engine; INVECS-III continuously variable transmission (CVT), Mitsubishi's AWC system which features electronically controlled four wheel drive and stability control, on a stretched Mitsubishi GS platform. The North American version, powered by a newly designed 6B31 3.0 L V6 SOHC MIVEC was shown in April 2006 at the New York Auto Show prior to its release in October the same year. Due to the availability of a V6 engine, Mitsubishi returned to offering a shorter version of this vehicle, and reintroduced the Mitsubishi RVR 17 February 2010. The usage of a four-cylinder engine under 2.0 liters offers Japanese buyers a vehicle that was in compliance with Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement, which has tax advantages, giving buyers the ability to purchase a vehicle capable of seating seven people without paying the tax penalty of a larger engine.
The Outlander, which features Mitsubishi's RISE safety body, received a four star rating from the Euro NCAP car safety performance assessment programme. One of its unique features is something Mitsubishi calls a "Flap-Fold Tailgate"; it is a two-piece tailgate integrated into the rear bumper that folds down for easy loading, while serving as a bench when the tailgate is open, able to accommodate up to 180 kg (400 lb)
In its home market of Japan it was the best-selling SUV from October 2006 to March 2007, while in the U.S. market it achieved 1,694 and 2,108 sales in November and December 2006, the first two full months it was available; Mitsubishi ultimately hopes for at least 4,000 sales per month in the United States, and after the cancellation of the Mitsubishi Grandis in model year 2011, the Outlander is now Mitsubishi's only MPV capable of carrying seven passengers with all wheel drive. In Chile, where both generations were on sale simultaneously, the new model was badged Outlander K2.
Increased demand for the new Mitsubishi Lancer, and the consequent effects on the capacity of the company's Mizushima production facility, have obliged Mitsubishi to reassess production of the Outlander. In September 2007, they announced that from 2008, production of European market Outlanders would be transferred from Nagoya to its NedCar plant in the Netherlands, while the Citroën C-Crosser and Peugeot 4007 would have their production transferred from Mizushima to Nagoya.
The model was facelifted for the 2008 model year, although the 2007 grille carried over in the United States and Canada for 2008-09 until another facelift in the 2010 model year.
At the 2007 SEMA Show in Las Vegas, the company displayed a Mitsubishi Evolander (now known as Mitsubishi Outlander Ralliart) concept, powered by a 240 kW (330 PS) supercharged version of the vehicle's 6B31 V6 engine and equipped with suitably uprated suspension, brakes, wheels/tires, body kit and interior. A second show car, an Outlander GT Prototype with a front grille based on the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution X, was exhibited at the 2009 New York International Auto Show, and formed the basis of the facelifted model introduced in late 2009.
Along with a major facelift for the 2010 model year, the top end Outlander XLS (GT in the US) introduced a new colour MFD dashboard display and the Mitsubishi S-AWC AWD system. The lower trims retain the previous MFD and the less advanced AWC AWD system. Likewise, the interior was also slightly revised to incorporate leather into the dashboard trim and doors.
Third generation (2012–present)
Mitsubishi Outlander (Australia, pre-facelift)
|Assembly||Nagoya Plant, Okazaki, Aichi Japan
Kaluga, Russia (PCMA Rus)
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||Mitsubishi GS platform|
|Engine||2.0 L 4B11 I4 (PHEV)
2.0 L 4J11 I4
2.4 L 4B12 I4
2.4 L 4J12 I4
2.2 L 4N14 TD I4
3.0 L 6B31 SOHC MIVEC V6 (USA)
|Transmission||5-speed manual
6-speed manual
|Wheelbase||2,670 mm (105.1 in)|
|Length||4,655 mm (183.3 in)|
|Width||1,800 mm (70.9 in)|
|Height||1,680 mm (66.1 in)|
|Curb weight||1,395–1,820 kg (3,075–4,012 lb)|
Mitsubishi unveiled the third-generation Outlander at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. The production version of the Outlander was debuted in Russia in July 2012, and was introduced in other European markets in September 2012. The vehicle was introduced to North America at the 2012 LA Auto Show, and went on sale in early 2013.
The redesigned model has a new lightweight body that weighs approximately 90 kilograms (200 lb) less than the previous model due to extensive use of high tensile strength steel. With a lower drag coefficient of cd 0.33, fuel economy has been improved over the previous model. Inside, the dashboard and front doors were covered with soft touch material, the seats were been redesigned, and there is sound insulation to keep the cabin quiet.
The front suspension consists of MacPherson struts with a stabilizer bar, and the rear suspension is a multi-link design with a stabilizer bar. Electric Power Steering reduces load on the engine compared to a hydraulic system and helps to improve fuel economy. Disc brakes are equipped on all four wheels, with 294 mm (11.6 in) vented rotors in front along with 302 mm (11.9 in) solid rotors in back.
New available safety features include a Forward Collision Mitigation system, a Lane departure warning system, a driver knee airbag to reduce leg injury in a crash, and adaptive cruise control. In addition, the Outlander has standard driver and passenger front airbags, front side torso airbags along with curtain airbags, ABS with EBD, Traction Control Logic, Active Stability Control, Hill Start Assist, and a brake pedal that recedes to prevent leg injury in a crash.
In crash tests conducted by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, the Outlander received a top score of "Good" in every category. When equipped with the optional Forward Collision Mitigation system, the car received the Institute's Top Safety Pick+ award. The vehicle also received full five star overall ratings in the United States, Japanese, and European New Car Assessment Programs.
At the 2015 New York International Auto Show, Mitsubishi debuted a heavily revised Outlander for the 2016 model year. The vehicle features new design language called "Dynamic Shield" that will be the basis for future vehicles in different segments. The revised headlights now include LED DRLs with the option of full LED headlamps. Inside the cabin, Mitsubishi made refinements to the steering wheel, headliner, rear folding seats, and door controls.
Besides cosmetic improvements, the updated Outlander has reduced cabin noise via increased use of sound insulation, thicker door glass, dynamic suspension and differential dampers, and thicker weatherstripping. The suspension and steering were re-tuned and a new generation Jatco CVT8 transmission introduced for four cylinder models. The revised SUV first went on sale in Australia in June 2015 followed by the USA, Canada and the Caribbean in July.
The plug-in hybrid has a 2.0-liter 4-cylinder MIVEC gasoline engine and the electric powertrain is derived from the electric systems used on the Mitsubishi i MiEV. Two 60 kW electric motors independently power the front and rear wheels of the plug-in hybrid, while the gasoline-powered engine can be used as a generator for the motors, or to power the vehicle directly. Located on the left side of the engine (positioned transaxle-style), the front motor is a smaller, lighter and higher output version of the permanent magnet synchronous electric motor used in the Mitsubishi i-MiEV.
The Outlander P-HEV has a 12 kWh lithium-ion battery pack capable of delivering an all-electric range of 52.3 km (32.5 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle. Under the Japanese JC08 test the all-electric range is 60 km (37 mi), with a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph). The lithium-ion battery pack is located in a dust- and waterproof encasement positioned beneath the passenger compartment subfloor and between the front and rear axles, with no intrusion into the passenger compartment. It consists of 80 cells configured in series. Mitsubishi's target was to achieve a combined fuel economy for Japan in charge-depleting mode of 67 km/liter equivalent, or about 157 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe). Fuel economy in hybrid mode for Japan is 44 mpg-US (5.3 L/100 km).
The plug-in hybrid comes equipped with two charging sockets, regular and quick charging CHAdeMO. When charging at home the driver can choose between a standard 3-pin plug socket or via a dedicated EV charging point. The vehicles comes with a 5 m (16 ft) charging cable for connection to a standard plug socket. From a standard plug charging from empty to full charge takes about five hours. From a dedicated charging point at home or at a public charging point, it takes about 3.5 hours for a full charge. The DC rapid charging socket can be used at CHAdeMO charging stations. Rapid charging allows for an 80% charge in approximately 30 minutes.
The U.S. version of the Outlander P-HEV will not include the CHAdeMO fast-charging port. According to Mitsubishi, there are not enough compatible stations in the U.S. to warrant it. American drivers will have to use the SAE port for fast-charging purposes.
- Driving modes
The Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV features three driving modes: "EV Drive", "Series Hybrid", and "Parallel Hybrid." Because of its drivetrain that combines a front electric motor, a rear electric motor, a front-mounted gasoline-powered engine, and a generator, the Outlander PHEV automatically selects one of three drivetrain modes for optimal performance and efficiency. In "EV Drive" mode the vehicle is driven in an eco-friendly performance mode by the two electric motors, with energy being supplied exclusively by the lithium-ion battery pack, and becomes a 100% electric-powered zero-emission vehicle. In series/parallel drive modes, the generator produces electricity from the engine and stores it in the lithium-ion battery pack.
The engine is fitted with the Mitsubishi Innovative Valve timing Electronic Control system (MIVEC) to maximize power production, improve fuel efficiency and reduce exhaust emissions by continuously varying the timing of the intake valves according to engine speed when it operates in "Parallel Hybrid" mode. The engine functions solely to generate electricity in "Series Hybrid" mode and is mainly used to provide motive force in "Parallel Hybrid" mode. The Outlander switches to series hybrid when the energy level remaining in the battery pack is low or when the need arises for a sudden and/or additional degree of acceleration. In this mode the two electric motors are powered by the battery pack and the gasoline-powered generator. The vehicle can also switch to parallel hybrid mode. In this drive mode, the plug-in hybrid uses its full complement of available resources: the gasoline engine, the two electric motors and gasoline-powered engine generator. The "Parallel Hybrid" mode is the most commonly utilized when the Outlander P-HEV is being driven in a long-haul/high-speed steady-state cruise manner such as on the open road or freeway. This is the most efficient drivetrain mode under these types of driving circumstances.
- Variable regenerative braking
The Outlander P-HEV features regenerative braking during normal deceleration (braking or coasting), with the front and rear electric motors working as generators so that electricity can be generated and fed back into the main battery pack. In addition, the plug-in hybrid has a set-up that allows the driver to control the strength of the engine braking with paddles behind the steering wheel. The driver switches on regenerative braking by sliding the central selector to the "B" position.
Variable regenerative braking is achieved by tapping the paddles, the strength of the regenerative braking system could be stepped through six different settings, allowing the driver to adjust how much power is restored into the battery, and to balance the amount of braking carried out with the amount of momentum the driver wants to maintain. For example, down a long but shallow slope it is better to keep rolling with a small level of recuperation, while down a steep hill, the driver can set the system to maximum regeneration. At its most aggressive setting, the regen system would easily hold the Outlander at 80 km/h (50 mph) down a moderate downhill slope. With minimum regen, the car would conserve momentum and coast a great distance without any power draw.
- Driver-activated modes
The Outlander P-HEV features three driver-activated modes:
- ECO Mode: in this mode the vehicle reduces both fuel and electricity usage for increased efficiency simply with the touch of the button.
- Battery Save Mode: In this driver-activated mode, the vehicle automatically conserves the energy within the lithium-ion drive battery pack by operating the vehicle in hybrid mode. The "Battery Save Mode" will only operate once the battery pack’s energy level falls below 90% full. For example, this mode would allow the vehicle to be driven in urban traffic with the engine/generator on to maintain a higher level of battery charge; it could then be deactivated, allowing the vehicle to be driven through a neighborhood silently at an appropriate speed in EV Drive Mode.
- Battery Charge Mode: when activating, whether the vehicle is in motion or at a standstill, the engine will generate electricity to be fed into the lithium-ion battery pack, forcing the vehicle to operate in "Series Hybrid" mode. For example, if the engine is idling and the vehicle is not moving, selecting this mode will replenish a low energy level within the battery pack back up to 80% fully charged in approximately 40 minutes.
- Features of the plug-in hybrid EV
Sales began in Japan by late January 2013, becoming the first SUV plug-in hybrid in the market. Retail prices vary from ¥3,324,000 (US$36,650) to ¥4,297,000 (US$47,380). The engine displacement of the largest version is kept below 2.5 litres so as to avoid having Japanese buyers having to pay more annual road tax which would affect sales.
The European version was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. The European version is similar to the Japanese model except for minor adjustments to comply with EU requirements, and Mitsubishi expected an emission rating of 44 g/km. Retail deliveries began in Europe in October 2013. Sales in Australia were originally scheduled for June 2013, but began only in 2014. The introduction in the United States was initially scheduled for January 2014.
Because of initial production battery problems, European deliveries to retail customers started in October 2013, beginning by the Netherlands and followed by the Nordic countries, and the introduction in the United States was initially delayed until 2015. Due to California's regulations that require a battery-monitoring unit, Mitsubishi delayed the market launch in the U.S. for the last quarter of 2015. This unit conducts onboard diagnosis of the Outlander's lithium ion battery capacity and output and alert the driver to possible degradation. which might affect the vehicle's emissions. In January 2015 it was rescheduled again. Mitsubishi plans to introduced a redesigned versions as a model year 2017. The latest delays are due to production constraints of the lithium-ion battery pack. As of January 2016[update], U.S. deliveries are scheduled to begin by August 2016. Mitsubishi expects to sell about 6,000 units in its first year on sale in the American market.
As of August 2015[update], the Outlander plug-in hybrid was available for retail sales in 48 countries. The Outlander P-HEV ranked as the world's top selling plug-in hybrid in 2014, and also as the third best-selling plug-in electric car after the all-electrics Tesla Model S and Nissan Leaf. Again in 2015, it ranked as the world's best-selling plug-in hybrid, and third top selling plug-in electric car. As of March 2016[update], the Outlander P-HEV ranks as the all-time second best-selling plug-in hybrid, behind the Chevrolet Volt, and the fourth top selling plug-in electric vehicle in the world ever.
Cumulative global sales passed the 100,000 unit milestone in March 2016, becoming the fourth plug-in electric car to pass that mark. Europe is the leading market with 65,529 units sold through March 2016. The plug-in version represented 51.7% of Outlander total sales in Europe in 2014, and 55% of the nameplate sales between January and November 2015. The Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV ranked in 2014 as the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe with 19,853 units sold, ahead of the Nissan Leaf, the previous year top selling plug-in car, by more than 5,000 units. During 2015 the Outlander plug-in hybrid surpassed the Leaf as the all-time top selling plug-in passenger car in Europe, and for the second year in a row was the top selling plug-in electric car with 31,214 units sold.
The Outlander P-HEV largest country market is Japan with 33,741 units sold through March 2016. In 2015 the Outlander plug-in hybrid was the top selling plug-in electric car in Japan with 10,996 units sold. European sales are led by the Netherlands with 24,572 units registered by the end of March 2016, followed by the UK with 21,053 units registered by the end of March 2016, together representing 70% of the region's Outlander P-HEV sales. As of November 2015[update], other top European markets are Sweden (4,433), Norway (3,797), Germany (3,015) and France (1,594), together representing 24% of sales. Australia ranks among the top selling countries with 2,015 units sold through March 2016. Combined sales of the three top selling countries, Japan, the Nehterlands and the UK, represent 78% of the 101,533 Outlander PHEVs sold globally through the end of March 2016.
The Outlander P-HEV topped the Dutch monthly ranking of new car sales during November 2013, representing a market share of 6.8% of new passenger cars sold that month, and for the first time in the country, a plug-in electric vehicle was listed as the top selling new car. In December 2013, the Outlander plug-in hybrid ranked again as the top selling new car that month in the Netherlands, representing a 12.6% market share of new car sales. The Outlander P-HEV ended 2013 as the best-selling plug-in electric car with 8,039 units sold. Dutch sales of the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV reached the 10,000 unit milestone in April 2014, and the plug-in hybrid, with 7,712 units registered, ended 2014 again as the best-selling plug-in electric car in the country. With 8,757 units registered in 2015, the Outlander plug-in hybrid was the top selling plug-in electric car in the Netherlands for the third year running. As of March 2016[update], the Outlander P-HEV continued to rank as the all-time top selling plug-in electric car in the country.
Four months after its market launch, the Outlander P-HEV became the top selling plug-in hybrid in the UK, with about 1,200 units sold through August 2014, and ended 2014 as the top selling plug-in electric car in the UK that year with 5,370 units sold. Sales of the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV in the British market reached the 10,000 unit milestone in March 2015, passing the Nissan Leaf to become the all-time top selling plug-in electric vehicle in the UK. The Outlander P-HEV, with 11,681 units registered and up 118% from 2014, was the top selling plug-in car in the UK for the second year running. During the first quarter of 2016 sales totaled 3,906 units, representing 52.3% of all plug-in hybrid registered in the UK during the quarter. By early April 2016, two years since launch, there are over 21,000 Outlander P-HEVs in the UK's roads, and the plug-in SUV sales represent 36.2% of the over 58,000 eligible cars registered since the British Plug-in Car Grant scheme was introduced in January 2011.
Also in Sweden, the plug-in hybrid was the top selling plug-in electric car for two years in a row, in 2014 with 2,289 units registered, and in 2015 with 3,302. It was also the top selling PEV in both Australia and New Zealand in 2014, with combined sales of about 1,100 units. In 2014 the Outlander plug-in also ranked as the top selling plug-in hybrid in Norway, Germany, France and Finland. In addition to Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK, in 2015 the Outlander P-HEV was also the best-selling plug-in car in Australia, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Spain. In Norway, Mitsubishi's plug-in hybrid was the segment's leader for a second year in a row with 1,485 in 2014 and 2,875 units in 2015.
The following table presents retail sales and registrations for the top selling national markets by year through December 2015.
|Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
sales/registrations by country
2013 - 2015
|Notes: (1) Sales in Australia through September 2015.|
In March 2013 Mitsubishi Motors reported two separate incidents with lithium-ion batteries used in two of its plug-in electric cars. The lithium-ion battery of a Mitsubishi i-MiEV all-electric car caught fire at the Mizushima battery pack assembly plant on 18 March while connected to a charge-discharge test equipment. In 21 March the battery pack of an Outlander P-HEV at a dealership in Yokohama overheated and melted some of the battery cells, after the vehicle had been fully charged and stood for one day. Nobody was injured in either incident. The battery packs are produced by GS Yuasa, the same company that supplies the batteries for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, whose entire fleet was grounded in January 2013 for battery problems. Mitsubishi did not issue a recall but halted production and sales of the two models until it determines the causes of the battery problems. The carmaker advised the 4,000 owners of the Outlander plug-in hybrid to drive only on gasoline mode for the time being. On 19 August 2013, after changing a production process to avoid damaging any batteries, Mitsubishi restarted production of the Outlander plug-in hybrid.
Production and sales
|Airtrek||Outlander||Airtrek (Japan)||Airtrek (export)||Outlander (Japan)||Outlander (export)||Produced||Sold|
|Total (Combined)||1,382,608+||1,149,724+||232,884+ (not sold)|
- "Mitsubishi Motors' ASX Concept at Detroit Show gives sneak peak at the next generation Global Multi-Activity Vehicle", Mitsubishi-Motors.com press release, 10 January 2001
- Fact & Figures 2005, p.33, Mitsubishi Motors website
- "MMC announces smart all-rounder AIRTREK model", Mitsubishi-Motors.com press release, 20 June 2001
- "New Peugeot/Citroen off-roader", Motoring.co.za, 30 October 2006
- Cobb, Jeff (3 May 2016). "Mitsubishi Sells 100,000th Outlander PHEV". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 3 May 2016. As of March 2016[update], the world's top selling plug-in electric cars are the Nissan Leaf (over 218,000), Tesla Model S (about 120,000), Chevrolet Volt and Ampera variants (over 110,000), Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (over 100,000), and Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid (75,000). All figures cumulative global sales since market launch.
- "Global Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Sales Pass the 100,000 Mark" (Press release). UK: Mitsubishi Motors UK. 19 May 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2016. As of March 2016[update], a total of 65,529 units have been sold in Europe (21,052 in the UK and 44,477 in the rest of Europe), 33,730 in Japan, 2,015 in Australia and 259 in the rest of the world, for a total of 101,533 units sold worldwide.
- "Cijfers elektrisch vervoer – Top 5 geregistreerde modellen plug-in hybride elektrische voertuigen" [Figures electric transport – Top 5 registered plug-in hybrid electric vehicle models] (PDF) (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland. April 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016. With a total of 24,572 Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEVs registered by the end of March 2016, the plug-in hybrid is the all-time top registered plug-in electric vehicle in the Netherlands.
- "Two years since launch and the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV has created a whole new market sector". Automotive World. 5 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (19 January 2015). "Nissan LEAF Electric Car Still Top in Europe After Four Years. Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Top Plug-in for 2014". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Automotive Industry Data (AID) (15 February 2016). "PHEVs - Take off or transitory blip?". AID Newsletter. Retrieved 19 February 2016. The Mitsubishi's Outlander PHEV was the top-seller in Western Europe with 31,270 units sold.
- Jeff Cobb (11 February 2015). "2014's Top-10 Global Best-Selling Plug-in Cars - 3. Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV – 31,136". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 17 February 2015. With 31,136 units sold in 2014, the Outlander P-HEV ranked third among the top selling plug-in electric cars in 2014, after the Tesla Model S (31,655) and the Nissan Leaf (61,507). Accounting for global cumulative sales through the end of 2014, the Outlander ranks fifth with almost 49,000 units sold.
- Cobb, Jeff (12 January 2016). "Tesla Model S Was World's Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 23 February 2016. The Tesla Model S was the top selling plug-in electric car in 2015, followed by the Nissan Leaf and the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV.
- "Mitsubishi Motors exhibits at 37 th Tokyo Motor Show", Mitsubishi Motors press release, 15 October 2003
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- Mitsubishi Outlander, EuroNCAP Archived 3 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Mitsubishi Sales Brochure printed January 2011
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- "All-New Outlander Leads Mitsubishi To November Sales Increase", Mitsubishi Motors North America press release, 1 December 2006
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- "New products need to be hits for Mitsubishi to stay in U.S. market", Kathy Jackson, Automotive News, 30 May 2006
- "Mitsubishi Motors transfers Outlander production for Europe", Mitsubishi Motors press release, 18 September 2007
- "Mitsubishi Evolander", Josh Jacquot, Inside Line: 2006 SEMA Show, Edmunds.com
- New York: Mitsubishi Outlander GT Prototype gets a EVOplasty snarl, Autoblog, 8 April 2009
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- Michaël Torregrossa (29 January 2013). "Mitsubishi présentera la version européenne de l'Outlander PHEV à Genève" [Mitsubishi will present the European version of the Outlander PHEV in Geneva] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Graeme Roberts (8 December 2015). "Mitsubishi Europe sells 50,000 Outlander PHEVs in two years". Just-auto. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Szostech, Mike. "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV sells 500 in 1 week". Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Philippe Crowe (22 October 2013). "Outlander PHEV Now on Sale in Europe". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Le Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV arrive en Europe" [The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV arrives in Europe] (in French). AutoJournal.fr. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Jeff Cobb (24 September 2013). "US-Market Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Delayed Until 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Hans Greimel (15 May 2014). "Regulator request delays Outlander plug-in launch". Automotive News. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Stephen Edelstein (27 January 2015). "Mitsubishi Outlander Plug-In Hybrid on Sale in Q2 of 2016, Now". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- Hans Greimel (2 November 2015). "Mitsubishi plans to add small crossover in U.S.". Automotive News. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Mitsubishi Motors Lineup at 2015 International Motor Show (IAA)" (Press release). Tokyo: Mitsubishi Motors. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "Mitsubishi Motors in Europe – CY14 Sales" (Press release). UK: Mitsubishi Media Europe. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2016. A total of 19,980 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in Europe during 2014 out of 38,617 Outlanders sold in the MME34 territory. The top markets for the plug-in hybrid variant were the Netherlands (7,666), the UK (5,370), Sweden (2,289), Norway (1,485), and Germany (1,060).
- Gibbs, Nick (15 March 2016). "Hybrid sales expected to triple in Europe as tougher CO2 rules loom". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved 22 February 2016. Sales in Europe as reported by JATO Dynamics: Mitsubishi Ourlander sales totaled 19,853 units in 2014 and 31,214 in 2015; VW Golf GTE sales totaled 1,097 units in 2014 and 17,300 in 2015; Audi A3 e-tron sales totaled 1,154 units in 2014 and 11,791 in 2015; Volvo V60 sales totaled 5,441 units in 2014 and 6,349 in 2015.
- Jeff Cobb (1 October 2015). "Why Europe Has Passed the US As Number One in Plug-in Electrified Vehicles". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 1 December 2015. The top selling plug-in cars in Europe during the first ten months of 2015 were the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV (22,061), the Nissan Leaf (13,801), and the Renault Zoe (13,561). As of October 2015[update], the Outlander P-HEV ranks as the all-time best selling PEV in Europe with over 50,000 units sold.
- Jose, Pontes (8 February 2016). "Japan December 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Tiphaine Leurent (11 December 2015). "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV : en 2 ans, plus de 50 000 ventes en Europe" [Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV: more than 50,000 sales in Europe in 2 years] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Grant, Alex (19 May 2016). "UK the third-largest market for Outlander PHEV". EV FleetWorld. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- Automotive Industry Data (AID) (17 December 2013). "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV top seller". AID. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Mat Gasnier (4 December 2013). "Netherlands November 2013: Mitsubishi Outlander shoots up to pole position!". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Mat Gasnier (3 January 2014). "Netherlands December 2013: Mitsubishi Outlander at 12.7% share, Volvo V40 and V60 on podium". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
- "Verkoopcijfers stekkerauto's 2013: de eindsprint" [Sales plug cars in 2013: the final sprint] (in Dutch). Groen7.nl. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "10.000 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV's in Nederland" [10,000 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEVs in Netherlands] (in Dutch). Groen7.nl. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- "De 5 populairste semi-elektrische en elektrische auto's van 2014" [The 5 most popular plug-in hybrid and electric cars of 2014] (in Dutch). Groen7. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- Priest, Ruben (11 January 2016). "De 5 populairste semi-elektrische en elektrische auto's van 2015" [The 5 most popular plug-in hybrids and all-electric cars in 2015] (in Dutch). Groen7.nl. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- Mark Leftly (3 October 2014). "Osamu Masuko: Any colour car, as long as its green". The Independent. Retrieved 31 October 2014. Since its market launch, the Outlander P-HEV sold about 1,200 units through August 2014.
- "Confident Mitsubishi UK Builds on Strong 2014 Sales With New Five-Year Warranty" (Press release). London: Mitsubishi Motors UK. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is the UK's Favourite Plug-In Vehicle". The Auto Channel. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- Andy Sharman (25 March 2015). "Mitsubishi's outlandish electric car success". Financial Times. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "Record-breaking year for plug-in cars". Fleet News. 15 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016. Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV registrations in the UK totaled 5,364 units in 2014 and 11,681 in 2015.
- Grant, Alex (7 April 2016). "ULEV sales reach new record in March". EV Fleet World. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- Bil Sweden (4 January 2016). "Nyregistreringar december 2015 def" [New Registrations December 2015 (final)] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 25 January 2016. Download the pdf file "Nyregistreringar december 2015 def" (PressRel1512_def.pdf) See table: Nyregistrerade miljöpersonbilar december 2015. A total of 2,289 units were registered in 2014, and 3,302 in 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (15 January 2015). "Australia Full Year 2014 (Updated)". EVSales.com. Retrieved 19 January 2015. A total of 895 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in Australia during 2014.
- Pontes, Jose (14 January 2015). "New Zealand December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 19 January 2015. A total of 197 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in New Zealand during 2014.
- Pontes, Jose (18 January 2015). "Norway December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (19 January 2015). "Germany December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (17 January 2015). "France December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (25 January 2015). "Finland December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- Jose, Pontes (3 February 2016). "Markets Roundup December 2015 (Special Edition)". EVSales.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016. See section III: 2015 vs 2014.
- Ståle Frydenlund (2 January 2015). "Dobbelt så mange elbiler" [Twice as many electric cars] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Frydenlund, Brett; Haugneland, Peter (6 January 2016). "Nesten 26.000 nye elbiler i fjor" [Nearly 26,000 new electric cars last year]. Norsk Elbilforening (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- "三菱 i-MiEVなどの2015年12月度 販売実績" [Mitsubishi i-MiEV production and sales results for December 2015]. Electric Vehicle News (in Japanese). 28 January 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016. A total of 30,668 Outlander P-HEVs have been sold in Japan through December 2015.
- "三菱 i-MiEVなどの2014年12月度 生産・販売実績" [Mitsubishi i-MiEV production and sales results for December 2014] (in Japanese). Electric Vehicle News. 28 December 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2015. Cumulative Outlander P-HEVs sales in Japan through December 2014 totaled 19,672 units, consisting of 9,608 units sold in 2013 and 10,064 in 2014..
- "Cijfers elektrisch vervoer – Top 10 geregistreerde modellen volledig elektrische auto" [Figures electric transport – Top 10 registered fully electric vehicle models] (PDF) (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland. December 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2016. With a total of 24,506 Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEVs registered by the end of December 2015, the plug-in hybrid is the all-time top registered plug-in electric vehicle in the Netherlands.
- "Cijfers elektrisch vervoer – Top 5 geregistreerde modellen plug-in hybride elektrische voertuigen" [Figures electric transport – Top 5 registered plug-in electric hybrid vehicle models] (PDF) (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland. January 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2015. A total of 15,725 Outlander PHEVs were registered in the Netherlands as of December 2014[update], and the plug-in hybrid ranked as the top registered plug-in electric vehicles in the country.
- "Cijfers elektrich vervoer - Aantal per type voertuig (31-12-2013) and Cijfers elektrisch vervoer – Top 5 geregistreerde modellen elektrische auto" [Figures electric transport- Number per type of vehicle and Top 5 models registered electric vehicle] (PDF) (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland. January 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Bil Sweden (2 January 2015). "Nyregistreringar december 2014 (prel)" [New registrations in December 2014 (preliminar)] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 4 January 2015. Download file "Nyregistreringar december 2014 (prel)" see tables: "Nyregistrerade supermiljöbilar december 2014" with summary of plug-in passenger car registrations by model for 2013 (revised) and 2014. A total of 2,289 units were registered in 2014, and 96 in 2013.
- Jose, Pontes (25 January 2016). "Germany December 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Philippe Schwoerer (16 January 2015). "Mitsubishi mise et gagne sur l'hybride rechargeable" [Mitsubishi bets and wins with its plug-in hybrid] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- Schwoerer, Philippe (8 January 2016). "Immatriculations des hybrides rechargeables : La barre des 5.000 est franchie!" [Registrations of rechargeable hybrids: The 5,000 mark was crossed!] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Pontes, Jose (16 October 2015). "Australia September 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 19 January 2015. About 588 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in Australia between January and September 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (18 January 2015). "Switzerland December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Pontes, Jose (13 January 2016). "Switzerland December 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Enrique García (7 January 2015). "Ventas de híbridos y eléctricos en España en 2014" [Hybrid and electric car sales in Spain in 2014]. Auto Blog en Español (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- García, Enrique (21 January 2016). "Así fueron las ventas de híbridos, eléctricos y alternativos en España durante 2015: Toyota, Smart, Dacia y SEAT, líderes" [And these were the sales of hybrid, electric and alternative in Spain during 2015: Toyota, Smart, Dacia and SEAT, the leaders]. Auto Noción (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Pontes, Jose (18 January 2014). "Belgium December 2013". EVSales.com. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- Pontes, Jose (24 January 2015). "Belgium December 2014". EV Sales. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (26 January 2016). "Belgium December 2015". EV Sales. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Pontes, Jose (2 February 2016). "New Zealand December 2015 (Updated)". EVSales.com. Retrieved 27 February 2016. A total of 139 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in New Zealand during 2015.
- Piteira Mota, Sara (4 February 2015). "Vendas de carros eléctricos em máximos puxados pela BMW e Nissan" [Sales of electric cars in maximum hauled by BMW and Nissan] (in Portuguese). Económico. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Associação de Utilizadores de Veículos Elétricos (UVE) (28 January 2016). "Explosão de vendas de VE's em Portugal no mês de Dezembro" [EV sales burst in Portugal in December] (in Portuguese). UVE. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Pontes, Jose (13 January 2016). "Finland December 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Pontes, Jose (12 January 2015). "Italy December 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Pontes, Jose (13 January 2016). "Italy December 2015". EVSales.com. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Mark Kane (20 January 2014). "8,197 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Sold in Europe in 2013; Almost All in Netherlands". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014. A total of 8,197 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in Europe during 2013.
- Cobb, Jeff (28 March 2016). "Five Ways Toyota Updated Its 2017 Prius 'Prime' Plug-in Hybrid". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 30 March 2016. As of December 2015[update], the world's top selling plug-in electric cars are the Nissan Leaf (about 202,000), Tesla Model S (about 107,000), Chevrolet Volt and Ampera variants (over 106,000), Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (about 92,000), and Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid (about 75,000). All figures cumulative global sales since launch.
- Jose, Pontes (31 January 2016). "World Top 20 December 2015 Special Edition (Updated)". EVSales.com. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- Philippe Crowe (12 February 2014). "2014 World Green Car Finalists Revealed". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- Hiroko Tabuchi (27 March 2013). "New Problem for Boeing 787 Battery Maker". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Mitsubishi Motors Press Release (27 April 2013). "Mitsubishi reports fire in i-MiEV battery pack, melting in Outlander PHEV pack". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Eric Loveday (10 April 2013). "Mitsubishi Extends Production Halt on Outlander PHEV as Perplexing Battery Investigation Continues". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Mike Szostech. "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV production restarts after 5 months". My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mitsubishi Airtrek.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mitsubishi Outlander.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV.|
- Outlander global website
- 2014 Mitsubishi Outlander US-Version
- Outlander official page (Japanese)
- Outlander Sport Indonesia
|Mitsubishi automobile timeline, European market, 1980s–present|
|Sport compact||Lancer Evo||Lancer Evolution||Lancer Evolution|
|Grand tourer||3000 GT|
|Mini MPV||Space Star|
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|Large MPV||Space Wagon||Space Wagon||Space Wagon||Grandis|
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|Mid-size SUV||Pajero||Pajero||Pajero Sport|
|Mitsubishi automobile timeline, North American market, 1980s–present|
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