HNK Rijeka

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Club crest
Full name Hrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka
Nickname(s) Riječki bijeli (Rijeka's Whites)
Short name RJK
Founded 29 July 1946; 71 years ago (1946-07-29), as Sportsko Društvo Kvarner / Società Sportiva Quarnero
Ground Stadion Rujevica
Ground Capacity 8,279[1]
Owner Gabriele Volpi, via Stichting Social Sport Foundation (70%)
City of Rijeka (30%)
Chairman Damir Mišković
Manager Matjaž Kek
League 1. HNL
2016–17 1. HNL, 1st
Website Club website
Current season

Hrvatski Nogometni Klub Rijeka (English: Croatian Football Club Rijeka), commonly referred to as HNK Rijeka or simply Rijeka, is a Croatian football club from the city of Rijeka, and the 2016–17 Croatian champions.

HNK Rijeka compete in Croatia's top division, HT Prva liga, of which they have been members since its foundation in 1992. During the reconstruction of Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground, Rijeka play their home matches at Stadion Rujevica. Rijeka's traditional home colours are all white.

The club was founded on 29 July 1946 as Sportsko Društvo Kvarner (Croatian) / Società Sportiva Quarnero (Italian).[2] The club's official name was changed to Nogometni Klub Rijeka on 2 July 1954.[3] In the summer of 1995, the club management added the adjective hrvatski (English: Croatian) to the official name. Rijeka are the third-most successful Croatian football club, having won one Croatian First Football League title, two Yugoslav Cups, four Croatian Football Cups, one Croatian Football Super Cup and the 1978 Balkans Cup.



The club was founded as SD Kvarner / SS Quarnero on 29 July 1946, after Rijeka (known by its Italian name Fiume until 1945) was ceded from Italy to Yugoslavia following the end of World War II. The club was named after the Bay of Kvarner and the broader Kvarner region, in which Rijeka is the administrative centre. The club's roots can be traced back to 1926, the founding of U.S. Fiumana, which competed at various levels of the Italian Football Championship, including a season in the top tier competition (Divisione Nazionale) in 1928. The two clubs used the same grounds (Stadion Kantrida) and eight U.S. Fiumana players later played for Kvarner.[4]


During the early period in Yugoslavia, Kvarner had moderate success in various Yugoslav and local club championships. They were relegated at the end of their inaugural season in the Yugoslav First League in 1946–47. Kvarner changed its name to NK Rijeka on 2 July 1954 and returned to the First League in 1958.[3] Rijeka remained in the top tier for 11 consecutive seasons until 1969, when they were once again relegated to the Yugoslav Second League.[3] Despite finishing on top in four (out of five) seasons in the second tier, due to three failed qualifying attempts, the club only gained promotion back to the top tier in 1974. With varying success, Rijeka remained in top tier until the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991.[3] The club's greatest success during this period involved back-to-back Yugoslav Cup titles in 1978 and 1979. Rijeka were also a Cup runner-up in 1987, when they lost the final after a penalty shoot-out.[5] Rijeka never finished higher than the fourth place in the Yugoslav First League. In 1984, the club came closest to their first championship title, finishing only two points behind Red Star Belgrade. Rijeka were also the best placed Croatian club in the Yugoslav First League in 1965, 1984 and 1987.[6]

Rijeka in the 1. HNL[edit]

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, in 1992 Rijeka joined the Croatian First Football League in its inaugural season. Rijeka remain one of only four founding member clubs to never have been relegated. In terms of greatest successes in this period, the club won its first-ever league title in 2017, ending Dinamo Zagreb's run of 11 successive titles.[7] Rijeka has also won four Croatian Cups, including back-to-back titles in 2005 and 2006, in 2014 and, most recently, in 2017, which helped them secure the historic Double.[8] In the final round of the 1998–99 season, a refereeing error denied Rijeka their first championship title. With one match to play, Rijeka were one point ahead of Croatia Zagreb, needing a home win against Osijek to secure the title. With the match tied at 1–1, in the 89th minute, Rijeka forward Admir Hasančić converted a cross by Barnabás Sztipánovics. However, moments later, assistant referee Krečak raised his flag and referee Šupraha disallowed Rijeka's winning goal for an alleged offside.[9] Following an investigation, 3D analysis revealed Hasančić was not, in fact, in an offside position, and that Rijeka were wrongfully denied their first championship title.[10][11] An investigation by Nacional revealed Franjo Tuđman, the president of the Republic of Croatia and an ardent Croatia Zagreb supporter, earlier in 1999 ordered the country's intelligence agencies to spy on football referees, officials and journalists, with the aim of ensuring the Zagreb club wins the league title.[12]


Rijeka participated in UEFA competitions on 17 occasions, including five consecutive appearances since 2013–14. The greatest success was the quarter-final of the 1979–80 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they lost to Italian giants Juventus 2–0 on aggregate.[13] The most memorable result in Europe was the home win (3–1) against eventual winners Real Madrid in the 1984–85 UEFA Cup.[14] Controversially, in the return leg at Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, which Rijeka lost 3–0, three of their players were sent off. Madrid scored their first goal from a doubtful penalty in the 67th minute with Rijeka already down to ten men. Over the next ten minutes, two additional Rijeka players were sent off, most notably Damir Desnica. While Desnica received the first yellow card because he did not stop play after Schoeters blew his whistle, the second yellow was issued because he allegedly insulted the referee. However, unbeknownst to the referee, Desnica had been a deaf-mute since birth.[6] With Rijeka reduced to eight players, Madrid scored two additional goals, progressed to the next round and eventually won the trophy.

In 2013, after winning 4–3 on aggregate against VfB Stuttgart, Rijeka qualified for the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League group stage.[15][16] Rijeka also participated in the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League group stage, where they defeated Feyenoord and Standard Liège and drew with title-holders and eventual winners Sevilla.[17][18][19] In 2017, Rijeka reached the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League play-off, where they lost 3–1 on aggregate to Greek champions Olympiacos, and automatically qualified for the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League group stage.

Private ownership[edit]

In February 2012, Gabriele Volpi – an Italian businessman and the founder of Orlean Invest, as well as the owner of football club Spezia and water polo club Pro Recco – injected much needed capital into the club. With the privatization process complete by September 2013, Volpi, through Dutch-based Stichting Social Sport Foundation, became the owner of 70% of the club, with the City of Rijeka in control of the remaining 30%.[20][21]

Record transfer[edit]

In January 2015, Rijeka sold their star striker Andrej Kramarić to Leicester City for a club-record £9.7 million transfer fee.[22]


Until July 2015, Rijeka were based at Stadion Kantrida, their traditional home ground for over 60 years. With Kantrida awaiting demolition and reconstruction, since August 2015, Rijeka have been based at the newly-built Stadion Rujevica, an all-seater with the capacity of 8,279. Stadion Rujevica is part of Rijeka's new training centre and serves as the club's temporary home ground. Following the demolition of old Kantrida, a new, state of the art, 14,600 all-seater stadium will be built at the same location. In addition to the stadium, the investors are planning to build a commercial complex that will include a shopping mall and a hotel.[23]


During most home matches, the majority of the seats are occupied by season ticket holders. As of early September 2017, more than 5,500 season tickets have been sold for the 2017–18 season and the club had over 7,600 members.

Rijeka's ultras group are called Armada Rijeka, or simply Armada. The group has been active since 1987.


Rijeka's greatest rivalry is with Hajduk Split. Since 1946, the Adriatic derby is contested between the two most popular Croatian football clubs from the Adriatic coast, Rijeka and Hajduk. Other rivalries exist with Dinamo Zagreb and, at the regional level, with Istra Pula. The origins of the Rijeka–Pula rivalry date back to the clashes between Fiumana and Grion Pola since the late 1920s.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1998–1999 Adidas INA
1999–2002 Kronos
2002–2003 Torpedo
2003–2004 Lero
2004–2005 Legea
2005–2006 INA
2006–2008 Kappa Croatia Osiguranje
2008–2012 Jako
2012–2014 Lotto  –
2014–2016 Jako
2017– Sava Osiguranje


First-team squad[edit]

As of 4 September 2017[24]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Nigeria GK David Nwolokor
3 Australia DF Jason Davidson
4 Croatia DF Roberto Punčec
7 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Zoran Kvržić
8 Republic of Macedonia DF Leonard Zuta
9 Brazil FW Héber
10 Romania MF Florentin Matei
11 Slovenia FW Matic Črnic
12 Croatia GK Simon Sluga
13 Croatia DF Dario Župarić (on loan from Pescara)
14 Ghana MF Maxwell Acosty (on loan from Crotone)
17 Switzerland FW Mario Gavranović
18 Croatia DF Josip Elez
No. Position Player
19 Croatia MF Tomislav Gomelt
20 Austria FW Alexander Gorgon
21 Croatia FW Jakov Puljić (on loan from Inter Zaprešić)
24 Croatia MF Domagoj Pavičić (on loan from Dinamo Zagreb)
26 Croatia MF Mate Maleš (captain)
27 Croatia MF Josip Mišić
28 Croatia MF Filip Bradarić (third captain)
29 Montenegro MF Marko Vešović
32 Croatia GK Andrej Prskalo (vice-captain)
35 Greece DF Charalampos Mavrias
87 Croatia MF Matej Šantek
90 Croatia FW Matej Jelić (on loan from Rapid Wien)
99 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Jasmin Čeliković

Out on loan[edit]

As of 23 September 2017

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Croatia GK Ivan Nevistić (at Croatia Varaždin)
Nigeria DF Bamidele Samuel Ayodeji (at Croatia Varaždin)
Nigeria DF Muhammed Kabiru (at Croatia Varaždin)
Croatia MF Dario Čanađija (at Slovenia Olimpija Ljubljana)
Nigeria MF Gerald Diyoke (at Slovenia Krško)
Croatia MF Bernardo Matić (at Bosnia and Herzegovina Široki Brijeg)
No. Position Player
Croatia MF Marin Tomasov (at Kazakhstan Astana)
Nigeria FW Goodness Ajayi (at Israel Hapoel Ashkelon)
Croatia FW Filip Dangubić (at Slovenia Celje)
Nigeria FW Theophilus Solomon (at Serbia Partizan)
Croatia FW Tomislav Turčin (at Croatia Rudeš)
Croatia FW Dario Vizinger (at Slovenia Rudar Velenje)

Other players under contract[edit]

As of 19 July 2017

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Nigeria GK Ayotunde Ikuepamitan
Republic of Macedonia MF Milan Ristovski (on loan from Rabotnički)
Croatia MF Anas Sharbini

Youth system[edit]

Board and staff[edit]

Position Staff
Chairman Croatia Damir Mišković
Vice-chairman Croatia Dean Šćulac
Croatia Zlatan Hreljac
Honorary chairman Italy Nigeria Gabriele Volpi
Supervisory board chairman Italy Stefano Chisoli
Managing director Croatia Vlado Čohar
Administrative director Croatia Marina Vela
Director of finance Croatia Marina Cesarac Dorčić
Director of communications Croatia Alen Rivetti
Director of football Croatia Srećko Juričić
Director of football (assistant) Croatia Ivan Mance
Academy director Croatia Edo Flego
Club secretary Croatia Milica Alavanja
Press secretary Croatia Sandra Nešić
Power of attorney Croatia Vlatko Vrkić
Manager Slovenia Matjaž Kek
Assistant manager Croatia Danko Matrljan
Croatia Vjekoslav Miletić
Team manager Croatia Radoslav Ljepojević
Chief scout Croatia Ranko Buketa
Fitness coach Italy Ugo Maranza
Goalkeeping coach Croatia Mladen Žganjer
Team doctor Croatia Nataša Bakarčić
Croatia Boban Dangubić
Physiotherapist Croatia Igor Pavačić
Croatia Alen Ilić
Croatia Enio Krajač
Rehabilitation coach Croatia Luka Brkljača
Kit manager Croatia Kosovo Rustem Gashi

Last updated: 10 September 2016
Source: Club officials

Notable players[edit]

To appear in this section a player must have satisfied all of the following three criteria:

Source: Appearances and Goals. Last updated 22 August 2017.

All-time Best 11[edit]

According to a 2005–07 survey of former players (older than 40 years of age) and respected journalists, Marinko Lazzarich found that the best all-time team of Rijeka is as follows:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Milevoj, 3. Hrstić, 4. Radaković, 5. Radin, 6. Juričić, 7. Lukarić, 8. Gračan, 9. Osojnak, 10. Naumović, 11. Desnica.[25]

Rijeka's daily, Novi list, in 2011 declared the following 11 players as Rijeka's best all time team:

1. Jantoljak, 2. Šarić, 3. Radin, 4. Juričić, 5. Hrstić, 6. Loik, 7. Radaković, 8. Mladenović, 9. Naumović, 10. Skoblar, 11. Desnica.[26]


Source: Presidents and managers


Source: Presidents and managers

Seasons, statistics and records[edit]


Rijeka has won one Croatian First Football League title, two Yugoslav Cups and four Croatian Cups. In European competitions, the club has reached the quarter-final of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1979–80, UEFA Cup Round of 32 in 1984–85, and group stages of the UEFA Europa League in 2013–14, 2014–15 and 2017–18. The club has also won the 1978 Balkans Cup.[27]




Unofficial competitions

Source: Soccerway, Last updated 31 May 2017.


UEFA club coefficient ranking[edit]

(As of 11 May 2017), Source: Bert Kassies website

Rank Team Points
123 Italy Sampdoria 15.666
124 Greece Asteras Tripoli F.C. 15.580
125 Croatia HNK Rijeka 15.550
126 Russia FC Kuban Krasnodar 15.106
127 Greece Panathinaikos F.C. 15.080

European record[edit]

By competition[edit]

Competition Pld W D L GF GA Last season played
UEFA Champions League 8 2 2 4 10 11 2017–18
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 50 19 13 18 74 62 2017–18
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 10 3 3 4 8 9 1979–80
UEFA Intertoto Cup 4 1 1 2 3 5 2008
Total 72 25 19 28 95 87

Source:, Last updated on 28 September 2017.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against. Defunct competitions indicated in italics.

By ground[edit]

Ground Pld W D L GF GA GD
Home 36 19 10 7 60 33 +27
Away 36 6 9 21 35 54 −19
Total 72 25 19 28 95 87 +8

Source:, Last updated on 28 September 2017.
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against.

By season[edit]

Non-UEFA competitions are listed in italics.

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
1962–63 Intertoto Cup Group
West Germany Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 2–1 3–4 1st out of 4
Switzerland Basel 5–1 2–2
Netherlands PSV 3–1 3–2
QF Hungary Dozsa Pecs 2–2 1–2 3–4
1965–66 Intertoto Cup Group
East Germany Motor Jena 0–3 1–3 4th out of 4
Czechoslovakia Tatran Prešov 0–0 1–3
Poland Szombierki Bytom 0–3 1–0
1974–75 Mitropa Cup Group
Hungary Tatabánya 3–1 1–3 2nd out of 3
Austria Wacker Innsbruck 1–3 0–0
1977 Intertoto Cup Group
Denmark Frem Kobenhavn 2–2 0–2 3rd out of 4
Poland Ruch Chorzów 0–1 4–2
Austria Grazer AK 1–1 3–0
1978 Balkans Cup Group
Albania Skënderbeu Korçë 6–0 0–1 1st out of 3
Greece Aris 2–0 2–1
F Romania Jiul Petroșani 4–1 0–1 4–2
1978–79 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup R1 Wales Wrexham 3–0 0–2 3–2
R2 Belgium Beveren 0–0 0–2 0–2
1979–80 Balkans Cup Group
Greece PAS Giannina 2–1 3–1 1st out of 3
Albania Partizani Tirana 3–0 1–4
F Romania Sportul Studențesc 1–1 0–2 1–3
1979–80 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup R1 Belgium Germinal Beerschot 2–1 0–0 2–1
R2 Czechoslovakia Lokomotíva Košice 3–0 0–2 3–2
QF Italy Juventus 0–0 0–2 0–2
1984–85 UEFA Cup R1 Spain Real Valladolid 4–1 0–1 4–2
R2 Spain Real Madrid 3–1 0–3 3–4
1985–86 Mitropa Cup SF Hungary Debreceni 0–1  –  –
3rd Pl. Czechoslovakia Sigma Olomouc 3–2  –  –
1986–87 UEFA Cup R1 Belgium Standard Liège 0–1 1–1 1–2
1999–00 UEFA Champions League QR2 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan 0–3 1–3 1–6
2000–01 UEFA Cup QR Malta Valletta 3–2 5–4 (aet) 8–6
R1 Spain Celta Vigo 0–1 (aet) 0–0 0–1
2002 UEFA Intertoto Cup R1 Republic of Ireland St Patrick's Athletic 3–2 0–1 3–3 (a)
2004–05 UEFA Cup QR2 Turkey Gençlerbirliği 2–1 0–1 2–2 (a)
2005–06 UEFA Cup QR2 Bulgaria Litex Lovech 2–1 0–1 2–2 (a)
2006–07 UEFA Cup QR1 Cyprus Omonia 2–2 1–2 3–4
2008 UEFA Intertoto Cup R1 Republic of Macedonia Renova 0–0 0–2 0–2
2009–10 UEFA Europa League QR2 Luxembourg Differdange 3–0 0–1 3–1
QR3 Ukraine Metalist Kharkiv 1–2 0–2 1–4
2013–14 UEFA Europa League QR2 Wales Prestatyn Town 5–0 3–0 8–0
QR3 Slovakia Žilina 2–1 1–1 3–2
PO Germany VfB Stuttgart 2–1 2–2 4–3
Group I Portugal Vitória de Guimarães 0–0 0–4 4th out of 4
Spain Real Betis 1–1 0–0
France Lyon 1–1 0–1
2014–15 UEFA Europa League QR2 Hungary Ferencváros 1–0 2–1 3–1
QR3 Faroe Islands Víkingur 4–0 5–1 9–1
PO Moldova Sheriff Tiraspol 1–0 3–0 4–0
Group G Belgium Standard Liège 2–0 0–2 3rd out of 4
Spain Sevilla 2–2 0–1
Netherlands Feyenoord 3–1 0–2
2015–16 UEFA Europa League QR2 Scotland Aberdeen 0–3 2–2 2–5
2016–17 UEFA Europa League QR3 Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir 2–2 0–0 2–2 (a)
2017–18 UEFA Champions League QR2 Wales The New Saints 2–0 5–1 7–1
QR3 Austria Red Bull Salzburg 0–0 1–1 1–1 (a)
PO Greece Olympiacos 0–1 1–2 1–3
UEFA Europa League Group D Greece AEK Athens 1–2 TBC
Italy Milan 2–3
Austria Austria Wien

Last updated on 28 September 2017.
Note: List includes matches played in competitions not endorsed by UEFA.
Matches played at neutral ground in Ascoli and Pisa, Italy.

Player records[edit]


  1. ^ "Stadion HNK Rijeka". Soccerway. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2014). "Stoljetno iščitavanje povijesti pod stijenama riječkoga sportskog hrama". Problemi sjevernog Jadrana (in Croatian). Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (13): 47–76. Retrieved 6 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d HNK Rijeka. "Povijest" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka official website. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Split slavi, Zagreb izmišlja, Opatija ne zna, a Rijeka se srami" (in Croatian). RijekaDanas. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Puric, Bojan; Schöggl, Hans; Stokkermans, Karel (8 May 2014). "Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro – Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Vivoda, Vlado (16 July 2014). "HNK Rijeka: The Rise of the Phoenix". Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Rijeka win Croatian league to end Dinamo dominance". Eurosport. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  8. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (26 September 2014). "Croatia – Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Rijeka-Osijek 1:1" (in Croatian). 26 May 1999. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  10. ^ Vidalina, Marko (1 June 2009). "Dokaz! Rijeci 1999. naslov prvaka definitivno ukraden" (in Croatian). 24 sata. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  11. ^ Bajruši, Robert (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  12. ^ Bajruši, Robert (13 August 2002). "Dokumenti koji otkrivaju kako je Dinamo 1999. ukrao prvenstvo" (in Croatian). Nacional. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  13. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (9 January 2008). "Cup Winners' Cup 1979–80". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 9 January 2008. 
  14. ^ "24.10.1984: Rijeka – Real Madrid 3:1" (in Croatian). Armada Rijeka. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  15. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Velika noć na Kantridi: Benko, Kvržić i Vargić za povijest" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  16. ^ Volarić, Ivan; Rivetti, Orlando. "Stuttgart – Rijeka 2:2, bijeli u Europskoj ligi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  17. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Hat trick za povijesnu pobjedu u Europskoj ligi: Kramarić – Feyenoord 3:1" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  18. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Blago nama, Moises i Krama: Bijeli u pola sata pomeli Standard" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Volarić, Ivan. "Peh u sudačkoj nadoknadi: Sevilla u posljednjim sekundama iščupala bod na Kantridi" (in Croatian). Novi list. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Rijeka postala sportsko dioničko društvo: Volpi dao 54 milijuna kuna za 70 posto vlasništva" (in Croatian). 30 September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  21. ^ "Ownership". Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  22. ^ "Andrej Kramaric set to complete £9.7m move to Leicester from Rijeka". ESPN. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  23. ^ Official Project Website
  24. ^ "1. momčad" (in Croatian). HNK Rijeka. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  25. ^ Lazzarich, Marinko (2008) (in Croatian). Kantrida bijelih snova. Rijeka: Adamić. ISBN 978-953-219-393-0, p. 467.
  26. ^ Cvijanović, Marko (29 August 2011). "Asevi s Kantride: Idealna momčad Rijeke". Novi List (in Croatian). Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  27. ^ Stokkermans, Karel; Ionescu, Romeo (29 July 2010). "Balkan Cup". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 29 July 2010. 
  28. ^ a b "Rijeka profile". Retrieved 23 August 2017. 

External links[edit]