Clinton, South Australia
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|Population||366 (shared with other localities in the ‘State Suburb of Clinton (SA)’) (2011 census)[a]|
|LGA(s)||Yorke Peninsula Council|
|Region||Yorke and Mid North|
Clinton (also known as Port Clinton) is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located on the east coast of Yorke Peninsula overlooking the north west head of Gulf St Vincent about 125 kilometres (78 mi) west of the state capital of Adelaide.
The Hundred of Clinton was proclaimed on 12 June 1862, comprising 350 square kilometres (137 sq mi). The port was surveyed that same year, with a jetty being erected in 1863. Surveys and closer settlement by farmers soon followed, along with land clearing of the mallee woodland.
The first European occupiers were leaseholder pastoralists. In 1854 in what is now the northern parts of the Hundred of Clinton, W. & A. Rogers leased 190 square kilometres (75 sq mi) at an annual rental of ten shillings per square mile. In 1860, near the centre of the Hundred, T. & W. Day leased 31 square kilometres (12 sq mi).
This was an important and busy port in the 1860s and 70s, being a transfer point for goods and passengers travelling between Port Adelaide and the copper mines at Wallaroo and Moonta. That was despite the shallowness of the beach, which closed the port to larger vessels during low tide. Clinton began a gradual decline after 1878 when the railway between Wallaroo and Adelaide was completed. The jetty was dismantled in 1916.
The town was named by Dominick Daly, the Governor of South Australia after Henry Pelham F.P. Clinton, the Duke of Newcastle who served as "the Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1859 until his death in October 1864." Boundaries for the locality were created in May 1999 for the "long established name." The name Port Clinton was reported in 2013 as being a "variant" name and as being the "…incorrect name for town."
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Clinton, "The Gateway to the Eastern Yorke Peninsula" is a 1.5 hour drive from the capital of South Australia, Adelaide.
Having a boat ramp, Clinton is popular for trailer boating. It has a safe beach for children, along with recreational fishing and crabbing areas. Raking for blue swimmer crabs is done on the extensive mud flats at low tide. As a result, since the 1950s the township has attracted the construction of beach and holiday houses.
The Port Clinton Community and Sports Club was formed by a group of local men whose wives were tired of them cooking their catches of Blue Swimmer Crabs in the household kitchen.
Accommodation in the town is varied and includes the Beach Front Caravan and Cabin Park and various holiday rentals. Shopping is available at the Local General Store and in the township of Ardrossan a 23 km down the road.
The rural land surrounding Clinton is primarily used for dry grain farming of wheat and barley, with some sheep grazing.
- George McLeay, Minister in the Menzies government and member of the Australian House of Representatives
- Sir John McLeay, longest serving speaker of the Australian House of Representatives and former Lord Mayor of Adelaide
Notes and references
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Clinton (SA)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- "Search result for "CLINTON (LOCB)" the following layers being selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Counties", "Place names (gazetteer)" and "Road Labels" (Record no SA0042812)". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- "Clinton Postcode". Australian Postcode Search. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Yorke and Mid North SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "Goyder electorate boundaries as of 2014". ELECTORAL COMMISSION SA. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "Federal electoral division of Grey" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Monthly climate statistics: Summary statistics PRICE". Commonwealth of Australia , Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- "New Ward Structure 2014". Yorke Peninsula Council. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Clinton (in "Place Names of South Australia - C")". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- "Search result for "PORT CLINTON" (Record no SA0040543)". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- Richards, Eric (2000). "McLeay, George (1892–1955)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Barlin, L. M. (2012). "McLeay, Sir John (1893–1982)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
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