Pakistan Army Medical Corps
|Army Medical Corps (Pakistan)|
|Active||1947 - Present|
|Type||Combat Medical Support (Logistics)|
|Role||Combat Medical Support Humanitarian efforts|
|Regimental Central Headquarter||Abbottabad, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province|
|Colors Identification||Maroon Green Yellow|
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Siachen conflict of 1984
Bosnian War of 1992-95
Indo-Pakistani War of 1999
Kashmir earthquake of 2005
War in North-West Pakistan
Operation Black Thunderstorm
Battle of Bajaur
Second Battle of Swat
|Surgeon General||Lt General Zahid Hamid|
LGen Vali Ali Burkie|
MGen Shahida Malik
BGen Ra'anna Ali Khan
MGen Shafique A. Kayani
The Pakistan Army Medical Corps, Urdu: ﺁرمى مڈيكل كور; Army Medical Corps, abbreviated as the AMC and popularly known as Medical Corps, is a military administrative non-combatant staff corps, and a primary military medical command of the Pakistan Army. Initially part of the Indian Army Medical Corps, it was born in 1947 and served since Pakistan's independence in 1947. It is a vital part of Pakistan Army, serving in a support and military medical role. The corps also has a secondary role of providing civil services in health, rehabilitation and disaster relief to the wider Pakistan community.
|“||To support the Army in all its combat operations, so that the move of the Army is facilitated offensive operations and the move of the enemy is impeded while own Army in defense. Medical Core Doctors are also responsible for the survivability of the Army, serving each and every soldier both in the battle field and back in the temporary and permanent care hospitals." ||”|
1. Medical Cadets from Army Medical College CMH Lahore Medical College, CMH Karachi (Malir) medical college and CMH Quetta medical college after completion of basic military training at Pakistan Military Academy join this corps.
2. The civil medical college graduated students / Specialists are also inducted into Army Medical Corps.Divided into two categories that is SSRC and PTC, they undergo basic military training at AMC School and Centre Abbotabad for 22 weeks and 12 weeks respectively.
3. Female Medical Cadets from [Army Medical College] train for 22 weeks in AFPGMI and same goes for the female civil medical college graduated students / Specialists
4. Soldiers in Nursing and other trades of Army Medical Corps cadre undergo their basic military training and nusing classes at AMC centre Abottabad and subsequent professional courses at AFPGMI.
Aims and objectives
Besides their primary role in serving the Pakistan Army both in battle and in the conditions of peace, the Pakistan Army Medical Corps undertakes the following peace time activities:
- Provision of health services to the civilian community through a vast chain of Combined Military Hospitals (CMHs);
- Combating situations of disaster by providing rehabilitation services; and
- Establishing "health centers" in remote locations so that all Pakistanis can reach health facilities easily.
Before the First World War, the men of the Indian Army depended on their regimental hospitals for their medical treatment. In October 1918, Station Hospitals were sanctioned for the Indian troops to help improve the provision of services. The Indian Hospital Corps (IHC) was initially divided into ten Division Companies, which corresponded to the ten existing Military Divisions in India and Burma. They were located at Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Quetta, Mhow, Poona, Meerut, Lucknow, Secunderabad and Rangoon.After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the Pakistan Army raised its own medical corps.
Since then the Pakistan Army Medical Corps has provided services in the majority of health related fields. In the past personnel were taken from Army Medical College in Rawalpindi, but with the need of more health professionals in the army as well as an increased demand for their services, the corps has begun to recruit civilians medical personnel, who then attend short military courses.
Combined Military Hospitals
Combined Military Hospitals (CMHs) are the base hospitals of the Pakistan Armed Forces, which are situated in various cantonments. These hospitals are run by the doctors of Pakistan's Army Medical Corps. The administration is carried out by the General Duty Medical Officers (GDMOs) while the patients' management and care is primarily the responsibility of the doctors of specialist cadre.
The CMHs are catogerized into three major parts depending on their functions, governing and physical body and role as Class 'A', Class 'B' and Class 'C' Hospitals.
United Nations and the Pakistan Army Medical Corps
The Pakistan Army Medical Corps is one of the largest contributors of health services to United Nations. Since 1960 Pakistan has been actively involved in most of the UN peacekeeping, rehabilitation and health providing missions and today stands at the top with 10,175 troops and observers serving in current missions. The Pakistan Army Medical Corps is a major part of it. Some of the largest contributions have been in Somalia, Sierra Leone, Bosnia, Congo and Liberia. In the wake of the new world power equilibrium a more complex security environment has emerged. It is characterised by growing national power politics and state implosions which have necessitated involvement of the United Nations peace keeping forces for conflict resolution.
The United Nations has been undertaking peace keeping operations since its inception, but the need for employment of peace keeping forces has increased significantly since the Gulf War. In 1992 there were 11,000 Blue Berets deployed around the world, by the end of the year the figure rose to 52,000. Presently it exceeds 80,000 troops.
- UN Operation in Congo (ONUC) 1960–1964
- UN Security Force in New Guinea, West Irian (UNSF) 1962–1963
- UN Yemen Observer Mission Yemen (UNYOM) 1963–1964
- UN Transition Assistance Group in Namibia (UNTAG) 1989–1990
- UN Iraq–Kuwait Observer Mission (UNIKOM) 1991–2003
- UN Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) 1993–1996
- UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) 1992–1993
- UN Operations in Somalia (UNOSOM) 1992–1995
- UN Protection Forces in Bosnia (UNPROFOR) 1992–1995
- UN Observer Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) 1993–1996
- UN Verification Mission in Angola (UNAVEM III) 1995–1997
- UN Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia (UNTAES) 1996–1997
- UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) 1996–2002
- UN Assistance Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) 2001–2005
- UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) 1999-to-date
The table below shows the current deployment of Pakistani Forces in UN Peacekeeping missions.
|Start of operation||Name of Operation||Location||Conflict||Contribution|
|1999||United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)||Democratic Republic of Congo||Second Congo War||3,556 Troops.|
|2003||United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)||Liberia||Second Liberian Civil War||2,741 Troops.|
|2004||United Nations Operation in Burundi ONUB||Burundi||Burundi Civil War||1,185 Troops.|
|2004||United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI)||Côte d'Ivoire||Civil war in Côte d'Ivoire||1,145 Troops.|
|2005||United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS)||Sudan||Second Sudanese Civil War||1,542 Troops.|
- The total amount of troops serving currently in peacekeeping missions is 10,173 (as of March 2007).
National relief works
In times of natural disaster, such as the great floods of 1992 or the devastating October 2005 earthquake, army engineers, medical and logistics personnel, and the armed forces have played a major role in bringing relief and supplies.
The army has also engaged in extensive corporate activities. Most of these enterprises, such as stud and dairy farms, were for the army's own use, but others, such as bakeries, security services and banking, perform functions in the local civilian economy. Army factories have produced such goods as sugar, fertilizer, and brass castings which have then been sold to civilian consumers, albeit at prices higher than those charged from military personnel.
Several army organizations operate in the commercial sector across the country. For example, the National Logistics Cell was responsible for trucking food and other goods across the country; the Frontier Works Organization built the Karakorum Highway to China; and the Special Communication Organization maintained communications networks in remote parts of Pakistan.
The Pakistan Army has been involved in relief activities not only in Pakistan but also in many other countries of the world, such as the relief activities after Bangladesh was recently hit by floods. The Army also dispatched relief to Indonesia, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka after they were hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and the resulting tsunami. Both the Pakistan Army and Navy sent ships and helicopters to assist in the tsunami relief operation.
The Army Medical Corps are responsible for providing medical facilities and organizing free medical camps in under privileged tribal areas such as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas in the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). The medical corps provided health-care facilities to more than 12,000 people affected by the 2010 floods in Pakistan.
Army doctors and international disasters
- Pakistan Army provided humanitarian assistance to the community in the form of daily free medical treatment at Tubmanburg and the medical outreach initiatives in 2008.
- Pakistan Army Field Hospital which was deployed at Bhandaria, Barisal, Bangladesh for relief operations after Cyclone "Sidr" worked day and night to mitigate the suffering of the flood affected people earning goodwill for Pakistan.
- Pakistan Field Hospital has been established at Lamno, which is the District Headquarters of Aceh Jaya. Lamno is 80 km South West of Bande Aceh.
- Pakistan Army Field Hospital which proceeded to Indonesia to carry out relief and rescue operation had treated thousands of patients since their arrival on in earthquake hit areas of District Klaten in Central Java in Indonesia.
- Pakistan Combined Military Board
- Regular Commission in Pak Army as Captain GDMO
- Pakistan Inter-services Public Relations
- "UN Mission in Democrative Republic of Congo (MONUC)". Web.archive.org. 26 September 2007. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "Pakistan Army". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- Xinhua (September 11, 2006). "Pakistani army holds 330 free medical camps in tribal areas". People's Daily. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- Reporter (31 August 2010). "Armed forces repair dykes in Thatta". The Dawn. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- Lt. Col. Farooq Ahmed. "The Deluge of Floods: Yet another Combat". Pakistan Army. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
- Inter Services Public Relation Press Release Tubmanburg, Liberia. "No PR35/2008-ISPR". Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- Pakistan Army Field Hospital in Bhandaria, Barisal, Bangladesh. "No PR35/2008-ISPR". Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- Pakistan Army relief force actively participating in Tsunami hit areas: ISPR. "relief force actively participating in Tsunami hit areas: ISPR". Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- APP (June 12, 2006). "Pak Army Field hospital treats thousands of patients in quake hit Indonesian areas". Pak Tribune. Retrieved 13 February 2011.