Next Malaysian general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Next Malaysian general election

← 2018 On or before 14 September 2023 (2023-09-14)

All 222 seats in the Dewan Rakyat
112 seats needed for a majority
  Anwar Ibrahim (cropped further).png Muhyiddin Yassin (51087589446) (cropped).jpg Ismail Sabri Fumio Kishida 2022 (cropped).jpg
Leader Anwar Ibrahim Muhyiddin Yassin Ismail Sabri Yaakob
Alliance Pakatan Harapan Perikatan Nasional Barisan Nasional
Leader since 15 October 2018 23 February 2020 14 April 2022
Leader's seat Port Dickson Pagoh Bera
Last election 100 seats, 41.29%[nb 2] 32 seats, 24.07%[nb 3] 58 seats, 27.79%[nb 1]
Current seats 90 46 42
Seats needed Increase 22 Increase 66 Increase 70

  Abang Johari Openg in 2021 (cropped).jpg CM GREY (3).jpg WARISAN
Leader Abang Johari Openg Hajiji Noor Shafie Apdal
Alliance Gabungan Parti Sarawak Gabungan Rakyat Sabah
Leader since 13 January 2017 11 March 2022 17 October 2016
Leader's seat None at federal level
State level: Gedong (Batang Sadong, Sarawak)
None at federal level
State level: Sulaman (Tuaran, Sabah)
State level: Senallang (Semporna, Sabah)
Last election 19 seats, 3.82%[nb 4] 2 seats, 0.71%[nb 5] 8 seats, 2.32%
Current seats 19 9 7
Seats needed N/A[nb 6] N/A[nb 7] Increase 105

  Mahathir Mohamad in 18th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement (cropped).jpg Wong Soon Koh.jpg Syed Saddiq (cropped).jpg
Leader Mahathir Mohamad Wong Soon Koh Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman
Alliance Gerakan Tanah Air Pakatan Harapan Plus
Leader since 12 August 2020 2015 17 September 2020
Leader's seat Langkawi
(Not seeking re-election)
None at federal level
State level: Bawang Assan (Sibu, Sarawak)
Last election New Did not contest New
Current seats 4 2 1
Seats needed Increase 108 N/A[nb 8] Increase 111

Malaysia parliament blank map 2018.svg

Incumbent Prime Minister

Ismail Sabri Yaakob

The next Malaysian general election, formally the 15th Malaysian general election or GE15, is scheduled to be held by 14 September 2023 to elect the members of the Dewan Rakyat in the 15th Parliament of Malaysia.[1] All 222 seats will be up for election, presuming no constituencies are added or removed in a redistribution. As the 14th Parliament first sat on 16 July 2018,[2] it will automatically be dissolved in June 2023 if not dissolved earlier. Traditionally, elections for all state legislatures (except Sarawak, Sabah, Melaka and Johor)[3] are also held concurrently.

The prospect of an early federal election remains high due to the ongoing political crisis.[4][5] As the states can dissolve their legislatures independently from Parliament, it is unclear which (if any) states will concurrently hold elections for their legislatures if Parliament is dissolved early.

In June 2022, Malaysian Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob said he would not delay the dissolution of parliament, amid continued pressure from his party UMNO to hold a general election as soon as possible. He said he would consult with his allies in the Barisan Nasional alliance on the date, as well as the top leaders in his UMNO party.[6]


Previous election[edit]

Name Member (with seat) Ideology Leader(s) 2018 result
Votes (%) Seats State Seats
PH Pakatan Harapan
Alliance of Hope
PKR · DAP · AMANAH (left alliance: BERSATU) Reformism / Progressivism Dr. Mahathir Mohamad 45.68
113 / 222
226 / 505
BN Barisan Nasional
National Front
UMNO · MCA · MIC · PBRS (left alliance: PBB · PRS · PDP · SUPP · PBS · UPKO) National conservatism Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak 33.77
79 / 222
166 / 505
GS Gagasan Sejahtera
Ideas of Prosperity
PAS Islamic conservatism Abdul Hadi Awang 16.90
18 / 222
90 / 505
WARISAN Sabah Heritage Party
Parti Warisan Sabah
Allied with Pakatan Harapan Regionalism Mohd. Shafie Apdal 2.32
8 / 222
21 / 505
GBS United Alliance
Gabungan Bersatu Sabah
Regionalism Dr. Jeffrey G. Kitingan 0.18
1 / 222
3 / 505
Independents and Other Parties 1.15
3 / 222
0 / 505

The 2018 federal election resulted in a change in government for the first time in Malaysian history since direct elections were first held in 1955. Pakatan Harapan, then a centre-left coalition between four parties, won 113 seats in the Dewan Rakyat (a two-seat majority) against the right-wing Barisan Nasional coalition, which won 79 seats. Pakatan Harapan entered government at the federal level with support from the Sabah Heritage Party. The concurrent state elections also saw Pakatan Harapan winning a majority for the first time in Johor, Malacca and Negeri Sembilan. Hung parliaments were recorded in Kedah, Perak and Sabah, but changes in party membership of the legislators after the election allowed Pakatan Harapan (or the Sabah Heritage Party in Sabah) to enter government in these states as well.

Significant events[edit]

In July 2019, the Constitution (Amendment) Act 2019, which contained provisions to lower the voting age to 18 and allow for the automatic registration of voters, was enacted by Parliament.[7] However, that provision is not yet in effect and is awaiting a proclamation by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Election Commission announced in June 2020 that preparations for these changes will be ready by July 2021.[8]

The legitimacy of the redelineation of electoral boundaries for the entire country in 2018 was in 2019 under review by the Election Commission,[9] which is under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister's Department. The redelineation was approved 2 months before the previous election, which saw enormous malapportionment between constituencies. For example, in Selangor, Sabak Bernam has approximately 40,000 voters but Bangi contains 180,000 voters. However, any early redistribution would require a constitutional amendment, which necessitates a two-thirds majority in the Dewan Rakyat.[10] The status of the review is currently unknown due to the change in government during the political crisis described below.

2020–21 political crisis[edit]

In late February 2020, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad resigned, creating a power vacuum in the executive branch. A majority of the 32 members of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party withdrew from the governing PH-led coalition government, causing it to lose its majority in the Dewan Rakyat, and partnered with the Barisan Nasional. On 1 March, Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed Prime Minister, and a Malaysian United Indigenous Party and Barisan Nasional-led minority government was formed. On 20 August, Ismail Sabri Yaakob was appointed Prime Minister, after the resignation of Muhyiddin.

Electoral system[edit]

Elections in Malaysia are conducted at the federal and state levels. Federal elections elect members of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of Parliament, while state elections in each of the 13 states elect members of their respective state legislative assembly. As Malaysia follows the Westminster system of government, the head of government (Prime Minister at the federal level and the Menteri Besar/Chief Ministers at the state level) is the person who commands the confidence of the majority of members in the respective legislature – this is normally the leader of the party or coalition with the majority of seats in the legislature.

The Dewan Rakyat consists of 222 members, known as Members of Parliament (MPs), that are elected for five-year terms. Each MP is elected from a single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post voting system. If one party obtains a majority of seats, then that party is entitled to form the government, with its leader becoming the Prime Minister. In the event of a hung parliament, where no single party obtains the majority of seats, the government may still form through a coalition or a confidence and supply agreement with other parties. In practice, coalitions and alliances in Malaysia generally persist between elections, and member parties do not normally contest for the same seats.

In July 2019, the Constitution (Amendment) Act 2019 was enacted that provided for the voting age to be lowered to 18 and for automatic registration of voters.[7] The voting age was previously 21[11][12] although the age of majority in the country was 18.[13] Malaysia does not currently practice compulsory voting and automatic voter registration. A provision to implement automatic voter registration was included in the 2019 constitutional amendment but is awaiting a proclamation by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Election Commission of Malaysia, which conducts federal and state elections, stated in June 2020 that preparations for these changes will be ready by July 2021.[8] The Election Commission is under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister's Department.


Dissolution of parliament[edit]

The 14th Parliament of Malaysia will automatically dissolve on 16 July 2023. The first meeting of the first session of the 14th Parliament of Malaysia was held on 16 July 2018.[2]

The Constitution of Malaysia requires that a general election to be held in the fifth calendar year after the first sitting unless it is dissolved earlier by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong due to a motion of no confidence, loss of supply or at the request of the Prime Minister.

Dissolution of state legislatures[edit]

While any state may dissolve its legislature independently of Parliament, most of them traditionally dissolve at around the same time as Parliament such that federal and state elections are held simultaneously. In accordance with Malaysian law, Parliament as well as the legislative assemblies of each state would automatically dissolve on the fifth anniversary of the first sitting of a term, unless dissolved prior to that date by the relevant heads of state on the advice of their respective heads of government. Elections must be held within sixty days of a dissolution.

Below are the dates of which the legislature of each state would automatically dissolve:

Legislature (and term number) Term start Refs Term end
(on or before)
Next election day
(on or before)
Selangor Selangor (14th) 26 June 2018 [14] 26 June 2023 25 August 2023
Kelantan Kelantan (14th) 28 June 2018 [15] 28 June 2023 27 August 2023
Terengganu Terengganu (14th) 1 July 2018 [16] 1 July 2023 30 August 2023
Negeri Sembilan Negeri Sembilan (14th) 2 July 2018 [17] 2 July 2023 31 August 2023
Pahang Pahang (14th) 2 July 2018 [18] 2 July 2023 31 August 2023
Perak Perak (14th) 3 July 2018 [19] 3 July 2023 1 September 2023
Kedah Kedah (14th) 4 July 2018 [20] 4 July 2023 2 September 2023
Perlis Perlis (14th) 20 July 2018 [21] 20 July 2023 18 September 2023
Penang Penang (14th) 2 August 2018 [22] 2 August 2023 1 October 2023
Sabah Sabah (16th) 9 October 2020 [23] 9 October 2025 8 December 2025
Malacca Malacca (15th) 27 December 2021 [24] 27 December 2026 25 February 2027
Sarawak Sarawak (19th) 14 February 2022 [25] 14 February 2027 15 April 2027
Johor Johor (15th) 21 April 2022 [26] 21 April 2027 20 June 2027

Pre-nomination events[edit]

Parties represented in current legislatures[edit]

The election would be the first time Pakatan Harapan and Perikatan Nasional use their own respective logos. DAP announced the intention to use PH logo for West Malaysia seats on 14 November 2021.[27] PN component parties in Pahang (Bersatu, PAS, Gerakan) has decided to contest on all parliamentary and state assembly seats there on 28 November 2021.[28] On 11 December 2021, PBRS announced that they will contest in 3 seats in Sabah under Barisan Nasional.[29] In this election, Heritage Party (WARISAN), previously an ally of Pakatan Harapan in the 2018 general election, will for the first time contest outside Sabah. As part of the move, it decided on 24 January 2021 to contest all parliamentary and assembly seats in Penang.[30]

In April 2022, UMNO's Supreme Council proposed that Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob be its Prime Ministerial candidate for GE15.[31] In August 2022, Pejuang formed a Malay and Muslim coalition called as Gerakan Tanah Air with 3 extra parliamentary parties and planned to contest 120 parliamentary seats.[32]

Other parties and independents[edit]

Zahid Hamidi, chairman of Barisan Nasional, has officially considered to accept Makkal Sakti's request to contest the election under Barisan Nasional logo on 19 September 2021.[33] On 15 December 2021, a group of independent activists calling themselves Gerak Independent announced their intention to run in the election in no more than 10 seats.[34] Parti Bumi Kenyalang (PBK) initially intended to contest all 31 parliamentary seats in Sarawak on 26 January 2022, claiming that it already made ties with unspecified Sabah based party and still opened possibility of cooperating with other Sarawak-only parties.[35] By June 2022 PBK made negotiations with Sarawakian local opposition parties such as PSB, Aspirasi, PBDSB and SEDAR to avoid clashes in the election without formally forming a coalition.[36]

Last election pendulum[edit]

(Results and status at 9 May 2018) The 14th General Election witnessed 124 governmental seats and 98 non-governmental seats filled the Dewan Rakyat. The government side has 49 safe seats and 11 fairly safe seats, while the other side has 21 safe seats and 4 fairly safe seats.

Parit Buntar Dr. Mujahid Yusof Rawa PAN 39.22
Temerloh Anuar Mohd. Tahir PAN 39.31
Lubok Antu Jugah Muyang @ Tambat IND 40.09
Lumut Dr. Mohd. Hatta Md. Ramli PAN 40.93
Pokok Sena Mahfuz Omar PAN 40.93
Sungai Besar Muslimin Yahya PPBM 42.11
Jerlun Dr. Mukhriz Mahathir PPBM 42.55
Kulim-Bandar Baharu Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR 42.62
Merbok Nurin Aina Abdullah PKR 43.31
Tambun Ahmad Faizal Azumu PPBM 44.46
Kuantan Fuziah Salleh PKR 44.57
Kuala Pilah Eddin Syazlee Shith PPBM 44.85
Indera Mahkota Saifuddin Abdullah PKR 44.85
Raub Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji DAP 44.89
Kapar Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid PKR 44.99
Ranau Jonathan Yasin PKR 45.17
Padang Serai Karuppaiya Muthusamy PKR 45.27
Tanjong Malim Chang Lih Kang PKR 45.44
Putatan Awang Husaini Sahari PKR 45.81
Kuala Kedah Dr. Azman Ismail PKR 46.26
Tampin Hasan Bahrom PAN 46.29
Bentong Wong Tack DAP 46.67
Kangar Noor Amin Ahmad PKR 46.80
Tangga Batu Dr. Rusnah Aluai PKR 46.89
Tanjung Piai Dr. Md. Farid Md. Rafik PPBM 47.29
Titiwangsa Rina Mohd. Harun PPBM 47.31
Hulu Selangor June Leow Hsiad Hui PKR 47.86
Papar Ahmad Hassan WARISAN 48.54
Sri Gading Dr. Shahruddin Mohd. Salleh PPBM 48.58
Sungai Siput Kesavan Subramaniam PKR 48.72
Kuala Langat Xavier Jayakumar Arulanandam PKR 49.08
Sungai Petani Johari Abdul PKR 49.21
Kubang Pasu Ir. Amiruddin Hamzah PPBM 49.70
Kuala Selangor Dr. Dzulkefly Ahmad PAN 49.98
Tawau Christina Liew Chin Jin PKR 50.05
Kalabakan Ma'mun Sulaiman WARISAN 50.09
Lembah Pantai Ahmad Fahmi Mohamed Fadzil PKR 50.24
Simpang Renggam Dr. Maszlee Malik PPBM 50.69
Alor Gajah Mohd. Redzuan Md. Yusof PPBM 50.73
Alor Setar Chan Ming Kai PKR 50.80
Kota Belud Isnaraissah Munirah Majilis @ Fakharuddy WARISAN 50.82
Permatang Pauh Nurul Izzah Anwar PKR 50.89
Hang Tuah Jaya Shamsul Iskandar @ Yusre Mohd. Akin PKR 51.01
Tenom Noorita Sual DAP 51.10
Selangau Baru Bian PKR 51.11
Balik Pulau Muhammad Bakthiar Wan Chik PKR 51.17
Sepang Mohamed Hanipa Maidin PAN 51.56
Sekijang Natrah Ismail PKR 51.69
Labis Pang Hok Liong DAP 52.17
Saratok Ali Biju PKR 52.18
Ledang Syed Ibrahim Syed Noh PKR 53.06
Segamat Edmund Santhara Kumar Ramanaidu PKR 53.09
Muar Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman PPBM 53.09
Sarikei Wong Ling Biu DAP 53.57
Silam Mohamaddin Ketapi WARISAN 54.26
Teluk Intan David Nga Kor Ming DAP 54.37
Puncak Borneo Willie Mongin PKR 54.65
Langkawi Dr. Mahathir Mohamad PPBM 54.90
Pagoh Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin PPBM 55.21
Julau Larry Soon @ Larry S'ng Wei Shien IND 55.28
Hulu Langat Hasanuddin Mohd. Yunus PAN 55.53
Batu Sapi Liew Vui Keong WARISAN 55.78
Batu Pahat Mohd. Rashid Hasnon PKR 55.92
Sungai Buloh Sivarasa K. Rasiah PKR 55.97
Fairly safe
Setiawangsa Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad PKR 56.65
Mas Gading Mordi Bimol DAP 56.71
Nibong Tebal Mansor Othman PKR 56.92
Wangsa Maju Dr. Tan Yee Kew PKR 57.30
Kampar Thomas Su Keong Siong DAP 57.56
Bandar Tun Razak Kamarudin Jaffar PKR 58.58
Pasir Gudang Hassan Abdul Karim PKR 58.68
Port Dickson Danyal Balagopal Abdullah PKR 59.06
Kluang Wong Shu Qi DAP 59.20
Sepanggar Mohd. Azis Jamman WARISAN 59.47
Sibu Oscar Ling Chai Yew DAP 59.58
Shah Alam Khalid Abdul Samad PAN 60.00
Seremban Anthony Loke Siew Fook DAP 60.45
Batu Prabakaran M. Parameswaran PKR 60.70
Selayang William Leong Jee Keen PKR 61.38
Taiping Teh Kok Lim DAP 61.65
Gopeng Dr. Lee Boon Chye PKR 61.75
Miri Dr. Michael Teo Yu Keng PKR 61.82
Johor Bahru Akmal Nasrullah Mohd. Nasir PKR 62.31
Bakri Yeo Bee Yin DAP 62.65
Gombak Mohamed Azmin Ali PKR 63.10
Stampin Chong Chieng Jen DAP 63.70
Pulai Salahuddin Ayub PAN 63.81
Lanang Alice Lau Yiong Kieng DAP 65.16
Kulai Teo Nie Ching DAP 65.42
Bangi Dr. Ong Kian Ming DAP 65.60
Sandakan Stephen Wong Tien Fatt DAP 67.97
Beruas James Ngeh Koo Ham DAP 68.41
Petaling Jaya Maria Chin Abdullah PKR 68.52
Bayan Baru Sim Tze Tzin PKR 68.88
Iskandar Puteri Lim Kit Siang DAP 69.24
Kota Raja Mohamad Sabu PAN 70.79
Ampang Zuraida Kamaruddin PKR 70.94
Puchong Gobind Singh Deo DAP 72.39
Rasah Cha Kee Chin DAP 72.45
Kota Melaka Khoo Poay Tiong DAP 72.68
Kota Kinabalu Chan Foong Hin DAP 74.76
Penampang Ignatius Dorell @ Darell Leiking WARISAN 75.32
Pandan Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail PKR 75.47
Klang Charles Anthony R. Santiago DAP 77.34
Batu Kawan Kasthuriraani P. Patto DAP 78.02
Bandar Kuching Dr. Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen DAP 79.43
Jelutong Sanisvara Nethaji Rayer Rajaji DAP 79.63
Semporna Mohd. Shafie Apdal WARISAN 80.20
Ipoh Timor Wong Kah Woh DAP 80.46
Segambut Hannah Yeoh Tseow Suan DAP 82.07
Subang Wong Chen PKR 83.08
Bukit Bendera Wong Hon Wai DAP 83.83
Batu Gajah Sivakumar M. Varatharaju Naidu DAP 84.17
Ipoh Barat Kulasegaran V. Murugeson DAP 84.90
Bukit Bintang Fong Kui Lun DAP 84.94
Bukit Mertajam Steven Sim Chee Keong DAP 85.40
Bagan Lim Guan Eng DAP 85.96
Bukit Gelugor Ramkarpal Singh DAP 86.68
Tanjong Chow Kon Yeow DAP 87.25
Damansara Tony Pua Kiam Wee DAP 89.00
Cheras Tan Kok Wai DAP 89.00
Seputeh Teresa Kok Suh Sim DAP 89.97
Kepong Lim Lip Eng DAP 92.04
Keningau Dr. Jeffrey Gapari @ Geoffrey Kitingan STAR 33.09
Jerai Sabri Azit PAS 33.94
Tasek Gelugor Shabudin Yahaya UMNO 35.73
Bagan Serai Dr. Noor Azmi Ghazali UMNO 36.44
Kota Marudu Dr. Maximus Johnity Ongkili PBS 38.44
Sabak Bernam Mohamad Fasiah Mohd. Fakeh UMNO 38.57
Bukit Gantang Syed Abu Hussin Hafiz Syed Abdul Fasal UMNO 39.48
Kuala Kangsar Mastura Mohd. Yazid UMNO 40.26
Padang Besar Zahidi Zainul Abidin UMNO 41.18
Padang Rengas Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz UMNO 41.50
Beaufort Azizah Mohd. Dun UMNO 41.72
Arau Dr. Shahidan Kassim UMNO 41.79
Padang Terap Mahdzir Khalid UMNO 42.09
Kota Bharu Takiyuddin Hassan PAS 42.24
Cameron Highlands Sivarajjh Chandran MIC 42.30
Baling Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim UMNO 42.60
Pendang Awang Hashim PAS 42.69
Kepala Batas Reezal Merican Naina Merican UMNO 42.94
Jasin Ahmad Hamzah UMNO 43.00
Paya Besar Mohd. Shahar Abdullah UMNO 43.16
Tanjong Karang Noh Omar UMNO 43.45
Bera Ismail Sabri Yaakob UMNO 43.89
Ayer Hitam Dr. Ir. Wee Ka Siong MCA 43.98
Kemaman Che Alias Hamid PAS 44.06
Tapah Saravanan Murugan MIC 44.47
Jerantut Ahmad Nazlan Idris UMNO 45.06
Larut Hamzah Zainudin UMNO 45.90
Pasir Salak Tajuddin Abd Rahman UMNO 46.04
Pontian Ahmad Maslan UMNO 46.21
Jempol Mohd. Salim Shariff UMNO 46.83
Kuala Krau Dr. Ismail Mohamed Said UMNO 47.14
Machang Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub UMNO 47.39
Pasir Puteh Dr. Nik Muhammad Zawawi Salleh PAS 47.41
Labuan Rozman Isli UMNO 47.59
Kimanis Anifah Aman UMNO 47.71
Sik Ahmad Tarmizi Sulaiman PAS 47.91
Ketereh Annuar Musa UMNO 47.95
Pensiangan Arthur Joseph Kurup PBRS 48.35
Besut Idris Jusoh UMNO 48.40
Parit Mohd. Nizar Zakaria UMNO 48.41
Tanah Merah Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz UMNO 48.44
Gerik Hasbullah Osman UMNO 48.49
Sipitang Yamani Hafez Musa UMNO 48.60
Gua Musang Tengku Razaleigh Tengku Mohd. Hamzah UMNO 48.64
Setiu Shaharizukirnain Abd. Kadir PAS 48.65
Rembau Khairy Jamaluddin Abu Bakar UMNO 48.87
Jelebu Jalaluddin Alias UMNO 48.93
Bachok Nik Mohamed Abduh Nik Abdul Aziz PAS 48.93
Maran Dr. Ismail Abdul Muttalib UMNO 49.09
Parit Sulong Dr. Noraini Ahmad UMNO 49.19
Libaran Zakaria Mohd. Edris @ Tubau UMNO 49.25
Putrajaya Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor UMNO 49.47
Hulu Terengganu Rosol Wahid UMNO 49.60
Kuala Terengganu Ahmad Amzad Mohamed @ Hashim PAS 49.65
Lipis Abdul Rahman Mohamad UMNO 49.82
Kudat Abd Rahim Bakri UMNO 49.90
Rantau Panjang Siti Zailah Mohd. Yusoff PAS 50.82
Bagan Datuk Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi UMNO 51.37
Tuaran Wilfred Madius Tangau UPKO 51.54
Pasir Mas Ahmad Fadhli Shaari PAS 52.44
Kuala Krai Ab. Latiff Ab. Rahman PAS 52.56
Kuala Nerus Dr. Mohd. Khairuddin Aman Razali PAS 52.66
Mersing Dr. Abd. Latiff Ahmad UMNO 53.00
Rompin Hasan Arifin UMNO 53.54
Lenggong Dr. Shamsul Anuar Nasarah UMNO 53.97
Masjid Tanah Mas Ermieyati Samsudin UMNO 54.10
Dungun Wan Hassan Mohd. Ramli PAS 54.17
Tumpat Che Abdullah Mat Nawi PAS 54.33
Tenggara Dr. Adham Baba UMNO 54.39
Baram Anyi Ngau PDP 54.45
Sibuti Lukanisman Awang Sauni PBB 54.60
Pengkalan Chepa Ahmad Marzuk Shaary PAS 54.88
Jeli Mustapa Mohamed UMNO 55.89
Fairly safe
Kubang Kerian Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man PAS 56.16
Bintulu Tiong King Sing PDP 57.05
Sembrong Hishammuddin Hussein UMNO 59.24
Marang Abd Hadi Awang PAS 59.27
Betong Robert Lawson Chuat Vincent Entering PBB 60.41
Sri Aman Masir Kujat PSB 61.48
Pekan Mohd. Najib Abdul Razak UMNO 62.19
Beluran Dr. Ronald Kiandee UMNO 62.84
Serian Richard Riot Jaem SUPP 63.99
Kanowit Aaron Ago Dagang PRS 64.58
Petra Jaya Fadillah Yusof PBB 65.91
Mukah Hanifah Hajar Taib PBB 66.90
Kinabatangan Bung Moktar Radin UMNO 67.22
Pengerang Azalina Othman Said UMNO 67.71
Hulu Rajang Wilson Ugak Kumbong PRS 68.20
Kota Tinggi Halimah Mohamed Sadique UMNO 69.14
Kota Samarahan Rubiah Wang PBB 69.90
Lawas Henry Sum Agong PBB 70.44
Batang Lupar Rohani Abdul Karim PBB 70.49
Limbang Hasbi Habibollah PBB 72.07
Kapit Alexander Nanta Linggi PBB 78.91
Santubong Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar PBB 79.28
Tanjong Manis Yusuf Abd. Wahab PBB 80.69
Batang Sadong Nancy Shukri PBB 83.25
Igan Ahmad Johnie Zawawi PBB 83.76

Departing Incumbents[edit]

The following members of the 14th Parliament are not contesting the upcoming election.

No. Federal Constituency Departing MP Party Date confirmed First elected Reason
P139 Jasin Ahmad Hamzah BN (UMNO) 20 December 2020 2008 Not seeking re-election
P061 Padang Rengas Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz 28 August 2021 1995
P032 Gua Musang Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah 29 November 2021 1974
P004 Langkawi Mahathir Mohamad PEJUANG 9 March 2022 1964
P162 Iskandar Puteri Lim Kit Siang PH (DAP) 20 March 2022 1969
P102 Bangi Ong Kian Ming 9 May 2022 2013
P096 Kuala Selangor Dzulkefly Ahmad PH (AMANAH) 31 May 2022 2008
P042 Tasek Gelugor Shabudin Yahaya PN (BERSATU) 18 June 2022 2013
P093 Sungai Besar Muslimin Yahaya 12 August 2022 2018
P167 Kudat Abdul Rahim Bakri 12 August 2022 2004
P092 Sabak Bernam Mohd Fasiah Fakeh 12 August 2022 2013
P177 Beaufort Azizah Mohd Dun 12 August 2022 2004
P059 Bukit Gantang Syed Abu Hussin Hafiz Syed Abdul Fasal 12 August 2022 2018

Opinion polling[edit]


Fieldwork date(s) Polling firm Sample size PH PN + BN Ind Lead
15 Jan – 25 Feb 2020 Emir Research[37] 2,002 30 52[nb 9] 22
5 Sep – 10 Oct 2019 Emir Research[38] 1,992 42 39[nb 10] 17 3
9 May 2018 General election N/A 45.7 50.6[nb 11] 0.6 4.9

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Total seats and vote share of the parties currently in Barisan Nasional (UMNO, MCA, MIC and PBRS). The total seats and vote share of Barisan Nasional as it was in the last election was 79 seats and 33.77%, respectively.
  2. ^ Excludes the Malaysian United Indigenous Party, which was part of the coalition in the 2018 election but subsequently left and later joined Perikatan Nasional in 2020. The original number of seats and vote share held by Pakatan Harapan as it was in 2018 is 113 seats and 45.68%, respectively.
  3. ^ New coalition formed in 2020. These numbers are the total seats and vote share of BERSATU, PAS, GERAKAN, STAR and SAPP in the last election. The parties were previously part of Pakatan Harapan, Gagasan Sejahtera and Barisan Nasional.
  4. ^ New coalition formed in 2018. These numbers are the total seats and vote share of PBB, PRS, SUPP and PDP in the last election. All parties were previously part of Barisan Nasional.
  5. ^ New coalition officially formed in 2022. These numbers are the total seats and vote share of PBS, STAR and SAPP in the last election. The parties were previously part of Barisan Nasional and United Sabah Alliance.
  6. ^ The component parties of Gabungan Parti Sarawak does not field candidates outside of Sarawak (31 seats) and therefore cannot obtain a majority in parliament.
  7. ^ The Gabungan Rakyat Sabah Party does not field candidates outside of Sabah (25 seats) and therefore cannot obtain a majority in parliament.
  8. ^ Parti Sarawak Bersatu does not field candidates outside of Sarawak (31 seats) and therefore cannot obtain a majority in parliament.
  9. ^ UMNO and PAS.
  10. ^ Muafakat Nasional (UMNO and PAS).
  11. ^ Barisan Nasional and PAS.


  1. ^ "Dr M: July 2023 the best date for GE15". The Star. 16 June 2022. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Proclamation - Summon the Parliament [P.U. (A) 139/2018]" (PDF). Attorney General's Chamber of Malaysia. 13 June 2018.
  3. ^ "No early elections for PAS-held states, says party vice-president". Free Malaysia Today. 6 June 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  4. ^ Teoh, Shannon (12 June 2020). "Malaysia PM Muhyiddin Yassin looks to snap polls to end battle with predecessor Mahathir". The Straits Times. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  5. ^ Soo, Wern Jun (12 June 2020). "Report: Snap polls talk gains momentum in Malaysia | Malay Mail". Malay Mail. Archived from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  6. ^ Shukry, Anisah (1 June 2022). "Malaysia PM Says Won't Delay Dissolving Parliament Once Ready". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  7. ^ a b Martin Carvalho; Hemananthani Sivanandam; Rahimy Rahim; Tarrence Tan (16 July 2019). "Dewan Rakyat passes Bill to amend Federal Constitution to lower voting age to 18". The Star. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Kenyataan media - Pendaftaran pengundi 18 tahun" (PDF). Election Commission of Malaysia (in Malay). 7 June 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  9. ^ "EC to review redelineation of electoral boundaries approved last year". Malay Mail. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Next redelineation exercise only due in 2026, says Hanipa". The Star Online. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  11. ^ Nandini Balakrishnan (28 September 2016). "Here's The Fastest Way To Register As A Voter Before The Next Elections". Retrieved 9 May 2018. Qualifications needed to register as a voter in Malaysia:
    a) A Malaysian citizen above the age of 21.
    b) A resident of an election constituency.
    c) Is not disqualified by any laws.
  12. ^ "A Young Malaysian's Guide to the Election". Juice. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018. You are not eligible to register if you are:
    a) on the qualifying date, you are serving jail term or detained as a person of unsound mind.
    b) before the qualifying date, you have been convicted or sentenced to death or serving a jail term of more than 12 months and you're still liable on the qualifying date.
    c) found guilty under the Election Offences Act, 1954.
    d) have a foreign citizenship (Malaysian citizenship law does not permit a Malaysian to carry dual citizenship).
  13. ^ "Age of Majority Act 1971". The Commissioner of Law Revision, Malaysia. 22 April 1971. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  14. ^ "All but one of 56 Selangor assemblymen sworn in". theSundaily. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Abdullah appointed as Kelantan State Assembly Speaker". theSundaily. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  16. ^ "32 Terengganu assemblymen sworn in". Malay Mail. 1 July 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Pengerusi Amanah negeri angkat sumpah Speaker DUN". Utusan Online. 2 July 2018. Archived from the original on 22 October 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  18. ^ "Forty Pahang reps sworn in". Malaysiakini. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Ngeh appointed Perak state assembly speaker". Malaysiakini. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Kedah gets a Speaker at last". The Star Online. 5 July 2017. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Hamdan re-elected as Speaker of Perlis Legislative Assembly". The Star Online. 21 July 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Law Choo Kiang elected Penang speaker for second term". The Malaysian Times. 2 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  23. ^ Doksil, Mariah (10 October 2020). "21 Warisan assemblymen undergo RTK Antigen test". The Borneo Post. Kota Kinabalu. Archived from the original on 19 October 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  24. ^ Retrieved 13 December 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ "ADUN Sarawak angkat sumpah". Sinarharian (in Malay). 14 February 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  26. ^ Retrieved 20 May 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ "DAP to use Pakatan logo for GE15 in peninsula, Sabah and Sarawak branches free to decide | Malay Mail". Retrieved 16 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ "Perikatan Nasional to contest in all 14 parliament, 42 state seats in Pahang in GE15". The Star. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  29. ^ "PBRS to contest in Penampang, Moyog, Kepayan | Malay Mail". Retrieved 16 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  30. ^ "Warisan to contest all seats in Penang in GE15". Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  31. ^ Auto, Hermes (14 April 2022). "Umno proposes Ismail Sabri Yaakob as its candidate for PM at next general election | The Straits Times". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  32. ^ "Dr M's Gerakan Tanah Air eyes 120 seats in GE15". The Star. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  33. ^ NASIR, ASLINDA (19 September 2021). "Makkal Sakti diberi tempat pada PRU-15 - Ahmad Zahid". Utusan Digital (in Malay). Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  34. ^ "Not here to play: Siti Kasim to make political debut in GE15". The Vibes. 16 December 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  35. ^ "PBK to contest all 31 parliamentary seats in S'wak". The Vibes. 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Sarawak based opposition parties to meet on seat allocation this month". Borneo Post Online. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  37. ^ @AsiaElects (24 July 2020). "Malaysia, EMIR Research poll: 'UMNO/PAS'-Conservative/Islamist: 53% (+13) PH-Centrist: 30% (-12)..." (Tweet). Archived from the original on 24 July 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020 – via Twitter.
  38. ^ @AsiaElects (29 December 2019). "Malaysia, EMIR Research poll: PH-Centrist: 42% (-6) MN-Conservative: 39% (-12) Independents: 17% (+16)..." (Tweet). Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2020 – via Twitter.

External links[edit]