United Sabah Party

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United Sabah Party
Malay nameParti Bersatu Sabah
AbbreviationPBS
PresidentMaximus Johnity Ongkili
ChairpersonClaudius Alex Sundang
Secretary-GeneralJohnny Juani Mositun
Deputy PresidentRadin Malleh
Yee Moh Chai
Jamilah Sulaiman
Women LeaderVacant
Youth LeaderChristopher Mandut
Vice-PresidentJoachim Gunsalam
Daniel Stanislaus Kinsik
Almudin Kaida
Ruslan Muharam
Peter Mak
Treasurer GeneralLinda Tsen
FounderJoseph Pairin Kitingan
Founded5 March 1985
Split fromSabah People's United Front (opposition)
HeadquartersBlok ‘M’, Lot 4, Tingkat 2 & 3, Donggongon New Township, Donggongon, 89507 Penampang
(Peti Surat 13060, 88834 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah)
Youth wingYouth Section
Women's wingWomen Section
IdeologyDemocracy
Racial unity
Kadazan-Dusun interests
National affiliationGagasan Rakyat (1991–96)
Barisan Nasional (1986–1990, 2002–2018)
United Alliance (2018–)
Colours     Light blue and green
Dewan Negara:
1 / 70
Dewan Rakyat:
1 / 222
Sabah State Legislative Assembly:
5 / 65
Party flag
United Sabah Party Flag.svg
Website
www.partibersatusabah.org
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The United Sabah Party (Malay: Parti Bersatu Sabah, abbreviated PBS) is a political party in Sabah, Malaysia. It was registered as a political party on 5 March 1985. The founding president was Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Joseph Pairin Kitingan, who broke away from the ruling Parti Bersatu Rakyat Jelata Sabah (BERJAYA) because of his differences with party president Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Harris Salleh, the Chief Minister in whose cabinet Pairin served before the break.[1][2]

Ideology and support base[edit]

Although it is mainly seen as an ethnically-based Kadazan-Dusun political party, PBS calls itself a "Malaysian multi-racial political party"[3][4] in which members are mostly of Kadazan-Dusun (from both the Dusunic plus Paitanic ethnolinguistic groups) and Murut (including the Lundayeh subgroup) ethnic descent though the second and third largest ethnic membership are mostly Muslim Bumiputeras, mostly ethnic local Sabahan based ethnic Malay race (Bruneian Malays and Cocos Malays), and also from the Bajau community of peoples, which is the second-largest ethnic Bumiputra in the state including the Iranun subgroup and some Suluk together with the Chinese (alongside those of mixed-race or "Sino-Native" subgroup of the Chinese minority) and its declared political mission is to strive to safeguard Sabah's autonomy and states rights, promote democratic principles, economic advancement, human rights, and justice.[5]

History[edit]

PBS formed the state government after winning the 1985 state elections and governed Sabah from 1985 to 1994.[2] Following the 1986 Sabah riots,[1] PBS joined the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition after winning the May 1986 state election.[6] However, on the eve of the July 1990 state election, PBS pulled out of the coalition[6] and won the state election for a third time. It also won the 1994 state elections by a narrow margin. However, numerous defections occurred as many PBS representatives switched allegiance to the then opposition BN coalition before PBS were even able to form a new state government. PBS subsequently rejoined the BN coalition in 2002, ending any form of opposition as BN fully occupied the state legislature and returning Sabah to the rule of the BN coalition that holds the federal parliament. Following the fall of BN in the 2018 general election, PBS left the coalition and formed a new Sabah-based coalition of United Alliance (Gabungan Bersatu).[7]

Elected representatives[edit]

Dewan Negara (Senate)[edit]

Senators[edit]

Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)[edit]

Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian Parliament[edit]

PBS has currently only 1 MP in the House of Representatives.

State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
 Sabah P168 Kota Marudu Maximus Ongkili PBS
Total Sabah (1)

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)[edit]

Malaysian State Assembly Representatives[edit]

Sabah State Legislative Assembly

5 / 65

Election results[edit]

Election year Malaysia Parliament Sabah State Assembly Outcome
Candidates Seats won Candidates Seats won
1985 - - 45
25 / 48
New party
Sabah state government
1986 - - 47
34 / 48
Sabah state government (snap election)
1986 14
10 / 177
- - Part of Barisan Nasional federal government
1990 - - 48
36 / 48
BN Sabah state government, contested under PBS ticket
1990 14
14 / 180
- - Federal opposition (left BN before polling day to join Gagasan Rakyat)
1994 - - 48
25 / 48
Sabah state government
1995 28
8 / 192
- - Federal opposition
1999 - - 48
17 / 48
Sabah state opposition
1999 17
3 / 193
- - Federal opposition
2004 4
4 / 219
13
13 / 60
Part of Barisan Nasional federal government
Part of BN Sabah state government
2008 4
3 / 222
13
12 / 60
Part of Barisan Nasional federal government
Part of BN Sabah state government
2013 5
4 / 222
13
7 / 60
Part of Barisan Nasional federal government
Part of BN Sabah state government
2018 5
1 / 222
13
6 / 60
Part of United Alliance federal opposition
Part of GBS Sabah state opposition

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gan Pei Ling (14 September 2012). "The hushed riot of Sabah". Selangor Times. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b Mohd Hamdan Haji Adnan (2013). "Malaysia's 13th General Election in Sabah: Factors Determining the Winners" (PDF). Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysian Journal of History, Politics & Strategic Studies. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. pp. 96–97 [4–5/20]. ISSN 2180-0251. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Resurgence of interest in multi-racial PBS". The Borneo Post. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  4. ^ Jason Santos (24 February 2018). "Multi-racial party not new in Sabah". The Malaysian Insight. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  5. ^ "PBS to strengthen multiracial identity". The Borneo Post. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b G. Lim. "Sabah: All Quiet On The Eastern Front?". Aliran Monthly. Archived from the original on 19 November 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
  7. ^ Kristy Inus (12 May 2018). "Sabah BN coalition to be disbanded to pave way for Gabungan Bersatu". New Straits Times. Retrieved 13 May 2018.

Notes[edit]

  • James Chin. (1994) "Sabah State Election of 1994: End of Kadazan Unity, Asian Survey, Vol. 34, No. 10, pp. 904–915.

External links[edit]