List of Muslim military leaders

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Entries in this chronological list of Muslim military leaders are accompanied by dates of birth and death, branch of Islam, country of birth, field of study, campaigns fought and a short biographical description. The list includes notable conquerors, generals and admirals from early Islamic history to the 21st century.

Muslim military leaders[edit]

  • Umar ibn Al-Khattāb c.583–3 November 644: 'Umar, Son of Al-Khattab', was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs in history. He was a senior Sahabi of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634.*Ali ibn Abu Talib 600-661: the last Rashidun caliph
  • Khalid ibn al-Walid 592–642: Also known as the "Drawn Sword of God", he led the armies that conquered Palestine and Syria with a limited number of troops. He led successful incursions into the Byzantine and Persian empires.[1]][better source needed]
  • Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib c.566–625: Also known as " Lion of God", Muhammad gave him the title Sayyid-ush-Shuhda ("Chief of the Martyrs").
  • 'Amr ibn al-'As 592–664: Known as a shrewd politician and general, he is most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640.
  • Hussain ibn Ali 8 January 626–10 October 680: He was the son of Ali Ibni Talib and a grandson of Muhammad, who refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid. On 10 October 680 (Muharram 10, 61 AH), he and a small group of followers fought a large army. Husayn and all of his men were beheaded.
  • Uqba bin Nafe: He led a Muslim army in northern Africa.
  • Musa bin Nusair 640–716: An Umayyad governor and general in North Africa.
  • Al-Hajjaj bin Yousef 661–714: An Umayyad administrator of Iraq.
  • Muhammad bin Qasim 695–715: An early Arab General who captured Sindh in Pakistan.
  • Mukhtar al-Thaqafi c.622–March 687: Born in al-Ṭaʾif, now in Saudi Arabia, he was an early Shia Islamic revolutionary based in Kufa, Iraq, who led an abortive rebellion against the Umayyad Caliphs in vengeance for the death of Husayn ibn 'Ali at the Battle of Karbala

8th century[edit]

9th century[edit]

10th century[edit]

11th century[edit]

12th century[edit]

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

Sultan Mehmed II's entry into Constantinople

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

Suleiman with army

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

  • Nadir Shah 1688–1747: Also known as Nadir Qoli Beg and Tahmasp-Qoli Khan, he was shah of Iran and a military leader.
  • Ahmad Shah Durrani 1722–177: He was the founder of the Durrani dynasty and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. He is best known for his victory against the Maratha at the Battle of Panipat (1761).
  • Hyder Ali 1722–1782
  • Imam Shamil 1797–1871: An Avar (from modern day Dagestan) who is considered both a political and religious leader for Chechens, Dagestanis, and Caucasians.
  • Tipu Sultan 1750–1799): Also known as the Tiger of Mysore, he was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. He Fought against the British Empire and was defeated and killed at Seringapatam on 4 May 1799.

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "10 best Muslim Commanders, Generals or Leaders?". Quora. Retrieved 9 December 2016.