Mudgal

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Mudgal
ಮುದಗಲ್
city
Mudgal fort
Mudgal fort
Mudgal is located in Karnataka
Mudgal
Mudgal
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 16°01′N 76°26′E / 16.02°N 76.43°E / 16.02; 76.43Coordinates: 16°01′N 76°26′E / 16.02°N 76.43°E / 16.02; 76.43
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Raichur
Elevation 549 m (1,801 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 19,117
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 584125
Telephone code 08537
Vehicle registration KA 36
Website raichur.nic.in/places.htm

Mudgal is a panchayat town in Lingsugur taluk, Raichur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Mudgal is about 10 miles south-west of Lingsugur.

Mudgal is a historical place that has several inscriptions belonging to the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri. It is known for its historical heritage and communal harmony. The main attractions here are the remnants of the Mudgal fort and an ancient Roman Catholic church built by the Jesuits before 1557.

Mudgal was originally a Brahman Rishi (In Brahmin there are 7 brahmrishi and two rajrishi. Mudgal was one of the rajrishi. the other one was vishvamitra) known for his generosity and simplicity. He strongly believed in simple living and high thinking. He wrote 1 upnishad out of 108 upnishads called mudgalopnishad. 'Mudgal' surname also spelled as "Mudgil, Moudgil, Mudgalya, Moudgalya, Moudgal & Moudgilaya" is used by a Hindu sect of Gaur Brahmans who are descendants of Mudgal Rishi.

There are ancient temples of Aswathhanarayana, Venkatesha, Narasimha and Didderayah.

History[edit]

Mudgal's existence dates back to Neolithic era.[1] Mudgal is also known as Lord Ganesha's teacher. Mudgal is one of the most important places of historical interest in Raichur District, next in importance only to Raichur. Mudgal or Mudugal has a history dating back to the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri, several inscriptions of which have been discovered in and around the town. In 11th century Mudgal was an educational centre for the students of various parts of the country. In the beginning of the 14th century, it was an important outpost of the Kakatiya kingdom. Ala-ud-din Hasan Shah Bahmani, after seizing Devagiri, captured Mudgal along with Raichur. Some recent controversy regarding the original name of Mudgal had arisen by many Historians claiming that it was actually called "Al-Madaggal" during the Bahmani Sultanate era meaning "Place which has been agriculturally cultivated" in Arabic. After the establishment of the Bahamani Dynasty, the Bijapur kings took possession of the western and southern parts of the territory of the Bahmani kingdom including the forts of Raichur and Mudgal. During 16th century Mudgal was ruled by Vijayanagar Empire. Many battles were fought between Vijayanagar emperors and Bahamani sultans.

Places of interest[edit]

Mudgal fort.
Mudgal fort.

The most important place of interest at Mudgal is the fort.[2] In the construction of the fort at Mudgal, advantage was taken of a hillock on the top of which were built houses of the royalty and a wall with bastions. The outer fortifications of Mudgal cover an area of half a square mile. The outer fort has a wide moat, which is filled with water. The width of the moat varies, being as much as 50 yards at several places. Behind the moat, there is a scarp with a row of bastions and after that, a narrow covered passage and adjoining it the counter scarp with very massive bastions. From the arrangement of the existing fort, it is apparent that the fort was rebuilt after the inventions of guns. The courses of masonry at several places are of Hindu style, but the arch-shaped parapet is of Muslim design. The moat and the row of bastions together offer a pleasing view.

In front of the Fateh Darwaza, which faces north, there is a very massive bastion, with a curtain on each side, thus making a barbican for the defence of the fort. Near this barbican is a guard’s room with three arched openings towards the north. The barbican has a narrow court with entrances towards the west and north-east, the gates of which are built in the pillar-and-lintel style. In the covered passage of this gateway, there are guards’ rooms on both sides. The massive bastion above referred to has a gun with a Kannada inscription near the muzzle. The gun has long iron pieces in its interior, which have been bound outwardly by hoops.

There is another gateway on the western side, behind the narrow passage of which there is a second gateway with an arch. The walls at this point are cyclopean in construction. There are guards’ rooms on either side of the passage of this gateway also. There is a third gateway to the left of the second, also arched, but the apex, as in the case of the previous one, is filled up with masonry. This gateway is more massive in construction than the other two, the guard’s room attached to its passage also being more commodious. There is a mosque near this gateway, which consists of a double-pillared hall, the pillars being of Hindu design. On the opposite side of the road are the remains of the Naubat Khana. On the way to the Bala Hisar is the gunpowder magazine, where, at one end, two compartments have been built for the storage of gunpowder.

Educational institutions[edit]

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Kannapurhatti is a fully residential school situated near Mudgal. This Vidyalaya is one among 567 Navodaya Vidyalayas in India which are run by the Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Education, Government of India. Mohammadia Education Charitable Trust(R) Mudgal, Runs Mother Teresa English Medium School (Primary, Higher Primary & High School ) This School is Recognised by the Govt. Of Karnataka, This institution has been declared as Minority institution by Government of Karnataka, it is in Lingsugur Taluka Raichur Dist. It also runs Afzal Bi-Bi Bashumiyan Chiraghali (A.B.C) Women's Pre University College of Arts, Commers and Science . Another school, R.C. Mission and Christa Jyothi high school, is run by Christian mission. Shantiniketan Kannada and English Medium School is run by Moulana Abulkalam Azad Education Trust(R) which is jointly run by the Syed walShareef AlHussaini family. A unit of K.B.N Educational and Charitable trust (R) also runs a school Shantiniketan English Medium High school Recognised by Government Of Karnataka. Other schools are run by societies and trusts like S.V.M.Primary school, Basaveshwar Primary and High School, etc.

Computer Education Systech Computer is one of the Computer Training Institute in Mudgal town.So many students are trained from this institute, and got jobs in many places of Karnataka at good positions.

Social and Philanthropic Organizations[edit]

AlHussaini Trust run by the Syed walShareef AlHussaini family belonging to one of the two notable Sayyid tribes who migrated here from the Levant or Northern Arabia and then to Mysore thereafter to Bijapur and Parbhani and who claim ancestry from the Sherif of Makkah Sayyid walShareef Hassan bin Yahya similar to Tipu sultan. Syed walShareef Fakhrullah AlHussaini who was a visionary for development of Mudgal and surrounding villages was pioneer and founding member of this trust. Hailing from a family of mercenaries he became a Mansabdar and finally a Faujdar of a 2000 zat and 1000 sowar in the Nizam's Royal Armed Forces before retiring early to become a spiritual and a social reformer as well as a philanthropist in Mudgal. This may be due to the fact that his father and brothers were officers in the opposing Mysorean Army of Tipu Sultan at Srirangapatnam. Although he had earned the title of 'Shuja e Jung' means 'Valiant in battle' against the Maratha Forces when they invaded the Hyderabad State again in 1915.

Local Food and Cuisine[edit]

The Food preferences of the local people are similar to the other people of North Karnataka region but with a lot of influence from Hyderabadi, Marathi, South Karnataka and Konkani cuisines due to vicinity of the cities to Mudgal as well as Arabian cuisine due to ancestry of the Sayyid tribes as well as diaspora who are settled in the Middle East who bring back the Arabian culture.

Milk and Dairy products are produced, consumed and transported in large quantities due to the common practice of rearing Sheep, Cattle and Buffaloes. Elderly Mudgal people show pride in making dairy products at home as it used to be an issue of prestige for the host family to show there dairy product manufacturing skills to the guests although this practice is dwindling with the younger generation who are migrating outside of Mudgal.

Meat products such as Chicken, Fish, Mutton and Beef are also produced, consumed and transported to other places. The Mutton of Mudgal is highly revered due to its succulent taste owing to fresh feed available to the animals. Many local dishes are either Dairy or Meat based or both.

Jowar, Bajra, Indian Barley and Makai are grown locally and are the staple diet but nowadays Wheat and Rice are also grown and consumed due to neighboring influences.

Peanuts and Sunflowers are also cultivated in large quantities to produce cooking oil and usage in the local dishes as well as for making Chutneys and Achaars.

Jaggery is produced in large quantities and exported due to a lot of sugarcane and sugarbeet cultivation here.

Chilli pepper cultivation is also done on a large scale with both local varieties of Cayenne and Paprika. They are used to flavor many local dishes and hence the locals are also accustomed to a high Chili Heat Flavor Quotient. Many other Indian spices are also cultivated.

Most of the local favorite dishes are made with the local ingredients and hence are incomparable to the cuisine of other areas.

Some of the local favorite dishes are:

Huldey is a local dish made from a mixture of boiled cereal grains as well as grams and peanuts with some Ghee and spices which gives a heavenly aroma when cooked. A sweet alternative is made by adding jaggery instead of spices.

Khaliya Roti is a variant of the Marathi Naan Qalia where the Naan is replaced by Jowar or Bajra roti.

Mudgali Harees is a dish made from finely mashing a mixture of cereals, pulses and meat in a large vessel with a continuous heat application for a long time. Its different from the Hyderabadi version of Harees due to the spiciness and flavor.

Kankiyaan is a local dish made from the pressed, dried and roasted cereal flakes by adding buttermilk and spices.

Chakoliyaan is a local dish made by overnight soaking of dried jowar or bajra rotis in a meat broth and mashing up the mixture. It may be accompanied by some fresh home made yoghurt.

Suthriyaan is a dish prepared by overnight soaking of dried jowar and bajra rotis in buttermilk and mashing up the mixture with spices.

Haandi Biryani is a favorite local signature dish which is made in large quantities in marriages and functions. Unlike the Hyderabadi Dum variety which is made in a copper vessel, it is made in a huge Earthern "Haandi" or cooking pot over wooden charcoal to retain the earthy flavors as well as to enhance the fresh home made ghee aroma.

Desi Muragh ka Shorba is a stew made from the meat of Indigenous breed of Chicken and vegetables which is native to this area. Usually eaten with Jowar and Bajra Rotis.

Masale ki Mirchi is a concocted mixture of ground Chilli peppers and various spices available in Mudgal such that it has a delectable flavor and aroma. It is also used in many dishes and in various Chutneys and Achaars.

Mudgali Tahari a local variant of the Hyderabadi Tehari which is a meat, yoghurt and rice based dish which can be made instantly unlike the biryani which requires elaborate preparation. Sometimes vegetables are also added. It is usually spicy.

Arabi Tahari is a new type of dish which is gaining popularity due to Middle East influence on the younger generation. Its a cross between the Mudgali Tahari and the Arabic Kabsa and not so spicy hence its fast becoming a local favorite.

Gud ki Roti sweet dish is made by adding jaggery powder during the kneading of the flat bread and then cooking over a flame. Its sometimes served mashedup with bananas and milk.

Gud ki chai is a type of tea preparation made with boiling milk and jaggery with tea.

Masale ki Chaanch is a type of buttermilk flavored with the Masala Mirchi and other spices.

Certain other vegetarian foods from Kannadiga Cuisine such as Bisi Bele Bath, Benne Dose, Sira, Uppit, etc. are also regarded as local favorites.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census of India,[3] Mudgal had a population of 19,117. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mudgal has an average literacy rate of 52%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 62%, and female literacy is 41%.

Transport[edit]

Mudgal is well connected by road to Bangalore, Hubli, Hyderabad, Pune, Panaji, Bagalkot and other major cities. The nearest major airport is in Hyderabad.

Long-distance bus routes[edit]

Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs a bus service to other cities and villages. There are also various private bus services.

Railways[edit]

Raichur and Hospet are the nearest railway stations to Mudgal. Raichur is served by a major rail line and is well connected by trains to all major parts of India such as Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Trivandrum, Kanyakumari, Pune, Bhopal and Agra.

Recently a Railway project was inaugurated to connect Wadi Junction railway station in Gulbarga District To Gadag Junction as a result Mudgal and Lingsugur will be connected through railways.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Retrieved 2009-08-23. 
  2. ^ "Mudgal fort". Retrieved 2009-08-23. 
  3. ^ Indian census of 2001