Ahmad Zahid Hamidi

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Yang Berhormat Dato' Seri Dr.
Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
DUNM SPDK DP SJMK SPSN PNBS SSAP DPMK SPMP MP
احمد زاهيد حميدي
Deputy Prime Minister Hamidi - 2017 (36294565072) (cropped).jpg
Zahid in 2017
11th Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
12 May 2018
MonarchMuhammad V
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byWan Azizah Wan Ismail
ConstituencyBagan Datuk
President of United Malays National Organisation
Assumed office
30 June 2018
Acting: 12 May 2018 - 30 June 2018
DeputyHishammuddin Hussein (Acting)
Mohamad Hasan
ChairmanBadruddin Amiruldin
Preceded byNajib Razak
11th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
29 July 2015 – 10 May 2018
MonarchAbdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
Preceded byMuhyiddin Yassin
Succeeded byWan Azizah Wan Ismail
ConstituencyBagan Datuk
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
16 May 2013 – 10 May 2018
MonarchAbdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
Deputy1. Dr. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar (2013-2015)
2. Nur Jazlan Mohamed (2015-2018)
3 . Masir Kujat (2015-2018)
Preceded byHishammuddin Hussein
Succeeded byMuhyiddin Yassin
ConstituencyBagan Datuk
Minister of Defence
In office
10 April 2009 – 16 May 2013
MonarchMizan Zainal Abidin
Abdul Halim
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
DeputyAbdul Latiff Ahmad
Preceded byAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Succeeded byHishammuddin Hussein
ConstituencyBagan Datuk
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
In office
19 March 2008 – 10 April 2009
MonarchMizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded byAbdullah Md Zin
Succeeded byJamil Khir Baharom
ConstituencyBagan Datuk
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Bagan Datuk
Assumed office
25 April 1995
Preceded byMohamed Jamrah
Majority14,830 (1995)
4,617 (1999)
12,539 (2004)
2,692 (2008)
2,108 (2013)
5,073 (2018)
Personal details
BornAhmad Zahid bin Hamidi
(1953-01-04) 4 January 1953 (age 65)
Kampung Sungai Nipah Darat, Rungkup, Selekoh, Bagan Datoh, Perak, Federation of Malaya
Political partyUMNO
Spouse(s)Hamidah Khamis
Children2
ResidenceBagan Datuk, Perak
OccupationPolitician

Dato' Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (Jawi: احمد زاهيد حميدي; born 4 January 1953) is a Malaysian politician serving as Leader of the Opposition and Leader of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) since 2018. He was appointed Acting President of UMNO in May 2018 following the resignation of Prime Minister Najib Razak on 12 May 2018, and elected as President in the 2018 UMNO leadership election.

Earlier, he served as Deputy Prime Minister from 2015 to 2018, Minister of Home Affairs from 2013 to 2018 and Minister of Defence from 2009 to 2013.[1] He is the six-term Member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Bagan Datok constituency in Perak.

Personal background[edit]

Family[edit]

Ahmad Zahid was born on 4 January 1953 in Bagan Datoh,[2][3] the eldest son of nine children (seven sons and two daughters) in the family.[4] His father, Raden Hamidi Abdul Fatah, was a Javanese native of Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta, while his maternal grandfather came from Ponorogo in East Java and married his Malay grandmother.[5] His father died on 8 August 2014 at the Armed Forces Hospital in Wangsa Maju Kuala Lumpur.[6] On 1 October 2011, his mother, Tuminah Abdul Jalil, also a native to Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta died of a stroke and heart complication in her hometown Sungai Nipah Darat, Bagan Datoh. She was previously hospitalized at the Tuanku Mizan Armed Forces Hospital in Kuala Lumpur.

He was raised by a Chinese foster-father, Chen Jin Ting and sold ice cream together for six years with his foster family when he was in elementary school. Chen was not highly educated and would cycle from his house at Simpang Tiga, Hilir Perak to about three kilometers away selling ice cream. Chen was married with his foster mother, Guo Jin Luan. His father later died in 1999, more than ten days after the general election of that year.[7] Following accusations that he was anti-Chinese, he stated "Am I anti-Chinese when I have a Chinese foster father?" [8]

Ahmad Zahid is fluent in Standard Malay, local Perak Malay and Javanese. His English is sub-par,[9] and he speaks some Mandarin.[10]

Personal life[edit]

Hamidi in 2010

Before venturing into politics, Ahmad Zahid was a banker for OCBC. He was also one of the directors of Bank Simpanan Nasional (1995–1998) and also Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB). He was also a Marketing Executive for Amanah Saham Nasional Berhad, Executive Director for Scandinavian Motors Sdn Bhd, chief executive officer of Kretam Holding Berhad, Chairman of Tekala Corporation Berhad, Chairman of Seng Hup Berhad and Pengerusi Ramatex Berhad. In 1999 he became the Chairman of Syarikat Perumahan Negara Berhad (SPNB).

Political career[edit]

Political secretary and UMNO Youth Chief[edit]

In 1986, Zahid was appointed political secretary to Datuk Seri Najib Abdul Razak during the latter's term as Youth Minister (1986–1990) and then Minister of Defence (1990–1995).

He was elected UMNO Youth Chief in 1996. He was once the chief of UMNO youth Bagan Datoh branch, the Vice Chief for the state of Perak UMNO youth, Head of the UMNO Communication for UMNO youth.

Election to Parliament and UMNO Supreme Council[edit]

In 1995, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi became a member of parliament after winning the Bagan Datoh parliamentary seat in Perak in the general elections.

In 1999, Zahid was re-elected Member of Parliament for Bagan Datoh in Perak in the general elections. He was elected to the UMNO Supreme Council in the following year.

Arrested under Internal Security Act[edit]

In 1998, Zahid spoke out against Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, calling for an end to cronyism and nepotism in the Malaysian government.[11] In response, Mahathir publicised the names of those Malay/Bumiputeras who had received shares and high positions in government-linked corporations (GLCs). Zahid, seen as an ally of deposed Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, was subsequently arrested and held in prison under the Internal Security Act.[12] However, in 1999, Zahid was welcomed back into the UMNO fold,[13] stating that Anwar had put him up to raising allegations of cronyism and nepotism and alleging that Anwar had used his position as Finance Minister to direct business opportunities to Zahid.[14]

Ministerial Career[edit]

After he won the seat for a third time in the 2004 general elections, Zahid was appointed Deputy Tourism Minister by former Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. While being a Deputy Minister, he pursued a Doctor of Philosophy degree from UPM, thesis entitled Barisan Nasional Manifesto As Agenda for Malay Language Newspaper During the General Election Campaign.

In the political tsunami of 2008, Zahid again retained his Bagan Datoh parliamentary seat at a time when many BN party heavyweights were trounced. He was then appointed a full Minister in the Prime Minister's Department. In the April 2009 cabinet reshuffle, Zahid was appointed Minister of Defence by Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak.

He was able to retain his parliamentary seat of Bagan Datoh in the 2013 election, although with a decreased majority. He was appointed as Minister of Home Affairs in 2013, replacing Hishamuddin Hussein, who took Zahid's previous position at the Ministry of Defence.[15]

In July 2015, he was appointed the country's 11th Deputy Prime Minister in a cabinet reshuffle.[16]

Elected as UMNO President[edit]

In the 2018 UMNO leadership election, Zahid gained more votes than his rivals, Khairy Jamaluddin and Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah, making him the new president of UMNO and also the first opposition leader from Barisan Nasional.

Controversies[edit]

Legal suits[edit]

Ahmad Zahid had been sued by businessman Amir Bazli Abdullah for allegedly punching him in the face on January 16, 2006 at the Country Heights recreational club in Kajang, Selangor, causing the latter to suffer a nasal bone fracture and a swollen left eye.[17] The case was pursued in the civil courts for six years before the matter was settled out of court.[18]

On 18 October 2018, Zahid was arrested by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) and charged in court the following day on 45 counts of criminal breach of trust, abuse of power and money laundering involving a total of RM114 million (about US$27.4 million).[19][20]

Controversial statements[edit]

Shortly after the Black 505 rallies following the 13th Malaysian General Election due to claims of electoral fraud and vote manipulation, he said that Malaysians who are unhappy with the country's political system should leave the country. This statement has raised discontentment among the citizens, putting a serious question mark over his political future in a multiracial society.[21] The statement was made after a series of street demonstrations led by opposition parties that has refused to accept the results of the 13th Malaysian General election. His first act as Home Minister was to order a crack down against opposition leaders and dissent, landing him in a bigger controversy with sedition laws being used to attempt to suppress the voices of opposition parties.[22]

During a speech in Malacca, Zahid was recorded endorsing the police policy of "shoot to kill" when arresting dangerous criminals,[23] including backing a certain group of gangsters.[24][25][26]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia: Bagan Datoh, Perak[27][28][29]
Year Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1995 Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (UMNO) 17,646 86.24% Asha'ri Marsom (S46) 2,816 13.76% 21,937 14,830 62.02%
1999 Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (UMNO) 12,938 60.86% Mohamad Dahalan Arhsad (PKR) 8,321 39.14% 22,164 4,617 60.24%
2004 Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (UMNO) 17,049 79.08% Ayyathurai Achutharaman (PKR) 4,510 20.92% 22,690 12,539 66.38%
2008 Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (UMNO) 13,115 55.72% Madzi Hasan (PKR) 10,423 44.28% 24,414 2,692 70.42%
2013 Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (UMNO) 17,176 53.27% Madhi Hasan (PKR) 15,068 46.73% 33,069 2,108 82.83%
2018 Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (UMNO) 18,909 51.37%
Pakhrurrazi Arshad (PKR) 13,836 37.59% 37,620 5,073 79.89%
Ata Abdul Muneim Hasan Adli (PAS) 4,061 11.03%

Honours[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ahmad Zahid bin Hamidi, Y.B. Dato' Seri Dr". Parliament of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Biography : The Honourable Dato' Seri Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi". Official Website : Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Menhan Malaysia Ziarahi Makam Raja-raja Imogiri", Viva News, 21 March 2013, archived from the original on 11 October 2014, retrieved 22 March 2013
  4. ^ "Jenazah bapa Ahmad Zahid selamat dikebumikan" (in Malay). Utusan Melayu. 10 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Malaysian defense minister visits ‘home’", 22 March 2013, The Jakarta Post, retrieved 18 May 2013
  6. ^ "Ayah Zahid Hamidi meninggal dunia" (in Malay). Astro Awani. 8 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Zahid formed ties with Chinese foster father by selling ice cream". Malaysia Chinese News. 19 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Zahid says raised by Chinese foster dad, insists not 'ultra Malay'". Malay Mail.
  9. ^ "Zahid proud to be UN rep despite criticism of his English". Free Malaysia Today.
  10. ^ "Zahid endears himself to Chinese voters using Mandarin phrase". Free Malaysia Today.
  11. ^ Fuller, Thomas (25 June 1998). "Daim Zainuddin Is Considered Pro-Business : Malaysian Leader Names Special Economy Minister". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  12. ^ Mydans, Seth (22 September 1998). "Malaysian Police Break Up Protests on Arrest". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  13. ^ "Zahid to chart new agenda to strengthen party". New Straits Times. 19 June 1999. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  14. ^ "Zahid: was given shares of listed companies". New Straits Times. 21 June 1999. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  15. ^ "Najib announces the new cabinet line-up (Updated)" Archived 7 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine., New Strait Times, 15 May 2013. Retrieved on 16 May 2013.
  16. ^ Zahid Hamidi is new DPM
  17. ^ "Businessman withdraws civil suit against Zahid Hamidi - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  18. ^ "Businessman withdraws civil suit against Zahid Hamidi - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  19. ^ "Zahid arrested by MACC - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  20. ^ "Zahid Hamidi faces 45 charges of CBT, bribery, money-laundering". www.thesundaily.my. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  21. ^ "New Malaysian home minister tells unhappy Malaysians to emigrate". Straits Times. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  22. ^ Boo, Su-Lyn. "DAP slams Zahid's 'arrogance and contempt' for unhappy Malaysians". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  23. ^ Tam, Michelle (7 October 2013). "Zahid Hamidi slammed for alleged 'shoot first' and gangster 'friends' remarks – Nation". The Star. Archived from the original on 2013-10-09. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  24. ^ "'Zahid should quit and join Tiga Line'". Free Malaysia Today (Letters from readers). 8 October 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  25. ^ Zachariah, Elizabeth. "Did you really defend Tiga Line gang, Guan Eng asks Zahid". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  26. ^ "Carry on, Zahid tells 'Tiga Line' dons". Malaysiakini. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  27. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Archived from the original on 6 September 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  28. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  29. ^ "14th General Election Malaysia (GE14 / PRU14) - Perak". election.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Sultan of Kelantan birthday honours list". The Star. 2 April 2005. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  32. ^ "Constitution must be respected, says Kelantan Sultan". Bernama. The Star. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  33. ^ "Zahid leads Malacca honours list". Roshidi Abu Samah. New Straits Times. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  34. ^ "David Arumugam, Khadijah Ibrahim now Datuks". Bernama. The Star. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  35. ^ "Perak MB To Be Awarded Datuk Seri Title". AdminK. Malaysia Today. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  36. ^ "Highest state award for eight". Sandra Sokial. Borneo Post. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  37. ^ "Muhyiddin heads list of TYT birthday award recipients". Borneo Post. 14 September 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  38. ^ "Zahid heads list of 115 Sarawak state award recipients". Bernama. The Star. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Najib Razak
Leader of the Opposition (Malaysia)
2018-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Muhyiddin Yassin
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
2015–2018
Succeeded by
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail