Pecheneg language

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RegionCentral Europe, Eastern Europe
Language codes
ISO 639-3xpc

Pecheneg is an extinct Turkic language spoken by the Pechenegs in Eastern Europe (parts of Southern Ukraine, Southern Russia, Moldova, Romania and Hungary) in the 7th–12th centuries.[citation needed] However, names in this language (Beke, Wochun, Lechk, etc) are reported from Hatvan until 1290.[1]


Pecheneg was most likely a member of the Oghuz branch of the Turkic family,[2] but poor documentation and the absence of any descendant languages have prevented linguists from making an accurate classification; most experts would be fairly confident in placing it among the Oghuz languages, but would refuse to classify it further, though it is placed in the Kipchak language family in Glottolog and in the Kipchak–Cuman language family in Linguist List.

Byzantine princess Anna Komnene asserts that the Pechenegs and Cumans spoke the same language,[3] while Mahmud al-Kashgari considered their language to be a corrupted form of Turkic.[4]


  1. ^ Wenzel, Gusztáv (1860). Codex diplomaticus Arpadianus continuatus =: Árpádkori új okmánytár (in Latin). Harvard University: Eggenberger Ferdinánd Akademiai. p. 108.
  2. ^ Баскаков, Н. А. Тюркские языки, Москва 1960, с. 126–131.
  3. ^ Howorth, Henry Hoyle (1880). History of the Mongols. Burt Franklin. ISBN 9780343146429. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  4. ^ Paroń, Aleksander (2021). The Pechenegs : nomads in the political and cultural landscape of Medieval Europe. Thomas Anessi. Leiden. ISBN 978-90-04-44109-5. OCLC 1245959323.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)