Naoki Yoshida

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Naoki Yoshida
吉田 直樹
Yoshida at the Japan Expo in Paris (2013)
Yoshida in 2013
Born (1973-05-01) May 1, 1973 (age 50)
Other namesYoshi-P
Occupation(s)Video game producer and director
Years active1993–present
EmployerSquare Enix

Naoki Yoshida (吉田 直樹, Yoshida Naoki, born May 1, 1973),[1] also known by the nickname Yoshi-P,[2] is a Japanese video game producer, director and designer working for Square Enix. He is best known for his work on massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), mainly as director and producer of Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn and its expansions.

Yoshida is credited with the revival of the original Final Fantasy XIV project by commentators like Game Informer, which was initially criticized for poor quality.[3] Yoshida became an Executive Officer at Square Enix in 2015,[4] the Head of Square Enix's Creative Business Unit III[5] and part of the Final Fantasy Committee, that is tasked with keeping the franchise's releases and content consistent, in 2014.[6]


Early life and career[edit]

Yoshida decided to work on video games in elementary school. His career choice was influenced by two Nintendo Entertainment System games: Mario Bros. shocked him with the idea that people could control what was shown on television and the possibilities of multiplayer design; Dragon Quest III made him want to become a writer due to how engrossed he became by its story, more so than those of books and films.[7][8] His formative years were lived in Hakodate, where he balanced high school studies with a part-time job running the entire game corner of a toy store.[9]

The Yoshida family had little money; Naoki had to work for play, which led him towards beating as many games as he could[10] and getting the most out of coins spent on arcades.[11] He has been deeply involved in games since childhood, where he would spend hundreds of hours playing just one title.[9] Tactics Ogre, directed by Yasumi Matsuno, is one of his favorites. It made such an impact that he built his career in order to have the opportunity to work with Matsuno and create a game together.[12]

Yoshida joined the video game industry in 1993. He studied at a school run by Hudson Soft, where teaching came from many senior developers, concurrently with an internship at the studio.[13] He applied to Chunsoft, his preferred choice, but the internship meant he could start earlier at Hudson: since Yoshida was going through difficulties at the time, he opted for the latter to give his mother peace of mind faster.[7] He loved the company's games as a child, and wanted to do something for it to find back that energy, as its power faded.[8] He was assigned to the creation of PC Engine games at first.[14] His desire to be a scenario writer got him placed to work in the Far East of Eden series. His role kept expanding, eventually working under Oji Hiroi's supervision on the original Far East of Eden III: Namida [ja], which was ultimately moved to the PC-FX. Yoshida was happy through the production with his position writing all the villager dialogue, but the game was cancelled when he was almost done.[7]

An avid fighting game fan, Yoshida indirectly influenced the balance of Street Fighter EX. A business trip to the AOU Show had a pre-release build of that game available to play. He got sixty consecutive victories there, the last three against members of the Arika team developing it. On the released version, the character Yoshida attained all those wins with, Zangief, was drastically weaker than before.[11]

Later, he participated as a designer in the Bomberman series.[15] He faced a harsh environment: programmers held control over productions, saw designers as useless, would not realize documents if they found them boring and had no patience for people that did not understand or tried to broach their field. Yoshida had to develop his persuasion skills to handle that dynamic; communication in his case was easier than with other designers because he studied coding beforehand.[11] To make the games he wanted to, Yoshida built trust with management and among his colleagues by taking on undesirable projects.[8]

His first experiences playing online games such as Diablo and the Ultima Online beta test, left a huge impression and turned him into an avid fan.[16] Yoshida submitted three proposals to Hudson's internal new project contests: a multiplayer first-person shooter, a PlayStation 2 multiplayer Dungeon Explorer revival and a PC space exploration MMORPG.[17] After four and a half years at the company, he left Hudson due to creative differences. Yoshida saw all titles he worked on as fun for all ages, but his superior only thought of them as made for children: "I couldn't work in a company that'd allow a person like this to be a manager. As soon as he told me that, I answered that I quit".[8]

After he left Hudson Soft, he worked at several smaller game studios for five years,[14] one of them founded by a former Hudson executive who actively recruited him.[8] A partnership with Enix saw them develop a Windows online action RPG with randomly generated dungeons and a Diablo-like system, designed by Yoshida and produced by Yosuke Saito [ja]. After the merger, higher ups ordered a pivot to make it cross-platform with the PlayStation 2 and PlayOnline-compatible. The heads of Square's business divisions had high hopes for his game; those involved in Final Fantasy XI offering support, advice and that game's garbage collection source code. A sales meeting by management concluded a story mode was required, but since the team already had to rework it twice due to their demands, a debate ensued over how to inform the developers, which ultimately led them to shelf it instead.[18][19]

While working on that game, Yoshida also proposed a tool to run different variations of events in online games by combining preset settings, to aid Toshio Murouchi, a then new member of the PlayOnline operations team.[20]

Career at Square Enix[edit]

Following that game's shelving, Saito invited Yoshida to "take his revenge" by moving to Tokyo and working on what was then called Dragon Quest Online.[18] The former Hudson executive encouraged him to take the offer, if he promised to climb the corporate ladder and bring work to that studio.[8] Yoshida joined Square Enix in 2004 as the fourth member of the Dragon Quest X team;[19] as chief designer, besides handling the writing alongside Yuji Horii,[18] with Jin Fujisawa [ja] as director.[21] Frustrated at how MMORPGs had not become popular in Japan, Yoshida felt that if Dragon Quest could not do it, nothing else would, which drove him to join the project.[22]

His work on the franchise at the time extended to arcades, as he concurrently helmed the Dragon Quest: Monster Battle Road series.[14][15] Similarly, Fujisawa was involved in Dragon Quest IX, whose team struggled to decide the project's focus. Eventually, that game required his full attention to be completed, so circa late 2007, he appointed Yoshida as acting director for Dragon Quest X—an arrangement that lasted over a year and a half—due to his "indisputable competence" and trustworthiness.[21] Yoshida's involvement lasted from its early stages up to the internal alpha test;[16] under his tenure, the core systems were completed,[22] a number of systems went from existing only in the document to implemented in working order, and time-consuming parts like character and map graphics were made.[21] The idea to loan player characters as NPC party members came as a result of preserving series integrity: "When working in all Dragon Quest projects, the theme is not about complexity but having a game that's really easy to get into".[23] Yoshida wanted to work on Dragon Quest X until it went gold, but Square Enix company policy was against multiple directors working on the same project; once Fujisawa could return as full-time director on the game, Yoshida's superiors removed him from the team while he was away on a business trip.[16]

Ordered to create something new, Yoshida worked on two projects. As one of Square Enix's "stray dogs" he, Hiroshi Takai [ja] and Hiroshi Minagawa had been sent to various influential western studios in 2009 to study HD game development techniques. Upper management felt a need to compete with western games commercially outside Japan, and asked them to make a project the same way as westerners. They spent a year working on this game, whose visual and game design settled on something extremely similar to Bloodborne with asymmetric multiplayer. Yoshida steered the project as a learning experience for the younger team members, as he wanted to train future directions. That led to an extremely slow development process, and subsequently multiple arguments between Takai and Yoshida. Elsewhere, a desire to make a card game that parents and children could play together led Yoshida to conceive the car-centric Chōsoku Henkei Gyrozetter for arcades.[16]

At the same time, Final Fantasy XIV was facing difficulties right before and right after launch. The "stray dog" trio was pulled into a task force to diagnose that game's issues. They held frequent nightly meetings with members of that team, with Yoshida articulating approaches from both a director and player perspective. It was concluded early on that a solution to all the problems would only be possible as a group effort. After further meetings with the president and vice president of Square Enix included, it was decided in December 2010 to place Yoshida in charge of the staff as both director and—for the first time in his career—producer.[2][24][16] Then company president Yoichi Wada attributed this decision to Yoshida's experience, "charismatic" leadership skills and "passionate" will to satisfy customers.[24] The HD game oriented towards western tastes was abandoned, while the Chōsoku Henkei Gyrozetter team—which was still working on pre-production at the time—carried on without Yoshida.[16]

Yoshida was not acquainted with any of the Final Fantasy XIV team's members and thus had to demonstrate his dedication to the project first to gain their trust as director. He then talked with the individual developers to find out their ideas for improvements to the revised version known as Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn. He proceeded with describing to the team the precise goals to achieve.[2] Yoshida drew some inspiration from his long-lasting enthusiasm for MMORPGs, having played such titles as Ultima Online, EverQuest, Dark Age of Camelot, World of Warcraft, Warhammer Online, Rift, Star Wars: The Old Republic and Guild Wars 2.[14][25] Game Informer and other commentators have credited Yoshida's direction with "rescuing" the Final Fantasy XIV project.[3][26][27][28] He went on to work with Matsuno in creating the Return to Ivalice raid for Final Fantasy XIV: Stormblood, saying he "was able to fulfill [his] dream to work with Matsuno-san".[12]

Between December 2013 and December 2019, Yoshida wrote a regular column for Famitsu titled "Yoshida Uncensored" (吉田の日々赤裸々), discussing his thoughts on Final Fantasy XIV, video games, the game industry, and game development in general.[29][30] It has been collected into three published volumes. Yoshida ended the column in December 2019 due to lack of time to write it. In September 2020, Final Fantasy XVI was revealed to be in development for PlayStation 5 with Yoshida serving as producer.[31]


Year Title Credit(s)
1998 Star Soldier: Vanishing Earth Special thanks
1999 Weltorv Estleia
Bomberman 64: The Second Attack Story mode director
2003 N.U.D.E.@ Natural Ultimate Digital Experiment Special thanks
2007 Dragon Quest: Monster Battle Road Director
Dragon Quest Swords Special thanks
2009 Dragon Quest: Monster Battle Road II Legends Director
2010 Dragon Quest: Monster Battle Road Victory
Final Fantasy XIV Director, producer
2012 Dragon Quest X Chief planner
2013 Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn Director, producer
2015 Final Fantasy XIV: Heavensward
Final Fantasy: Brave Exvius Special thanks
Final Fantasy Grandmasters Division executive
Final Fantasy XI: Rhapsodies of Vana'diel
2016 Dragon Quest Builders
Kingsglaive: Final Fantasy XV Special thanks
Final Fantasy XV
2017 Final Fantasy XIV: Stormblood Director, producer
Itadaki Street: Dragon Quest and Final Fantasy 30th Anniversary Special thanks
Final Fantasy Dimensions II
2018 Dissidia Final Fantasy NT
Dragon Quest Builders 2 Division executive
2019 Final Fantasy XIV: Shadowbringers Director, producer
2021 Final Fantasy XIV: Endwalker
2022 Stranger of Paradise: Final Fantasy Origin Special thanks
2023 Theatrhythm Final Bar Line
Final Fantasy XVI Producer
2024 Final Fantasy XIV: Dawntrail Director, producer


Year Title Ref.
2016 Yoshida Uncensored Volume 1 [16]
2018 Yoshida Uncensored Volume 2 [13]
2019 Yoshida Uncensored Volume 3 [32]


  1. ^ "「FFXIV: 新生エオルゼア」プロデューサーレターLIVEレポート". Game Watch. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Vreeland, Michael (4 June 2012). "FFXIV Interview: Phoenix Down For a Fallen MMO". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  3. ^ a b Wallace, Kimberley. "The New Direction Of Final Fantasy". Game Informer. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  4. ^ "Board of Directors". Square Enix. 2016.
  5. ^ "第三開発事業本部". Square Enix. 2019.
  6. ^ "What Does Square Enix's Final Fantasy Committee Do?". Siliconera. CraveOnline, Enthusiast Gaming. 25 March 2014.
  7. ^ a b c 2016, p. 2/2.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Naoki Yoshida, 10 years of FFXIV". Caravan. Archipel. 3 December 2020. Archived from the original on 27 June 2022 – via YouTube.
  9. ^ a b 2016, p. 1/2.
  10. ^ 2018, p. 4.
  11. ^ a b c 2018, p. 2.
  12. ^ a b Khan, Imad (14 June 2019). "'FF XIV' Director Talks "Shadowbringers," 'Game of Thrones,' Panda Express". Variety. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  13. ^ a b 吉田直樹 [Yoshida, Naoki] (7 February 2018). 吉田の日々赤裸々。2 プロデューサー兼ディレクターの頭の中. Kadokawa Game Linkage. ISBN 978-4-04-733312-3.
  14. ^ a b c d Donaldson, Alex (1 November 2011). "Final Fantasy XIV Interview with Producer/Director Naoki Yoshida - Round 2". RPG Site. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  15. ^ a b "『ファイナルファンタジーXIV』新プロデューサー兼ディレクターに直撃インタビュー". Famitsu. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g 吉田直樹 [Yoshida, Naoki] (22 June 2016). 吉田の日々赤裸々。 『ファイナルファンタジーXIV』はなぜ新生できたのか. Kadokawa Game Linkage. ISBN 978-4-04-733154-9. OCLC 957254171.
  17. ^ We Are Vana'diel 2022, Part 2 (05-30).
  18. ^ a b c TAITAI, ed. (8 March 2014). "MMORPGの面白さってなんだ?——オンラインゲーム開発のあれこれを語り尽くす「DQX」「FFXI」「FFXIV」プロデューサー座談会". インタビュー. Aetas. p. 1.
  19. ^ a b We Are Vana'diel 2022, Part 1 (05-16).
  20. ^ Nogishi, Aki (22 October 2020). "『FF14』室内俊夫氏インタビュー。皆が知りたかった(?)プライベートなプレイ事情や吉田Pとの意外な馴れ初めも訊いた". インタビュー. Automaton.
  21. ^ a b c 藤澤仁 [Fujisawa, Jin] (2 December 2013). "開発・運営だより -第14号-". トピックス. 目覚めし冒険者の広場-ドラゴンクエストXプレイヤー専用サイト. Square Enix.
  22. ^ a b 2018, p. 1.
  23. ^ Hawkins, Matt (6 September 2013). "The Difference Between Designing Final Fantasy XIV And Dragon Quest X". Siliconera. CraveOnline, Enthusiast Gaming.
  24. ^ a b Wada, Yoichi; Yoshida, Naoki; Tanaka, Hiromichi (10 December 2012). "An Important Announcement for Final Fantasy XIV Fans". Square-Enix. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  25. ^ Lefebvre, Eliot (13 February 2013). "Massively Exclusive: A dinner with Final Fantasy XIV's Naoki Yoshida". Joystiq. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  26. ^ Nutt, Christian (18 April 2014). "Understanding the successful relaunch of Final Fantasy XIV". Gamasutra. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  27. ^ Lin, Joseph C. (14 April 2015). "Meet the Guy Who Saved Final Fantasy XIV from Total Disaster". Time. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  28. ^ Parkin, Simon (18 April 2014). "Meet the man who salvaged Final Fantasy 14 from ruin". Eurogamer. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Final Fantasy XIV Director Naoki Yoshida Will Write a Regular Column on Famitsu". 26 December 2013.
  30. ^ "Final Fantasy XIV's Director Had a Terrible Experience With MMOs". Kotaku.
  31. ^ "Final Fantasy XVI Announced for PlayStation 5 and PC (Update)". Siliconera. 16 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  32. ^ 吉田直樹 [Yoshida, Naoki] (20 December 2019). 吉田の日々赤裸々。3 ゲームデザイナー兼取締役の頭の中. Kadokawa Game Linkage. ISBN 978-4-04-733154-9.
Multi-webpage conversations
  • "【小高和剛×桜井政博×吉田直樹】 週刊ファミ通コラム執筆陣が語る、ゲーム制作への想い". ファミ通.com []. Kadokawa Game Linkage. 10 August 2016 [conversation conducted July].
  • Nobu; touge, eds. (9 May 2018). "内なる"怒り"が新生FFXIVを作った——不定期連載「原田が斬る!」,第6回は「ファイナルファンタジーXIV」吉田直樹氏に聞く,MMORPGの過去と未来". インタビュー. Aetas.
  • "#10 Naoki Yoshida". WE DISCUSS VANA'DIEL. FINAL FANTASY XI - WE ARE VANA'DIEL 20th Anniversary Commemorative Website. Square Enix.