P (programming language)

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Developer Ankush Desai, Vivek Gupta: not the politician, Ethan Jackson, Shaz Qadeer, Sriram Rajamani, Microsoft
First appeared 2012; 6 years ago (2012)
OS Cross-platform
Filename extensions .p

P is a programming language that was developed by Microsoft and UC, Berkeley. P enables programmers to specify systems consisting of a collection of state machines that communicate asynchronously in terms of events.[1] Code can be run on Microsoft Windows and Windows Phone, and is now open source.[2]


  1. ^ Ankush Desai, Vivek Gupta, Ethan Jackson, Shaz Qadeer and Sriram Rajamani. "P: Safe Asynchronous Event-Driven Programming". Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  2. ^ Sergio De Simone. "Microsoft Open-Sources P Language for Safe Async Event-Driven Programming". InfoQ. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  • P: Safe asynchronous event-driven programming. Ankush Desai, Vivek Gupta, Ethan Jackson, Shaz Qadeer, Sriram Rajamani, and Damien Zufferey. In Proceedings of ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation (PLDI), 2013.
  • Systematic testing of asynchronous reactive systems. Ankush Desai, Shaz Qadeer, and Sanjit A. Seshia. In Proceedings of the 2015 10th Joint Meeting on Foundations of Software Engineering (ESEC/FSE 2015).
  • Building Reliable Distributed Systems With P. Ankush Desai, Ethan Jackson, Amar Phanishayee, Shaz Qadeer and Sanjit A. Seshia. University of California, Berkeley.Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2015-198.

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