|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
|IBA Official Cocktail|
|Primary alcohol by volume|
|Served||Blended with ice (frozen style)|
|Standard drinkware||Poco Grande glass|
|IBA specified ingredients*|
|Preparation||Mix with crushed ice in blender until smooth. Pour into chilled glass, garnish and serve.|
|* Piña colada recipe at International Bartenders Association|
The piña colada /, / (Spanish: piña, pineapple and colada, strained) is a sweet cocktail made with rum, cream of coconut, and pineapple juice, usually served either blended or shaken with ice. It may be garnished with a pineapple wedge, a maraschino cherry, or both. The piña colada has been the national drink of Puerto Rico since 1978.
The name piña colada literally means "strained pineapple", a reference to the freshly pressed and strained pineapple juice used in the drink's preparation.
Two Puerto Rican bartenders contest the ownership of their national drink. Ramón 'Monchito' Marrero Pérez claims to have first made it at the Caribe Hilton Hotel's Beachcomber Bar in San Juan in 1954, using the then newly-available coco lópez cream of coconut. Coco lópez was developed in Puerto Rico in 1948 by Don Ramón López-Irizarry, hence the Puerto Rican connection and the 1952 account of the drink's creation. Some say the drink did not acquire its name until the 1960s.
The Caribe Hilton Hotel sits on a 17-acre peninsula outside San Juan and was the first luxury hotel to open in the region, becoming a popular destination for the rich and famous who helped spread word of the drink.
Ramón Portas Mingot also says he created it in 1963 at the Barrachina Restaurant, 104 Fortaleza Street, Old San Juan. The restaurant stands by his claim to this day.
National Piña Colada Day is celebrated on the islands on 10 July.
The earliest known story states that in the 19th century, Puerto Rican pirate Roberto Cofresí, to boost his crew's morale, gave them a beverage or cocktail that contained coconut, pineapple and white rum. This was what would be later known as the famous piña colada. With his death in 1825, the recipe for the piña colada was lost.
Ramón "Monchito" Marrero, a barman from the Caribe Hilton, claims to have created the Piña Colada in 1954, during his days as bartender at that resort. After three months of experimentation, Mr. Marrero finally settle on the recipe for the Piña Colada, which he felt captured the true flavors of Puerto Rico. He continued to serve the drink at the Caribe Hilton for 35 years after its creation and was rewarded for his efforts in 1978 when Puerto Rico named the cocktail its national drink. Caribe Hilton possesses two proclamations that state the Hotel is the Birthplace of the Piña Colada. One proclamation was given by Puerto Rico Governor Sila M. Calderón in 2000 and the other one was given in 2014 by Governor Alejandro García Padilla as part of the Piña Colada 60th anniversary. The remodeled Caribe Hilton Bar, Caribar Rums & Light Bites, provides a new menu of the Evolution of the Piña Colada including their contemporary version: the Clear Colada.
Barrachina, a restaurant in Puerto Rico, also claims to be the birthplace of the piña colada:
In 1963, on a trip to South America, Barrachina met another popular Spaniard and bartender Ramon Portas Mingot. Don Ramon has worked with the best places in Buenos Aires and associated with 'Papillon' the most luxurious bar in Carcao and was also recognized for his cocktail recipe books. Pepe Barrachina and Don Ramon developed a great relationship. While working as the main bartender at Barrachina (a restaurant in Puerto Rico), Ramon mixed pineapple juice, coconut cream, condensed milk and ice in a blender, creating a delicious and refreshing drink, known today as the Piña Colada.
There are many recipes of how to make a piña colada but the one that his friends tell in the book of José L. Díaz de Villegas to be the original recipe created by Monchito, is the following:
"Pour 3 ounces of coconut cream, 6 ounces of pineapple juice and 11⁄2 ounces of white rum into a blender or shaker with crushed ice, and blend or shake very well until smooth. Pour into chilled glass, garnish with pineapple wedge and/or a maraschino cherry."
Different proportions of the core ingredients, as well as different types of rum, may all be used in the piña colada. Frozen piña coladas are also served. Other named variations include:
- Amaretto colada — amaretto substituted for rum
- Chi chi - with vodka in place of rum
- Lava Flow — strawberry daiquiri and piña colada blended together
- Staten Island Ferry — coconut rum and pineapple juice over ice
- Virgin piña colada or piñita colada — without the rum
- Kiwi Colada - with kiwifruit (fruit and syrup) in place of pineapple juice
- Variants of blue Hawaii with creme of coconut differ from piña colada mainly by including also blue Curaçao.
- Nuestra piña colada cumple 60 años: Esta bebida nacional ha formado parte de la cultura popular boricua durante seis décadas. Tatiana Pérez Rivera. El Nuevo Dia. 10 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Con diez cañones por banda... y una piña colada en la mano". El Nuevo Diario, EFE. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2009.
- "Frozen/Mixed — Amaretto Colada". Retrieved 20 June 2007.
- "Lava Flow". Retrieved 20 June 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Piña colada.|
|The Wikibook Bartending has a page on the topic of: Piña Colada|