Norway–Russia relations

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Norway–Russia relations
Map indicating locations of Norway and Russia

Norway

Russia
Dmitry Medvedev at an official greeting ceremony in Norway with Harald V of Norway

Norway–Russia relations (Russian: Норвежско-российские отношения or Российско-норвежские отношения) refers to the bilateral foreign relations between the two countries, Norway and Russia. The establishment of diplomatic relationships between the two countries happened on October 30, 1905, four days after the establishment of Norway's independence.[1] Russia has an embassy in Oslo and consulates in Barentsburg and Kirkenes, and Norway has an embassy in Moscow, and consulates in Murmansk and Saint Petersburg. Four hundred soldiers were selected for the national convention on 20 April 1969.[clarification needed]

Timeline[edit]

1537–1814[edit]

Denmark handled the foreign relations of Norway during this period. Denmark and Russia were in general allies against their mutual enemy Sweden. See Denmark–Russia relations.

1814–1905[edit]

Sweden handled the foreign relations of Norway during this period. The Norway–Russia border was defined in 1826.

1917–1991[edit]

After 1991[edit]

Strains in bilateral relations[edit]

The environmentally devastating emissions from the Norilsk Nickel plant outside Nikel in the Murmansk Oblast[4] have for decades been an unresolved issue in Norway–Soviet, then Norway–Russia relations.

Formerly there was a territorial dispute over the Barents Sea, but on 27 April 2010 Norway and Russia officially resolved the territorial debate in the Barents Sea.[5] A 2017 Kremlin maritime threat assessment sent to President Vladimir Putin highlights Norway as potential cause of naval conflict.[6]

In December 2017, Norwegian citizen Frode Berg was arrested in Russia on allegations of operating a spy ring in the country since 2015, and has been detained at Lefortovo Prison.[7]

In 2017, hackers believed to be Russians targeted the Labour Party.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Норвегия в России". Norgesportalen. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Norway, Russia agree on Barents Sea border". therightperspective.org. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/uriks/Skarp-russisk-protest-mot-Norge-6832001.html "Nå har Russland sendt en note – en formell, diplomatisk klage – til den norske ambassaden i Moskva."
  4. ^ Antonova, Maria (July 25, 2008). "Balancing Growth and Environment". The Moscow Times. Archived from the original on 2008-08-03. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
  5. ^ Norway, Russia agree on Barents Sea border[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Kremlin maritime threat assessment highlights Norway as potential cause of naval conflict - Jane's 360". www.janes.com. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b Standish, Reid (October 3, 2018). "The New Cold Front in Russia's Information War". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on October 4, 2018.

Literature[edit]

  • Соседи на Крайнем Севере: Россия и Норвегия: От первых контактов до Баренцева сотрудничества. Учебное пособие / Под ред. Т. Т. Фёдоровой. — Мурманск: Мурманское книжное издательство, 2001. — 384 с. — 1000 экз. — ISBN 5-85510-241-6